|Title||The mechanism and application of bidirectional extracellular electron transport in the field of energy and environment|
|Author(s)||Xie, Qingqing; Lu, Yue; Tang, Lin; Zeng, Guangming; Yang, Zhaohui; Fan, Changzheng; Wang, Jingjing; Atashgahi, Siavash|
|Source||Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology (2020). - ISSN 1064-3389|
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Bioremediation - energy production - extracellular electron transfer|
Bidirectional extracellular electron transfer (EET) is mediated by back and forth electron delivery between microorganisms and extracellular substances. This enables the exchange of biochemical information and energy with the surrounding environments. As a novel bioenergy strategy, bidirectional EET provides low-cost opportunities for the production of clean energy sources and carriers (e.g., hydrogen and methane) as well as the production of value-added chemicals from carbon dioxide. Electrochemically active bacteria (EAB) can also transform pollutants to less toxic or benign substances in contaminated environments, and therefore they have been widely applied in bioremediation studies. Among all the available EAB, Geobacter and Shewanella are well-known for their versatility to accept/donate electrons from/to external environments. In this review, we focus on how these model EAB generate or harvest energy through bidirectional EET, as well as recent advances in the application of EET in bioelectrochemical technology and environmental bioremediation. Finally, the challenges, perspectives and new directions in the bidirectional EET studies are discussed. (Figure presented.).