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Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 61275
Title The economics of soil conservation in developing countries: the case of crop residue mulching
Author(s) Erenstein, O.C.A.
Source Agricultural University. Promotor(en): A. Kuyvenhoven; L. Stroosnijder; H.A.J. Moll. - S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789058080899 - 301
Department(s) Development Economics
MGS
Publication type Dissertation, externally prepared
Publication year 1999
Keyword(s) erosie - bodembescherming - mulchen - oogstresten - innovatie adoptie - technologie - grondbewerking gericht op bodemconservering - economische evaluatie - ontwikkelingslanden - mexico - erosion - soil conservation - mulching - crop residues - innovation adoption - technology - conservation tillage - economic evaluation - developing countries - mexico
Categories Land degradation & Land conservation / Tropical Agriculture
Abstract The study contributes to the search for a methodology to assess soil conservation, particularly in developing countries. The study first assesses the economics of soil conservation in general - with special emphasis on the relationships between technology, economic analysis and policy implications. The quantification and valuation of soil erosion and soil conservation are highly controversial and present considerable analytical challenges that have been tackled in varying ways. By implication, government intervention is controversial too - and has typically been unsuccessful. This has direct implications for both the development of conservation technology and the implementation of conservation interventions.

The study subsequently assesses the economics of one particular technological conservation option: crop residue mulching (also known as conservation tillage). An analytical framework is developed to assess the socio-economics of the technology in developing countries. The technology assessment framework follows a stepwise expanding analysis along a three-tier hierarchy: crop production, the farm household and the institutional setting. This results in a private and a social assessment of the technology, and the formulation of corresponding policy implications. The framework is applied in ex ante , ex post and partial analyses of crop residue mulching in different settings in Mexico and Central America. Conclusions are drawn regarding the technology assessment framework and crop residue mulching.

The author can be contacted at:olaf_erenstein@usa.net

The study is also published in the Mansholt Studies, Wageningen University and can be ordered from Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, the Netherlands (http://www.backhuys.com, orinfo@backhuys.com).

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