Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 64601
Title Ecological Modernisation Theory and Industrialising Economies : The Case of Viet Nam
Author(s) Frijns, J.; Phuong Thuy Phung, ; Mol, A.P.J.
Source Environmental Politics 9 (2000)1. - ISSN 0964-4016 - p. 257 - 293.
Department(s) Environmental Policy
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2000
Abstract As Ecological Modernisation Theory has been developed against the background of European industrialised societies, the value and applicability of Ecological Modernisation Theory for developing or industrialising economies is often questioned. This article explores this controversy by taking Viet Nam as a case study. The analysis of environmental restructuring of contemporary economic developments in Viet Nam focuses on three major issues: state‐market relations, technology development, and environmental awareness. Regarding all three issues major deviations are found from an environmental reform trajectory as hypothesised by Ecological Modernisation Theory. The study thus concludes that Ecological Modernisation Theory is of limited value for analysing contemporary processes of and attempts at environmental reform in Viet Nam. However, recent developments in Viet Nam such as economic liberalisation, privatisation and internationalisation and the slowly starting democratisation of governance offer ecological modernisation‐inspired opportunities to incorporate environmental considerations in the economic development of Viet Nam. If Ecological Modernisation Theory is to be used to outline a feasible path of environmental reform, it has to be refined, however, to fit the specific local conditions and institutional developments of industrialising countries.
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