Staff Publications

Staff Publications

  • external user (warningwarning)
  • Log in as
  • language uk
  • About

    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 351319
Title An assessment of the European pig diversity using molecular markers: partitioning of diversity among breeds
Author(s) Ollivier, L.; Alderson, L.; Gandini, G.C.; Foulley, J.L.; Haley, C.S.; Joosten, R.; Rattink, A.P.; Harlizius, B.; Groenen, M.A.M.
Source Conservation Genetics 6 (2005)5. - ISSN 1566-0621 - p. 729 - 741.
Department(s) Animal Breeding and Genomics
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2005
Keyword(s) dierveredeling - varkens - varkensrassen - genetische diversiteit - genetische merkers - microsatellieten - moleculaire genetica - cryopreservering - kruising - conservering - uitsterven - rasverschillen - biodiversiteit - aflp - animal breeding - pigs - pig breeds - genetic diversity - genetic markers - microsatellites - molecular genetics - cryopreservation - crossbreds - conservation - extinction - breed differences - biodiversity - amplified fragment length polymorphism - subdivided populations - conservation genetics - livestock breeds - cattle breeds - management - distance - purposes - size
Categories Animal Breeding and Genetics (General) / Pigs
Abstract Genetic diversity within and between breeds (and lines) of pigs was investigated. The sample comprised 68 European domestic breeds (and lines), including 29 local breeds, 18 varieties of major international breeds, namely Duroc, Hampshire, Landrace, Large White and Piétrain, and 21 commercial lines either purebred or synthetic, to which the Chinese Meishan and a sample of European wild pig were added. On average 46 animals per breed were sampled (range 12–68). The genetic markers were microsatellites (50 loci) and AFLP (amplified fragment length polymorphism, 148 loci). The analysis of diversity showed that the local breeds accounted for 56% of the total European between-breed microsatellite diversity, and slightly less for AFLP, followed by commercial lines and international breeds. Conversely, the group of international breeds contributed most to within-breed diversity, followed by commercial lines and local breeds. Individual breed contributions to the overall European between- and within-breed diversity were estimated. The range in between-breed diversity contributions among the 68 breeds was 0.04–3.94% for microsatellites and 0.24–2.94% for AFLP. The within-breed diversity contributions varied very little for both types of markers, but microsatellite contributions were negatively correlated with the between-breed contributions, so care is needed in balancing the two types of contribution when making conservation decisions. By taking into account the risks of extinction of the 29 local breeds, a cryopreservation potential (priority) was estimated for each of them.
There are no comments yet. You can post the first one!
Post a comment
Please log in to use this service. Login as Wageningen University & Research user or guest user in upper right hand corner of this page.