Staff Publications

Staff Publications

  • external user (warningwarning)
  • Log in as
  • language uk
  • About

    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 409309
Title Ecotoxicological effects of activated carbon amendments on macroinvertebrates in nonpolluted and polluted sediments
Author(s) Kupryianchyk, D.; Reichman, E.P.; Rakowska, M.I.; Peeters, E.T.H.M.; Grotenhuis, J.T.C.; Koelmans, A.A.
Source Environmental Science and Technology 45 (2011). - ISSN 0013-936X - p. 8567 - 8574.
Department(s) Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management
Environmental Technology
Wageningen Marine Research
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons - gammarus-pulex l - asellus-aquaticus l - polychlorinated-biphenyls - contaminated sediments - marine-sediments - macoma-balthica - black carbon - reduce pcb - water
Abstract Amendment of contaminated sediment with activated carbon (AC) is a remediation technique that has demonstrated its ability to reduce aqueous concentrations of hydrophobic organic compounds. The application of AC, however, requires information on possible ecological effects, especially effects on benthic species. Here, we provide data on the effects of AC addition on locomotion, ventilation, sediment avoidance, mortality, and growth of two benthic species, Gammarus pulex and Asellus aquaticus, in clean versus polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contaminated sediment. Exposure to PAH was quantified using 76 µm polyoxymethylene passive samplers. In clean sediment, AC amendment caused no behavioral effects on both species after 3–5 days exposure, no effect on the survival of A. aquaticus, moderate effect on the survival of G. pulex (LC50 = 3.1% AC), and no effects on growth. In contrast, no survivors were detected in PAH contaminated sediment without AC. Addition of 1% AC, however, resulted in a substantial reduction of water exposure concentration and increased survival of G. pulex and A. aquaticus by 30 and 100% in 8 days and 5 and 50% after 28 days exposure, respectively. We conclude that AC addition leads to substantial improvement of habitat quality in contaminated sediments and outweighs ecological side effects.
There are no comments yet. You can post the first one!
Post a comment
Please log in to use this service. Login as Wageningen University & Research user or guest user in upper right hand corner of this page.