Staff Publications

Staff Publications

  • external user (warningwarning)
  • Log in as
  • language uk
  • About

    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

    Records 1 - 20 / 43

    • help
    • print

      Print search results

    • export

      Export search results

    Check title to add to marked list
    Anthropology and the enigma of the state
    Stepputat, Finn ; Nuijten, M.C.M. - \ 2018
    In: Handbook of political Anthropology / Wydra, Harald, Thomassen, Bjørn, Edward Elgar Publishing Limited (Elgar Handbooks in Political Science ) - ISBN 9781743479009 - p. 127 - 144.
    This chapter provides an inventory of ‘the anthropology of the state’. It starts from the insight that the anthropology of the state drew considerably more on scholars of political science, political philosophy and sociology than on political anthropology. The ‘theoretical genealogies’ of the field challenged the taken-for-grantedness of the state as a ‘distinct, fixed and unitary entity’ operating outside and above society. The chapter concludes that the state as an idea of transcendental political authority and a centralizing organizational practice is not withering away, as observers in the 1990s suggested, but rather is transforming. The strongest contribution of political anthropology in grasping the manifold transformative processes is to combine rich ethnographic studies of this blurriness and the fragmentation of states with analyses of underlying rationales.
    Regimes de ordenação espacial no Brasil : A fusão de neoliberalismo, populismo de esquerda e visões modernistas na urbanização de favelas no Recife
    Nuijten, Monique ; Koster, Martijn ; Vries, Pieter de; Cabral, Augusto Antonio Campelo - \ 2018
    Caderno CRH 31 (2018)82. - ISSN 0103-4979 - p. 59 - 73.
    Favelas urbanization - Neoliberalism - Participation - Socialism - Urban space

    This article shows how regimes of spatial ordering are produced by the entangling of neoliberalism, leftist populism and modernist visions. It focuses on Prometrópole, a slum upgrading project in Recife. In this project, the neoliberal dimension manifests in the idea that the state, private companies and citizens together are responsible for (re)constructing urban space, and that beneficiaries are autonomous citizens, taking responsibility for their new living environment. The leftist political dimension is seen in participatory procedures to involve the residents in the project. The modernist aesthetics informs the project design with the requirement to use the new space according to the standards of “modern civilization”. As our research shows, such a regime of spatial ordering clashes with the livelihoods of the residents. Furthermore, the participatory procedures fail to grant them any real influence in creating their environment. Consequently, these residents drastically reconstruct their estate, reappropriating the urban space and contesting the regime imposed upon them.

    ‘When breaking you make your soul dance’ Utopian aspirations and subjective transformation in breakdance
    Bode Bakker, Maritza ; Nuijten, Monique - \ 2018
    Identities 25 (2018)2. - ISSN 1070-289X - p. 210 - 227.
    body - Breakdance - culture - resistance - utopia - youth
    This article is based on a study of the Naturalz crew, a ‘breaking’ or breakdancing group in Quito, Ecuador. Breaking is commonly analysed as a subculture of resistance. We analyse two–often neglected–dimensions of this resistance: the significance of utopian aspirations and the role of the body in subjective transformation. We argue that participants enact utopian values in breaking, for instance by affirming the value of street life and people from the streets. Furthermore, we see that breaking leads to subjective transformation among its young practitioners and that the body plays a central role in this change of subject position. It is interesting that girls use breaking to rebel against dominant images of ideal womanhood, resulting in changes in gendered subjectivity. Hence, from disempowered, marginalised young people, breakers turn into determined agents with physical strength and emotional resilience.
    Coproducing urban space: Rethinking the formal/informal dichotomy
    Koster, Martijn ; Nuijten, Monique - \ 2016
    Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 37 (2016)3. - ISSN 0129-7619 - p. 282 - 294.
    Providing an introduction to the special section ‘Close encounters: ethnographies of the coproduction of space by the urban poor’, this article sets out to argue that the image of ‘the informal’ as unruly, messy and dirty continues to inform urban planning around the world. As a reaction to this view, it contends that the informal and formal should be analysed as interconnected and that the informal sphere should be revalued. Urban development is studied as close encounters between established practices, with a locus and a history (tree-like), and newly emerging, unstable and untraceable practices (rhizomatic). Contrary to the tendency in urban planning to conflate the formal with the tree and the informal with the rhizome, we argue that from the perspective of marginal urbanites, formal planning tends to be very arbitrary and frightening (rhizomatic), whereas informal practices can be very predictable and stable (arboreal). The article analyses residents of marginalized urban areas as inventive navigators who explore the changing physical, spatial and sociopolitical environment, avoiding threats and looking for opportunities, grounded in their everyday practices and life histories. The article concludes that marginal urbanites should be acknowledged as coproducers of urban space and that the right to ‘coproduce’ the city lies at the heart of the call for the right to the city
    Being Negro in Recife Brazil: A Political Aesthetics Approach
    Leerzem, L. van; Nuijten, M.C.M. ; Vries, P.A. de - \ 2016
    Ethnos : Journal of Anthropology 81 (2016)5. - ISSN 0014-1844 - p. 865 - 887.
    In this article, we explore the role of cultura negra and what it means to be negro for a particular segment of the population of Recife, Brazil. We zoom in on participants in Terça Negra (negro Tuesday), one of the foremost weekly events in the city. For these participants, self-identifying as negro refers not principally to skin colour but to an emancipatory project based on the consciência negra (negro consciousness), the awareness that poor people have in common a history of oppression and discrimination originating in times of slavery. Following the theoretical framing of Jacques Rancière, we argue that what is at stake in cultura negra and the assertion of negro identity is a political aesthetics formed through disagreement with the dominant order. We conclude by stressing the political significance of these zones of egalibertarian practices in the margins.
    Political activism and the PAH (Platform of Mortgage Victims) in Spain: the significance of Franz von Benda-Beckmann's work for the study of power, political agency and legal pluralism at the grassroots
    Nuijten, Monique - \ 2015
    Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 47 (2015)3. - ISSN 0732-9113 - p. 476 - 492.
    This article looks at the contribution of Franz von Benda-Beckmann to the analysis of
    political agency at the grassroots, especially the ways in which people at the margins
    and political activists contest existing structures of power. It examines in particular
    the relevance of von Benda-Beckmann’s approach for the analysis of the PAH
    (Platform of Mortgage Victims) in Spain, a social movement that stands up against the wave of house evictions as a result of the economic crisis and the collapse of the housing market.
    It is argued that people who have a contested relation with existing structures of
    power express normative values that differ from state rules. This makes legal
    anthropology in general, and von Benda-Beckmann’s approach of legal pluralism in particular, very relevant to this area of study. Von Benda-Beckmann’s thoughts about law and legal pluralism are discussed in relation to grassroots politics. The values of his ideas are highlighted as well as analytical points of departure from his views.
    Book review article on Keisha-Khan Y. Perry, Black Women against the Land Grab: The Fight for Racial Justice in Brazil
    Nuijten, M.C.M. - \ 2014
    Antipode 3 (2014). - ISSN 0066-4812 - p. 1 - 1.
    The Perversity of the ‘Citizenship Game’: slum-upgrading in the urban periphery of Recife, Brazil
    Nuijten, M.C.M. - \ 2013
    Critique of anthropology 33 (2013)1. - ISSN 0308-275X - p. 8 - 25.
    regimes - project
    This article analyses the effects of slum upgrading on the lives of slum dwellers, especially on their position in society and their relation with the state. It zooms in on the implementation of Prometrópole, a World Bank-funded slum upgrading project in Recife that removes the population from shacks close to rivers to new housing estates. In this project, the state embraces participatory democracy and stresses the growing inclusion of the poor as citizens of the Brazilian nation-state. The question that inspired the article is: ‘How does the “citizenship agenda” employed by the Brazilian state relate to practices of political belonging in the urban periphery, characterized by social exclusion and violence?’ On the basis of ethnographic research, the article concludes that the upgrading of poor neighbourhoods indeed increases feelings of belonging and inclusion among the poor population. At the same time, however, the stress on the responsible citizen and the empty participatory procedures in the project have the perverse effects of side-lining the poor and reinforcing clientelist politics.
    Introduction: Citizenship, the Self and Political Agency
    Lazar, S. ; Nuijten, M.C.M. - \ 2013
    Critique of anthropology 33 (2013)1. - ISSN 0308-275X - p. 3 - 7.
    The articles in this special issue start from the premise that citizenship is more than the legal status of member of a national political community with certain rights and responsibilities (Marshall, 1983). We contend that citizenship is an important and helpful way of framing anthropological enquiry into politics. The authors ask how citizenship is experienced in any given context, and thereby explore how particular political communities and political agency are constituted.
    Regimes of spatial ordering in Brazil: neoliberalism, leftist populism and modernist aesthetics in slum upgrading in Recife
    Nuijten, M.C.M. ; Koster, M. ; Vries, P.A. de - \ 2012
    Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 33 (2012)2. - ISSN 0129-7619 - p. 157 - 170.
    space - land - settlements - governance - politics - mexico
    This paper shows how regimes of spatial ordering in Brazil are produced by the entangling of neoliberalism, leftist populism and modernist visions. The paper focuses on Prometrópole, a slum upgrading project in Recife funded by the World Bank, which commenced in 2007. In this project, the neoliberal dimension manifests in the idea that the state, private companies and citizens together are responsible for (re)constructing urban space, and further, that beneficiaries should behave as autonomous citizens, taking responsibility for their new living environment. The leftist political dimension is seen in participatory procedures to involve the target population from project design through to implementation, in expectation of their cooperation with the government. The modernist aesthetics – of straight lines, open spaces and visible order – informs the project design with the requirement to use the new houses and public spaces according to the standards of ‘modern civilization’. As our research shows, such a regime of spatial ordering clashes with the livelihoods of the urban poor, whose quality of life might even deteriorate as a result of the intervention. Furthermore, so-called participatory procedures fail to grant the target population any real influence in creating their environment. Consequently, these residents of the new housing estate drastically reconstruct their private and public areas, reappropriating the urban space and contesting the regime of spatial ordering imposed upon them
    Beyond modernist thinking: unmasking the myth of collective organization in the development debate.
    Nuijten, M.C.M. - \ 2012
    In: Against the grain: advances in postcolonial organization studies Copenhagen : CBS (copenhagen Business School) - ISBN 9788763002431 - p. 177 - 199.
    From preamble to post-project frustrations: the shaping of a slum upgrading project in Recife, Brazil
    Koster, M. ; Nuijten, M.C.M. - \ 2012
    Antipode 44 (2012)1. - ISSN 0066-4812 - p. 175 - 196.
    neoliberalism - land - settlements - city - plan
    This article presents an ethnography of the evolution of Prometr´opole, a slum upgrading project in the Brazilian city of Recife. The project aims to improve the urban infrastructure, eradicate slums and resettle the population.We focus on the project’s first area of intervention, Jacarezinho. We analyze how, from lead-up through implementation, the project gained shape and gradually became real. Participatory procedures were very important in shaping the project that for a long time did not materialize. We argue that the project manifested itself as a vehicle of modernity that evoked a dream of progress. The population, which never asked for the project, was attracted to this dream, but remained critical.We contend that, although the project partly delivered on its promises, for many slum dwellers it failed to entail a better life. We portray the project’s genealogy, the compromise between different aims, and an echelon of post-project frustrations
    Legal Responses to Cultural Diversity: Multi-Ethnicity, the State, and the Law in Latin America
    Nuijten, M.C.M. - \ 2010
    In: Cultural Diversity and the Law: State responses from around the world / Foblets, M.C., Gaudreault-DesBiens, J.F., Dundes Renteln, A., Brussel : Bruylant, éditions Yvon Blais - ISBN 9782802727644 - p. 235 - 254.
    Terre, discipline en citoyennété différenciée dans une communauté des hautes terres du Pérou
    Lorenzo, D. ; Nuijten, M.C.M. ; Vries, P.A. de - \ 2010
    In: Politique de la terre et de l'appartenance: Droits fonciers e citoyenneté locale dans les société du Sud / Jacob, J.P., Le Meur, P.Y., Paris : Karthala - ISBN 9782811103125 - p. 403 - 428.
    Né pour être esclave: migration transnationale des bergers d'une comunidad andine
    Nuijten, M.C.M. ; Lorenzo, D. - \ 2009
    Anthropologica 51 (2009). - ISSN 0003-5459 - p. 67 - 80.
    This article discusses the transnational migration of Peruvian shepherds from the central Andes to ranches on the west coast of the United States. On the basis of ethnographic research in the comunidad campesina (peasant community) of Usibamba, we delve into the consequences of this long-term migration for the families left behind, especially the wives, and for the operation of the comunidad campesina. We analyze the paradoxical ways in which the exodus of shepherds leads to a questioning of the control of the comunidad over its members but at the same time strengthens its disciplinary regime. Empirical examples show how the role of women in the comunidad is shifting as a result of this male exodus
    Ritual and rule in the periphery: state violence and local governance in a Peruvian comunidad
    Nuijten, M.C.M. ; Lorenzo, D. - \ 2009
    In: Rules of law and laws of ruling: on the governance of law, law, justice and power series / von Benda Beckmann, F., von Benda Beckmann, K., Eckert, J., Ashgate : Aldershot and Burlington - ISBN 9780754672395 - p. 101 - 124.
    Peasant community and territorial strategies in the Andean Highlands of Peru
    Nuijten, M.C.M. ; Lorenzo, D. - \ 2009
    In: Spatializing Law: An anthropological geography of law in society / von Benda Beckmann, F., von Benda Beckmann, K., Griffiths, A., Ashgate : Aldershot and Burlington - ISBN 9780754672913 - p. 31 - 58.
    Ruling by record: the meaning of rights, rules and registration in an Andean Comunidad
    Nuijten, M.C.M. ; Lorenzo, D. - \ 2009
    Development and Change 40 (2009)1. - ISSN 0012-155X - p. 81 - 103.
    This contribution looks at land property relations in a peasant community in the central highlands of Peru. Rather than using a rights-based approach, the authors propose a 'practice force field approach' for their analysis of property relations under communal land tenure regimes. Their study combines qualitative ethnographic case studies with quantitative analysis of data on land distribution. In contrast to rights-based approaches, this perspective understands the legal discourses that people draw upon to explain property relations as 'justifying rule talk' rather than the reflection of a system of property rights. It is shown how property relations are shaped in mediated interactive processes, where official rules, moral principles, shared histories and strategic games come together. The authors use this practice force field approach to study Usibamba, an Andean community that has developed a true disciplinary regime of communal governance based on control over land. The role of 'rule talk' and the function of elaborate local systems of land registration are examined in the context of the annual reallocation of communal land. Particular attention is paid to the performance of the president of the comunidad during this delicate process and his reflections on the course of events.
    Corruption and the secret of LAW : a legal anthropological perspective
    Anders, G. ; Nuijten, M.C.M. - \ 2008
    Farnham, United Kingdom : Ashgate - ISBN 9780754676829 - 222 p.
    Corruption and the secret of law: an introduction
    Anders, G. ; Nuijten, M.C.M. - \ 2008
    In: Corruption and the secret of LAW: a legal anthropological perspective / Nuijten, M.C.M., Anders, G, Farnham, United Kingdom : Ashgate - ISBN 9780754676829 - p. 1 - 26.
    Check title to add to marked list
    << previous | next >>

    Show 20 50 100 records per page

     
    Please log in to use this service. Login as Wageningen University & Research user or guest user in upper right hand corner of this page.