Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Lerend vermogen vermaatschappelijking natuurbeleid. : Tussenrapportage WOT-04-010-037.11
    Dam, R.I. van; Salverda, I.E. ; Kunseler, Eva ; Verwoerd, Lisa ; Klaassen, P. - \ 2019
    The art of bonding: informational capital in Dutch green urban citizens’ initiatives
    Dam, Rosalie van; Salverda, Irini ; Hassink, Jan ; Vaandrager, Lenneke ; Wentink, Carlijn - \ 2019
    Community Development Journal 54 (2019)3. - ISSN 0010-3802 - p. 463 - 481.
    Today’s western society is characterized by a transition towards self-organization by citizens in communities. Increasingly, societal problems are addressed by groups of citizens who take action to find concrete solutions. A second feature of western society is that it is an information society in which information and communication play a key role. In this paper, we analyse how these two societal trends come together at the community level. Applying a relational and contingent perspective to how green urban citizens’ initiatives develop, we look into the role of information in their interactions with other people, organizations and institutions. We analyse the mechanisms whereby information plays a role in the citizens’ initiatives. This leads to the conclusion that informational capital is fundamental to the realization of citizens’ initiatives and that informational capital is generated, identified, used and enlarged through the relational strategies of bonding, bridging and linking. It is a process that works in both ways and reinforces citizens’ initiatives.
    Waardecreatie bij online sociale innovatie
    Dam, R.I. van; Kruit, J. ; Salverda, I.E. ; During, R. - \ 2018
    Festival Gelderse Natuurmakers
    Salverda, Irini - \ 2018
    festival gelderse natuurmakers
    Lerend vermogen vermaatschappelijking. Tussenrapportage WOT-04-011-037.01
    Dam, R.I. van; Salverda, I.E. ; Witte, David de; Verwoerd, Lisa ; Klaassen, Pim ; Regeer, Barbara ; Kunseler, Eva ; Folkert, Rob - \ 2018
    WOT Natuur & Milieu (WOt-interne notitie 236)
    Institutionele belemmeringen en stimulansen vanuit de overheid voor vernieuwende maatschappelijke initiatieven voor natuur; Een benadering vanuit de institutionele theorie en de transitietheorie
    Pleijte, M. ; Salverda, I.E. - \ 2018
    WOT Natuur & Milieu (WOt-interne notitie 246)
    Exploring the role of social capital in urban citizens' initiatives in the Netherlands
    Wentink, Carlijn ; Vaandrager, Lenneke ; Dam, Rosalie van; Hassink, Jan ; Salverda, Irini - \ 2018
    Gaceta Sanitaria 32 (2018)6. - ISSN 0213-9111 - p. 539 - 546.
    Participatory society - Social capital intervention - The Netherlands - Urban citizens' initiatives - Urban governance
    Objective: This research explores the role of social capital in urban citizens' initiatives in the Netherlands, by using in-depth interviews. Method: Social capital was operationalized as shared norms and values, connectedness, trust and reciprocity. Results: The findings show that initiatives form around a shared idea or ambition (shared norms and values). An existing network of relationships (connectedness) is needed for an idea to emerge and take form. Connectedness can also increase as a result of an initiative. Some level of trust between people needs to be present from the start of the initiative. For the initiative to persist, strong in-group connections seem important, as well as a good balance between investments and returns. This reciprocity is mainly about intangible assets, such as energy and friendship. Conclusion: This study concludes that social capital within citizens' initiatives is both a prerequisite for the formation of initiatives and a result of the existence of initiatives.
    Innovatie en transitie in natuurbeleid: leren van longitudinaal casusonderzoek : Tussenrapportage WOT-04-011-036.87
    Salverda, I.E. ; Pleijte, M. - \ 2017
    Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur en Milieu (WOt-interne notitie 211)
    Pionieren : De impact van innovatieve maatschappelijke initiatieven op een natuur-inclusieve samenleving
    Salverda, I.E. ; Dam, R.I. van; Pleijte, M. - \ 2017
    Wageningen : Wageningen Environmental Research (Pionieren ) - 64
    natuur - samenleving - participatie - stedelijke gebieden - sport - lopen - burgers - fondsgelden - weidevogels - bodem - nederland - nature - society - participation - urban areas - sport - walking - citizens - funding - grassland birds - soil - netherlands
    Pionieren : Jaarmagazine over het DEMOCRATISCH samenspel van groene burgerinitiatieven en overheden
    Salverda, I.E. ; Kruit, J. ; Kuijper, Florien ; Koffijberg, M. ; Neefjes, M. - \ 2017
    Wageningen : Wageningen Environmental Research (Pionieren ) - 39
    natuur - openbaar groen - stedelijke gebieden - burgers - participatie - innovaties - vergroening - democratie - nederland - nature - public green areas - urban areas - citizens - participation - innovations - greening - democracy - netherlands
    Using evolutionary theory for pluralism in social policies
    During, R. ; Dam, R.I. van; Salverda, I.E. - \ 2016
    Pionieren : jaarmagazine over het samenspel van groene burgerinitiatieven en overheden
    Duinhoven, Geert van; Salverda, Irini ; Kruit, Jeroen ; Kuijper, Florien ; Janmaat, Rob - \ 2016
    Wageningen : Alterra, Wageningen-UR - 48
    participatie - milieu - participation - environment
    Omgaan met groene burgerinitiatieven. Hoe doe je dat als provincie?
    Salverda, I.E. ; Kamphorst, D.A. ; Pleijte, M. ; Buijs, A.E. ; Donders, J.L.M. - \ 2016
    Wageningen : Leernetwerk 'Samenspel burgerinitiatieven en overheden in het groene domein' - 95
    In deze brochure schetsen we globaal hoe provincies momenteel omgaan met groene burgerinitiatieven. Dat doen we op basis van een inventarisatie van beleid (programma’s en regelingen) waarmee provincies vormgeven aan hun ambitie om meer ruimte en ondersteuning te bieden aan burgerinitiatieven voor natuur. Deze ambitie past binnen de opgaven van het natuurbeleid zoals die zijn geformuleerd in het Natuurpact, waarin het Rijk en de provincies afspraken hebben vastgelegd voor natuur (Ministerie van EZ en provincies, 2013). Dit heeft naast het realiseren van het Natuurnetwerk Nederland en het halen van de internationale natuurdoelen, óók betrekking op het versterken van de maatschappelijke betrokkenheid bij de natuur (PBL, 2015). Het vergroten van de maatschappelijke betrokkenheid bij natuur is ook een ambitie van het Rijk en veel provincies afzonderlijk (zie bijv. Salverda en Pleijte, 2013; Kamphorst et al, 2014). In de Rijksnatuurvisie gaat het Rijk er vanuit dat ‘... de samenleving zelf steeds meer in staat blijkt om natuurdoelen dichterbij te brengen’. Daarom ‘past het de overheid om zich terughoudend op te stellen en vooral een voorwaardenscheppende en stimulerende rol op zich te nemen’ (Ministerie van Economische Zaken, 2014). In het Natuurpact wordt maatschappelijke betrokkenheid omschreven als een ontwikkeling die de toekomst van het natuurbeleid beïnvloedt: ‘burgers, bedrijven en maatschappelijke organisaties nemen in toenemende mate een eigen verantwoordelijkheid rond natuurbelangen’. Een toename van maatschappelijke betrokkenheid wordt in het Natuurpact tegelijkertijd als noodzaak gezien om de ambities in het Natuurpact waar te maken: ‘natuur die sterk verankerd is in de maatschappij draagt bij aan duurzame versterking van de natuur’.
    The Dutch Participation Society Needs Open Data, but What is Meant by Open?
    During, R. ; Dam, R.I. van; Pleijte, M. ; Salverda, I.E. - \ 2016
    In: Handbook of Research on Citizen Engagement and Public Participation in the Era of New Media / Black, Laura, Cavanagh, Fiona, deBruijn, Maria, Lewanski, Rodolfo, Nabatchi, Tina, Rose, Jonathan, Rude, Noreen, California State University Long Beach, USA) : IGI Global - ISBN 9781522510819 - p. 304 - 322.
    Open data and citizen-led initiatives can be both friends and foes. Where it is available and ‘open’, official data not only encourages increased public participation but can also generate the production and scrutiny of new material, potentially of benefit to the original provider and others, official or otherwise.
    In this way, official open data can be seen to improve democracy or, more accurately, the so-called ‘participative democracy’. On the other hand, the public is not always eager to share their personal information in the most open ways. Private and sometimes sensitive information however is required to
    initiate projects of societal benefit in difficult times. Many citizens appear content to channel personal information exchange via social media instead of putting it on public web sites. The perceived benefits from sharing and complete openness do not outweigh any disadvantages or fear of regulation. This is
    caused by various sources of contingency, such as the different appeals on citizens, construed in discourses on the participation society and the representative democracy, calling for social openness in the first and privacy protection in the latter. Moreover, the discourse on open data is an economic argument fighting the rules of privacy instead of the promotion of open data as one of the prerequisites for social action. Civil servants acknowledge that access to open data via all sorts of apps could contribute to the mushrooming of public initiatives, but are reluctant to release person-related sensitive information.
    The authors will describe and discuss this dilemma in the context of some recent case studies from the Netherlands concerning governmental programmes on open data and citizens’ initiatives, to highlight both the governance constraints and uncertainties as well as citizens’ concerns on data access and data sharing. It will be shown that openness has a different meaning and understanding in the participation society and representative democracy: i.e. the tension surrounding the sharing of private social information versus transparency. Looking from both sides at openness reveals double contingency: understanding and intentions on this openness invokes mutual enforcing uncertainties. This double contingency hampers citizens’ eagerness to articipate. The paper will conclude with a practical recommendation for improving data governance.
    Leernetwerk Samenspel burgerinitiatieven en Overheden in het groene domein : Nieuwsbrief 4
    Salverda, I.E. ; Kruit, J. ; Pleijte, M. ; Dam, R.I. van - \ 2016
    Leernetwerk 2016 (2016)4. - p. 1 - 3.
    Groene burgerinitiatieven en de overheid
    Salverda, Irini - \ 2016
    Samenspel groene burgerinitiatieven en overheden
    Salverda, Irini - \ 2016
    Hoe democratisch is jouw initiatief?
    Salverda, I.E. ; Heijden, J. van der; Noortwijk, R. van - \ 2016
    Democratic Challenge Krant 2016 (2016)juni. - p. 6 - 6.
    Omgaan met burgeriniatieven : Rollen en verwachtingen van provincies met betrekking tot groene burgerinitiatieven
    Buijs, A.E. ; Pleijte, M. ; Kamphorst, D.A. ; Donders, J.L.M. ; Salverda, I.E. - \ 2016
    Wageningen : WOT Natuur en Milieu (WOt-interne notitie 148) - 76 p.
    Relationships between green urban citizens' initiatives and local governments
    Hassink, Jan ; Salverda, Irini ; Vaandrager, Lenneke ; Dam, Rosalie van; Wentink, Carlijn - \ 2016
    Cogent Social Sciences 2 (2016). - ISSN 2331-1886
    It is often challenging to establish a good relationship between the green initiatives of urban citizens and local governments. Our aim is to gain a better understanding of how citizens and local authorities interact and how they can establish good relationships, relationships that contribute to the realization of the aims and interests of citizen initiatives and local governments. We analysed these relationships for five different initiatives, including the perspectives of initiators and civil servants. We hypothesized that an important challenge is to connect the initiative’s informal world and the formal world of local governments. Relationships can be problematic due to a lack of recognition and appreciation for the initiators on the part of the municipality, diverging ambitions or ideologies between the initiative and municipality or unreliable behaviour of initiatives in the view of civil servants. The results showed that a willingness to work together and developing trust are key conditions in developing good partnerships. Our study provide insight into how mutual trust can be developed. Developing a trustful relationship requires social competences. Trust building involves several social practices: establishing an emotional connection, ability and integrity, and aligning to each other’s expectations. Formal aspects of local governments, like rules and procedures, are not a major problem in the development of initiatives when a trustful relationship has been established. The civil servants and aldermen (City Council Members) involved are then able to overcome formal obstacles, such as mismatch with regulations.
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