- J. Gale (1)
- T. Hartig (1)
- I. Herzon (1)
- M. Lobley (1)
- A.M. Lokhorst (8)
- C.J.M. Musters (3)
- J. Noordijk (1)
- S. Schindler (1)
- G. Schwarz (1)
- G.R. Snoo de (7)
- H. Staats (9)
- G. Vreede (1)
- C.M. Werner (1)
- T. Wrbka (1)
Towards Effective Nature Conservation on Farmland: Making Farmers Matter
Snoo, G.R. de; Herzon, I. ; Staats, H. ; Burton, R.J.F. ; Schindler, S. ; Dijk, J. van; Lokhorst, A.M. ; Bullock, J.M. ; Lobley, M. ; Wrbka, T. ; Schwarz, G. ; Musters, C.J.M. - \ 2013
Conservation Letters 6 (2013)1. - ISSN 1755-263X - p. 66 - 72.
agri-environment schemes - planned behavior - farming styles - personal norms - biodiversity - management - landscapes - diversity - policy - birds
Until now the main instrument to counteract the loss of biodiversity and landscape quality in the European countryside has been Agri-Environment Schemes (AES), which offer short term payments for performing prescribed environmental management behaviours. In our opinion this approach is, in its current set-up, not a sustainable way of enhancing biodiversity and landscape quality. Here we will argue that conservation in agricultural areas is also a social challenge. To change farmers’ behaviours towards more sustainable conservation of farmland biodiversity, instruments should aim to influence individual farmer's motivation and behaviour. We should aim to place farmland biodiversity ‘in the hands and minds of farmers’.
Commitment and Behavior Change: A Meta-analysis and Critical Review of Commitment Making Strategies in Environmental Research
Lokhorst, A.M. ; Werner, C.M. ; Staats, H. ; Dijk, E. van; Gale, J. - \ 2013
Environment and Behavior 45 (2013)1. - ISSN 0013-9165 - p. 3 - 34.
energy-conservation - public commitment - implementation intentions - planned behavior - self - household - participation - communication - persuasion - feedback
Commitment making is commonly regarded as an effective way to promote proenvironmental behaviors. The general idea is that when people commit to a certain behavior, they adhere to their commitment, and this produces long-term behavior change. Although this idea seems promising, the results are mixed. In the current article, the authors investigate whether and why commitment is effective. To do so, the authors first present a meta-analysis of environmental studies containing a commitment manipulation. Then, the authors investigate the psychological constructs that possibly underlie the commitment effect. They conclude that commitment making indeed leads to behavior change in the short- and long term, especially when compared with control conditions. However, a better understanding is needed of the possible underlying mechanisms that guide the commitment effect. The authors see commitment making as a potentially useful technique that could be improved by following up on findings from fundamental research. They provide suggestions for future research and recommendations for improving the effectiveness of commitment-making techniques.
What's in it for Me? Motivational Differences between Farmers' Subsidised and Non-Subsidised Conservation Practices
Lokhorst, A.M. ; Staats, H. ; Dijk, J. van; Dijk, E. van; Snoo, G.R. de - \ 2011
Applied Psychology : an international Review 60 (2011)3. - ISSN 0269-994X - p. 337 - 353.
agri-environmental schemes - social identity theory - planned behavior - self-identity - personal norms - car use - biodiversity - willingness - perception - commitment
Through nature conservation practices, farmers can strongly enhance nature quality and biodiversity in rural areas. In this paper, the social psychological underpinnings of farmers' nature conservation practices are investigated using the Theory of Planned Behavior, to which the concepts of self-identity and personal norms were added. A distinction is made between nature conservation practices done on a non-subsidised basis and nature conservation practices for which farmers receive some form of remuneration from the Dutch government. Eighty-five arable farmers participated in our survey. Results show that our model explains more variance in the intention to perform non-subsidised than subsidised nature conservation practices. Also, the concepts of self-identity and personal norms appear to be related to the intention to perform non-subsidised, not subsidised conservation
|Benchmarking biodiversity performances of farmers
Snoo, G.R. de; Lokhorst, A.M. ; Dijk, J. van; Staats, H. ; Musters, C.J.M. - \ 2010
Aspects of Applied Biology 100 (2010). - ISSN 0265-1491 - p. 311 - 318.
Farmers are the key players when it comes to the enhancement of farmland biodiversity. In this study, a benchmark system that focuses on improving farmers’ nature conservation was developed and tested among Dutch arable farmers in different social settings. The results show that especially tailored information combined with public commitment making resulted in a stronger desire to engage in conservation, an increase in surface area of non-subsidized natural habitat, and an increase in time farmers spent on conservation. The feedback given to the farmers especially affected the non-subsidized conservation. Benchmarking instruments using targeted information might be challenging tools for farmers
Using Tailored Information and Public Commitment to Improve the Environmental Quality of Farm Lands: An Example from the Netherlands
Lokhorst, A.M. ; Dijk, J. van; Staats, H. ; Dijk, E. van; Snoo, G.R. de - \ 2010
Human Ecology 38 (2010)1. - ISSN 0300-7839 - p. 113 - 122.
planned behavior - agricultural landscapes - energy-conservation - species richness - biodiversity - schemes - interventions - household - management - feedback
By adopting nature conservation practices, farmers can enhance the environmental quality and biodiversity of their land. In this exploratory study, a behavioral intervention that focused on improving Dutch farmers’ nature conservation practices was developed and tested. This intervention was based on insights derived from social psychology and combined tailored information and public commitment. Participating farmers were divided in three groups: one group received tailored information only, one group received both tailored information and a public commitment manipulation, and one group served as a control. A questionnaire measuring relevant aspects of conservation was completed before and after the intervention. Results show that tailored information combined with public commitment making resulted in a stronger desire to engage in conservation, an increase in surface area of nonsubsidized natural habitat, and an increase in time farmers spent on conservation. The intervention affected both subsidized and non-subsidized conservation, but the effects were stronger for non-subsidized conservation
Boeren over weidevogelbescherming [Farmers' attitudes regarding meadow bird protection]
Noordijk, J. ; Lokhorst, A.M. ; Dijk, J. van; Musters, C.J.M. ; Staats, H. ; Snoo, G.R. de - \ 2009
Landschap : tijdschrift voor landschapsecologie en milieukunde 26 (2009)2. - ISSN 0169-6300 - p. 83 - 90.
boeren - attitudes - vragenlijsten - weidevogels - agrarisch natuurbeheer - farmers - attitudes - questionnaires - grassland birds - agri-environment schemes
Ondanks dat de weidevogelbescherming voor het overgrote deel plaatsvindt op het terrein van boeren zijn er maar weinig studies die hun motivatie, wensen en denkwijzen behandelen. Hier presenteert CML enkele inzichten op basis van een enqu6ete onder 145 boeren verspreid over Nederland. Bij dit onderzoek zijn alleen boeren betrokken die daadwerkelijk beheerovereenkomsten afgesloten hebben. Belangrijke conclusie is, om de relatie tussen boeren en terreinbeherende organisaties te verbeteren
|Feedback and public commitment to improve the environmental quality of farmlands
Lokhorst, A.M. ; Staats, H. ; Dijk, J. van; Snoo, G.R. de - \ 2008
International Journal of Psychology 43 (2008)3-4. - ISSN 1464-066X - p. 46 - 46.
Preference for Nature in Urbanized Societies: Stress, Restoration, and the Pursuit of Sustainability
Berg, A.E. van den; Hartig, T. ; Staats, H. - \ 2007
Journal of Social Issues 63 (2007)1. - ISSN 0022-4537 - p. 79 - 96.
psychological restoration - environmental preferences - quality - health - experience - components - framework - settings - recovery - benefits
Urbanicity presents a challenge for the pursuit of sustainability. High settlement density may offer some environmental, economic, and social advantages, but it can impose psychological demands that people find excessive. These demands of urban life have stimulated a desire for contact with nature through suburban residence, leading to planning and transportation practices that have profound implications for the pursuit of sustainability. Some might dismiss people's desire for contact with nature as the result of an anti-urban bias in conjunction with a romantic view of nature. However, research in environmental psychology suggests that people's desire for contact with nature serves an important adaptive function, namely, psychological restoration. Based on this insight, we offer a perspective on an underlying practical challenge: designing communities that balance settlement density with satisfactory access to nature experience. We discuss research on four issues: how people tend to believe that nature is restorative; how restoration needs and beliefs shape environmental preferences; how well people actually achieve restoration in urban and natural environments; and how contact with nature can promote health. In closing, we consider urban nature as a design option that promotes urban sustainability.
|Variation in farmers' pro-environmental attitudes: behaviour and on-farm biodiversity measures as a starting point for benchmarking
Dijk, J. van; Lokhorst, A.M. ; Vreede, G. ; Staats, H. ; Snoo, G.R. de - \ 2006
In: Beleid in transities : SWOME/KSI Marktdag 2006 / van den Burg, S., van der Ham, R., Grin, J., Wageningen : Wageningen Universiteit, Milieubeleid - p. 87 - 93.
boeren - perceptie - biodiversiteit - agrarisch natuurbeheer - farmers - perception - biodiversity - agri-environment schemes