Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    The European Commission's ability to deal with wicked problems: an in-depth case study of the governance of food security
    Candel, J.J.L. ; Breeman, G.E. ; Termeer, C.J.A.M. - \ 2016
    Journal of European Public Policy 23 (2016)6. - ISSN 1350-1763 - p. 789 - 813.
    The European Commission's ability to cope with wicked problems is generally viewed as inadequate because of its hierarchical and inflexible modus operandi. Recent research suggests, however, that the Commission may be better equipped to deal with wicked problems than is commonly assumed. To elucidate these contradictory viewpoints, we analysed conditions that enable or constrain the Commission in dealing with wicked problems. To do so, we applied a framework consisting of five governance capabilities required to deal with wicked problems (reflexivity, responsiveness, resilience, revitalization and rescaling) to a case study of how the Commission deals with the wicked problem of food security. Although our results confirm some of the earlier critiques, we have also identified various enabling conditions, most notably inter-service and inter-institutional procedures and structures, boundary arrangements and a widespread tolerance of frame conflicts, uncertainty and cross-scale dynamics. However, the Commission lacks a mechanism to continuously monitor and adjust its capabilities, thereby running the risk of challenges remaining unforeseen and unanticipated.
    Framing en agenda dynamiek van klimaatadaptatie. Chapter for the online learning module
    Dewulf, A.R.P.J. ; Breeman, G.E. ; Biesbroek, G.R. - \ 2015
    In: 'The development of local climate change adaptation strategies', Open University and the Knowledge for Climate program 12
    Territorial collaboration, self-governance, social capital and policy making in the European agricultural sector
    Breeman, G.E. ; Termeer, C.J.A.M. - \ 2015
    Studietaak 4. Framing en agendadynamiek van klimaatadaptatie. Deel van on-line 'Kennis voor Klimaat' cursus “ De ontwikkeling van lokale klimaatadaptatiestrategieën”
    Dewulf, A.R.P.J. ; Breeman, G.E. - \ 2015
    Nationaal Onderzoeksprogramma Kennis voor Klimaat (KvK)
    Enhancing food security through a multi-stakeholder process: the global agenda for sustainable livestock
    Breeman, G.E. ; Dijkman, J. ; Termeer, C.J.A.M. - \ 2015
    Food Security 7 (2015)2. - ISSN 1876-4517 - p. 425 - 435.
    governance - chains - policy
    Feeding the world is not only a complex technical matter, but also a demanding governance issue. As food security has all the characteristics of a wicked problem (variety of problem definitions, conflicting interests, interconnectedness across scales, inherent uncertainties), conventional governance arrangements do not seem to work. New ways of concerted actions are introduced to better link global challenges with local practices. One example of this is the Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock: a partnership of public, private, social, and civil society actors, committed to the sustainable development of the livestock sector. It aims to enhance shared understanding of sustainability and its underlying development issues and to build consensus on the path towards sustainable food security through dialogue, consultation, and joint analyses. This article analyses the Agenda as a new type of governance arrangement to enhance food security. It relies on a theoretical framework that consists of five governance capabilities, which are considered crucial for coping with wicked problems: reflexivity, resilience, responsiveness, revitalisation, and rescaling. The aim of this paper is threefold: 1) to assess the Agenda and learn from that; 2) to evaluate the capabilities framework as a tool to assess governance arrangements; and 3) to reflect on the potentials of new governance arrangements to deal with food security. The article illustrates how the governance capabilities framework can be used as a tool to analyse the multi-stakeholder platform for enhancing food security. It concludes that the Agenda successfully encompasses many elements of these capabilities although improvements are possible.
    Analysing local policy agendas: how Dutch municipal executive coalitions allocate attention
    Breeman, G.E. ; Scholten, P.W.A. ; Timmermans, A. - \ 2015
    Local Government Studies 41 (2015)1. - ISSN 0300-3930 - p. 20 - 43.
    comparative perspective - multilevel governance - netherlands - competition - government - dynamics
    This article provides an analysis of the allocation of attention to policy problems on the local level, focusing on the executive agenda of six municipalities in the Netherlands over a 25-year period. It reveals that there is specifically a local politics of attention, showing differences between national and local policy agendas in specific policy areas. We did not find evidence that the political composition of the local executive coalitions leads to agenda differences, revealing the more problem-oriented and pragmatic nature of local politics. We did find evidence of an effect of institutional arrangements between national and local government on shifting patterns of attention, such as due to decentralisation. This shows that the local politics of attention is limited in scope and conditioned by the functions of local government and the institutional arrangements of policy making in the Dutch decentralised unitary state and that rearrangements affect these patterns of attention.
    Governance capabilities for dealing wisely with wicked problems
    Termeer, C.J.A.M. ; Dewulf, A. ; Breeman, G.E. ; Stiller, S.J. - \ 2015
    Administration and Society 47 (2015)6. - ISSN 0095-3997 - p. 680 - 710.
    social-ecological systems - common agricultural policy - adaptive governance - framing theory - management - attention - netherlands - transitions - perspective - integration
    This article explores an integrative approach for dealing with wicked problems. Wicked problems not only require alternative action strategies but also alternative ways of observing and enabling. Four governance capabilities are essential: (a) reflexivity, or the capability to deal with multiple frames; (b) resilience, or the capability to adjust actions to uncertain changes; (c) responsiveness, or the capability to respond to changing agendas and expectations; (d) revitalization, or the capability to unblock stagnations. These capabilities form the basis for achieving small wins in wicked problems. We illustrate our argument with examples from sustainable food production of the Common Agricultural Policy.
    The Policy Agenda in Multiparty Government: Coalition Agreements and Legislative Activity in the Netherlands
    Timmermans, A. ; Breeman, G.E. - \ 2014
    In: Agenda Setting, Policies, and Political Systems. A Comparative Approach / Green-Pedersen, C., Walgrave, S., Chicago : Chicago University Press - ISBN 9780226128306 - p. 87 - 104.
    Decision-making procedures in the EU. Opening the black box of risk analysis in food safety policy
    Szajkowska, A. ; Breeman, G.E. - \ 2014
    Ars aequi : juridisch studentenblad : onder auspicie¿¨n van de Vereniging van Juridische Faculteiten in Nederland 2014 (2014)May. - ISSN 0004-2870 - p. 375 - 383.
    Disentangling the consensus frame of food security: the case of the EU Common Agricultural Policy reform debate
    Candel, J.J.L. ; Breeman, G.E. ; Stiller, S.J. ; Termeer, C.J.A.M. - \ 2014
    Food Policy 44 (2014). - ISSN 0306-9192 - p. 47 - 58.
    ideas - discourse - institutions - perspective - politics - press - uk
    This article addresses which food security frames can be identified in the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) post-2013 reform process, and which actors deploy particular food security frames. The concept of frames refers to relatively distinct and coherent sets of meaning attributed to a concept, such as food security. The article shows that in the European Union (EU) food security is a consensus frame which can be broken down in six conflicting and overlapping sub-frames and which has complicated the debates about the future of the CAP. We demonstrate that during the CAP-reform debates of 2009–2012 a variety of food security arguments were deployed by a broad range of stakeholders, who attached different meanings and made different claims about the relationship between the CAP and food security. Inductive frame analysis reveals that the consensus frame of food security can be broken down into six conflicting and overlapping sub-frames: (1) the productionist frame, (2) the environmental frame, (3) the development frame, (4) the free trade frame, (5) the regional frame, and (6) the food sovereignty frame. Each of these frames was invoked by a specific group of stakeholders, whereby the productionist and environmental frames were deployed most often. The European Commission, meanwhile, invoked various frames at the same time in its communications. As a result of these various framings of the relationship between the CAP and food security, a clear political vision on this relationship is lacking. We conclude that politicians and policymakers may need to develop a coherent vision on what food security entails, and on how the CAP could contribute to both European and global food security.
    Aiming for food security
    Termeer, C.J.A.M. ; Breeman, G.E. - \ 2013
    In: Food for all: sustainable nutrition security / Kropff, M., Arendonk, J.A.M., Löffler, H.J.M., Wageningen : Wageningen UR - ISBN 9789461736246 - p. 128 - 131.
    Collaboration for public goods
    Breeman, G.E. - \ 2013
    Opgetekend: De Kamer vraagt uw mening over de Tweede Kamer en Europa
    Timmermans, A. ; Breeman, G.E. - \ 2013
    Montesquieu Instituut
    Maatschappelijk vertrouwen in de varkenshouderij: Deel 1: managementsamenvatting en conclusies
    Termeer, K. ; Dagevos, H. ; Breeman, G.E. ; Hoes, A.C. - \ 2013
    Den Haag : LEI, onderdeel van Wageningen UR - 98
    varkenshouderij - houding van consumenten - overtuigingen - maatschappelijk draagvlak - dierenwelzijn - pig farming - consumer attitudes - beliefs - public support - animal welfare
    De aanleiding voor het project met de ‘officiële’ titel ‘Maatschappelijk vertrouwen in de veehouderij, in het bijzonder in de varkenshouderij’ is het topsectordocument Agro & Food: De Nederlandse groeidiamant (2011). Hierin wordt gesteld dat maatschappelijk draagvlak van wezenlijk belang is voor de Agro & Foodsector. Het idee is dat technische oplossingen, zoals nieuwe stalsystemen, kunnen bijdragen aan het creëren van een positief beeld van de sector, maar waarschijnlijk niet voldoende zijn voor het herstel van maatschappelijk vertrouwen in de Agro & Foodsector in het algemeen en de varkenshouderij in het bijzonder. Maatschappelijk ver- en wantrouwen in voedsel en voedselproductie is vandaag de dag onverminderd actueel. De paardenvleesaffaire en de doorgaande stroom van berichten in de media dat er met voedsel wordt gefraudeerd, illustreren dit. Dat de Onderzoekraad voor Veiligheid momenteel onderzoek doet naar voedselveiligheidrisico’s in de vleesverwerkende industrie is eveneens tekenend. Maar het vraagstuk van maatschappelijk vertrouwen is niet nieuw. Het is een issue dat al langere tijd speelt. Mede met het oog hierop is veel geïnvesteerd in betere stalsystemen en regelgeving en zijn er diverse commissies en dialogen geweest. Toch is en blijft maatschappelijk vertrouwen en draagvlak delicaat en gebrekkig. Dit wordt door de sector als problematisch ervaren. Aan Wageningen UR is gevraagd een onderzoek te doen naar het maatschappelijk vertrouwen van de veehouderij, met de toespitsing op de varkenshouderij. Het onderzoek is tweeledig van karakter. Enerzijds gaat het om diagnose die tot doel heeft meer te begrijpen van maatschappelijk vertrouwen en van de mechanismen die tot wantouwen of tot vertrouwen leiden. Op basis hiervan heeft dit onderzoek, anderzijds, tot doel voorstellen te doen over (het ontwikkelen van) interventies die bijdragen aan verbetering van maatschappelijk vertrouwen.
    Eerste troonrede Rutte II: weinig nieuws, weinig peptalk
    Breeman, G.E. ; Timmermans, A. - \ 2013
    Montesquieu Instituut
    Event driven diversification of policy attention: the scattering of issue attention across different policy domains after an incident with a big amount of public attention
    Candel, J.J.L. ; Breeman, G.E. ; Termeer, C.J.A.M. - \ 2013
    Antwerpen : WUR
    Nieuw Europees landbouwbeleid riskant en gebaseerd op vertrouwen
    Breeman, Gerard - \ 2013
    Decision making on mega stables: understanding and preventing citizens’ distrust
    Breeman, G.E. ; Termeer, C.J.A.M. ; Lieshout, M. van - \ 2013
    NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 66 (2013). - ISSN 1573-5214 - p. 39 - 47.
    trust - agriculture - governance - motives - farm - risk
    The expansion of intensive livestock farming, especially the construction of mega stables, is highly con-tested in the Netherlands. In this context, local authorities try to make decisions about situating megastables on their territory by balancing out various interests. However, many become entangled in esca-lating processes and lose the trust of both citizens and farmers. On the basis of an evaluation of adecision-making process about a mega stable project in a small Dutch town, this article analyzes whydistrust occurs and what local authorities could do to prevent this. In-depth interviews and participantobservations show how different configurations of stakeholders became fixed in their own convictions,values, and fears, resulting in mutual annoyances, misunderstandings, blaming, and, finally, distrust. Themore information public officials provided to dispel doubts about the mega stables, the more citizensstarted to distrust the local government. Trust is not enhanced by more information and transparencyalone. The paper concludes that, once a decision-making process escalates and distrust arises, it is verydifficult to revitalize the process and regain trust. The paper offers suggestions on governance actionsthat could help prevent spirals of distrust
    Governance of wicked climate adaptation problems
    Termeer, C.J.A.M. ; Dewulf, A. ; Breeman, G.E. - \ 2013
    In: Climate Change Governance / Knieling, J., Filho, W.L., Berlin : Springer (Climate change management ) - ISBN 9783642298301 - p. 27 - 39.
    klimaatverandering - klimaatadaptatie - probleemanalyse - governance - climatic change - climate adaptation - problem analysis - governance
    Climate change adaptation has been called a “wicked problem par excellence.” Wicked problems are hard to define because ‘the formulation of the problem is the problem; they are considered a symptom of another problem; they are highly resistant to solutions and extremely interconnected with other problems. Climate change problems are even more complex because they lack a well-structured policy domain, and knowledge about climate change is uncertain and contested. Given the wicked characteristics of the climate issue and its particular challenges, the question is which theories are useful starting points for the governance of climate adaptation? The chapter distinguishes between theories and concepts that focus on reflexivity, on resilience, on responsiveness and on revitalisation. Instead of integrating these theories in one overarching governance approach, the chapter suggests an approach of theoretical multiplicity. It proposes that exploiting the variety of concepts and strategies based on the different theories can increase the governance capacity to deal with climate change. Finally, it addresses the moral dimension of wicked problems, which suggests that it is unacceptable to treat a wicked problem as though it were a tame one. Governance scholars nowadays risk raising expectations far beyond their ability to deliver, and thus enhance confusions over whether wicked problems are in fact tame ones.
    Een ‘PVV-exit-effect’ in de Troonrede
    Timmermans, A. ; Breeman, G.E. - \ 2012
    Den Haag : www.montesquieu-instituut.nl
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