Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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The vulnerabilities of agricultural land and food production to future water scarcity
Fitton, N. ; Alexander, P. ; Arnell, N. ; Bajzelj, B. ; Calvin, K. ; Doelman, J. ; Gerber, J.S. ; Havlik, P. ; Hasegawa, T. ; Herrero, M. ; Krisztin, T. ; Meijl, H. van; Powell, T. ; Sands, R. ; Stehfest, E. ; West, P.C. ; Smith, P. - \ 2019
Global environmental change : human and policy dimensions 58 (2019). - ISSN 0959-3780
Food security - Land use - Shared socio-economic pathways - Water availability

Rapidly increasing populations coupled with increased food demand requires either an expansion of agricultural land or sufficient production gains from current resources. However, in a changing world, reduced water availability might undermine improvements in crop and grass productivity and may disproportionately affect different parts of the world. Using multi-model studies, the potential trends, risks and uncertainties to land use and land availability that may arise from reductions in water availability are examined here. In addition, the impacts of different policy interventions on pressures from emerging risks are examined. Results indicate that globally, approximately 11% and 10% of current crop- and grass-lands could be vulnerable to reduction in water availability and may lose some productive capacity, with Africa and the Middle East, China, Europe and Asia particularly at risk. While uncertainties remain, reduction in agricultural land area associated with dietary changes (reduction of food waste and decreased meat consumption) offers the greatest buffer against land loss and food insecurity.

Author Correction: The potential of future foods for sustainable and healthy diets
Parodi, A. ; Leip, A. ; Boer, I.J.M. De; Slegers, P.M. ; Ziegler, F. ; Temme, E.H.M. ; Herrero, M. ; Tuomisto, H. ; Valin, H. ; Middelaar, C.E. Van; Loon, J.J.A. Van; Zanten, H.H.E. Van - \ 2019
Nature Sustainability 2 (2019)4. - ISSN 2398-9629 - p. 342 - 347.

In the version of this Article originally published, in Supplementary Table 7, the energy and land-use values for mealworms in Thevenot et al. were mistakenly swapped. The correct values are 65.39 MJ for energy use and 4.31 m 2 for land use. In the same table, the energy and land use values for black soldier fly in Salome et al. were incorrectly given as 0.14 MJ and 41.67 m 2 ; they should have read 7.248 MJ and 0.024 m 2 (respectively). Correcting these values has led to corresponding changes in Fig. 3, Supplementary Figs 2 and 4 and Supplementary Table 8. Additionally, in the panel of Fig. 3 that contains information about vitamin A, the land-use values of 593 for pork and 1914 for beef were incorrect, and should have been 666 and 3238, respectively.

Agricultural intensification scenarios, household food availability and greenhouse gas emissions in Rwanda : Ex-ante impacts and trade-offs
Paul, B.K. ; Frelat, R. ; Birnholz, C. ; Ebong, C. ; Gahigi, A. ; Groot, J.C.J. ; Herrero, M. ; Kagabo, D.M. ; Notenbaert, A. ; Vanlauwe, B. ; Wijk, M.T. van - \ 2018
Agricultural Systems 163 (2018). - ISSN 0308-521X - p. 16 - 26.
Climate smart agriculture - Ex-ante impact assessment - Household modeling - Low carbon development - Sub-Saharan Africa - Sustainable intensification
Rwanda's agricultural sector is facing severe challenges of increasing environmental degradation, resulting in declining productivity. The problem is likely to be further aggravated by the growing population pressure. A viable pathway is climate smart agriculture, aiming at the triple win of improving food security and climate change adaptation, while contributing to mitigation if possible. The Government of Rwanda has initiated ambitious policies and programs aiming at low emission agricultural development. Crop focused policies include the Crop Intensification Program (CIP) which facilitates access to inorganic fertilizer and improved seeds. In the livestock subsector, zero-grazing and improved livestock feeding are encouraged, and the Girinka program provides poor farm households with a crossbred dairy cow. In this study, we aimed at assessing the potential impact of these policy programs on food availability and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of 884 households across different agro-ecologies and farming systems in Rwanda. Household level calculations were used to assess the contribution of current crops, livestock and off-farm activities to food availability and GHG emissions. Across all sites, 46% of households were below the 2500kcalMAE-1 yr-1 line, with lower food availability in the Southern and Eastern Rwanda. Consumed and sold food crops were the mainstay of food availability, contributing between 81.2% (low FA class) to 53.1% (high FA class). Livestock and off-farm income were the most important pathways to higher FA. Baseline GHG emissions were low, ranging between 395 and 1506kg CO2e hh-1 yr-1 per site, and livestock related emissions from enteric fermentation (47.6-48.9%) and manure (26.7-31.8%) were the largest contributors to total GHG emissions across sites and FA classes. GHG emissions increased with FA, with 50% of the total GHG being emitted by 22% of the households with the highest FA scores. Scenario assessment of the three policy options showed strong differences in potential impacts: Girinka only reached one third of the household population, but acted highly pro-poor by decreasing the households below the 2500kcalMAE-1 yr-1 line from 46% to 35%. However, Girinka also increased GHG by 1174kg CO2e hh-1 yr-1, and can therefore not be considered climate-smart. Improved livestock feeding was the least equitable strategy, decreasing food insufficient households by only 3%. However, it increased median FA by 755kcalMAE-1 yr-1 at a small GHG increase (50kg CO2e hh-1 yr-1). Therefore, it is a promising option to reach the CSA triple win. Crop and soil improvement resulted in the smallest increase in median FA (FA by 755kcalMAE-1 yr-1), and decreasing the proportion of households below 2500kcalMAE-1 yr-1 by 6%. This came only at minimal increase in GHG emissions (23kg CO2e hh-1 yr-1). All policy programs had different potential impacts and trade-offs on different sections of the farm household population. Quick calculations like the ones presented in this study can assist in policy dialogue and stakeholder engagement to better select and prioritize policies and development programs, despite the complexity of its impacts and trade-offs.
The power and pain of market-based carbon policies : a global application to greenhouse gases from ruminant livestock production
Henderson, B. ; Golub, A. ; Pambudi, D. ; Hertel, T. ; Godde, C. ; Herrero, M. ; Cacho, O. ; Gerber, P. - \ 2018
Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 23 (2018)3. - ISSN 1381-2386 - p. 349 - 369.
Carbon policy - Greenhouse gases - Mitigation - Ruminants
The objectives of this research are to assess the greenhouse gas mitigation potential of carbon policies applied to the ruminant livestock sector [inclusive of the major ruminant species—cattle (Bos Taurus and Bos indicus), sheep (Ovis aries), and goats (Capra hircus)]—with particular emphasis on understanding the adjustment challenges posed by such policies. We show that market-based mitigation policies can greatly amplify the mitigation potential identified in marginal abatement cost studies by harnessing powerful market forces such as product substitution and trade. We estimate that a carbon tax of US$20 per metric ton of carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent emissions could mitigate 626 metric megatons of CO2 equivalent ruminant emissions per year (MtCO2-eq year−1). This policy would also incentivize a restructuring of cattle production, increasing the share of cattle meat coming from the multiproduct dairy sector compared to more emission intensive, single purpose beef sector. The mitigation potential from this simple policy represents an upper bound because it causes ruminant-based food production to fall and is therefore likely to be politically unpopular. In the spirit of the Paris Agreement (UNFCCC 2015), which expresses the ambition of reducing agricultural emissions while protecting food production, we assess a carbon policy that applies both a carbon tax and a subsidy to producers to manage the tradeoff between food production and mitigation. The policy maintains ruminant production and consumption levels in all regions, but for a much lower global emission reduction of 185 MtCO2-eq year−1. This research provides policymakers with a quantitative basis for designing policies that attempt to trade off mitigation effectiveness with producer and consumer welfare.
Toward a new generation of agricultural system data, models, and knowledge products: State of agricultural systems science
Jones, James W. ; Antle, John M. ; Basso, Bruno ; Boote, Kenneth J. ; Conant, Richard T. ; Foster, Ian ; Godfray, H.C.J. ; Herrero, Mario ; Howitt, Richard E. ; Janssen, Sander ; Keating, Brian A. ; Munoz-Carpena, Rafael ; Porter, Cheryl H. ; Rosenzweig, Cynthia ; Wheeler, Tim R. - \ 2017
Agricultural Systems 155 (2017). - ISSN 0308-521X - p. 269 - 288.
Agricultural data - Crop models - Economic models - Integrated agricultural systems models - Livestock models - Use cases

We review the current state of agricultural systems science, focusing in particular on the capabilities and limitations of agricultural systems models. We discuss the state of models relative to five different Use Cases spanning field, farm, landscape, regional, and global spatial scales and engaging questions in past, current, and future time periods. Contributions from multiple disciplines have made major advances relevant to a wide range of agricultural system model applications at various spatial and temporal scales. Although current agricultural systems models have features that are needed for the Use Cases, we found that all of them have limitations and need to be improved. We identified common limitations across all Use Cases, namely 1) a scarcity of data for developing, evaluating, and applying agricultural system models and 2) inadequate knowledge systems that effectively communicate model results to society. We argue that these limitations are greater obstacles to progress than gaps in conceptual theory or available methods for using system models. New initiatives on open data show promise for addressing the data problem, but there also needs to be a cultural change among agricultural researchers to ensure that data for addressing the range of Use Cases are available for future model improvements and applications. We conclude that multiple platforms and multiple models are needed for model applications for different purposes. The Use Cases provide a useful framework for considering capabilities and limitations of existing models and data.

Targeting, out-scaling and prioritising climate-smart interventions in agricultural systems: Lessons from applying a generic framework to the livestock sector in sub-Saharan Africa
Notenbaert, An ; Pfeifer, Catherine ; Silvestri, Silvia ; Herrero, Mario - \ 2017
Agricultural Systems 151 (2017). - ISSN 0308-521X - p. 153 - 162.
Climate smart agriculture - Livestock - Priority setting - Targeting

As a result of population growth, urbanization and climate change, agricultural systems around the world face enormous pressure on the use of resources. There is a pressing need for wide-scale innovation leading to development that improves the livelihoods and food security of the world's population while at the same time addressing climate change adaptation and mitigation. A variety of promising climate-smart interventions have been identified. However, what remains is the prioritization of interventions for investment and broad dissemination. The suitability and adoption of interventions depends on a variety of bio-physical and socio-economic factors. Also their impacts, when adopted and out-scaled, are likely to be highly heterogeneous. This heterogeneity expresses itself not only spatially and temporally but also in terms of the stakeholders affected, some might win and some might lose. A mechanism that can facilitate a systematic, holistic assessment of the likely spread and consequential impact of potential interventions is one way of improving the selection and targeting of such options. In this paper we provide climate smart agriculture (CSA) planners and implementers at all levels with a generic framework for evaluating and prioritising potential interventions. This entails an iterative process of mapping out recommendation domains, assessing adoption potential and estimating impacts. Through examples, related to livestock production in sub-Saharan Africa, we demonstrate each of the steps and how they are interlinked. The framework is applicable in many different forms, scales and settings. It has a wide applicability beyond the examples presented and we hope to stimulate readers to integrate the concepts in the planning process for climate-smart agriculture, which invariably involves multi-stakeholder, multi-scale and multi-objective decision-making.

Is production intensification likely to make farm households food-adequate? A simple food availability analysis across smallholder farming systems from East and West Africa
Ritzema, R.S. ; Frelat, R. ; Douxchamps, S. ; Silvestri, S. ; Rufino, M.C. ; Herrero, M. ; Giller, K.E. ; López-ridaura, S. ; Teufel, N. ; Paul, B.K. ; Wijk, M.T. Van - \ 2017
Food Security 9 (2017)1. - ISSN 1876-4517 - p. 115 - 131.
Despite considerable development investment, food insecurity remains prevalent throughout East and West Africa. The concept of ‘sustainable intensification’ of agricultural production has been promoted as a means to meet growing food needs in these regions. However, inadequate attention has been given to assessing whether benefits from intensification would be realized by farm households considering highly diverse resource endowments, household and farm characteristics, and agroecological contexts. In this study, we apply a simple energy-based index of food availability to 1800 households from research sites in 7 countries in East and West Africa to assess the food availability status of each of these households and to quantify the contribution of different on- and off-farm activities to food availability. We estimate the effects of two production intensification strategies on food availability: increased cereal crop production from crop-based options, and increased production of key livestock products from livestock-based options. These two options are contrasted with a third strategy: increased off-farm income for each household from broader socioeconomic-based options. Using sensitivity analysis, each strategy is tested against baseline values via incremental production increases. Baseline results exhibit considerable diversity within and across sites in household food availability status and livelihood strategies. Interventions represented in the crop and livestock options may primarily benefit food-adequate and marginally food-inadequate households, and have little impact on the most food-inadequate households. The analysis questions what production intensification can realistically achieve for East and West African smallholders, and how intensification strategies must be augmented with transformational strategies to reach the poorest households.
Assessing water resource use in livestock production : A review of methods
Ran, Y. ; Lannerstad, M. ; Herrero, M. ; Middelaar, C.E. Van; Boer, I.J.M. De - \ 2016
Livestock Science 187 (2016). - ISSN 1871-1413 - p. 68 - 79.
Beef production - Blue water - Green water - Livestock production - Water resource use assessment

This paper reviews existing methods for assessing livestock water resource use, recognizing that water plays a vital role in global food supply and that livestock production systems consumes a large amount of the available water resources. A number of methods have contributed to the development of water resources use assessments of livestock production. The methods reviewed in this study were classified into three categories: water productivity assessments, water footprint assessments and life cycle assessments. The water productivity approach has been used to assess benefits derived from consumptive water use in livestock production; the water footprint approach has raised awareness of the large amounts of water required for livestock production; and life cycle assessments highlight the important connection between water resource use and local impacts.For each of the methods we distinguish strengths and weaknesses in assessing water resource use in livestock production. As a result, we identify three key areas for improvement: 1) both green and blue water resources should be included in assessments, and presented separately to provide informative results; 2) water quality should not be summarized within quantitative assessments of water resource use; and 3) methods for assessing water use in livestock systems must consider the alternative uses, multiple uses and benefits of a certain resource in a specific location.

Opinion paper: The role of livestock in a sustainable diet: a land-use perspective
Zanten, H.H.E. van; Meerburg, B.G. ; Bikker, P. ; Herrero, M. ; Boer, I.J.M. de - \ 2016
Animal 10 (2016)4. - ISSN 1751-7311 - p. 547 - 549.
Households and food security: lessons from food secure households in East Africa.
Silvestri, Silvia ; Douxchamps, Sabine ; Kristjanson, Patti ; Förch, Wiebke ; Radeny, Maren ; Mutie, Lanetta ; Quiros, F.C. ; Herrero, M. ; Ndungu, Anthony ; Claessens, L.F.G. - \ 2015
Agriculture & Food Security 4 (2015). - ISSN 2048-7010 - 15 p.
What are the key factors that contribute to household-level food security? What lessons can we learn from food secure households? What agricultural options and management strategies are likely to benefit female-headed households in particular? This paper addresses these questions using a unique dataset of 600 households that allows us to explore a wide range of indicators capturing different aspects of performance and well-being for different types of households—female-headed, male-headed, food secure, food insecure—and assess livelihoods options and strategies and how they influence food security. The analysis is based on a detailed farm household survey carried out in three sites in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.
Our results suggest that food insecurity may not be more severe for female-headed households than male-headed households. We found that food secure farming households have a wider variety of crops on their farms and are more market oriented than are the food insecure. More domestic assets do not make female-headed households more food secure. For the other categories of assets (livestock, transport, and productive), we did not find evidence of a correlation with food security. Different livelihood portfolios are being pursued by male versus female-headed households, with female-headed households less likely to grow high-value crops and more likely to have a less diversified crop portfolio.
These findings help identify local, national and regional policies and actions for enhancing food security of female-headed as well as male-headed households. These include interventions that improve households’ access to information, e.g., though innovative communication and knowledge-sharing efforts and support aimed at enhancing women’s and men’s agricultural market opportunities.
Potential multi-dimensional impacts and tradeoffs of improved livestock feeding scenarios in Babati, Tanzania
Paul, B.K. ; Birnholz, C. ; Groot, J.C.J. ; Herrero, M. ; Notenbaert, A. ; Timler, C.J. ; Klapwijk, C.J. ; Tittonell, P.A. - \ 2015
Two-thirds of smallholders in eastern and central Africa rely on mixed crop-livestock systems as a source of income and nutrition, for farm productivity, and as an asset. Rising population pressure leads to diminishing farm sizes, increased food-feed competition and soil fertility depletion due to disappearance of grazing areas, fallows and rotations. Such pressures, in combination with increasing climate variability put the livelihoods of millions of smallholders at risk. At the same time, livestock production in East Africa has one of the highest greenhouse gas (GHG) emission intensities and lowest feed use efficiency worldwide. Improved livestock feeding has been highlighted as one of the most promising climate-smart agricultural (CSA) option for these systems, contributing to increased crop-livestock productivity while also mitigating GHG emissions and adapting to climate change. While previous studies have mostly quantified single measures of whole-farm performance (i.e. income), in this study we quantify the potential impact of livestock feeding scenarios on multiple socio-economic and environmental performance indicators and their tradeoffs. Representative farms from Babati, Northern Tanzania are assessed with the whole farm model FarmDESIGN which has been extended with a GHG module. Calculations are mainly based on IPCC tier 2 methods, while CH4 from enteric fermentation is estimated with the Ruminant model (tier 3 method). Participatory livestock feeding scenarios were developed together with farmers and livestock extension workers. Preliminary results underline the importance of such potential multi-dimensional impact estimations for prioritization of CSA interventions. A 1 ha farm with mixed cropping (maize, bean, pigeon pea, sunflower and sorghum) and livestock activities (11 cattle, 15 goats and 10 chickens) emitted 1863 kg CO2-equivalent ha-1, with 36% from enteric fermentation and 48% from change in soil organic carbon. Improved livestock feeding combined with sustainable land management could significantly decrease these GHG emission intensities.
Scoping climate change adaptation strategies for smallholder farmers in East Africa - a multi-dimensional, multi-scenario impact assessment
Claessens, L.F.G. ; Antle, J.M. ; Stoorvogel, J.J. ; Valdivia, R.O. ; Thornton, P.K. ; Herrero, M. - \ 2015
In: Climate change challenges and adaptations at farm-level: case studies from Asia and Africa / Singh, N.P., Bantilan, C., Byjesh, K., Nedumaran, S., CABI (CABI Climate Change Series ) - ISBN 9781780644639 - p. 138 - 145.
This chapter assesses the characteristics of current and future agricultural systems, land use, agricultural output, output price, cost of production, and farm and household size in response to climate change. This analysis also compared both current and projected future climate (2030), with and without adaptation, and for different socioeconomic scenarios (Representative Agricultural Pathways, RAPs) in two study areas in Kenya. A new approach to impact assessment, the Tradeoff Analysis Model for Multi-Dimensional Impact Assessment (TOA-MD) was adopted for this analysis, which simulated technology adoption and associated economic, environmental and social outcomes in a heterogeneous farm population for a regional impact assessment. These case studies yield new insights into the way that adaptation strategies could improve the livelihoods of smallholder farmers operating in the mixed crop-livestock systems in East Africa.
Downstream processing of Isochrysis galbana: a step towards microalgal biorefinery
Gilbert-López, B. ; Mendiola, J.A. ; Fontecha, J. ; Broek, L.A.M. van den; Sijtsma, L. ; Cifuentes, A. ; Herrero, M. ; Ibáñez, E. - \ 2015
Green Chemistry 17 (2015)9. - ISSN 1463-9262 - p. 4599 - 4609.
An algae-based biorefinery relies on the efficient use of algae biomass through its fractionation of several valuable/bioactive compounds that can be used in industry. If this biorefinery includes green platforms as downstream processing technologies able to fulfill the requirements of green chemistry, it will end-up with sustainable processes. In the present study, a downstream processing platform has been developed to extract bioactive compounds from the microalga Isochrysis galbana using various pressurized green solvents. Extractions were performed in four sequential steps using (1) supercritical CO2 (ScCO2), (2) ScCO2/ethanol (Gas Expanded Liquid, GXL), (3) pure ethanol, and (4) pure water as solvents, respectively. The residue of the extraction step was used as the raw material for the next extraction. Optimization of the ScCO2 extraction was performed by factorial design in order to maximize carotenoid extraction. During the second step, different percentages of ethanol were evaluated (15%, 45% and 75%) in order to maximize the extraction yield of fucoxanthin, the main carotenoid present in this alga; the extraction of polar lipids was also an aim. The third and fourth steps were performed with the objective of recovering fractions with high antioxidant activity, eventually rich in carbohydrates and proteins. The green downstream platform developed in this study produced different extracts with potential for application in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Therefore, a good approach for complete revalorization of the microalgae biomass is proposed, by using processes complying with the green chemistry principles.
Producing food for humans – from animals or crops? Tackling competition for freshwater use between crop and animal production.
Ran, Y. ; Lannerstad, M. ; Middelaar, C.E. van; Herrero, M. ; Boer, I.J.M. de - \ 2014
Challenges to scenario-guided adaptive action on food security under climate change
Vervoort, J.M. ; Thornton, P.K. ; Kristjansson, P. ; Foerch, W. ; Ericksen, P.J. ; Kok, K. ; Ingram, J.S. ; Herrero, M. ; Palazzo, A. ; Helfgott, A.E.S. ; Wilkinson, A. ; Havlik, P. ; Mason-D’Croz, D. ; Jost, C. - \ 2014
Global environmental change : human and policy dimensions 28 (2014). - ISSN 0959-3780 - p. 383 - 394.
sustainable development - uncertainty - agriculture - systems - adaptation - knowledge - science - scales
This paper examines the development and use of scenarios as an approach to guide action in multi-level, multi-actor adaptation contexts such as food security under climate change. Three challenges arehighlighted: (1) ensuring the appropriate scope for action; (2) moving beyond intervention-based decision guidance; and (3) developing long-term shared capacity for strategic planning. To overcome these challenges we have applied explorative scenarios and normative back-casting with stakeholders from different sectors at the regional level in East Africa. We then applied lessons about appropriate scope, enabling adaptation pathways, and developing strategic planning capacity to scenarios processes in multiple global regions. Scenarios were created to have a broad enough scope to be relevant to diverse actors, and then adapted by different actor groups to ensure their salience in specific decision contexts. The initial strategy for using the scenarios by bringing a range of actors together to explore new collaborative proposals had limitations as well as strengths versus the application of scenarios for specific actor groups and existing decision pathways. Scenarios development and use transitioned from an intervention-based process to an embedded process characterized by continuous engagement. Feasibility and long-term sustainability could be ensured by having decision makers own the process and focusing on developing strategic planning capacity within their home organizations.
Increasing Water Productivity in Agriculture
Descheemaeker, K.K.E. ; Bunting, S.W. ; Bindraban, P.S. ; Muthuri, C. ; Molden, D. ; Beveridge, M. ; Brakel, M. van; Herrero, M. ; Clement, F. ; Boelee, E. ; Jarvis, D. - \ 2013
In: Managing water and agroecosystems for food security CABI - ISBN 9781780640884 - p. 104 - 123.
The need for improved maps of global cropland
Fritz, S. ; See, L. ; Justice, C. ; Becker-Reshef, I. ; Bydekerke, L. ; Cumani, R. ; Defourny, P. ; Erb, K. ; Foley, J. ; Gilliams, S. ; Gong, P. ; Hansen, M. ; Hertel, T. ; Herold, M. ; Herrero, M. ; Kayitakire, F. ; Latham, J. ; Leo, O. ; MCCallum, I. ; Obersteiner, M. ; Ramankutty, N. ; Rocha, J. ; Tang, H. ; Thornton, P. ; Vancutsem, C. ; Velde, M. van der; Wood, S. ; Woodcock, C. - \ 2013
EOS: Transactions, American Geophysical Union 94 (2013)3. - ISSN 0096-3941 - p. 31 - 32.
Food security is a key global concern. By 2050, the global population will exceed 9 billion, and a 50% increase in annual agricultural output will be required to keep up with demand. There are significant additional pressures on existing agricultural land through increased competition from the biofuel sector and the need to elevate feed production, which is being driven by higher levels of meat consumption in low- and middle-income countries
The AGRICAB project: Developing increased Earth Observation capacity for better agriculture and forestry management in Africa.
Tote, C. ; Bydekerke, L. ; Jacobs, T. ; Gilliams, S. ; Herrero, M. ; Tychon, B. ; Korme, T. ; Maathuis, B. ; Domingos, P. ; Alfari, I. ; Ceccarelli, T. ; Boogaard, H.L. ; Diop, M. ; Situma, C. - \ 2012
Geo Observateur 2012 (2012)20. - p. 9 - 10.
Developing increased Earth Observation capacity for better agriculture and forestry management in Africa – How the AGRICAB project can benefit from Sentinel-2
Tote, C. ; Bydekerke, L. ; Jacobs, T. ; Gilliams, S. ; Herrero, M. ; Tychon, B. ; Korme, T. ; Maathuis, B. ; Domingos, P. ; Alfari, I. ; Ceccarelli, T. ; Boogaard, H.L. ; Diop, M. - \ 2012
The AGRICAB project: Developing increased Earth Observation capacity for better agriculture and forestry management in Africa
Tote, C. ; Bydekerke, L. ; Jacobs, T. ; Gilliams, S. ; Herrero, M. ; Tychon, B. ; Korme, T. ; Maathuis, B. ; Domingos, P. ; Alfari, I. ; Ceccarelli, T. ; Boogaard, H.L. ; Diop, M. ; Situma, C. - \ 2012
EARSeL newsletter / European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories 2012 (2012)89. - ISSN 0257-0521 - p. 13 - 13.
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