Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Communicating climate (change) uncertainties: simulation games as boundary objects
Pelt, S.C. van; Haasnoot, M. ; Arts, B.J.M. ; Ludwig, F. ; Swart, R.J. ; Biesbroek, G.R. - \ 2015
Environmental Science & Policy 45 (2015). - ISSN 1462-9011 - p. 41 - 52.
science-policy interface - decision-support - projections - adaptation - politics - information - transition - management - working - systems
Climate science is characterized by large uncertainties about the direction, extent and time frame of climate change. Communicating these uncertainties is important for decision making on robust adaptation strategies, but proves to be a challenge for scientists particularly because of the complexity of uncertainties that are part of natural variability and of human induced climate change. The aim of this paper is to assess the role of a simulation game, as intermediate, to the communication of climate change uncertainties to water managers. In three workshops with water managers, the simulation game ‘Sustainable Delta’ was played to test the influence of the game on their understanding of climate change uncertainty using ex ante and ex post surveys. In each workshop an experimental- and control group were given different assignments to measure the influence of the game. The results show that although the differences between groups were not statistically significant, a change in their understanding of uncertainties was observed. The paper concludes that the learning effect of the game is inconclusive, but that the game does fosters a broader understanding of the concept climate change uncertainty. In doing so, simulation games are a promising approach to support the communication of climate change uncertainties meaningfully and support the process of adaptation to an uncertain future.
Thresholds, tipping and turning points for sustainability under climate change
Werners, S.E. ; Pfenninger, S. ; Slobbe, E.J.J. van; Haasnoot, M. ; kwakkel, J.H. ; Swart, R.J. - \ 2013
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 5 (2013)3-4. - ISSN 1877-3435 - p. 334 - 340.
klimaatverandering - klimaatadaptatie - onzekerheidsanalyse - climatic change - climate adaptation - uncertainty analysis - social-ecological systems - decision-making - policy-makers - adaptation - science - uncertainty - information - world - transitions - 4-degrees-c
We review four bodies of literature that suggest that thresholds, tipping and turning points are important focal points for sustainability under climate change that can help bridge the science–policy interface. For decision-makers a critical threshold is reached, the moment that climate change renders policy untenable and alternative strategies must be considered.
We review four bodies of literature that suggest that thresholds, tipping and turning points are important focal points for sustainability under climate change that can help bridge the science-policy interface. For decision-makers a critical threshold is reached, the moment that climate change renders policy untenable and alternative strategies must be considered. A focus on thresholds and tipping points allows for a salient and credible dialogue between decision-makers and scientists about the amount of acceptable change, when unacceptable conditions could occur, how likely these conditions are and what adaptation pathways to consider. Uncertainty can be communicated as the time range in which a critical threshold is likely to be exceeded.
Combining a conceptual framework and a spatial analysis tool, HABITAT, to support the implementation of river basin management plans
Haasnoot, M. ; Wolfshaar, K.E. van de - \ 2009
International Journal of River Basin Management 7 (2009)4. - ISSN 1571-5124 - p. 295 - 311.
Since the Ramsar meeting in 1971 many plans and agreements are developed to conserve and improve the quality of wetlands throughout the world. Within the European Union for example legislation has been developed in four Directives which require thatwater managers test activities on ecological effects. Moreover, in most areas measures have to be taken and included in river basin management plans in order to achieve ecological objectives in terms of occurrence of species and habitats set by EU Directives. To improve quality and conserve areas it is needed to assess the effects of current land use and autonomous developments and to identify the effectiveness of measures. Different studies have already addressed the need for models to quantify these effects.We developed a conceptual framework to analyse the cause-effect chain from management to new environmental conditions and to the potential occurrence and quality of species and habitats using response curves. To our knowledge, this is the first framework presented that has the ecological assessments embedded within the structure, which allows for ecological assessments within the development of management plans rather than at the end of the development. For this purpose a spatial analysis tool is used (HABITAT), which is developed for a broad spectrum of users, from ecologists to managers, and purposes, from ecological assessments to flood risk assessments. The framework is applicable on an (inter) national scale and can promote the dialog between politicians, managers and ecologists. In this paper we demonstrate that the conceptual HABITAT framework for ecological impact assessment is able to support the development and implementation of ecologically sound management plans and illustrate this with a case study for the lake Markermeer in The Netherlands.
The roles of floodplains from a socio-economic perspective
Penning, E. ; Gerritsen, A.L. ; Querner, E.P. ; Swart, E. de; Haasnoot, M. ; Leenen, I. - \ 2006
In: How to use floodplains for flood risk reduction; Ecoflood guidelines / Blackwell, M.S.A., Maltby, E., Luxembourg : EC (Project Report EUR 22001) - ISBN 9789279009624 - p. 71 - 82.
Pantanal-Taquari: tools for decision making in integrated water management
Jongman, R.H.G. ; Eupen, M. van; Makaske, B. ; Rooij, S.A.M. van; Groenveld, G.H. ; Querner, E.P. ; Jonker, R.N.J. ; Padovani, C. ; Tomás, W. ; Kawakami de Resende, E. ; Capella, A. ; Soriano, B. ; Galdino, S. ; Salis, S. ; Mosselman, E. ; Kappel, B. van; Ververs, M. ; Stolker, C. ; Haasnoot, M. ; Maathuis, B. ; Boerboom, L. ; Hein, S. ; Berends, H.A. - \ 2006
Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 1295) - 215
waterbeheer - besluitvorming - inundatie - biodiversiteit - savannen - wetlands - modellen - brazilië - integraal waterbeheer - water management - decision making - flooding - biodiversity - savannas - wetlands - models - brazil - integrated water management
Final report (draft) of the project carried out in the framework of the Dutch involvement of World Water Forum; Alterra in cooperation with ITC, Arcadis, WL Delft Hydraulics and Regenboog Advies
Ecoflood guidelines : how to use floodplains for flood risk reduction
Blackwell, M.S.A. ; Maltby, E. ; Gerritsen, A.L. ; Haasnoot, M. ; Hoffmann, C.C. ; Kotowski, W. ; Leenen, E.J.T.M. ; Okruszko, T. ; Penning, W.E. ; Piorkowski, H. ; Platteeuw, M. ; Querner, E.P. ; Siedlecki, T. ; Swart, E.O.A.M. de - \ 2005
[S.l.] : Ecoflood Project - 144
stroomvlakten - hoogwaterbeheersing - overstromingen - risicovermindering - richtlijnen (guidelines) - rivieren - europa - risicobeheersing - floodplains - flood control - floods - risk reduction - guidelines - rivers - europe - risk management
The main objective of these guidelines is to promote the use of floodplains as natural flood defence measures, while at the same time optimising other compatible functions and values through conservation and restoration. It is intended that these guidelines will be used as a tool primarily by policy-makers and decision-makers who are aware of the potential advantages of floodplain restoration and management in the role of flood control, but may benefit from comprehensive guidance on assessing, initiating, funding and carrying-out such schemes as well as information on the other functions floodplains can perform. It is also intended that they will be an accessible source of information for a wide range of stakeholders with an interest in floodplain management. Case studies are provided to illustrate the wide range of schemes that can be carried out and the degrees of success that have been achieved. Case studies from the Netherlands are: 1. Meinerswijk, Rhine; 2. Zandmaas and Grensmaas, Meuse; 3. Gamerensche Waard, Lower Rhine; 4. Afferdensche en Deestsche Waarden, Lower Rhine
Waterwijs laag Nederland; een eerste aanzet tot ontwikkeling van een planvormend systeem voor het landgebruik en waterbeheer
Walsum, P.E.V. van; Vergroesen, T. ; Dik, P.E. ; Haasnoot, M. ; Verschelling, E. - \ 2003
Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 871) - 84
hydrologie - simulatiemodellen - waterbeheer - landgebruik - optimalisatie - watersystemen - ruimtelijke ordening - nederland - zuid-holland - hydrology - simulation models - water management - land use - optimization - water systems - physical planning - netherlands - zuid-holland
In Laag Nederland spelen ten aanzien van de waterhuishouding de volgende problemen: ¿ sterke toename van de faalkans van het boezemsysteem als gevolg van klimaatverandering; ¿ daarmee samenhangende toenemende vraag naar waterberging ten behoeve van wateroverlast (piekberging), maar ook voor het opvangen van waterschaarste; ¿ toenemende behoefte aan inlaatwater, o.a. voor de doorspoelbehoefte als gevolg van zoute kwel; ¿ uit- en afspoeling van nutriënten naar het oppervlaktewater; ¿ bodemdaling in veenweidegebieden. Deze problemen vragen om een geïntegreerde aanpak, waarbij behalve het waterbeheer ook de ruimtelijke ordening is betrokken. Uiteindelijk doel van het onderzoek is de ontwikkeling van een plan-vormend systeem voor het land- en watergebruik in Laag Nederland, waarmee verschillende onzekerheden van de toekomst kunnen worden verkend. In het rapport wordt de eerste aanzet daartoe beschreven, waarbij met name in wordt gegaan op de koppeling van SIMGRO en SOBEK, en de toepassing daarvan op het voorbeeldgebied Schieland.
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