Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Het verleden van onze toekomst : kroniek van de Koninklijke Nederlandse Plantenziektekundige Vereniging
    Horsten, Jacques ; Bakker, J. ; Helder, J. ; Boonekamp, P.M. ; Cornelissen, Ben ; Dicke, M. ; Lenteren, J.C. van; Oers, M.M. van; Pieterse, G. ; Rabbinge, R. ; Thomma, B.P.H.J. ; Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2016
    Wageningen : KNPV - 431
    Black shank of tobacco in the former Dutch East Indies, caused by Phytophthora nicotianae
    Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2014
    Leiden, The Netherlands : Sidestone Press - ISBN 9789088902833 - 206
    nicotiana tabacum - tabak - phytophthora nicotianae - oömycota - plantenziekten - nederlands indië - nicotiana tabacum - tobacco - phytophthora nicotianae - oomycota - plant diseases - netherlands east indies
    Jacob van Breda de Haan is known as the author of the name Phytophthora nicotianae n.sp., the causal agent of ‘black shank’, an important disease of tobacco. Who was he? Where did he work? What did he publish? He published in Dutch, 1896, in a Dutch colonial report series. Next question: what more on tobacco diseases was written in obscure, colonial Dutch documents? Another scientist, Thung Tjeng Hiang, better known as the first Wageningen professor of plant virology, presented two original papers in Dutch on ‘black shank’ with the word ‘epidemiologie’ in their title, 1931 and 1938. Therewith Thung was an early bird in plant disease epidemiology. The foundational paper by van Breda de Haan and two important papers by Thung are presented here in English translation. Both authors worked in the former Dutch East Indies, present Indonesia, the first on the island of Sumatera, the latter on that of Java. Both were in the service of tobacco planters; they had to solve immediate problems as fast as possible. In a pioneer situation, van Breda de Haan was confronted with a sudden seedling disease which devastated the tobacco seedlings in the seed beds and which, yes, could lead to ‘black shank’ in adult plants. Thung, working in a well-organized environment, had to prevent ‘black shank’ in the tobacco plantations. Both authors were successful in controlling disease by means of a combination of ecological intervention and chemical treatment. Whereas van Breda de Haan could only dream of genetic control, Thung could incorporate the use of a fairly resistant cultivar in his recommendations. The 1896 paper has epidemiological observations scattered throughout, without using the word epidemiology. The 1931 and 1938 papers are probably ‘firsts’ in the Dutch phytopathological literature having epidemiology in their title, one an early study in quantitative, comparative epidemiology and the other an early version of landscape epidemiology. The three papers are preceded by a sketch of tobacco cultivation in the former Dutch East Indies, describing the position of the two authors in the tobacco scene; they are followed by a long-due biography of a forgotten plant pathologist, Jacob van Breda de Haan.
    Epidemiological analysis of the damage potential of Pgt-Ug99 in Central East, North East Africa; Iran and Punjab (India)
    Nagarajan, S. ; Kogel, K.H. ; Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2014
    Indian Phytopathology 67 (2014)1. - ISSN 0367-973X - p. 26 - 32.
    In the Rift valley Epidemiological Zone that falls in the predicted Puccinia graminis tritici-Ug99 spread route from Uganda to India, is the presence of bi-modular annual rainy season, absence of a hot dry summer and the practice of two wheat growing seasons (the green bridge). This ensures the survival of Pgt in situ and the endogenous primary inoculum initiates the recurrence of the disease. While in the Indian Punjab Epidemiological Zone the exogenous primary inoculum of Pgt from the Himalaya to the plains of Indian Punjab gets subdued and at best builds-up traces of disease severity before the harvest of wheat. The Iranian Epidemiological Zone is similar to Indian Punjab, except that there is no monsoon and the exogenous inoculum of Pgt initiates stem rust development year and again. It is felt that Pgt-Ug99 lacks pre-eminence to threaten wheat production in the Indian Punjab.
    Crop Protection in Medieval Agriculture
    Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2013
    Leiden : Sidestone Press - ISBN 9789088901874 - 330
    gewasbescherming - onkruidbestrijding - biologische landbouw - middeleeuwen - geschiedenis - plant protection - weed control - organic farming - middle ages - history
    Mediterranean and West European pre-modern agriculture (agriculture before 1600) was by necessity ‘organic agriculture’. Crop protection is part and parcel of this agriculture, with weed control in the forefront. Crop protection is embedded in the medieval agronomy text books but specialised sections do occur. Weeds, insects and diseases are described but identification in modern terms is not easy. The pre-modern ‘Crop Portfolio’ is well filled, certainly in the Mediterranean area. The medieval ‘Pest Portfolio’ differs from the modern one because agriculture then was a Low External Input Agriculture, and because the proportion of cultivated to non-cultivated land was drastically lower than today. The pre-modern ‘Control Portfolio’ is surprisingly rich, both in preventive and interventive measures. Prevention was by risk management, intensive tillage, and careful storage. Intervention was mechanical and chemical. Chemical intervention used natural substances such as sulphur, pitch, and ‘botanicals’. Some fifty plant species are mentioned in a crop protection context. Though application methods look rather modern they are typically low-tech. Among them are seed disinfection, spraying, dusting, fumigation, grease banding, wound care, and hand-picking but also scarification, now outdated. The reality of pest outbreaks and other damages is explored as to frequency, intensity, and extent. Information on the practical use of the recommended treatments is scanty. If applied, their effectiveness remains enigmatic. Three medieval agronomists are at the heart of this book, but historical developments in crop protection from early Punic, Greek, and Roman authors to the first modern author are outlined. The readership of these writers was the privileged class of landowners but hints pointing to the exchange of ideas between them and the common peasant were found. Consideration is given to the pre-modern reasoning in matters of crop protection. Comparison of pre-modern crop protection and its counterpart in modern organic agriculture is difficult because of drastic changes in the relation between crop areas and non-crop areas, and because of the great difference in yield levels then and now, with several associated differences.
    Influence of the Arabian Sea tropical cyclone and the Western disturbance on the appearance of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici virulence Ug99-TTKSK in Iran in 2007
    Nagarajan, S. ; Kogel, H.J. ; Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2013
    Current Science 105 (2013)2. - ISSN 0011-3891 - p. 164 - 166.
    wheat - rust - ug99
    Epidemiology of Puccinia graminis f.sp. tritici-Ug99 in the Rift Valley “Flyway” from Uganda-Kenya to Yemen
    Nagarajan, S. ; Kogel, H.J. ; Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2012
    Plant Health Progress (2012). - ISSN 1535-1025
    Dispersal of a new virulence of Puccinia graminis tritici (Pgt)-Ug99 from Uganda-Kenya to Yemen, over >1000 km, happened in four years. Geo-agro-ecology of wheat cultivation and the epidemiology of Pgt indicate that the Rift Valley is a natural conduit “flyway.” The widely prevalent “green bridges” favor survival and spread of Pgt. This part of the Rift Valley is one single epidemiological zone, and the annual Pgt build-up is from the endogenous inoculum.
    On the political economy of plant disease epidemics : capita selecta in historical epidemiology
    Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2008
    Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789086860869 - 249
    plantenziekten - plantenziektekunde - epidemiologie - voedselzekerheid - geschiedenis - politieke economie - plant diseases - plant pathology - epidemiology - food security - history - political economy
    Food security has been and always will be a human concern. Food security has always been fragile, threatened by a variety of factors including plant disease epidemics. Several plant disease epidemics of the past lead to questions like: What happened? How did people deal with these epidemics? What were the social and political consequences?
    The potato murrain on the European continent and the revolutions of 1848
    Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2008
    Potato Research 51 (2008)1. - ISSN 0014-3065 - p. 5 - 45.
    The tale of the Irish Famine, 1845¿1849, following the outbreak of potato late blight, has been told repeatedly, but the parallel story of the Continental Famine, 1845¿1847, has not yet been recorded. The Continental Famine was caused by poor harvests of potatoes, due to the same late blight, but also of grain, due to frost, drought, rust, voles, inopportune rains, floods and hailstorms. The Continental Famine was enhanced by hoarding, speculation, and poor governance. Hunger was followed by infectious diseases. The demographic effects of hunger and diseases are difficult to disentangle. The number of excess deaths due to the Continental Famine cannot yet be determined with any precision, but clearly it approaches that of the Irish Famine. The harvest failures of 1845 and 1846 and the resulting famines came on top of rural pauperisation and urban discontent, and thus contributed to the revolutions of 1848 on the European Continent. The statement `an epidemic of potato late blight caused an epidemic of revolutions¿ is, perhaps, exaggerated but it contains a grain of truth.
    Johanna Westerdijk (1883-1961) The grand lady of Dutch plant pathology
    Zadoks, J.C. ; Bruggen, A.H.C. van - \ 2008
    In: Pioneering Women in Plant Pathology St. Paul, Minnesota, USA : APS Press - ISBN 9780890543597 - p. 155 - 167.
    Fox and Fire - a Rusty Riddle
    Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2007
    Latomus 66 (2007)1. - ISSN 0023-8856 - p. 3 - 9.
    UG99 - groot gevaar of loos alarm?
    Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2006
    Gewasbescherming 37 (2006)2. - ISSN 0166-6495 - p. 54 - 56.
    triticum - plantenziekten - plantenziekteverwekkende schimmels - puccinia - puccinia graminis - ziekteresistentie - voedselzekerheid - cimmyt - voedsel- en landbouworganisatie - preventie - plantenveredeling - afrika - triticum - plant diseases - plant pathogenic fungi - puccinia - puccinia graminis - disease resistance - food security - cimmyt - food and agriculture organization - prevention - plant breeding - africa
    Informatie over het opnieuw opkomen van de ziekte zwarte roest (Puccinia graminis) bij tarwe, veroorzaakt door fysio UG99, voor het eerst waargenomen in Uganda in 1999. De gevaren, de risico's en de mogelijk te ondernemen acties worden besproken
    Sea lavender, rust and mildew; a perennial pathosystem in the Netherlands
    Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2005
    Wageningen, The Netherland : Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789076998596 - 256
    limonium - roestziekten - meeldauw - uromyces - erysiphe - gastheer parasiet relaties - nederland - epidemiologie - populatiebiologie - limonium - rust diseases - mildews - uromyces - erysiphe - host parasite relationships - epidemiology - netherlands - population biology
    Lamsoor-roest-meeldauw; een zoutbestendig pathosysteem
    Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2005
    Gewasbescherming 36 (2005)4. - ISSN 0166-6495 - p. 165 - 169.
    limonium - plumbaginaceae - halofyten - plantenontwikkeling - synecologie - plantenecologie - plantenziekten - plantenziektekunde - nederland - friesland - limonium - plumbaginaceae - halophytes - plant development - synecology - plant ecology - plant diseases - plant pathology - netherlands - friesland
    Algemene beschouwing van onderzoek naar Lamsoorvelden (Limonium vulgare) op de Boschplaat op Terschelling
    Homoeostasis in a perennial sea-side pathosystem: sea lavender, rust and mildew
    Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2005
    In: Book of Abstracts 9th International Workshop on Plant Disease Epidemiology, Landerneau, France, 11-15 April 2005 - p. 83 - 83.
    De kosten van regelgeving
    Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2005
    Gewasbescherming 36 (2005)1. - ISSN 0166-6495 - p. 3 - 4.
    regelingen - plantenziektekunde - pesticiden - nederland - overheidsbeleid - regulations - plant pathology - pesticides - government policy - netherlands
    Vragen rond regelgeving bij gewasbescherming. De overheid subsidieert de overheid de pesticiden-industrie door instituties als het College Toelating Bestrijdingsmiddelen (CTB), Plantenziektenkundige Dienst (PD), Algemene Inspectie Dienst ed. te financieren. Welke baten levert dat Nederland op tegen welke kosten? Kan het goedkoper en efficiënter? De antwoorden op dergelijke vragen zullen het inzicht verrijken
    Landbouw in Amsterdam
    Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2004
    Gewasbescherming 35 (2004)6. - ISSN 0166-6495 - p. 323 - 324.
    landbouw - geschiedenis - cultureel erfgoed - gebouwen - amsterdam - agriculture - history - cultural heritage - buildings - amsterdam
    Geschiedkundige tocht naar de aanwezigheid van 'landbouw' in de gebouwen van Amsterdam en de ontwikkeling van gewasbeschermingsmethoden in de landbouw
    A plant pathologist on wheat breeding with special reference to Septoria diseases
    Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2004
    Czech Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding 40 (2004)2. - ISSN 1212-1975 - p. 63 - 71.
    Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2004
    Gewasbescherming 35 (2004)2. - ISSN 0166-6495 - p. 85 - 85.
    gegevens verzamelen - inventarisaties - registreren - statistiek - graansoorten - groei - plantenontwikkeling - wetenschappelijk onderzoek - data collection - inventories - recording - statistics - cereals - growth - plant development - scientific research
    Ontstaan van internationaal in gebruik zijnde decimale code voor het vastleggen van de groeistadia van granen, in het bijzonder tarwe. Gebaseerd op de schaal van Feekes en geschikt voor computergebruik
    Setting safety zones for a biological herbicide: a New Zealand case study
    Bourdôt, G.M. ; Hurrell, G.A. ; Saville, D.J. ; Jong, M.D. de; Erbrink, H.J. ; Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2003
    In: Proceedings XI International Symposium on the Biological Control of Weeds Abstracts Book, Canberra, Australia, 27 April - 2 May 2003 - p. 261 - 264.
    Two wheat septorias; two emerging diseases from the past
    Zadoks, J.C. - \ 2003
    - p. 1 - 12.
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