Potential risk factors associated with contact dermatitis, lameness, negative emotional state, and fear of humans in broiler chicken flocks
Bassler, A. ; Arnould, C. ; Butterworth, A. ; Colin, L. ; Jong, I.C. de; Ferrante, V. ; Ferrari, P. ; Haslam, S.A. ; Wemelsfelder, F. ; Blokhuis, H.J. - \ 2013
Poultry Science 92 (2013)11. - ISSN 0032-5791 - p. 2811 - 2826.
qualitative behavioral-assessment - foot-pad dermatitis - environmental enrichment - stocking density - leg weakness - housing conditions - light-intensity - road transport - gallus-gallus - dairy-cattle
The objectives of this study were to 1) identify determinants of poor welfare in commercial broiler chicken flocks by studying the associations between selected resource-based measures (RBM, potential risk factors), such as litter quality and dark period, and animal-based welfare indicators (ABM), such as foot pad dermatitis and lameness, and 2) establish the breadth of effect of a risk factor by determining the range of animal welfare indicators associated with each of the risk factors (i.e., the number of ABM related to a specific RBM). Eighty-nine broiler flocks were inspected in 4 European countries (France, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands) in a cross-sectional study. The ABM were contact dermatitis (measured using scores of foot-pad dermatitis and hock burn, respectively), lameness (measured as gait score), fear of humans (measured by the avoidance distance test and the touch test), and negative emotional state (measured using qualitative behavior assessment, QBA). In a first step, risk factors were identified by building a multiple linear regression model for each ABM. Litter quality was identified as a risk factor for contact dermatitis. Length of dark period at 3 wk old (DARK3) was a risk factor for the touch test result. DARK3 and flock age were risk factors for lameness, and the number of different stockmen and DARK3 were risk factors for QBA results. Next, the ABM were grouped according to risk factor and counted. Then, in a second step, associations between the ABM were investigated using common factor analysis. The breadth of a risk factor’s effect was judged by combining the number (count) of ABM related to this factor and the strength of association between these ABM. Flock age and DARK3 appeared to affect several weakly correlated ABM, thus indicating a broad range of effects. Our findings suggest that manipulation of the predominant risk factors identified in this study (DARK3, litter quality, and slaughter age) could generate improvements in the related ABM and thereby enhance the birds’ overall welfare status
|Welfare risk factor analysis for commercial broiler chickens on farm
Bassler, A. ; Arnould, C. ; Butterworth, A. ; Colin, L. ; Jong, I.C. de; Ferrante, V. ; Ferrari, P. ; Haslam, S.A. ; Wemelsfelder, F. ; Blokhuis, H.J. - \ 2011
In: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group Level, Guelph, Ontariao, Canada, 8 - 11 August, 2011. - Guelph, Canada : Campbell centre for the Study of Animal Welfare, University of Guelph - p. 10 - 10.
|Potential feed savings and bird contamination in restricted fed broilers on pasture
Bassler, A. ; Elwinger, K. ; Kwakkel, R.P. ; Ciszuk, P. - \ 2003
In: Proceedings of the 14th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (WPSA), Lillehammer, Norway, August 10 - 14, 2003. - Lillehammer, Norway : WPSA - p. 93 - 94.