Staff Publications

Staff Publications

  • external user (warningwarning)
  • Log in as
  • language uk
  • About

    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Records 1 - 16 / 16

  • help
  • print

    Print search results

  • export

    Export search results

  • alert
    We will mail you new results for this query: metisnummer==1034623
Check title to add to marked list
Resource Use Efficiency on Own and Sharecropped Plots in Northern Ethiopa: Determinants and Implications for Sustainability
Tesfay, G. ; Ruben, R. ; Pender, J. ; Kuyvenhoven, A. - \ 2007
In: Sustainable Poverty Reduction in Less-favoured Areas / Ruben, R., Pender, J., Kuyvenhoven, A., Wallingford UK : CABI - ISBN 9781845932770 - p. 181 - 203.
Sustainable Poverty Reduction in Less-favoured Areas: Problems, Options and Strategies
Ruben, R. ; Pender, J. ; Kuyvenhoven, A. - \ 2007
In: Sustainable Poverty Reduction in Less-favoured Areas / Ruben, R., Pender, J., Kuyvenhoven, A., Wallingford, UK : CABI - ISBN 9781845932770 - p. 1 - 63.
Rural Development and Sustainable Land Use in the Hillsides of Honduras
Jansen, H.P.G. ; Pender, J. ; Damon, A. ; Wielemaker, W. ; Schipper, R.A. - \ 2007
In: Sustainable Poverty Reduction in Less-favoured Areas / Ruben, R, Pender, J, Kuyvnhoven, A, Wallingford, UK : CABI - ISBN 9781845932770 - p. 159 - 180.
Searching Development Strategies for Less-favoured Areas
Ruben, R. ; Kuiper, M.H. ; Pender, J. - \ 2006
- 15 p.
Rural Development Policies and Sustainable Land Use in the Hillside Areas of Honduras: a Quantitave Livelihoods Approach
Jansen, H.P.G. ; Pender, J. ; Damon, A. ; Schipper, R.A. - \ 2006
Washington, DC : IFPRI (Research report / International Food Policy Research Institute 147) - ISBN 0896291561 - 103
rural development - sustainability - government policy - development policy - hill land - upland areas - honduras - plattelandsontwikkeling - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - overheidsbeleid - ontwikkelingsbeleid - heuvels - middelgebergte - honduras
Searching development strategies for less-favoured areas
Ruben, R. ; Kuiper, M.H. ; Pender, J. - \ 2006
NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 53 (2006)3-4. - ISSN 1573-5214 - p. 319 - 342.
plattelandsontwikkeling - economische ontwikkeling - modellen - simulatiemodellen - interdisciplinair onderzoek - rural development - economic development - models - simulation models - interdisciplinary research - income diversification - africa - integration - highlands - dynamics - market
Rural households in less-favoured areas (LFAs) face multiple constraints for overcoming chronic poverty and resource degradation. Strategic development options can be assessed through interdisciplinary research based on coupling of human and natural systems approaches. Simulation modelling enables the identification of more precise research questions and the definition of appropriate fieldwork methods. We present an overview of the stylized micro-macro modelling framework used for the exploration of production and resource management options and livelihood strategies at household and village level. The simulation outcomes are subsequently used for the identification of feasible pathways for agricultural and rural development in LFAs and for critical incentives that enable households to invest in profitable and sustainable resource management. The interaction between model simulations and topical field research generates useful insights for the design of comprehensive research programmes regarding strategies for sustainable development in LFAs. Stylized models of coupled human¿natural systems based on the behaviour of representative stakeholders provide a practical and flexible framework for exploring critical research issues.
Determinants of income-earning strategies and adoption of conservation practices in hillside communities in rural Honduras
Jansen, H.P.G. ; Rodriguez, A. ; Damon, A. ; Pender, J. ; Chenier, J. ; Schipper, R.A. - \ 2006
Agricultural Systems 88 (2006)1. - ISSN 0308-521X - p. 92 - 110.
Based on the results of participatory diagnostic surveys conducted in 95 rural communities in the hillsides of Honduras, we determine income earning strategies at the community level; identify their main determinants; and analyze the adoption of of conservation practices. Eight income-earning strategies were distinguished that reflect differences in comparative advantage between communities. We explain the choice of income earning strategy using a multinomial logit model that includes biophysical, economic, social and institutional variables. We use a probit model to show that adoption of conservation practices is determined by the type of income earning strategy, population density, market access, and organizational variables.
Policies for sustainable development in the hillside areas of Honduras: a quantitative livelihoods approach
Jansen, H.P.G. ; Pender, J. ; Damon, A. ; Wielemaker, W. ; Schipper, R.A. - \ 2006
Agricultural Economics 34 (2006)2. - ISSN 0169-5150 - p. 141 - 153.
strategies - adoption - diversification
In this article, we use data for 376 households, 1,066 parcels, and 2,143 plots located in 95 villages in the hillside areas in Honduras to generate information needed by decision makers to assess the needs and opportunities for public investments, and design policies that stimulate natural resource conservation. We develop a quantitative livelihood approach, using factor and cluster analysis to group households based on the use of their main assets. This resulted in seven household categories that pursue similar livelihood strategies. We use a multinomial logit model to show that livelihood strategies are determined by comparative advantages as reflected by a combination of biophysical and socioeconomic variables. While 92% of the rural hillsides population in Honduras lives on US$1.00/capita/day or less, households that follow a livelihood strategy based on basic grain farming are the poorest because they often live in isolated areas with relatively poor agro-ecological and socioeconomic conditions. Opportunities for off-farm work tend to be limited in these areas and household strategies that combine on-farm work with off-farm work earn higher incomes. Per capita incomes can be increased by improving road infrastructure, widening access to land, policies that reduce household size and dependency ratios, and adoption of sustainable land management technologies that restore soil fertility. We used probit models to show that the latter can be promoted by agricultural extension programs and land redistribution. Investments in physical assets should be directed toward households that pursue livelihood strategies based on off-farm employment or coffee production, while agricultural training programs are best focused on livestock producers.
Policies for Improved Land Management and Agricultural Market Development in the Ethiopian Highlands
Pender, J. ; Ruben, R. ; Jabbar, M. ; Gabre-Madhin, E. - \ 2005
Washington, D.C. : IFPRI (IFPRI EPTD Paper 17)
Rural Diversity and heterogeneity in less-favoured areas: the quest for policy targeting
Ruben, R. ; Pender, J. - \ 2004
Food Policy 29 (2004)4. - ISSN 0306-9192 - p. 303 - 320.
developing-countries - crop production - strategies - management - degradation - growth - dynamics - property - rights - africa
Wide diversity among farmers and fields is a prime characteristic of livelihoods and production systems in less-favoured areas. One-size-fits-all policies can therefore not provide adequate solutions to poverty and degradation problems. Sustainable rural development strategies in these areas need to focus on the potential for resource use intensification, based on a careful combination of local and regional measures. Various pathways for development can be identified for enabling rural households to exploit available comparative advantages. This article discusses the key components for the design and implementation of appropriate policies for enhancing sustainable development in less-favoured areas. Attention is focussed on the possibilities for simultaneously addressing poverty alleviation and sustainable natural resource management. An important strategy for improving targeting efficiency in situations of strong rural heterogeneity can be found in the promulgation of democratic decentralization and community-driven development programs. We provide a critical summary of the factors that determine the development potential and shape development pathways in less-favoured areas.
Development strategies for less-favoured areas
Kuyvenhoven, A. ; Pender, J. ; Ruben, R. - \ 2004
Food Policy 29 (2004)4. - ISSN 0306-9192 - p. 295 - 303.
Determinantes de estrategias comunitarias de subsistencia y el uso de prácticas conservacionistas de producción agrícola en las zonas de Ladera en Honduras
Jansen, H.P.G. ; Rodriguez, A. ; Damon, A. ; Pender, J. - \ 2003
Washington, DC : IFPRI (EPTD discussion paper no. 104) - 68
Community natural resource management: the case of woodlots in Northern Ethiopia
Gebremedhin, B. ; Pender, J. ; Tesfay Belay, Girmay - \ 2003
Environment and Development Economics 8 (2003)1. - ISSN 1355-770X - p. 129 - 148.
This paper examines the nature of community management of woodlots and investigates the determinants of collective action and its effectiveness in managing woodlots, based on a survey of 100 villages in Tigray, northern Ethiopia. Despite limited current benefits received by community members, the woodlots contribute substantially to community wealth, increasing members' willingness to provide collective effort to manage the woodlots. We find that benefits are greater and problems less on woodlots managed at the village level than those managed at a higher municipality level, and that the average intensity of management is greater on village-managed woodlots. The factors that do significantly affect collective action include population density (higher collective labor input and lower planting density at intermediate than at low or high density), market access (less labor input, planting density and tree survival where market access is better), and presence of external organizations promoting the woodlot (reduces local effort to protect the woodlot and tree survival). The finding of an inverse U-shaped relationship between population density and collective labor input is consistent with induced innovation theory, with the increased labor/land ratio promoting collective effort to invest in resources as population density grows to a moderate level, while incentive problems may undermine collective action at high levels of population density. These findings suggest collective action may be more beneficial and more effective when managed at a more local level, when the role of external organizations is more demand-driven, and when promoted in intermediate population density communities more remote from markets. In higher population density settings and areas closer to markets, private-oriented approaches are likely to be more effective.
Effects of soil conservation and yield enhancing practices on basic grain production in the Hillsides of Honduras
Schipper, R.A. ; Roebeling, P.C. ; Jansen, H.G.P. ; Damon, A. ; Pender, J. - \ 2003
- p. 1 - 30.
Politicas para el desarrollo sostenible de las laderas de Honduras
Jansen, H.G.P. ; Damon, A. ; Pender, J. ; Wielemaker, W. ; Schipper, R.A. - \ 2003
- p. 1 - 78.
Sustainable development in the Hillsides of Honduras: A livelihoods approach
Jansen, H.G.P. ; Damon, A. ; Pender, J. ; Wielemaker, W. ; Schipper, R.A. - \ 2003
Check title to add to marked list

Show 20 50 100 records per page

 
Please log in to use this service. Login as Wageningen University & Research user or guest user in upper right hand corner of this page.