Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

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Integrated crop-livestock systems - a key to sustainable intensification in Africa
Duncan, A.J. ; Tarawali, S.A. ; Thorne, P.J. ; Valbuena, D.F. ; Descheemaeker, K.K.E. ; Homann-Kee Tui, S. - \ 2013
In: Proceedings of the 22nd International Grasslands Conference on Revitalising grasslands to sustain our communities, 15-19 September, 2013, Sydney, Australia,. - - p. 958 - 962.
Integrated crop-livestock systems: a key to sustainable intensification in Africa
Duncan, A.J. ; Tarawali, S.A. ; Thorne, P.J. ; Valbuena, D.F. ; Descheemaeker, K.K.E. ; Homann-Kee Tui, S. - \ 2013
Tropical Grasslands = Forrajes Tropicales 1 (2013)2. - ISSN 2346-3775 - p. 202 - 206.
Mixed crop-livestock systems provide livelihoods for a billion people and produce half the world’s cereal and around a third of its beef and milk. Market orientation and strong and growing demand for food provide powerful incentives for sustainable intensification of both crop and livestock enterprises in smallholders’ mixed systems in Africa. Better exploitation of the mutually reinforcing nature of crop and livestock systems can contribute to a positive, inclusive growth trajectory that is both ecologically and economically sustainable. In mixed systems, livestock intensification is often neglected relative to crops, yet livestock can make a positive contribution to raising productivity of the entire farming system. Similarly, intensification of crop production can pay dividends for livestock and enhance natural resource management, especially through increased biomass availability. Intensification and improved efficiency of livestock production mean less greenhouse gases per unit of milk and more milk per unit of water. This paper argues that the opportunities and challenges justify greater investment in research for development to identify exactly where and how ‘win-win’ outcomes can be achieved and what incentives, policies, technologies and other features of the enabling environment are needed to enable sustainable, integrated and productive mixed crop-livestock systems
Pathways for sustainable development of mixed crop livestock systems: Taking a livestock and pro-poor approach
Tarawali, S.A. ; Herrero, M. ; Descheemaeker, K.K.E. ; Grings, E. ; Blmmel, M. - \ 2011
Livestock Science 139 (2011)1-2. - ISSN 1871-1413 - p. 11 - 21.
sub-saharan africa - improving water productivity - farming systems - dairy production - west-africa - methane - intensification - management - emissions - dynamics
Mixed crop livestock systems provide the majority of the cereal and livestock domestic products for households in developing countries. We explore the question of whether such systems can respond to increasing demands for livestock products without compromising future livelihoods of the poor or the environment. We consider how the potential of smallholder farmers to address future milk and meat demands as livestock system transition may be impacted by the trajectory of intensification, the type of livestock commodity and the changing economic circumstances. Examples of ruminant feeding and management options with the potential to increase productivity and mitigate negative environmental impacts, notably greenhouse gases and the use of land and water in the context of developing country crop livestock systems are presented. However, such technical dimensions need to be realistically and practically considered in the context of changing market demands. Furthermore, if crop livestock systems in developing countries are to benefit today's smallholder farmers, radically different approaches will be needed. Equal importance will need to be given to technology based production and efficiency enhancing dimensions together with innovative and practical approaches encompassing institutional, policy and market solutions often in a value chain context
The Way Forward for Livestock and the Environment
Herrero, M. ; Thornton, P.K. ; Gerber, P. ; Zijpp, A.J. van der; Steeg, J. van de; Notenbaert, A.M. ; Lecomte, P. ; Tarawali, S.A. ; Grace, D. - \ 2010
In: The Role of Livestock in Developing Communities: Enhancing Multifunctionality / Swanepoel, F., Stroebel, A., Moyo, S., Bloemfontein : University of the Free State and CTA - ISBN 9780868867984 - p. 51 - 76.
Livestock provide many benefits to society, but at the same time, they generate considerable pressure on land, water and biomass resources and are responsible for 18 percent of total greenhouse gas emissions. The total demand for livestock products may almost double by 2050, mostly in the developing world due to increases in population density, urbanisation and incomes. At the same time, existing trade-offs and competing demands for natural resources with other sectors will intensify, making it necessary to take a combination of measures to reduce the environmental footprint of livestock production. Measures such as sustainable intensification of crop-livestock systems, payments for ecosystem services, income diversification in pastoral systems, regulation of industrial systems and livestock-product demand management could play a significant role in ensuring sustainable livestock production, livelihoods and environmental protection. This chapter examines the main environmental interactions of livestock production and suggests ways to improve them.
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