Special issue: System innovation - towards sustainable agriculture Introduction
Jiggins, J.L.S. ; Ison, R. ; Röling, N.G. - \ 2014
Outlook on Agriculture 43 (2014)3. - ISSN 0030-7270 - p. 145 - 146.
Sustainable Catchment Managing in a Climate Changing World: New Integrative Modalities for Connecting Policy Makers, Scientists and Other Stakeholders
Ison, R. ; Collins, K. ; Colvin, J. ; Jiggins, J.L.S. ; Roggero, P.P. ; Seddaiu, G. ; Steyaert, P. ; Toderi, M. ; Zanolla, C. - \ 2011
Water Resources Management 25 (2011)15. - ISSN 0920-4741 - p. 3977 - 3992.
water-resources management - south-africa - governance - systems - science - adaptation - uk
This paper characterises some of the main issues confronting water-catchment managing in a climate-changing world and addresses wide-spread concerns about the lack of connectivity between science, policy making and implementation. The paper's arguments are 'framed' within a paradigm of systemic and adaptive governing, regulating, planning and managing understood as a nested systemic hierarchy. It is argued that climate change adaptation is best understood as a coevolutionary dynamic, principally, but not exclusively between human beings and the biophysical world. Two forms of 'knowledge brokerage' based on mode 1 (knowledge) and mode 2 (knowing) are distinguished with practical implications. Drawing on extensive research by the authors, eight modalities for enacting 'knowledge brokerage' are introduced. The conditions for or against success in employing these modalities are described. Consistent with the views of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 4th Report 2007, it is argued that water managing is a paradigmatic domain for making climate change adaptation 'real' and a systemic issue of global concern at the core of sustainable development.
Challenges to science and society in the sustainable management and use of water: investigating the role of social learning
Ison, R. ; Röling, N.G. ; Watson, D. - \ 2007
Environmental Science & Policy 10 (2007)6. - ISSN 1462-9011 - p. 499 - 511.
resource-poor farmers - agricultural-research - commons
Water catchments are characterised by connectedness, complexity, uncertainty, conflict, multiple stakeholders and thus, multiple perspectives. Catchments are thus unknowable in objective terms although this understanding does not currently form the dominant paradigm for environmental management and policy development. In situations of this type it is no longer possible to rely only on scientific knowledge for management and policy prescriptions. ¿Social learning¿, which is built on different paradigmatic and epistemological assumptions, offers managers and policy makers alternative and complementary possibilities. Social learning is central to non-coercion. It is gaining recognition as a potential governance or coordination mechanism in complex natural resource situations such as the fulfilment of the European Water Framework Directive, but its underlying assumptions and successful conduct need to be much better understood. SLIM (social learning for the integrated management and sustainable use of water at catchment scale), a European Union, Fifth Framework project assembled a multidisciplinary group of researchers to research social learning in catchments of different type, scale, and socio-economic situation. Social tools and methods were developed from this research which also employed a novel approach to project management. In this introductory paper the rationale for the project, the project design intentions and realisations, and the case for researching social learning in contexts such as water catchments are described. Some challenges presented by a social learning approach for science (as a form of practice) and society in the sustainable management and use of water are raised.
|LEARNing in European Agricultural and Rural Networks: institutions, networks and governance. Final Report. Contract no. HPSE-CT-2002-60059
Hubert, B. ; Avelange, I. ; Proost, M.D.C. ; Ison, R. ; Blackmore, C. - \ 2005
Paris : INRA France (contract no. HPSE-CT-2002-60059 ) - 178 p.