Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    ‘Research through designing’ in landscape architecture
    Lenzholzer, S. ; Duchhart, I. ; Koh, J. - \ 2013
    Landscape and Urban Planning 113 (2013). - ISSN 0169-2046 - p. 120 - 127.
    paradigm - ecology
    There is a general consensus amongst landscape architecture academia that the discipline has to urgently advance its methodological repertoire to generate new knowledge and thus strengthen the academic position of landscape architecture. To enhance the methodological repertoire, the core activity of landscape architecture – designing – needs more emphasis in research. Therefore, we shed light on methods that actively employ designing within the research process or ‘research through designing’ (RTD) in this essay. We position ‘research through designing’ in general discussions on research and design relations and indicate its great importance for landscape architecture research. Building upon Creswell’s well established overview of knowledge claims ((post)positivist, constructivist, advocacy/participatory and pragmatic) and related research methods, we categorize different types of RTD for landscape architecture in these knowledge claims. For each claim, we articulate types of new knowledge that is searched for, related research questions, appropriate RTD methods and evaluation strategies. In grounding RTD in Creswell’s framework, we argue that many types of designing can be a respected research method when they comply with the respective rules. With this overview, we would like to facilitate further methodological discussion in landscape architecture and enhance interdisciplinary communication and cooperation with other academic disciplines.
    On a landscape approach to design an eco-poetic interpretation of landscape
    Koh, J. - \ 2013
    Wageningen : Wageningen Universiteit - 43
    landschapsarchitectuur - landschap - ontwerp - theorie - landscape architecture - landscape - design - theory
    Rede Wageningen Universiteit, 30 mei 2013.
    Integrated visions (part II): Envisioning Sustainable Energy Landscapes
    Stremke, S. ; Koh, J. ; Neven, C.T. ; Boekel, A. - \ 2012
    European Planning Studies 20 (2012)4. - ISSN 0965-4313 - p. 609 - 626.
    landschapsarchitectuur - regionale planning - duurzame energie - hernieuwbare energie - klimaatverandering - zuid-nederland - landscape architecture - regional planning - sustainable energy - renewable energy - climatic change - south netherlands - design
    ABSTRACT Climate change and resource depletion are driving the transition to renewable energy sources. Both the supply of renewables and the demand for energy are influenced by the physical environment and therefore concern spatial planning and landscape design. Envisioning the longterm development of alternative energy landscapes – that is sustainable energy landscapes – present spatial planners and landscape architects with new challenges. The first paper of this twopart series discussed several existing approaches to long-term regional planning and landscape design, and presented an alternative, five-step approach for the composition of integrated visions [Stremke, S., Kann, F. Van & Koh, J. (2012) Integrated Visions (part I): Methodological Framework, European Planning Studies, [20(2), pp. 305–320]. This paper illustrates how the fivestep approach was employed to compose a set of integrated visions for the development of sustainable energy landscapes in south of the Netherlands. The proposed five-step approach is then examined with respect to a set of criteria stressed in the planning and design literature.
    Integrated visions (Part I): Methodological Framework for Long-term Regional design
    Stremke, S. ; Kann, F.M.G. van; Koh, J. - \ 2012
    European Planning Studies 20 (2012)2. - ISSN 0965-4313 - p. 305 - 319.
    regionale planning - landschapsarchitectuur - ruimtelijke ordening - duurzame energie - methodologie - regional planning - landscape architecture - physical planning - sustainable energy - methodology - energy
    The growing complexity of regional planning and design, in combination with increasing concerns about climate change and resource depletion, has revived the discussion on strategic thinking. Spatial planning and landscape architecture develop long-term visions to facilitate the gradual adaptation of the physical environment. Despite accomplishments in both disciplines, the two domains have yet to exploit the full potential of a joint approach to long-term regional design. The objective of the multidisciplinary study reported in this paper was to explore alternative means of developing imaginative yet robust long-term visions. The study combined literature study with the development of several long-term visions for the creation of sustainable energy landscapes. This paper focuses on the emerging methodological framework for long-term regional design, and argues that three modes of change should be integrated into the design process: change due to current projected trends, change due to critical uncertainties and intended change. Subsequently, a five-step approach to the development of long-term visions is derived and illustrated in this paper. The second paper of this two-part series, which will be published in the April 2012 issue of European Planning Studies, centres on the application and the discussion of the five-step approach to integrated visions.
    Tweede prijs Archiprix 2011 voor Thesis "Restructuring the Resettled Landscape"
    Duchhart, I. ; Shannon, K. ; Koh, J. - \ 2011
    In: Archiprix 2011. - Rotterdam : O10 (Archiprix Ned ) - ISBN 9789064507588 - 96 p.
    Thesis heeft tot onderwerp "een landschappelijke strategie met een geïntegreerde oplossing voor het arrangement van informele activiteiten en landgebruik’. Dit in het oeverlandschap van het Volta Meer in Ghana. De invloed van het stuwmeer reikt veel verder dan het overstroomde gebied. Bij het Volta Meer werd 85.000 km2 land geïnundeerd en moesten 80.000 mensen gedwongen verhuizen. In hun project creëerden de studenten een ruimtelijke en duurzame oplossing mede gericht op het landschap.
    Field aesthetics for landscape in transition
    Koh, Jusuck - \ 2011
    Field aesthetics for landscape architecture; Integrating science and art, and the west and the east
    Koh, J. - \ 2011
    In: Ethics/Aesthetics ECLAS 2011, Sheffield, England, 7 - 10 September, 2011. - Sheffield : University of Sheffield - p. 289 - 290.
    Integration of ecological and thermodynamic concepts in the design of sustainable energy landscapes
    Stremke, S. ; Koh, J. - \ 2011
    Landscape Journal : Design, Planning and Management of the Land 30 (2011)2. - ISSN 0277-2426 - p. 194 - 213.
    Resource depletion and climate change motivate a transition to sustainable energy systems that make effective use of renewable sources. Whereas nature presents strategies to sustain on the basis of renewables, the Laws of Thermodynamics can help to increase efficiency in energy use. In previous papers we have identified a number of ecological and thermodynamic concepts that are of special relevance to the transformation of today’s fossil fuel landscapes to sustainable energy landscapes. In spite of the many obvious benefits of renewable energy sources, the transition is constrained by periodic fluctuations in energy supply, low energy densities, and limited utilization of available energy. The central question of this paper is how ecological and thermodynamic concepts can help to overcome these constraints in the design, planning, and management of sustainable energy landscapes. Several examples from The Netherlands illustrate how descriptive scientific concepts can inform the design of sustainable energy landscapes and inspire the definition of generally applicable design strategies
    Exergy landscapes: Exploration of second-law thinking towards sustainable landscape design
    Stremke, S. ; Dobbelsteen, A. van den; Koh, J. - \ 2011
    International Journal of Exergy 8 (2011)2. - ISSN 1742-8297 - p. 148 - 174.
    ecosystem development - built environment - energy - systems - thermodynamics - optimization - indicator - strategy - ecology - law
    Depletion of fossil fuels and climate change necessitate a transition to sustainable energy systems that make efficient use of renewable energy sources. During recent decades, the Second Law of Thermodynamics has helped to increase energy efficiencies. More recently, the disciplines of building engineering, architecture and urban planning have begun embracing this ‘second-law thinking’ in order to reduce energy consumption in the built environment. Second-law thinking, however, is not yet a part of spatial planning and landscape design. This is especially problematic because the concepts of exergy and entropy are imperative to sustainable development. This paper explores the Laws of Thermodynamics and related concepts in order to advance the planning and design of sustainable landscapes. The discussion in this paper is based on ‘research by design’ – a research approach that includes literature and case-study research, as well as the design of several sustainable energy landscapes in the Netherlands. From our studies, we conclude that second-law thinking should be embraced in spatial planning and landscape design practice. To facilitate this integration, we propose a number of exergy-conscious design principles, each one supporting sustainable energy transition.
    Design Research Integration in Landscape Architecture, A Wageningen Experience
    Koh, J. - \ 2010
    A Design Approach to Research and a Landscape Approach to Design
    Koh, J. - \ 2010
    In: Proceedings of the symposium Design Research in the Netherlands 2010, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 20-21 May 2010. - Eindhoven : TU Eindhoven - ISBN 9789068146301 - p. 91 - 100.
    Koh (pp. 91-100) outlines similarities and differences between landscape design and architectural design, as in particular in the modernist period landscape design was influenced a lot by an architectural approach. As landscape design deals with different issues however, it has generated its own strategies and methods. In particular the connection between research and design seems to be underdeveloped and needs more attention. Koh shows how this is done at the Wageningen University and presents a number of research-design projects as examples.
    On Landscape Approach, Cultural Identity and Sustainability
    Koh, Jusuck - \ 2010
    Field Aesthetics: Integrating Quantum Physics Theory and East Asian Aesthetics Culture
    Koh, Jusuck - \ 2010
    Design-Research Integration for Sustainable Design at Regional Scale
    Koh, J. - \ 2010
    In: ECLAS 2010 ISTANBUL; Cultural Landscape, Istanbul, Turkey, 29 September - 2 October 2010. - Istanbul, Turkey : Istanbul Technical University - p. 39 - 49.
    Strategie voor het vervuilde stadslandschap
    Wilschut, M. ; Theuws, P. ; Duchhart, I. ; Koh, J. ; Buys, C. - \ 2010
    Blauwe Kamer 18 (2010)4. - ISSN 1389-742X - p. 63 - 63.
    Herontwikkeling van een bruinkoolmijn - een landschapskroniek
    Knoot, R. ; Waal, R.M. de; Roncken, P.A. ; Koh, J. ; Scholz, B. - \ 2010
    Blauwe Kamer 18 (2010)4. - ISSN 1389-742X - p. 63 - 63.
    Bipolarity and Ambivalence in Landscape Architecture
    Koh, J. - \ 2010
    In: Conference of CELA and ISOMUL on Landscape Legacy: Landscape Architecture and Planning between Art and Science, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 12-14 May 2010. - Wageningen : ISOMUL, Wageningen University - ISBN 9789085857464 - p. 23 - 23.
    Shifting Core and Slipping Foundation: An Uncertain Future of Landscape Architecture in European Universities
    Koh, J. - \ 2010
    In: Conference of CELA and ISOMUL on Landscape Legacy: Landscape Architecture and Planning between Art and Science, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 12-14 May 2010. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789085857464 - p. 73 - 74.
    Bipolarity and Ambivalence in Landscape Architecture
    Koh, J. - \ 2010
    landschapsarchitectuur - landscape architecture
    Our discipline of landscape architecture contains bipolarity, not only in terms of landscape and architecture but also because the idea of landscape is both aesthetic and scientific. Furthermore, within landscape architecture there is a gap between design (as implied by architecture) and planning (implying land-use plan and policy orientation) on one hand, and a similar gap between design (associated with artistic activity, concerned with aesthetics as well as science) and research (considered as scientific activity Landscape architects often retain as much ambivalence between design and planning, as they do between design and research.
    Shifting Core and Slipping Foundation: An Uncertain Future of Landscape Architecture in European Universities
    Koh, J. - \ 2010
    landschapsarchitectuur - landscape architecture
    Faced with the dual and often conflicting necessity to be scientific and design practices the discipline of landscape architecture today is challenged to re-examine its core and intellectual foundation. There is a growing trend toward design as reflective practice. The discipline is maturing and needs autonomous theories and methods. Global and social externalities favor attention to landscape and landscape-based design. Landscape is not only an integrative and evolving concept and practice but also a trans-disciplinary cultural concern. Under such circumstances the core of landscape architecture is shifting and its intellectual foundation is questioned
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