The influences of forest stand management on biotic and abiotic risks of damage
Jactel, H. ; Nicoll, B.C. ; Branco, M. ; Gonzalez-Olabarria, J.R. ; Grodzki, W. ; Långström, B. ; Moreira, F. ; Netherer, S. ; Orazio, C. ; Piou, D. ; Santos, H. ; Schelhaas, M.J. ; Tojic, K. ; Vodde, F. - \ 2009
Annals of Forest Science 66 (2009)7. - ISSN 1286-4560 - p. Art. 701 - Art. 701.
pine tip moth - weevil hylobius-abietis - catalonia northeast spain - spruce picea-abies - armillaria root disease - bark beetle infestation - douglas-fir seedlings - typographus l. col. - former arable land - young sitka spruce
• This article synthesizes and reviews the available information on the effects of forestry practices on the occurrence of biotic and abiotic hazards, as well as on stand susceptibility to these damaging agents, concentrating on mammal herbivores, pest insects, pathogenic fungi, wind and fire. • The management operations examined are site selection, site preparation, stand composition, regeneration method, cleaning and weed control, thinning and pruning, and harvesting. For each of these operations we have examined how they influence the occurrence of biotic and abiotic damaging agents, the susceptibility of European forests, and describe the ecological processes that may explain these influences. • Overall, we find that the silvicultural operations that have the largest influence on both biotic and abiotic risks to European forest stands are closely related to species composition and the structure of the overstorey. Four main processes that drive the causal relationships between stand management and susceptibility have been identified: effect on local microclimate, provision of fuel and resources to biotic and abiotic hazards, enhancement of biological control by natural enemies and changes in individual tree physiology and development. •The review demonstrates an opportunity to develop silvicultural methods that achieve forest management objectives at the same time as minimising biotic and abiotic risks
|Sesiidae, clearwing moths
Långström, B. ; Moraal, L.G. - \ 2004
In: Bark and wood boring insects in living trees in Europe, a synthesis / Lieutier, F., Day, K.R., Battisti, A., Grégoire, J.C., Evans, H.F., Dordrecht etc. : Kluwer - ISBN 9781402022401 - p. 522 - 529.