- I.G.S. Budisatria (1)
- J. Graaff de (1)
- B.R. Patil (1)
- L.T. Phong (1)
- H. Posthumus (1)
- T. Samdup (1)
- A.J.M. Tenge (1)
- H.M.J. Udo (4)
- A.J. Zijpp van der (3)
Impact of intensification of different types of livestock production in smallholder crop-livestock systems
Udo, H.M.J. ; Aklilu, H.A. ; Phong, L.T. ; Bosma, R.H. ; Budisatria, I.G.S. ; Patil, B.R. ; Samdup, T. ; Bebe, B.O. - \ 2011
Livestock Science 139 (2011)1-2. - ISSN 1871-1413 - p. 22 - 29.
rural-development - central java - poultry - asia - aquaculture - indonesia - benefits - animals - access - market
Intensification of livestock production is widely advocated to meet the increasing demands for livestock products and to contribute to improving the livelihoods of rural households. This paper discusses the impact of livestock intensification on smallholder farms using village poultry, integrated agriculture–aquaculture systems, small ruminants, and dairying case-studies. Driving forces for intensification in crop-livestock systems act at international, national, regional, and agro-eco system levels. Whether or not individual households respond to these drivers depends on the availability of household resources, the family situation, and livelihood alternatives. As livestock systems intensify, the relative importance of the various functions of livestock changes. The case-studies confirmed that, in terms of ‘returns’, there is a livestock ladder with the smallest benefits accruing from village poultry and the largest benefits provided by dairy cattle. Small animals are an appreciated secondary activity, or an essential source of security and small income for the very poor. The potential of intensification of small animal systems to substantially increase incomes of rural households appears to be low. Nevertheless, small animals are more suitable for micro-credit and livestock loans-in-kind programmes than large ruminants. Innovations in livestock production will only be adopted by smallholders if they fit farming household priorities and resources.
How resource poor households value and access poultry: Village poultry keeping in Tigray, Ethiopia
Aklilu, H.A. ; Udo, H.M.J. ; Almekinders, C.J.M. ; Zijpp, A.J. van der - \ 2008
Agricultural Systems 96 (2008)1-3. - ISSN 0308-521X - p. 175 - 183.
family poultry - management - dynamics - poverty - africa
This study examines the role of poultry in the livelihoods of rural households and the ownership of poultry and related technology in three locations with different market access in Tigray, Ethiopia. The study employed multiple methods such as individual and group open interviews, a cross-sectional stratified random survey of 180 households, and farm recording of 131 households. Rural poultry significantly contributed to the livelihoods of poor households: economically as starter capital, as a means to recover from disasters, as an accessible protein source and for disposable income and exchange purposes, and socio-culturally for mystical functions, hospitality and exchange of gifts to strengthen social relationships. Relatively wealthy households with good market access had significantly more poultry than those in remote areas and the relatively poor. Male-headed households kept larger flocks than female-headed households. The poorest households acquired poultry through poultry sharing. This did not need cash but required building a social network to access poultry. The practice of poultry sharing provided evidence that village poultry played important roles in the livelihoods of poor households. Understanding the interaction of technical aspects with the social context forms the basis for identifying target groups to enhance households¿ benefits from poultry keeping. The development of village poultry should not be considered as merely solving technical problems but rather as addressing livelihood issues.
|Village poultry keeping: beyond flocks and animal science (workshop F)
Aklilu, H.A. ; Udo, H.M.J. ; Almekinders, C.J.M. ; Zijpp, A.J. van der - \ 2007
In: Proceedings of the 12th International conference of the Association of Institutions of Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Montpellier, France, 19 - 22 August, 2007. - - p. 379 - 382.
Village poultry consumption and marketing in relation to gender, religious festivals and market access
Aklilu, H.A. ; Almekinders, C.J.M. ; Udo, H.M.J. ; Zijpp, A.J. van der - \ 2007
Tropical Animal Health and Production 39 (2007)3. - ISSN 0049-4747 - p. 165 - 177.
This study aimed to examine village poultry consumption and marketing in Ethiopia in relation to gender, socio-cultural events and market access. The main objects of the research were producers, poultry markets, producer-sellers, and intermediary sellers in three locations representing different levels of market access in Tigray. About 3000 farm records were collected over a period of 12 months from 131 producers to obtain quantitative data on sales and consumption. Ninety-three semi-structured interviews with 58 producer-sellers and 35 intermediaries and 12 group discussions with these market actors were conducted to explore organization, price dynamics and socio-cultural aspects of poultry marketing. In total, 928 producer-sellers and 225 intermediaries were monitored monthly to examine participation by gender in poultry marketing. Better market access was associated with a shorter market chain and higher prices for the producers. Female-headed households had smaller poultry sales and consumption per household but sale and consumption per family member were 25% and 66% higher, respectively, than in male-headed households. While women dominated in the producer-sellers group, intermediaries were mainly men. Religious festivals periodically shifted local demand and prices of poultry. To improve the benefit of poultry keeping, poverty-stricken households may profit from better market access through better market information, infrastructure, market group formation and careful planning to match the dynamics in demand.
|Adoption of soil and water conservation measures
Graaff, J. de; Aklilu, H.A. ; Bodnar, F. ; Posthumus, H. ; Tenge, A.J.M. - \ 2005