|Proposal for a "standard' field study for the evaluation of the effects of parasiticides on dung and soil organisms
Lahr, J. ; Adler, N. ; J., Bachmann ; Blanckenhorn, W.U. ; Düring, R.A. ; Floate, K.D. ; Rombke, J. ; Lumaret, J.P. ; Jensen, J. - \ 2017
|Effects of ivermectin application to cattle on dung fauna and dung degradation
Rombke, J. ; Düring, R.A. ; Wohde, M. ; Blanckenhorn, W.U. ; Lumaret, J.P. ; Tixier, T. ; Floate, K.D. ; Lahr, J. - \ 2015
|Mapping earthworm communities in Europe
Rutgers, Michiel ; Orgiazzi, A. ; Gardi, C. ; Rombke, J. ; Jänsch, S. ; Keith, A.M. ; Neilson, R. ; Boag, B. ; Schmidt, O. ; Murchie, A.K. ; Blackshaw, R.P. ; Rod, P. ; Pérès, G. ; Cluzeau, D. ; Guernion, M. ; Briones, M.J.I. ; Rodeiro, J. ; Pineiro, R. ; Diaz Cosin, D.J. ; Trigo, Dolores ; Sousa, Paulo J. ; Suhadolc, M. ; Kos, I. ; Krogh, Paul Henning ; Faber, J.H. ; Mulder, Christian ; Bogte, J.J. ; Wijnen, H.J. van; Schouten, A.J. ; Zwart, D. de - \ 2015
Existing data sets on earthworm communities in Europe were collected, harmonized and
modelled to illustrate our current knowledge on their European diversity and geographical
distribution. Digital Soil Mapping was applied using multiple regression techniques relating
relatively low density earthworm community data to soil characteristics, land use, vegetation
type and climate factors, that had a greater spatial resolution. Statistically significant
relationships were used to build habitat-response models to construct earthworm maps for
abundance, species richness, and diversity data. Although a number of environmental
predictors were significant in our multiple regressions, geographical factors alone were less
relevant than climatic factors. Despite differing earthworm sampling protocols, land use and
geological history were the main factors determining demography and diversity of the
earthworms across Europe. Case studies from country-specific data sets (France, Germany,
Ireland and The Netherlands) demonstrated the importance and efficiency of these large
databases for the detection of large spatial patterns that could be subsequently applied at
smaller (local) scales. Additional datasets have been later incorporated (e.g. Portugal, Italy,
England, Wales, Belgium, Finland, Austria and some countries from Eastern Europe) to
improve our predictions of earthworm geographical patterns. The improved maps will be
submitted for publication in the Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas.
|Earthworm functioning in soil ecosystem services in relation to land use intensity
Faber, J.H. ; Groot, G.A. de; Andriuzzi, Walter ; Peres, G. ; Henning Krogh, P. ; Sudaholc, Marjetka ; Mihelic, Rok ; Rombke, J. ; Jaensch, S. ; Schmeltz, R. ; Keith, A.K. ; Schmidt, O. ; Chabbi, A. - \ 2014
- p. 1 - 1.
|Effects of ivermectin application to cattle on dung fauna and dung degradation: an international comparison of field studies
Lahr, J. ; Blanckenhorn, W.U. ; Floate, K.D. ; Lumaret, J.P. ; Tixier, T. ; Rombke, J. - \ 2012
In: SETAC 6th World Congress/SETAC Europe 22nd Annual Meeting, Berlin, Germany, 22 - 24 May, 2012. - Berlin : SETAC Europe - p. 102 - 102.
|An international multi-species ring test to assess the non-target effects of residues in dung of cattle treated with veterinary pharmaceuticals
Floate, K.D. ; Blanckenhorn, W.U. ; Lumaret, J.P. ; Tixier, T. ; Lahr, J. ; Rombke, J. - \ 2012
Registration of veterinary pharmaceuticals requires tests on multi-species ecosystems when single-species tests show adverse non-target effects of residues in dung of treated livestock. A suitable multi-species test has not been approved by international regulatory authorities. Here we report results of one potential such test performed with standard methods in four countries to assess the insecticidal activity of ivermectin residues in dung of treated cattle
|Semi-field methods for the environmental risk assessment of pesticides in soil
Schaeffer, A. ; Brink, P.J. van den; Heimbach, F. ; Hoy, S. ; Jong, F.W.M. de; Rombke, J. - \ 2010
SETAC America : Pensacola and Boca Raton (Fl): SETAC and CRC Press - ISBN 9781439828588 - 144
pesticiden - risicoschatting - methodologie - terrestrische ecosystemen - bodembiologie - milieu - regelingen - experimenteel veldonderzoek - pesticides - risk assessment - methodology - terrestrial ecosystems - soil biology - environment - regulations - field experimentation
Indicators of biodiversity and ecosystem services: a synthesis across ecosystems and spatial scales
Feld, C.K. ; Silva, P.M. da; Sousa, J.P. ; Bello, F. de; Bugter, R.J.F. ; Grandin, U. ; Hering, D. ; Lavorel, S. ; Mountford, O. ; Pardo, I. ; Partel, M. ; Rombke, J. ; Sandin, L. ; Jones, K.B. ; Harrison, P. - \ 2009
Oikos 118 (2009)12. - ISSN 0030-1299 - p. 1862 - 1871.
large european rivers - land-use change - functional diversity - invertebrate traits - community structure - landscape ecology - plant diversity - forest - state - conservation
According to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, common indicators are needed to monitor the loss of biodiversity and the implications for the sustainable provision of ecosystem services. However, a variety of indicators are already being used resulting in many, mostly incompatible, monitoring systems. In order to synthesise the different indicator approaches and to detect gaps in the development of common indicator systems, we examined 531 indicators that have been reported in 617 peer-reviewed journal articles between 1997 and 2007. Special emphasis was placed on comparing indicators of biodiversity and ecosystem services across ecosystems (forests, grass- and shrublands, wetlands, rivers, lakes, soils and agro-ecosystems) and spatial scales (from patch to global scale). The application of biological indicators was found most often focused on regional and finer spatial scales with few indicators applied across ecosystem types. Abiotic indicators, such as physico-chemical parameters and measures of area and fragmentation, are most frequently used at broader (regional to continental) scales. Despite its multiple dimensions, biodiversity is usually equated with species richness only. The functional, structural and genetic components of biodiversity are poorly addressed despite their potential value across habitats and scales. Ecosystem service indicators are mostly used to estimate regulating and supporting services but generally differ between ecosystem types as they reflect ecosystem-specific services. Despite great effort to develop indicator systems over the past decade, there is still a considerable gap in the widespread use of indicators for many of the multiple components of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and a need to develop common monitoring schemes within and across habitats. Filling these gaps is a prerequisite for linking biodiversity dynamics with ecosystem service delivery and to achieving the goals of global and sub-global initiatives to halt the loss of biodiversity.
The use of enchytraeids in ecological soil classification and assessment concepts
Jansch, S. ; Rombke, J. ; Didden, W.A.M. - \ 2005
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 62 (2005)2 sp. iss.. - ISSN 0147-6513 - p. 266 - 277.
body-surface area - terrestrial enchytraeidae - northern england - mineral sites - oligochaeta - forest - associations - density - peat
In many soils worldwide, enchytraeids (Annelida: Oligochaeta) play a major role in soil functions like the decomposition of organic matter. In addition, standardized sampling methods are available and taxonomic as well as ecological knowledge is rapidly increasing (in particular, ecological profiles of the most abundant species). For these reasons, enchytraeids were recognized as a part of ecological classification and assessment schemes. In this contribution, the most important of these schemes are presented and it is shown that enchytraeids are most valuable as part of a battery approach. By use of examples from The Netherlands (BISQ), and Germany (BBSK), the practicability of the use of enchytraeids is demonstrated in identifying the influence of different anthropogenic land use forms. In these cases, the structure of the enchytraeid community and their abundance and biomass were used as endpoints. However, automation of the identification process can still be improved.
The use of earthworms in ecological soil classification and assessment concepts
Rombke, J. ; Jansch, S. ; Didden, W.A.M. - \ 2005
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 62 (2005)2 sp. iss.. - ISSN 0147-6513 - p. 249 - 265.
ecosystem engineers - southern sweden - heavy-metals - forest soil - populations - lumbricidae - oligochaeta - organisms - profiles - invertebrates
Without doubt, earthworms are the most important soil invertebrates in most soils worldwide, in terms of both biomass and activity. Several species are even considered to be ecosystem engineers. Earthworms are also known to influence soil structure, soil chemistry, and, in particular, processes like organic matter decomposition. In addition, standardized sampling methods are available and their taxonomy is well known (even the first PC-aided keys have been developed). For these reasons, earthworms were recognized as a part of ecological classification and assessment schemes early on. However, due to the relatively small number at many sites, they have to be part of a battery approach. By use of examples from The Netherlands (biological indicator of soil quality) and Germany (soil biological site classification), the practicability of the use of earthworms is demonstrated in determining the influence of different anthropogenic land use forms. In these cases, the structure of the earthworm community, as well as their abundance and biomass, were used as endpoints.