Ecosystem services and ethics
Jax, K. ; Barton, D.N. ; Chan, K.M.A. ; Groot, R.S. de; Doyle, U. ; Eser, U. ; Goerg, C. ; Gomez-Baggethun, E. ; Griewald, Y. ; Haber, W. ; Haines-Young, R. ; Heink, U. ; Jahn, T. ; Joosten, H. ; Kerschbaumer, L. ; Korn, H. ; Luck, G.W. ; Matzdorf, B. ; Muraca, B. ; Nesshover, C. ; Norton, B. ; Ott, K. ; Potschin, M. ; Rauschmayer, F. ; Haaren, C. von; Wichmann, S. - \ 2013
Ecological Economics 93 (2013). - ISSN 0921-8009 - p. 260 - 268.
environmental ethics - conservation - biodiversity - valuation - values - economics - ecology - science
A major strength of the ecosystem services (ESS) concept is that it allows a succinct description of how human well-being depends on nature, showing that the neglect of such dependencies has negative consequences on human well-being and the economy. As ESS refer to human needs and interests, values are to be considered when dealing with the concept in practice. As a result we argue that in using the concept there is a need to be clear about what different dimensions of value are involved, and be aware of ethical issues that might be associated with the concept. A systematic analysis of the ethical implications associated to the ESS concept is still lacking. We address this deficiency by scrutinising value dimensions associated with the concept, and use this to explore the associated ethical implications. We then highlight how improved transparency in the use of the ESS concept can contribute to using its strengths without succumbing to possible drawbacks arising from ethical problems. These problems concern the dangers that some uses of the concept have in obscuring certain types of value, and in masking unevenness in the distribution of costs and benefits that can arise in the management of ESS.
Solutions for sustaining natural capital and ecosystem services : Editorial
Burkhard, B. ; Groot, R.S. de; Costanza, R. ; Seppelt, R. ; Jorgensen, S.E. ; Potschin, M. - \ 2012
Ecological Indicators 21 (2012). - ISSN 1470-160X - p. 1 - 6.
A Global Partnership for Ecosystem Services?
Groot, R.S. de; Costanza, R. ; Broeck, D. van den; Aronson, J. ; Burkhard, B. ; Gomez-Baggethun, E. ; Haines-Young, R. ; Kubiszewski, I. ; Mueller, F. ; Petrosillo, I. ; Potschin, M. ; Ploeg, S. van der; Zurlini, G. - \ 2011
Solutions 2 (2011)6. - ISSN 2154-0896 - p. 42 - 43.
|Towards a Common International Classification of Ecosystem services (CICES)) for Integrated Environmental Common International Classification of Ecosystem services (CICES)) for Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting
Haines-Young, R. ; Potschin, M. ; Groot, R.S. de; Kienmast, F. ; Bolliger, J. - \ 2009
Nottingham : European Environment Agency, Center for EM (Contract No EEA/BSS/07/007.EA ) - 22 p.
|The Sustainability Choice Space as a Tool in Sustainability Impact Assessment. Poster presentation
Bonito, M. di; Haines-Young, R. ; Potschin, M. ; Groot, R.S. de; Soma, K. ; Tassone, V.C. - \ 2009
|Sustainability Choice Space and Group Valuation in Sustainability Impact Assessment..Tools to contrast desk assessment with stakeholder preferences
Di. Bonito, M. ; Potschin, M. ; Haines-Young, R. ; Groot, R.S. de; Soma, K. ; Tassone, V.C. - \ 2009
Assessing Landscape Functions with Broad-Scale Environmental Data: Insights Gained from a Prototype Development for Europe
Kienast, F. ; Bolliger, J. ; Groot, R.S. de; Potschin, M. ; Verburg, P.H. ; Heller, I. ; Wascher, D. ; Haines-Young, R. - \ 2009
Environmental Management 44 (2009)6. - ISSN 0364-152X - p. 1099 - 1120.
mapping ecosystem services - net primary production - land-use - agricultural landscapes - spatially explicit - future - management - valuation - sustainability - conservation
We examine the advantages and disadvantages of a methodological framework designed to analyze the poorly understood relationships between the ecosystem properties of large portions of land, and their capacities (stocks) to provide goods and services (flows). These capacities (stocks) are referred to as landscape functions. The core of our assessment is a set of expert- and literature-driven binary links, expressing whether specific land uses or other environmental properties have a supportive or neutral role for given landscape functions. The binary links were applied to the environmental properties of 581 administrative units of Europe with widely differing environmental conditions and this resulted in a spatially explicit landscape function assessment. To check under what circumstances the binary links are able to replace complex interrelations, we compared the landscape function maps with independently generated continent-wide assessments (maps of ecosystem services or environmental parameters/indicators). This rigorous testing revealed that for 9 out of 15 functions the straightforward binary links work satisfactorily and generate plausible geographical patterns. This conclusion holds primarily for production functions. The sensitivity of the nine landscape functions to changes in land use was assessed with four land use scenarios (IPCC SRES). It was found that most European regions maintain their capacity to provide the selected services under any of the four scenarios, although in some cases at other locations within the region. At the proposed continental scale, the selected input parameters are thus valid proxies which can be used to assess the mid-term potential of landscapes to provide goods and services
|Landscape character assessments and fellow travellers across Europe: a review
Groom, G. ; Wascher, D.M. ; Potschin, M. ; Haines-Young, R. - \ 2006
In: Landscape ecology in the Mediterranean: inside and outside approaches; proceedings of the European IALE conference 29 March - 2 April 2005, Faro. - [S.l.] : IALE - ISBN 9789078514015 - p. 221 - 231.