Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Tuinieren voor lotgenotencontact
Veen, E.J. - \ 2019
Psychosociale Oncologie 27 (2019)3. - ISSN 1570-7652 - p. 6 - 8.
Tuinieren in de buitenlucht leidt tot verbetering van de fysieke en mentale gezondheidstoestand, door meer beweging, gezondere diëten, vermindering van stress, voorkomen van depressie, meer sociale interactie. Maar leidt tuinieren door patiënten in groepsverband tot lotgenotencontact?
Healing gardens as therapeutic landscapes
Veen, E.J. ; Doughty, Karolina - \ 2019
Although survival rates for cancer are improving, survivors suffer an increased risk of chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular disease and depression. In order to prevent patients from developing these diseases, lifestyle guidelines have been developed. Adherence to these guidelines, however, is low and short-lived. Many patients lack the aspiration, capacity or energy to make lifestyle changes. In this paper we explore a communal ‘healing garden’ as a potential alternative to these lifestyle guidelines, exploring whether it may function as a ‘therapeutic landscape’ for cancer survivors, particularly in stimulating physical activity and healthy eating, but also in facilitating social peer support. Our paper discusses a pilot project in the Netherlands, in which five participants gardened together one-and-a-half hours a week, under supervision, in ten square foot gardening containers. Using a series of physical tests and semi-structured interviews with participants (before, during and after the project), we show that physically the gardening experience did not meet expectations. Nevertheless, the gardening activity was highly satisfying for participants, for a variety of reasons (the activity as such, the harvest, the pleasure of manual labour, and mental rest). Participants reported that the gardening group formed a supportive environment. However, they did not agree on whether that is sufficient to consider the gardening activity a form of social peer support. We conclude that even though the project did not have measurable physical results, it can be regarded a therapeutic landscape for its social benefits.
A Salutogenic Approach to Understanding the Potential of Green Programs for the Rehabilitation of Young Employees With Burnout: Protocol for a Mixed Method Study on Effectiveness and Effective Elements
Pijpker, Roald ; Vaandrager, Lenneke ; Veen, Esther J. ; Koelen, Maria A. - \ 2019
JMIR Research Protocols 8 (2019)10. - ISSN 1929-0748
Background: Burnout is the leading cause of absenteeism in the Netherlands, with associated sick leave costs amounting to around €1.8 billion. Studies have indicated that burnout complaints increased from almost 14.4% in 2014 to 17.3% in 2018, especially among employees between the ages of 18 and 35 years, and further increases are expected. Although there are many published articles on burnout, not much is known about what constitutes effective rehabilitation (ie, the reduction of burnout complaints and the facilitation of returning to work). At the same time, multiple pilot studies have indicated that green programs are effective in both reducing burnout complaints and facilitating return to work. Green programs have been developed by professionals experienced in using the natural environment to facilitate rehabilitation (eg, through green exercise and healing gardens). The literature nevertheless lacks comprehensive and contextual insight into what works and why.
Objective: The overarching aim of this study is to explore the potential of green programs for young employees with burnout. We present the study protocol from an ongoing research project consisting of 2 phases, each composed of 2 research objectives that sequentially build upon each other.
Methods: The study is based on a sequential design with 4 research objectives, using both qualitative and quantitative research methods. In the first phase, a systematic literature review (research objective 1) and in-depth interviews (research objective 2) will be used to explore mechanisms underlying the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout. In the second phase, a multicase study will be conducted to examine the extent to which green programs are built on mechanisms identified in the first phase (research objective 3). By employing a pretest and posttest design, a specific green program that captures most of those mechanisms will then be evaluated on its effect and process with regard to the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout (research objective 4). The project started in June 2018 and will continue through June 2022.
Results: The first phase (research objectives 1 and 2) is intended to generate information on the mechanisms underlying the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout. The second phase (research objectives 3 and 4) is designed to demonstrate the extent to which and how the selected green program facilitates the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout.
Conclusions: Understanding how green programs can facilitate the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout complaints can help to address this societal issue.
Sharing a meal: a diversity of performances engendered by a social innovation
Dagevos, Marianne ; Veen, E.J. - \ 2019
Journal of Urbanism (2019). - ISSN 1754-9175
This paper explores the dynamics between social innovations and socio-spatial transformations using practice theory as linking pin. Social innovations, such as the case study of a meal sharing platform here presented, are considered as proposals. Using social practice theory as a theoretical lens enables us to explain how the principles of the proposal’s design are moderated and appropriated by its users. Consequently, familiar routinized practices expand, becoming more complex and hybrid. It is in the performance of the practice that this complexity is revealed. Specific focus is on the socio-spatial transfor-mations that social innovations propose. This paper shows how tactics of appropriation can result in trespassing the boundaries between private and public, and between domestic and communitarian space. This way, we connect social innovations to DIY-urbanism, show-ing how citizens appropriate urban space.
Prosumptie in de polder: een verkenning van de zelf voedsel producerende consument in Almere
Veen, Esther ; Jansma, Jan Eelco ; Dagevos, Hans ; Schans, Jan Willem van der - \ 2019
Wageningen : Stichting Wageningen Research, Wageningen Plant Research (Rapport WPR 799) - 69
The potential of green rehabilitation for young employees with burnout: a salutogenic approach
Pijpker, Roald ; Vaandrager, L. ; Veen, E.J. ; Koelen, M.A. - \ 2019
Fostering Community Values through Meal Sharing with Strangers
Veen, E.J. - \ 2019
Sustainability 11 (2019)7. - ISSN 2071-1050 - 14 p.
commodification - community self-organization - rules of engagement - trust - sharing economy
This paper studies a Dutch meal sharing platform in order to understand what it means to engage in face-to-face sharing with strangers and what the performance of such transactions entails. I hypothesize that this meal sharing platform is a form of community self-organization, aiming to replace the anonymity of the food system by the creation of community relations through sharing. I used semistructured interviews, participant observations, and autoethnography to investigate the social aspects involved in this type of sharing. Focusing on rules of engagement, trust, exchange, and commodification, I argue that while first encounters in stranger food sharing may be awkward, people enter the transaction from a perspective of trust. While sharing meals through this platform is a form of true sharing and no direct reciprocity is required, consumers see their appreciation for the meals as a way to reciprocate. In that sense, positive reviews consolidate the relations between cook and consumer. Money also plays an important role in the transaction, enabling it to take place as it clarifies roles and responsibilities and shows genuine interest. However, commodification also means that users are looking for value for money, while simultaneously they expect the price to reflect the initiative’s “noncommercialness”. I conclude that there is a clear social element in this particular type of meal sharing that distinguishes it from more mainstream economic transactions. Being based on real connections, this particular performance of sharing is a way to socialize the economy, and to tackle local community problems. View Full-Text
Diversifying Economic Practices in Meal Sharing and Community Gardening
Veen, E.J. ; Dagevos, Marianne - \ 2019
Urban Agriculture & Regional Food Systems 4 (2019)1. - ISSN 2575-1220 - 4 p.
This article aims to contribute to the diverse economies program of Gibson-Graham. By studying the economic activities of participants of two Dutch food initiatives, we make diverse economic practices visible. Semi-structured interviews were our main research method. Our analysis shows alternative, nonmarket, and noncapitalist elements, displaying inventiveness, creativity, and ease to cross borders between mainstream and alternative economic options. We explored the microscale reality of creating alternatives, focusing on how participants explore economic spaces and shape these. We demonstrate that people diversify their economic practices so as to better fit these into their daily lives. Especially the crossing of the public–private divide makes space for these alternative economic practices. Hence, respondents aim to expand their “repertoires of action”, looking to engage in activities that are useful, challenging, and enjoyable, and that enable the inclusion of ethical and pragmatic values. However, while rewarding, these alternative economic practices are also insecure and precarious. We suggest that rather than assessing diverse economic practices on their effects of ending the dominance of mainstream capitalist economies, they should be evaluated regarding the way in and degree to which they enable an expansion of repertoires of economic action.
Practices of Food Provisioning in Alternative Food Networks: How Different Practitioners Engage in Different Practices, Depending on Their Emotional Energy
Veen, E.J. ; amico, S. D' - \ 2019
International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food 25 (2019)1. - ISSN 0798-1759 - p. 449 - 468.
In this article we combine social practice theory and interaction ritual theory to better understand the dynamics of learning processes in alternative food networks, and how these influence levels of alternative food network engagement. We apply this combination to the study of a solidarity purchasing group in southern Italy. We show that the levels of emotional energy built up between different groups of people within this solidarity purchasing group explain the extent to which participants are willing and able to overcome the practical difficulties associated with being part of the solidarity purchasing group, and change their routines accordingly. We recognize two different groups of users, with different levels of emotional energy; they vary according to the extent to which participants share motivations and understandings. The two groups attach different meanings to their involvement and associate those meanings with different activities that solidarity purchasing group engagement entails. We conclude that the two groups engage in different social practices – even though they are part of the same solidarity purchasing group. This finding provides insights into the heterogeneity both within and between alternative food networks as described in the literature; it explains different degrees of involvement, as well as reasons not to incur the practical costs associated with solidarity purchasing group involvement by quitting. Our study applies the idea of Weenink and Spaargaren that emotional energy can function as an explanatory force regarding why people engage in certain practices, and it sheds more light on how to define a practice.
NUcheckt: Leef je langer door te tuinieren?
Veen, Esther - \ 2018 checkt dagelijks berichten op hun betrouwbaarheid. Bewering: Tuinieren zorgt ervoor dat mensen langer leven.

Vegetables and social relations in Norway and the Netherlands : A comparative analysis of Urban allotment gardeners
Veen, Esther J. ; Eiter, Sebastian - \ 2018
Nature and Culture 13 (2018)1. - ISSN 1558-6073 - p. 135 - 160.
Almere - Diets - Inclusiveness - Interest-based gardens - Motivations - Oslo
This article aims to explore differences in motivation for and actual use of allotment gardens. Results from questionnaire surveys and semistructured interviews in two Norwegian and one Dutch garden show that growing vegetables and consuming the harvest is a fundamental part of gardening. The same is true for the social element-meeting and talking to other gardeners, and feeling as part of a community. Although gardeners with different socioeconomic backgrounds experience gardening to some extent similarly, access to an allotment seems more important for gardeners with disadvantaged personal backgrounds: both their diets and their social networks rely more on, and benefit more from, their allotments. This underlines the importance of providing easy access to gardening opportunities for all urban residents, and disadvantaged groups in particular. Public officers and policy makers should consider this when deciding upon new gardening sites or public investments in urban food gardens.
Helende tuinen: tuinieren met (ex-)kankerpatiënten
Veen, E.J. - \ 2017
Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research
Ons pilot project ‘Healing Gardens‘ (helende tuinen) loopt nu een klein half jaar. Sinds eind april tuinieren (voormalige) kankerpatiënten wekelijks in Parkhuys, een sociaal steuncentrum voor kankerpatiënten in Almere. De deelnemers tuinieren in vierkante-meter-moestuinen , onder toezicht van twee ervaren tuiniers. Inmiddels zijn de gekweekte groenten geoogst en gegeten. Waarom tuinieren…
Growing urban food as an emerging social practice
Dobernig, Karin ; Veen, E.J. ; Oosterveer, P.J.M. - \ 2016
In: Practice Theory and Research / Spaargaren, Gert, Weenink, Don, Lamers, Machiel, Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge Taylor & Francis Group - ISBN 9781138101517 - p. 153 - 178.
Vulnerability Analysis of Urban Agriculture Projects: A Case Study of Community and Entrepreneurial Gardens in the Netherlands and Switzerland
Knapp, Ladina ; Veen, E.J. ; Renting, Henk ; Wiskerke, J.S.C. ; Groot, Jeroen - \ 2016
Sitopolis : Urban Agriculture and Regional Food Systems 1 (2016). - ISSN 2352-0566 - p. 1 - 13.
Small-scale bottom-up urban agriculture (UA) initiatives have a large potential
to improve the quality of life in cities through their impact on ecological and
social processes. However, it is unclear which criteria determine their successful
establishment and continuity. We assessed these criteria for 29 projects in
the Netherlands and Switzerland using a vulnerability analysis framework. We
analyzed biophysical and socio-institutional criteria for project establishment by
conducting interviews with project leaders. Projects were scored for their exposure
to perturbations and their sensitivity and resilience after a perturbation,
resulting in an overall vulnerability score per project. We found that the vulnerability
of UA systems depends strongly on local circumstances. The main perturbations
and causes of vulnerability originate from social-institutional and human
conditions, such as the institutional sphere, assistance of local authorities, and
the determination of project leaders. Different sources of resilience were found,
such as social protest, and project leaders’ adaptation to local circumstances. Biophysical
factors were of less influence as the adaptive capacity of projects provides
resilience against such perturbations. As perturbations are case-specific, targeted
policies would be desirable to support these promising initiatives.
Eén buurttuin, twee gemeenschappen : Een case study
Veen, E.J. ; Derkzen, P.H.M. ; Bock, B.B. ; Visser, A.J. ; Wiskerke, J.S.C. - \ 2016
Sociologie 12 (2016)1. - ISSN 1574-3314 - p. 31 - 65.
buurttuinen - gemeenschapsvorming - verbondenheid - uitsluiting - sociale identiteit
One community garden, two communities: a case study
Community gardens are associated with a variety of societal benefits. They are considered to create social cohesion and contribute to community building. In this paper we show that the communities that are being created or strengthened on such gardens are not singular, but complex and multiple. In our analysis we build on the work of Blokland (2003). We present a specific community garden in the Netherlands, which is being used by three different groups of people. The garden fulfils the function of a meeting space for two of those groups, that way strengthening internal cohesion. However, both groups assign people to categories (‘us’ and ‘them’) on the basis of place of residence, thus strengthening their social identities. Ownership over the garden is both an outcome and a tool in that struggle. This analysis gives insights into the different processes at play – of exclusion and separation on the one hand and of inclusion and rapprochement on the other – when a garden is used by more than one group. We conclude that shared presence does not necessarily lead to bridging social distances.
Ondernemers en vrijwilligers samen in een voedselinitiatief : de (on)mogelijkheden van een samenwerkingsverband van boeren en burgers; de praktijk in Almer
Vijn, M.P. ; Veen, E.J. - \ 2016
Wageningen : Wetenschapswinkel Wageningen UR (Rapport / Wetenschapswinkel Wageningen UR 329) - ISBN 9789462578074 - 43 p.
Community gardening and social cohesion : different designs, different motivations
Veen, E.J. ; Bock, B.B. ; Berg, W. Van den; Visser, A.J. ; Wiskerke, J.S.C. - \ 2016
Local Environment 21 (2016)10. - ISSN 1354-9839 - p. 1271 - 1287.
Community gardening - interest-based - motivations - place-based - social cohesion

Community gardens vary in several ways: they are cultivated by different kinds of communities in various locations, entail individual or communal plots and the extent of active participation (e.g. gardening) differs. In this paper, we study seven community gardens with varying organisational designs and objectives, and investigate the extent to which these influence the enhancement of social cohesion. We also take into account to what extent differences in motivation among community gardeners matter. Despite these differences in motivation, however, we find that in all of the cases studied, people talk to and get to know others, and mutual help is widespread. We, therefore, conclude that community gardens contribute to the development of social cohesion – even if people are not particularly driven by social motivations. Moreover, while participants who are motivated by the social aspects of gardening naturally show a higher level of appreciation for them, these social aspects also bring added value for those participants who are motivated primarily by growing vegetables.

The Urban Agriculture Circle : A Methodology to Understand the Multi-functionality of Urban Agriculture
Jansma, J.E. ; Chambers, Joe ; Sabas, Eva ; Veen, E.J. - \ 2015
In: Second International Conference on Agriculture in an Urbanizing Society: Reconnecting Agriculture and Food Chains to Societal Needs 14-17 September 2015, Rome, Italy. - - p. 223 - 224.
The lack of inclusion of urban agriculture in city planning directly affects the success of initiatives in this sector, which subsequently could impede fu-ture innovations. The poor representation of urban agriculture in planning can be attributed to a lack of understanding about its multi-functionality with the authorities. A void that the Urban Agriculture Circle addresses. The circle represent 12 urban policy themes looking specifically at those that could benefit from urban agriculture. These 12 are extracted from a survey in four major cities in the Netherlands (Rotterdam, Groningen, Tilburg and Almere) during the regional elections of 2010. Subsequently a clear and robust definition was labelled to each of the themes. For a visual effect the themes were merged in a circle diagram, representing the three angles of sustainabil-ity. The circle highlights the multi-functionality that is being seen in many urban agriculture initiatives. By having a better understanding about the multi-functionality of urban agriculture initiatives, cities can facilitate and stimulate innovations in urban agricul-ture in a direction that mitigate specific urban issues.
Een verkenning van het effect van stadslandbouw: de case Almere
Dekking, A.J.G. ; Veen, E.J. ; Jansma, J.E. - \ 2015
Stichting Dienst Landbouwkundig Onderzoek (DLO) (PPO/PRI 673)
landbouw - stadslandbouw - effecten - omgevingsverrijking - stedelijke gebieden - streekgebonden producten - voedsel - lokale netwerken - hobbyboeren - agriculture - urban agriculture - effects - environmental enrichment - urban areas - regional specialty products - food - local area networks - hobby farmers
Onderzoek in het kader van de PPS ‘Multifunctionele Landbouw’ Wat is de omvang en dynamiek rond stadslandbouw in Nederland, is de betekenis van stadslandbouw nader te duiden? De casus is in Almere uitgevoerd.
Wonen op de zorgboerderij : dag en nacht profiteren van de kwaliteiten van de boerderij
Ferwerda-van Zonneveld, R.T. ; Hassink, J. ; Migchels, G. ; Veen, E.J. ; Meulen, H.A.B. van der; Teenstra, E.D. - \ 2015
Wageningen : Wageningen UR - 51
zorgboerderijen - sociale zorg - multifunctionele landbouw - huisvesting op het platteland - leefvormen - financieren - doelgroepen - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - dagopvang - ouderen - gehandicapten - jeugd - social care farms - social care - multifunctional agriculture - rural housing - living arrangements - financing - target groups - farm management - day care - elderly - people with disabilities - youth
Deze brochure gaat in op varianten van wonen op een zorgboerderij aan de hand van concrete voorbeelden.
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