Letter to the Editor : Standardizing the nomenclature for clonal lineages of the sudden oak death pathogen, Phytophthora ramorum
Grünwald, N.J. ; Goss, E.M. ; Ivors, K. ; Garbelotto, M. ; Martin, F.N. ; Prospero, S. ; Hansen, E. ; Bonants, P.J.M. ; Hamelin, R.C. ; Chastagner, M. ; Werres, S. ; Rizzo, D.M. ; Abad, G. ; Beales, P. ; Bilodeau, G.J. ; Blomquist, C.L. ; Brasier, C. ; Brière, S.C. ; Chandelier, A. ; Davidson, J.M. ; Denman, S. ; Elliott, M. ; Frankel, S.J. ; Goheen, E.M. ; Gruyter, H. de; Heungens, K. ; James, D. ; Kanaskie, A. ; McWilliams, M.G. ; Man in't Veld, W. ; Moralejo, E. ; Osterbauer, N.K. ; Palm, M.E. ; Parke, J.L. ; Perez Sierra, A.M. ; Shamoun, S.F. ; Shishkoff, N. ; Tooley, P.W. ; Vettraino, A.M. ; Webber, J. ; Widmer, T.L. - \ 2009
Phytopathology 99 (2009)7. - ISSN 0031-949X - p. 792 - 795.
in-vitro - north-american - european populations - genotypic diversity - dna polymorphisms - central mexico - toluca valley - united-states - infestans - california
Phytophthora ramorum, the causal agent of sudden oak death and ramorum blight, is known to exist as three distinct clonal lineages which can only be distinguished by performing molecular marker-based analyses. However, in the recent literature there exists no consensus on naming of these lineages. Here we propose a system for naming clonal lineages of P. ramorum based on a consensus established by the P. ramorum research community. Clonal lineages are named with a two letter identifier for the continent on which they were first found (e.g., NA = North America; EU = Europe) followed by a number indicating order of appearance. Clonal lineages known to date are designated NA1 (mating type: A2; distribution: North America; environment: forest and nurseries), NA2 (A2; North America; nurseries), and EU1 (predominantly A1, rarely A2; Europe and North America; nurseries and gardens). It is expected that novel lineages or new variants within the existing three clonal lineages could in time emerge.