Staff Publications

Staff Publications

  • external user (warningwarning)
  • Log in as
  • language uk
  • About

    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Records 1 - 2 / 2

  • help
  • print

    Print search results

  • export

    Export search results

  • alert
    We will mail you new results for this query: metisnummer==1123083
Check title to add to marked list
Assessing the effectiveness of sustainable land management policies for combating desertification : A data mining approach
Salvati, L. ; Kosmas, C. ; Kairis, O. ; Karavitis, C. ; Acikalin, S. ; Belgacem, A. ; Solé-Benet, A. ; Chaker, M. ; Fassouli, V. ; Gokceoglu, C. ; Gungor, H. ; Hessel, R. ; Khatteli, H. ; Kounalaki, A. ; Laouina, A. ; Ocakoglu, F. ; Ouessar, M. ; Ritsema, C. ; Sghaier, M. ; Sonmez, H. ; Taamallah, H. ; Tezcan, L. ; Vente, J. de; Kelly, C. ; Colantoni, A. ; Carlucci, M. - \ 2016
Journal of Environmental Management 183 (2016)3. - ISSN 0301-4797 - p. 754 - 762.
Human pressure - Indicators - Mediterranean region - Multivariate statistics - Response assemblage

This study investigates the relationship between fine resolution, local-scale biophysical and socioeconomic contexts within which land degradation occurs, and the human responses to it. The research draws on experimental data collected under different territorial and socioeconomic conditions at 586 field sites in five Mediterranean countries (Spain, Greece, Turkey, Tunisia and Morocco). We assess the level of desertification risk under various land management practices (terracing, grazing control, prevention of wildland fires, soil erosion control measures, soil water conservation measures, sustainable farming practices, land protection measures and financial subsidies) taken as possible responses to land degradation. A data mining approach, incorporating principal component analysis, non-parametric correlations, multiple regression and canonical analysis, was developed to identify the spatial relationship between land management conditions, the socioeconomic and environmental context (described using 40 biophysical and socioeconomic indicators) and desertification risk. Our analysis identified a number of distinct relationships between the level of desertification experienced and the underlying socioeconomic context, suggesting that the effectiveness of responses to land degradation is strictly dependent on the local biophysical and socioeconomic context. Assessing the latent relationship between land management practices and the biophysical/socioeconomic attributes characterizing areas exposed to different levels of desertification risk proved to be an indirect measure of the effectiveness of field actions contrasting land degradation.

Natural and anthropogenic controls on soil erosion in the internal betic Cordillera (southeast Spain)
Bellin, N. ; VanAcker, V. ; Wesemael, B. van; Solé-Benet, A. ; Bakker, M.M. - \ 2011
Catena 87 (2011)2. - ISSN 0341-8162 - p. 190 - 200.
sediment yield variability - land-use changes - check-dams - east spain - se spain - mediterranean areas - northern ethiopia - spatial variation - trap efficiency - runoff
Soil erosion in southeast Spain is a complex process due to strong interactions between biophysical and human components. Significant progress has been achieved in the understanding of soil hydrological behavior, despite the fact that most investigations were focused on the experimental plot scale. Although experimental plots allow exploring the effect of multiple biophysical and anthropogenic factors, they provide limited insights in the combined effect of all factors acting together at the landscape scale. In this study, area-specific sediment yields (SSY) have been estimated based on the volume of sediment trapped behind 36 check dams in the southeast of Spain. Low SSY-values were reported (mean = 1.40 t ha-1 year-1: median = 0.61 t ha-1 year-1). SSY variability could be explained for 67% by catchment characteristics such as drainage area, soil characteristics, land cover, average catchment slope, and annual rainfall. The low SSY values are probably caused by the agricultural abandonment that occurred over the past decades and allowed the recovery of natural vegetation. Furthermore, our results suggest that the soils have eroded in the past to such an extent that nowadays not much sediment is detached by overland flow due to residual enrichment of clay and stones. Also, sediment is to a large extent trapped locally in the catchment, as indicated by the negative relationship between SSY and catchment area
Check title to add to marked list

Show 20 50 100 records per page

 
Please log in to use this service. Login as Wageningen University & Research user or guest user in upper right hand corner of this page.