Biomass Supply Assessments in Europe: Research Context and Methodologies
Panoutsou, C. ; Bauen, A. ; Elbersen, B.S. ; Dees, M. ; Stojadinovic, D. ; Glavonjic, B. ; Zheliezna, T. ; Wenzelides, L. ; Langeveld, Hans - \ 2017
In: Modelling and Optimisation of Biomass Supply Chains / Panoutsou, C., Academic Press - ISBN 9780128123034 - p. 1 - 24.
Since early 2000, several biomass assessment studies were delivered at European and global level mostly driven by the increasing demand for the development of bioenergy and biofuels, and the need to secure sustainable, continuous supply for the emerging plants. Ongoing research and development and industrial development plus increased drivers to use renewable raw materials in industrial sectors beyond energy have seen the focus of the biomass markets widen to include value chains for bio-based chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and other materials. Consequently, research is now exploring increasingly varied configurations of value chains with the aims of understanding which types and quantifying how much biomass can be extracted sustainably, generate financial returns, and help the industry achieving high-quality products for consumers.
This chapter sets the scene for research on biomass supply assessments in Europe and reviews 40 studies delivered during the last 14 years. It analyzes context, key components in terms of terminology, framework conditions and assumptions, models used, and evidence provided so far for policy, research, and industry. It further discusses the main challenges, identifies gaps, and provides recommendations.
From the Sugar Platform to biofuels and biochemicals : Final report for the European Commission Directorate-General Energy
Taylor, R. ; Nattrass, L. ; Alberts, G. ; Robson, P. ; Chudziak, C. ; Bauen, A. ; Libelli, I.M. ; Lotti, G. ; Prussi, M. ; Nistri, R. ; Chiaramonti, D. ; lópez-Contreras, A.M. ; Bos, H.L. ; Eggink, G. ; Springer, J. ; Bakker, R. ; Ree, R. van - \ 2015
E4tech/Re-CORD/Wageningen UR - 183
chemie op basis van biologische grondstoffen - chemicaliën uit biologische grondstoffen - gevalsanalyse - suiker - chemische industrie - europa - karteringen - biobased economy - biobased chemistry - biobased chemicals - case studies - sugar - chemical industry - europe - surveys - biobased economy
Numerous potential pathways to biofuels and biochemicals exist via the sugar platform1. This study uses literature surveys, market data and stakeholder input to provide a comprehensive evidence base for policymakers and industry – identifying the key benefits and development needs for the sugar platform. The study created a company database for 94 sugar-based products, with some already commercial, the majority at research/pilot stage, and only a few demonstration plants crossing the “valley of death”. Case studies describe the value proposition, market outlook and EU activity for ten value chains (acrylic, adipic & succinic acids, FDCA, BDO, farnesene, isobutene, PLA, PHAs and PE). Most can deliver significant greenhouse savings and drop-in (or improved) properties, but at an added cost to fossil alternatives. Whilst significant progress has been made, research barriers remain around lignocellulosic biomass fractionation, product separation energy, biological inhibition, chemical selectivity and monomer purity, plus improving whole chain process integration. An assessment of EU competitiveness highlights strengths in R&D, but a lack of strong commercial activity, due to the US, China and Brazil having more attractive feedstock and investment conditions. Further policy development, in particular for biochemicals, will be required to realise a competitive European sugar-based bioeconomy.
Biomass Futures: an integrated approach for estimating the future contribution of biomass value chains to the European energy system and inform future policy formation
Panoutsou, C. ; Bauen, A. ; Alexopoulou, E. ; Elbersen, B.S. - \ 2013
Biofuels Bioproducts and Biorefining 7 (2013)2. - ISSN 1932-104X - p. 106 - 114.
The Biomass Futures project assessed the role of bioenergy in meeting Europe's renewable energy targets established by the 2009 Renewable Energy Directive for 2020 and provided outlooks to 2030 and 2050. This perspective sets the scene for the approaches followed within Biomass Futures, and presents the main issues addressed and the interactions of various models and participatory methods used. Moreover, it provides a short overview of the main results and the key recommendations stemming from the project. Detailed results for demand, supply, sustainability, and policy analysis work performed by the team are presented in the other papers within this issue. To be able to evaluate and prioritize the most important biomass value chains for energy and fuels at EU27 and member states, a substantial level of information is required based on harmonized methodologies and modeling tools as well as accurate and updated datasets for sustainable biomass potentials, technological efficiencies, costs, and sustainability impacts. The Biomass Futures integrated approach employed an interrelated set of qualitative and quantitative modeling frameworks in order to conduct sectoral market analyses, estimate the availability of biomass for energy, and model the demand and supply of bioenergy within the energy system. Continuous stakeholder involvement was ensured throughout the project by dedicated workshops, teleconferences, and targeted interviews while information was disseminated in the form of short and concise briefings addressed to the stakeholders.