Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Emancipation of young agroecological peasants in Zona da Mata, Minas Gerais, Brazil: an identity in-the-making
    Goris, Margriet - \ 2020
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): E. Turnhout, co-promotor(en): I. da Silva Lopes; J.H. Behagel; G.M. Verschoor. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463955621 - 196
    Leptospira infection and shedding in dogs in Thailand
    Altheimer, Kerstin ; Jongwattanapisan, Prapaporn ; Luengyosluechakul, Supol ; Pusoonthornthum, Rosama ; Prapasarakul, Nuvee ; Kurilung, Alongkorn ; Broens, Els M. ; Wagenaar, Jaap A. ; Goris, Marga G.A. ; Ahmed, Ahmed A. ; Pantchev, Nikola ; Reese, Sven ; Hartmann, Katrin - \ 2020
    BMC Veterinary Research 16 (2020). - ISSN 1746-6148
    Canine - Culture - Dogs - ELISA - Leptospira - MAT - PCR - Risk factors - Seroprevalence - Zoonosis

    Background: Leptospirosis is a widespread zoonosis and has been recognized as a re-emerging infectious disease in humans and dogs, but prevalence of Leptospira shedding in dogs in Thailand is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine urinary shedding of Leptospira in dogs in Thailand, to evaluate antibody prevalence by microscopic agglutination test (MAT) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and to assess risk factors for Leptospira infection. In Northern, Northeastern, and Central Thailand, 273 stray (n = 119) or client-owned (n = 154) dogs from rural (n = 139) or urban (n = 134) areas were randomly included. Dogs that had received antibiotics within 4 weeks prior to sampling were excluded. No dog had received vaccination against Leptospira. Urine was evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) specific for lipL32 gene of pathogenic Leptospira. Additionally, urine was cultured for 6 months in Ellinghausen-McCullough-Johnson-Harris (EMJH) medium. Antibodies were measured by ELISA and MAT against 24 serovars belonging to 15 serogroups and 1 undesignated serogroup. Risk factor analysis was performed with backwards stepwise selection based on Wald. Results: Twelve of 273 (4.4%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.0-6.8%) urine samples were PCR-positive. In 1/273 dogs (0.4%; 95% CI: 0.01-1.1%) Leptospira could be cultured from urine. MAT detected antibodies in 33/273 dogs (12.1%; 95% CI: 8.2-16.0%) against 19 different serovars (Anhoa, Australis, Ballum, Bataviae, Bratislava, Broomi, Canicola, Copenhageni, Coxi, Grippotyphosa, Haemolytica, Icterohaemorrhagiae, Khorat, Paidjan, Patoc, Pyrogenes, Rachmati, Saxkoebing, Sejroe). In 111/252 dogs (44.0%; 95% CI: 37.9-50.2%) immunoglobulin M (IgM) and/or immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies were found by ELISA. Female dogs had a significantly higher risk for Leptospira infection (p = 0.023). Conclusions: Leptospira shedding occurs in randomly sampled dogs in Thailand, with infection rates comparable to those of Europe and the USA. Therefore, the potential zoonotic risk should not be underestimated and use of Leptospira vaccines are recommended.

    Wild rodents and insectivores as carriers of pathogenic Leptospira and Toxoplasma gondii in The Netherlands
    Krijger, Inge M. ; Ahmed, Ahmed A.A. ; Goris, Maria G.A. ; Cornelissen, Jan B.W.J. ; Groot Koerkamp, Peter W.G. ; Meerburg, Bastiaan G. - \ 2020
    Veterinary Medicine and Science 6 (2020)3. - ISSN 2053-1095 - p. 623 - 630.
    leptospirosis - mice - pathogen–host relationship - rats - reservoir - zoonoses

    Small mammals such as rodents can to carry zoonotic pathogens. Currently, there is impaired knowledge on zoonotic pathogens in rodents and insectivores in the Netherlands. This limits opportunities for preventive measures and complicates risk-assessments for zoonotic transmission to humans. Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii are present on a list of prioritized emerging pathogens in the Netherlands and were therefore the focus of this study. Both pathogens have the ability to survive under moist environmental conditions. In total, a group of 379 small mammals (rodents & insectivores) were tested on pathogenic Leptospira spp., and 312 on T. gondii. Rodents and insectivores were trapped at various sites, but mostly on pig and dairy farms throughout the country. Over five percent of the animals (5.3%, n = 379) tested positive for Leptospira DNA, and five of the animals (1.6%, n = 312) tested were positive for T. gondii DNA. The animals positive for T.gondii were all brown rats and the ones for Leptospira spp. were various species. Our results show that insectivores and rodents might be used as an indicator for the environmental contamination and/or the contamination in wildlife for Leptospira spp.

    Agroecological peasant territories: resistance and existence in the struggle for emancipation in Brazil
    Berg, Leonardo van den; Goris, M.B. ; Behagel, J.H. ; Verschoor, G. ; Turnhout, E. ; Botelho, M.I.V. ; Silva Lopes, I. - \ 2019
    The Journal of Peasant Studies (2019). - ISSN 0306-6150
    Agri-food system transformation - food movements - peasant movements - upscaling agroecology

    We explore peasant territories as an emancipatory alternative in the context of authoritarian populism and neo-liberalism by focusing on two agroecological peasant territories in Brazil. We argue that territories harbour socio-ecological, cultural-political and politico-institutional bases that engender different forms of resistance and existence. Peasant territories build and defend emancipatory alternatives by creating self-governed knowledge and production systems, by problematising and mobilising against exploitative relations, and by transforming parts of the state. We conclude that peasant territories provide a basis for emancipatory transformation. What is more, they can be considered as emancipatory alternatives in themselves.

    Wat we kunnen leren van Braziliaanse boeren
    Goris, Margriet - \ 2019

    Een half miljoen dier- en plantensoorten worden met uitsterven bedreigd. Maar is dit onvermijdelijk? Niet als het aan traditionele boeren in Brazilië ligt. Margriet Goris van Universiteit Wageningen vertelt in Bureau Buitenland wat we van hen kunnen leren.

    Resignification practices of youth in zona da mata, Brazil in the transition toward agroecology
    Goris, Margriet ; Berg, Leonardo van den; Silva Lopes, Ivonete da; Behagel, Jelle ; Verschoor, Gerard ; Turnhout, Esther - \ 2019
    Sustainability 11 (2019)1. - ISSN 2071-1050
    Agroecology - Framing strategies - Gender - Repeasantization - Resignification - Social movement - Transition - Youth

    Youth play an important role in the transition toward agroecology through practices of resignification. This article discusses how young people resignify agroecology by taking part in education initiatives that originate from social movements, and that aim to strengthen young peoples' abilities to reflect on their practices and realities. We used action research to create films with young agroecologists in the region of Zona da Mata Mineira, Brazil. Our analysis draws on films, interviews and participatory observations made during thirteen workshops to visualize the agroecological practices and visions of youth. We explore how social frames-e.g., the specific ways in which people understand reality-shape practices and how these frames are actively changed by youth. The findings show how frames are changed during (1) frame amplification by building on existing local values; (2) frame bridging by linking with other social movements; (3) frame extension by inclusion of new frames; and (4) frame transformation by altering the meaning of agroecology. We find that young people who engage with agroecology contribute to processes of repeasantization that rework local culture to be more inclusive of different populations, generations and genders, and that they foster an appreciation of the interconnectedness of humans and nature.

    Design and development of a digital farmer field school. Experiences with a digital learning environment for cocoa production and certification in Sierra Leone
    Witteveen, Loes ; Lie, Rico ; Goris, Margriet ; Ingram, Verina - \ 2017
    Telematics and Informatics 34 (2017)8. - ISSN 0736-5853 - p. 1673 - 1684.
    Cocoa certification training - ICT - Novice and low literacy users - Rural communication services - User experience (UX) design - User interface (UI) design

    This article reports on the design and development of the Digital Farmer Field School (DFFS). The DFFS offers a tablet-based digital learning environment for farmers and extension agents for knowledge sharing and knowledge co-creation. It provides an alternative to conventional agricultural extension training and monitoring. The prototype DFFS applies Farmer Field School (FFS) learning principles and is designed and developed following user experience (UX) design principles and user interface (UI) design principles from a responsible innovation perspective, using existing FFS material and tailored films which support and enrich the content. The prototype DFFS has been tested in Sierra Leone to assess its success in providing a substitute for face-to-face voluntary sustainability standard certification training for cocoa farmers. Results show that the DFFS as an off-line, telephonically connected and regular on-line updated learning platform offers an appropriate environment in which collective and individual learning is stimulated and facilitated. The DFFS prototype was socio-culturally and technologically appropriate and fitted the operational and strategic communication skills of cocoa farmers and other value chain stakeholders. Films capturing the testing are available as additional learning media.

    The African diaspora’s public participation in policy-making concerning Africa
    Norglo, Benhardt Edem Kofi ; Goris, Margriet ; Lie, Rico ; Ong’ayo, Antony Otieno - \ 2016
    Diaspora Studies 9 (2016)2. - ISSN 0973-9572 - p. 83 - 99.
    African diaspora - European union - Inclusion and exclusion - Policy-making - Public participation - The netherlands
    This paper examines the involvement of African diaspora organizations in Dutch and European policy-making concerning Africa. It addresses the extent to which their inclusion or exclusion in public policy processes in their destination countries is likely to impact (development) policies relating to their countries of origin. The findings are based on a collaborative research project that involved knowledge institutes and African diaspora organizations in the Netherlands. The data consist of 35 in-depth interviews with members of the African diaspora and 2 workshops on African diaspora issues. The paper moves beyond conceptualisations of diaspora as transnational aid workers and promotes an understanding of the African diaspora’s involvement as a form of rights-based civic participation. The research found that the African diaspora can share unique insights to improve the quality of policy, but that representative bodies are needed. If the diaspora are involved in policymaking, it is through passive participation. However, the diaspora do have an aspiration for engagement through self-mobilization, and functional and interactive participation. The study further revealed that the diaspora’s dual relationship with home and host countries offers an opportunity for policy-makers to explore mutual benefits for both Europe and the African continent.
    Kusheh, na minem Fatu, en mi na koko farmer Hello, I am Fatu and I am a cocoa farmer : a Digital Farmer Field School for training in cocoa production and certification in Sierra Leone
    Witteveen, L.M. ; Goris, Margriet ; Lie, R. ; Ingram, V.J. - \ 2016
    Wageningen : Wageningen UR Science Shop (Report /Wageningen UR, Science Shop 330) - ISBN 9789462577657 - 44
    agricultural extension - cocoa - farmers - information technology - sierra leone - landbouwvoorlichting - cacao - boeren - informatietechnologie - sierra leone
    This document reports on the development of a prototype Digital Farmer Field School (DFFS) called Kusheh, na minem Fatu, en mi na koko farmer (“Hello, I am Fatu and I am a cocoa farmer”). The DFFS provides an ICT-based alternative to traditional agricultural extension. More specifically, it offers a tablet-based substitute for the face-to-face certification training for cocoa farmers in Sierra Leone. The fact that gatherings of more than five people at a time were not allowed as a consequence of the Ebola outbreak triggered the development of the digital alternative to group training for cocoa farmers.
    Participatory Film-Making for Social Change: Dilemmas in Balancing Participatory and Artistic Qualities
    Goris, Margriet ; Witteveen, Loes ; Lie, R. - \ 2015
    Journal of Arts & Communities 7 (2015)1-2. - ISSN 1757-1936 - p. 63 - 85.
    This study contributes to the field of films for social change by exploring the production process of participatory film-making for social change, whereby explicit claims of community empowerment, participation and social change are the very justification of the production. To do so, it investigates the definitions and production processes of community art, participatory video and mediated participation. Using ‘practice as research’ as a key method of enquiry, we examine three film practices to explore aspects of professionalism. The objective of this examination is to elucidate the process of community member participation in collaboration with film-makers, facilitators and action researchers. People participate in film production processes by contributing to the script, acting, location scouting or any other activity at any stage of the film production. In examining this collaborative process, we focus on dilemmas encountered in relation to integrating participatory qualities and artistic qualities in a work of overall interdisciplinary and professional quality. The material used for the enquiry consists of participatory observations, scripts, films, course materials, audience observations, evaluation forms and in-depth interviews collected over the years in different projects. The analysis of the material indicates that the film-makers deal with dilemmas regarding the balance of the film’s participatory and artistic qualities and the production process. The expectations of the film-making community regarding the process, the resulting film and the related audience influence the balance between the participatory quality of the process and the artistic quality of the film. Finding a balance between participatory quality and artistic quality is a challenge, and in practice the stakeholders involved experience tensions in a continuous process of negotiation. This article demonstrates the tensions and illustrates the continuous process of negotiation between the (roles of) film-makers, facilitators, action researchers and community members.
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