Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    We will mail you new results for this query: metisnummer==1177514
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Exploring the molecular hub in plant elongation responses: regulation of PHYs and PIFs
Shapulatov, Umidjon - \ 2019
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): C.S. Testerink, co-promotor(en): S. van der Krol. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463434355 - 192
Functional intron-derived miRNAs and host-gene expression in plants
Shapulatov, Umidjon ; Hoogdalem, M.D. van; Schreuder, M.E.L. ; Bouwmeester, H.J. ; Abdurakhmonov, Ibrokhim Y. ; Krol, A.R. van der - \ 2018
Plant Methods 14 (2018). - ISSN 1746-4811
Background: Recently, putative pre-miRNAs locations have been identified in the introns of plant genes, raising the question whether such genes can show a dual functionality by having both correct maturation of the host gene pre-mRNA and maturation of the miRNAs from the intron. Here, we demonstrated that such dual functionality is indeed possible, using as host gene the firefly luciferase gene with intron (ffgLUC), and different artificial intronic miRNAs (aimiRNA) placed within the intron of ffgLUC. Results: The miRNAs were based on the structure of the natural miR319a. Luciferase (LUC) activity in planta was used to evaluate a correct splicing of the ffgLUC mRNA. Different target sequences were inserted into the aimiRNA to monitor efficiency of silencing of different target mRNAs. After adjusting the insertion cloning strategy, the ffgLUCaimiR-319a gene showed dual functionality with correct splicing of ffgLUC and efficient silencing of TEOSINTE BRANCHED1/CYCLOIDEA/PROLIFERATING CELL FACTOR1 transcription factor genes targeted in-trans by aimiR-319a or targeting the transgene ffLUC in-cis by an aimiR-LUC. Silencing of endogenous target genes by aimiRNA or amiRNA is efficient both in transient assays and stable transformants. A behave as strong phenotype the PHYTOCHROME B (PHYB) gene was also targeted by ffgLUCaimiR-PHYB. The lack of silencing of the PHYB target was most likely due to an insensitive target site within the PHYB mRNA which can potentially form a double stranded stem structure. Conclusion: The combination of an overexpression construct with an artificial intronic microRNA allows for a simultaneous dual function in plants. The concept therefore adds new options to engineering of plant traits that require multiple gene manipulations.
RNA interference for functional genomics and improvement of cotton (Gossypium sp.)
Abdurakhmonov, Ibrokhim Y. ; Ayubov, Mirzakamol S. ; Ubaydullaeva, Khurshida A. ; Buriev, Zabardast T. ; Shermatov, Shukhrat E. ; Ruziboev, Haydarali S. ; Shapulatov, Umidjon ; Saha, Sukumar ; Ulloa, Mauricio ; Yu, John Z. ; Percy, Richard G. ; Devor, Eric J. ; Sharma, Govind C. ; Sripathi, Venkateswara R. ; Kumpatla, Siva P. ; Krol, Sander van der; Kater, Hake D. ; Khamidov, Khakimdjan ; Salikhov, Shavkat I. ; Jenkins, Johnie N. ; Abdukarimov, Abdusattor ; Pepper, Alan E. - \ 2016
Frontiers in Plant Science 7 (2016)FEB2016. - ISSN 1664-462X
Antisense - Cotton pest control - Disease resistance - Fiber quality - Gene silencing - Gossypium

RNA interference (RNAi), is a powerful new technology in the discovery of genetic sequence functions, and has become a valuable tool for functional genomics of cotton (Gossypium sp.). The rapid adoption of RNAi has replaced previous antisense technology. RNAi has aided in the discovery of function and biological roles of many key cotton genes involved in fiber development, fertility and somatic embryogenesis, resistance to important biotic and abiotic stresses, and oil and seed quality improvements as well as the key agronomic traits including yield and maturity. Here, we have comparatively reviewed seminal research efforts in previously used antisense approaches and currently applied breakthrough RNAi studies in cotton, analyzing developed RNAi methodologies, achievements, limitations, and future needs in functional characterizations of cotton genes. We also highlighted needed efforts in the development of RNAi-based cotton cultivars, and their safety and risk assessment, small and large-scale field trials, and commercialization.

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