Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Conquering the state, subordinating society : a Kurdish perspective on the development of AKP authoritarianism in Turkey
Jongerden, J.P. - \ 2020
In: Erdoğan’s ‘New’ Turkey / Christofis, Nikos, London : Routledge - ISBN 9780367352509 - p. 200 - 215.
Exploring enabling resources for place-based social entrepreneurship: a participatory study of Green Care practices in Finland
Moriggi, Angela - \ 2019
Sustainability Science (2019). - ISSN 1862-4065 - 17 p.
Enabling resources - Finland - Green Care practices - Place - Social entrepreneurship

Enabling resources are the array of tangible and intangible assets that social entrepreneurs mobilize or create to bring forward novel place-based initiatives, to respond to unmet sustainability challenges and ideally contribute to virtuous processes of socio-economic transformation. Understanding the role of resources in constraining or enabling the development of social enterprises holds important implications not merely for the initiatives, but also for the places where they are embedded. Existing studies fail to provide a comprehensive, empirically grounded account of resources for place-based social entrepreneurship. This paper aims to fill this gap, by exploring the array of resources that enable and constrain the development of Green Care practice, i.e., nature-based activities with a social innovation purpose. Three communities of Finnish practitioners—a nature-tourism company, a care farm, and a biodynamic farm—were involved over the span of 3 years in research activities conducted with an in-depth qualitative approach. Participants were engaged in several stages of iterative learning combining conventional and action-research methods: semi-structured interviews, participatory mapping, and a co-creation workshop. Results show that entrepreneurs resort to a great variety of enabling resources, inclusive of both tangible and intangible assets, that are only marginally considered by relevant literature. Based on these findings, the paper proposes a novel set of enabling resources, comprehensive of nine clusters: infrastructural, institutional, material, place-specific, organizational culture-related, social, ethical, affective, and competence-related. Two concluding insights can be inferred: understanding resources is paramount to grasp possibilities and challenges of place-based entrepreneurship; in-depth participatory processes are needed for a thorough and grounded investigation of enabling resources in places.

Plattelands pioniers
Bock, Bettina - \ 2019
Turkey, Erdogan, and the Kurds: War as a State-Building Strategy
Jongerden, J.P. - \ 2019
Georgetown Journal of International Affairs (2019). - ISSN 1526-0054
Worried about the Kurds: 'You could ask: what did we do that made this possible?'
Jongerden, Joost - \ 2019
Militarization of the Kurdish Issue
Jongerden, J.P. - \ 2019
In: Turkey in Transition / Çelik , Gürkan, Linden, Ronald H., Boulder : Lynne Rienner Publishers - ISBN 9781626378278 - p. 69 - 80.
Maak onderscheid tussen boeren
Ploeg, J.D. van der - \ 2019
Nederlands Dagblad (2019). - ISSN 1570-7970 - p. 12 - 13.
Agrarian Change and Governance in the Kurdistan Region in Iraq
Jongerden, Joost - \ 2019
Third International Congress of Kurdish Studies
Jongerden, Joost - \ 2019
Panel Chair
Historical commons as sites of transformation. A critical research agenda to study human and more-than-human communities
Nieto-Romero, Marta ; Valente, Sandra ; Figueiredo, Elisabete ; Parra, Constanza - \ 2019
Geoforum (2019). - ISSN 0016-7185
Commoning - Community - Institutions - More-than-human - Sustainability - Transformation

The most critical question for sustainability research is how to facilitate transformative change. Yet, the academic scope of historical commons’ research is limited to institutional design and environmental sustainability. In this paper we argue for a transformative research agenda for historical commons focused on the study of processes building humans and more-than-human communities. We start by reviewing three commons schools, namely the mainstream and critical institutionalism and the community economies collective, and assess how these relate to sustainability and to theories on agency, community and change. We then define a research agenda taking a political and critical ontology of the community economies collective, and a phenomenological epistemology of critical institutionalism. We follow by characterising the underlying practices building humans and more-than human communities by showing three ideal stages of commoning found in our empirical cases in the north-western Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal). Finally, we end by presenting a guiding framework for analysing processes of building communities in historical commons. In conclusion, we encourage further exploration of underlying practices that widen humans’ interdependency and inter-being and call for action-research projects and experimental methods that promote transformative encounters between humans and nature. Our framework is a first attempt to inspire researchers of historical commons to actively engage in unravelling the full potential of historical commons as sites of transformation.

Boerenfront lang niet zo eensgezind als het lijkt
Ploeg, J.D. van der - \ 2019
De Volkskrant 98 (2019)29043. - p. 20 - 21.
Tuinieren voor lotgenotencontact
Veen, E.J. - \ 2019
Psychosociale Oncologie 27 (2019)3. - ISSN 1570-7652 - p. 6 - 8.
Tuinieren in de buitenlucht leidt tot verbetering van de fysieke en mentale gezondheidstoestand, door meer beweging, gezondere diëten, vermindering van stress, voorkomen van depressie, meer sociale interactie. Maar leidt tuinieren door patiënten in groepsverband tot lotgenotencontact?
Healing gardens as therapeutic landscapes
Veen, E.J. ; Doughty, Karolina - \ 2019
Although survival rates for cancer are improving, survivors suffer an increased risk of chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular disease and depression. In order to prevent patients from developing these diseases, lifestyle guidelines have been developed. Adherence to these guidelines, however, is low and short-lived. Many patients lack the aspiration, capacity or energy to make lifestyle changes. In this paper we explore a communal ‘healing garden’ as a potential alternative to these lifestyle guidelines, exploring whether it may function as a ‘therapeutic landscape’ for cancer survivors, particularly in stimulating physical activity and healthy eating, but also in facilitating social peer support. Our paper discusses a pilot project in the Netherlands, in which five participants gardened together one-and-a-half hours a week, under supervision, in ten square foot gardening containers. Using a series of physical tests and semi-structured interviews with participants (before, during and after the project), we show that physically the gardening experience did not meet expectations. Nevertheless, the gardening activity was highly satisfying for participants, for a variety of reasons (the activity as such, the harvest, the pleasure of manual labour, and mental rest). Participants reported that the gardening group formed a supportive environment. However, they did not agree on whether that is sufficient to consider the gardening activity a form of social peer support. We conclude that even though the project did not have measurable physical results, it can be regarded a therapeutic landscape for its social benefits.
A Salutogenic Approach to Understanding the Potential of Green Programs for the Rehabilitation of Young Employees With Burnout: Protocol for a Mixed Method Study on Effectiveness and Effective Elements
Pijpker, Roald ; Vaandrager, Lenneke ; Veen, Esther J. ; Koelen, Maria A. - \ 2019
JMIR Research Protocols 8 (2019)10. - ISSN 1929-0748
Background: Burnout is the leading cause of absenteeism in the Netherlands, with associated sick leave costs amounting to around €1.8 billion. Studies have indicated that burnout complaints increased from almost 14.4% in 2014 to 17.3% in 2018, especially among employees between the ages of 18 and 35 years, and further increases are expected. Although there are many published articles on burnout, not much is known about what constitutes effective rehabilitation (ie, the reduction of burnout complaints and the facilitation of returning to work). At the same time, multiple pilot studies have indicated that green programs are effective in both reducing burnout complaints and facilitating return to work. Green programs have been developed by professionals experienced in using the natural environment to facilitate rehabilitation (eg, through green exercise and healing gardens). The literature nevertheless lacks comprehensive and contextual insight into what works and why.
Objective: The overarching aim of this study is to explore the potential of green programs for young employees with burnout. We present the study protocol from an ongoing research project consisting of 2 phases, each composed of 2 research objectives that sequentially build upon each other.
Methods: The study is based on a sequential design with 4 research objectives, using both qualitative and quantitative research methods. In the first phase, a systematic literature review (research objective 1) and in-depth interviews (research objective 2) will be used to explore mechanisms underlying the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout. In the second phase, a multicase study will be conducted to examine the extent to which green programs are built on mechanisms identified in the first phase (research objective 3). By employing a pretest and posttest design, a specific green program that captures most of those mechanisms will then be evaluated on its effect and process with regard to the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout (research objective 4). The project started in June 2018 and will continue through June 2022.
Results: The first phase (research objectives 1 and 2) is intended to generate information on the mechanisms underlying the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout. The second phase (research objectives 3 and 4) is designed to demonstrate the extent to which and how the selected green program facilitates the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout.
Conclusions: Understanding how green programs can facilitate the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout complaints can help to address this societal issue.
How Civil Servants Frame Participation: Balancing Municipal Responsibility With Citizen Initiative in Ede’s Food Policy
Griend, Joella van de; Duncan, Jessica ; Wiskerke, Johannes S.C. - \ 2019
Politics and Governance 7 (2019)4. - ISSN 2183-2463 - p. 59 - 67.
Contemporary governance is marked by increased attention for participation of non-governmental actors (NGAs) in traditionally governmental activities, such as policy-making. This trend has been prevalent across food policy processes and reflects a key feature of food democracy. However, the role of governmental actors in facilitating and responding to this participation remains a gap in the literature. In this article, we ask how civil servants frame the participation of NGAs in policy processes. Drawing on ethnographic research, we introduce the case of civil servants working on an urban food policy for the municipality of Ede (the Netherlands). Our analysis uncovers two competing frames: 1) highlighting the responsibility of the municipality to take a leading role in food policy making, and 2) responding reflexively to NGAs. The analysis provides insights into how the framing of participation by civil servants serves to shape the conditions for participation of NGAs. It further sheds light on related practices and uncovers existing tensions and contradictions, with important implications for food democracy. We conclude by showing how, in the short term, a strong leadership role for civil servants, informed by the responsibility frame, may be effective for advancing policy objectives of the municipality. However, the reactive frame illustrates that civil servants worry this approach is not effective for maintaining meaningful participation of NGAs. This remains a key tension of participatory municipal-led urban food policy making, but balancing both municipal responsibility and an open and reactive attitude towards the participation of NGAs is useful for enhancing food democracy
Everyday sustainability: gender justice and fair trade tea in Darjeeling, by Debarati Sen
Vicol, Mark - \ 2019
Asian Studies Review 43 (2019)2. - ISSN 1035-7823 - p. 357 - 358.
The importance of non-farm livelihoods for household food security and dietary diversity in rural Myanmar
Pritchard, Bill ; Rammohan, Anu ; Vicol, Mark - \ 2019
Journal of Rural Studies 67 (2019). - ISSN 0743-0167 - p. 89 - 100.
Recent processes of socio-economic change in rural Myanmar are etching significant shifts to the social distribution of advantage and disadvantage, with implications for patterns of food security and dietary quality. This paper uses original repeat cross-sectional household survey data to identify emergent relationships between land and livelihoods on the one hand, and food security and dietary quality, on the other. The paper concludes that although land ‘matters’ (landholding households are more likely to be food secure and have higher dietary diversity than landless households), this association is strongly conditioned by livelihood and seasonal circumstances. Households with livelihood arrangements articulated to the non-farm economy, whether they were landholders or landless, exhibited superior food and nutritional outcomes compared to those with livelihoods only in farming. Hence, while access to arable land remains an important factor in shaping food security and dietary diversity, of greater importance is the capacity for households to supplement their land assets with livelihood activities in the non-farm economy. This finding reinforces broader arguments that emphasise the importance of the non-farm economy as a vital shaper of wellbeing for rural households in the global South.
Beste boeren, de burger houdt wél van jullie
Broekhuizen, R.E. van - \ 2019

Ook online verschenen als: De boer heeft de burger mee, en toch voelt hij zich miskend

The Politics of Agricultural Development in Iraq and the Kurdistan Region in Irak (KRI)
Jongerden, J.P. ; Wolters, W. ; Dijkxhoorn, Y. ; Gür, Faik ; Öztürk, M. - \ 2019
Sustainability 11 (2019)21. - ISSN 2071-1050
From being a smallholder-based, food-producing country covering its basic needs, Iraq and the Kurdistan Region in Iraq (KRI) have become major importers of food. The sustainability of the agricultural sector has been systematically undermined by conflict, neglect, and mismanagement, as a result of which the capacity of its farmers to feed the population declined. Even though local policymakers, the international community, and the international organisations emphasise the potential of agriculture for food production, job creation, and income generation, they also tend to consider the current food system problematic because of an alleged low productivity that they relate to the existing smallholder system. For them, such system poses a lack of competences and skills of farmers, and a subsistence production orientation. This approach culminated in a policy-making process that offered land and water for capital investments, and thus neglecting the potentials and competencies of (small-scale) farmers. The concomitant neglect of the human dimension of agriculture, namely the family farm, is essentially the continuation of an economically and ecologically high-risk approach that may lead to a further decline of the sector’s ability to produce food for the local market.
De agrarische sector is het Griekenland van de Nederlandse economie
Ploeg, J.D. van der - \ 2019
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