New records and updated checklist of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) from Lao People's Democratic Republic, with special emphasis on adult and larval surveillance in Khammuane Province
Motoki, Maysa T. ; Vongphayloth, Khamsing ; Rueda, Leopoldo M. ; Miot, Elliott F. ; Hiscox, Alexandra ; Hertz, Jeffrey C. ; Brey, Paul T. - \ 2019
Journal of Vector Ecology 44 (2019)1. - ISSN 1081-1710 - p. 76 - 88.
Culicidae - DNA barcode - Khammuane Province - Lao PDR - mosquito species list - mosquito surveillance
A list of mosquitoes from the Nakai Nam Theun National Protected Area along the Nam Theun, Nam Mon, Nam Noy, and Nam On rivers, Nakai District, Khammuane Province, Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is presented. Fifty-four mosquito taxa were identified, including 15 new records in the Lao PDR. A fragment of the mtDNA cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene, barcode region, was generated for 34 specimens, and together with four specimens already published, it represented 23 species in eight genera. In addition, an updated checklist of 170 mosquito taxa from Lao PDR is provided based on field collections from Khammuane Province, the literature, and specimens deposited in the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History (SI-NMNH), Washington, DC, U.S.A. This paper provides additional information about the biodiversity of mosquito fauna in Lao PDR.
Género y toma de decisiones en el hogar en pueblos rurales de Laos : implicancias para los medios de vida en desarrollo hidroeléctrico
Weeratunge, Nireka ; Joffre, Olivier ; Senaratna Sellamuttu, Sonali ; Bouahom, Bounthanom ; Keophoxay, Anousith - \ 2016
Gender, Place & Culture : a Journal of Feminist Geography 23 (2016)11. - ISSN 0966-369X - p. 1599 - 1614.
decision-making - Gender - households - hydropower development - Lao PDR - livelihoods
Hydropower development with concomitant changes in water and land regimes often results in livelihood transformation of affected people, entailing changes in intra-household decision-making upon which livelihood strategies are based. Economic factors underlying gender dimensions of household decision-making have been studied rigorously since the 1970s. However, empirical data on gender and decision-making within households, needed for evidence-based action, remain scarce. This is more so in hydropower contexts. This article explores gender and livelihood-related decision-making within rural households in the context of hydropower development in Lao PDR. Based on a social well-being conceptual approach with data from a household survey and qualitative interviews, it focuses on household decisions in an ethnic minority resettlement site soon after displacement, from an interpretive perspective. The article, first, aims to assess the extent to which household decision-making is gendered and secondly, to understand the complex reasoning behind household decisions, especially the relevance of material, relational, and subjective factors. It argues that while most household decisions are ostensibly considered as ‘joint’ in the study site, the nuanced nature of gendered values, norms, practices, relations, attitudes, and feelings underlying these decisions are important to assessing why households might or might not adopt livelihood interventions proposed by hydropower developers.