Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Economic benefits of the Doha round for The Netherlands; Report submitted to the Ministry of Economic Affairs,
    Francois, J. ; Meijl, H. van; Tongeren, F.W. van - \ 2003
    Den Haag : LEI (Report / LEI : Domain 6, Policy ) - ISBN 9789052427874 - 111
    agrarische economie - wereldhandelsorganisatie - handelsonderhandelingen - liberalisering van de handel - internationale handel - economische impact - europese unie - nederland - agricultural economics - world trade organization - trade negotiations - trade liberalization - international trade - economic impact - european union - netherlands
    This study provides insights into the nature and magnitude of the impacts of the WTO Doha Round for international trade and the resulting welfare improvements. The analysis of specific economic consequences for the Netherlands is a special feature of this study. These effects at national level are considered in the context of overall effects at EU and world levels. A third of the estimated benefit is attributable to trade facilitation, a third to agricultural liberalisation and the remaining third to both reductions in industrial tariffs and liberalisation in services. The analysis underlines the importance of trade policy reform by developing countries for achieving the benefits of freer trade. About one quarter of the global gains can only be realized if developing countries actively participate. The results highlight the importance of taking a long-term structural view. Developing countries have to think carefully about the risks of reinforcing an emphasis on primary exports. The Netherlands, could enjoy a disproportionate share of world welfare gains. Dutch output would expand particularly in the food processing and the transport and logistics sectors. The results confirm the comparative advantage of the Netherlands in agriculture, food processing and transport and the large dependence of the Dutch economy on international trade.
    Trade preferences for developing countries
    Achterbosch, T.J. ; Tongeren, F.W. van; Bruin, S. - \ 2003
    Den Haag : LEI (Rapport / LEI : Domein 6, Beleid ) - ISBN 9789052428277 - 53
    agrarische economie - internationale handel - handelspreferenties - landbouwbeleid - liberalisering van de handel - europese unie - ontwikkelingslanden - agricultural economics - international trade - trade preferences - agricultural policy - trade liberalization - european union - developing countries
    This report draws on a body of existing literature to assess the impact of trade preferences granted by the European Union on trade and welfare in developing countries. It is argued that the Everything But Arms amendment to the EU preference scheme will have limited effect on export potential and welfare in the least developed countries (LDCs). The EU would do well to simplify compliance with their rules of origin. When LDCs are granted deeper preferences under continued domestic agricultural policies in the EU, US, Canada and Japan, resources in LDCs will move towards the agricultural sector. The expected effect impact on LDCs of extending preferences to non-LDCs is quite small, while the negative effect of reductions of MFN tariffs under trade liberalisation is stronger.
    Liberalisering aardgasmarkt; Combinaties van anticipatiemogelijkheden voor vruchtgroen-tebedrijven.Liberalisering aardgasmarkt
    Benninga, J. ; Ruijs, M.N.A. - \ 2003
    Den Haag : LEI (Rapport / LEI : Domein 2, Bedrijfsontwikkeling en concurrentiepositie ) - ISBN 9789052428376 - 93
    agrarische economie - bedrijfsontwikkeling in de landbouw - liberalisering van de handel - aardgas - fruitteelt - groenteteelt - energiekosten - nederland - agricultural economics - farm development - trade liberalization - natural gas - fruit growing - vegetable growing - energy expenditure - netherlands
    In dit onderzoek zijn combinaties van anticipatiemogelijkheden voor bedrijven met vruchtgroente op de liberalisering van de aardgasmarkt technisch-economisch geëvalueerd. Combinaties van twee anticipatiemogelijkheden brengen meestal een hogere energiekostenbesparing met zich mee dan als ze enkelvoudig worden toegepast. De kostenbesparing is (duidelijk) lager als de capaciteit van het verwarmingssysteem een begrenzing vormt voor het maximumgasverbruik per uur. Dit geldt vrijwel altijd in bedrijfssituaties als er geen scherm is of als het scherm overdag open is bij extreem winterse omstandigheden. Combinaties met zware olie blijken economisch het meest aantrekkelijk. Zware olie is uit milieuoogpunt en voor het imago van de glastuinbouw minder gewenst. Als alternatief voor zware olie zijn onder gunstige omstandigheden combinaties met een energiescherm het aantrekkelijkst. Het perspectief van combinaties van anticipatiemogelijkheden is gunstiger voor bedrijfssituaties met een lager maximumgasverbruik per uur. Voor bedrijven met scherm die onder koude buitenomstandigheden het scherm overdag toepassen leveren de meeste combinaties van anticipatiemogelijkheden een extra kostenbesparing op. Naast zware olie is de combinatie van incidentele capaciteit en warmtebuffer een economisch interessant alternatief.
    On creating competition and strategic restructuring: regulatory reform in public utilities
    Wubben, E.F.M. ; Hulsink, W. - \ 2003
    Cheltenham/Northampton : Edward Elgar Publishers - ISBN 9781843763710 - 232
    openbare voorzieningen - marktconcurrentie - liberalisering van de handel - industrie - engineering - west-europa - vs - regulatie - privatisering - netwerken - public utilities - regulation - market competition - trade liberalization - industry - engineering - western europe - usa - privatization - networks
    Rekenmodel helpt bij afsluiten energiecontract
    Ravensbergen, P. ; Benninga, J. ; Vernooy, C.J.M. - \ 2002
    Groenten en Fruit. Algemeen (2002) (2002)47. - ISSN 0925-9694 - p. 22 - 23.
    energiekosten - kassen - aardgas - liberalisering van de handel - contracten - wiskundige modellen - berekening - vruchtgroenten - rozen - snijbloemen - glastuinbouw - energy expenditure - fruit vegetables - roses - cut flowers - greenhouses - natural gas - trade liberalization - contracts - mathematical models - calculation - greenhouse horticulture
    Berekenen van het maximale gasverbruik per uur bij extreme winteromstandigheden. Gegevens in bijgaande tabellen: 1) Overzicht van groepsmiddelen van geschat gasverbruik per uur per hactare (inclusief minimum- en maximumwaarde) van vruchtgroente- en rozenbedrijven; 2) Schattingen van het gasverbruik per uur per hectare van het model bij extreme weersomstandigheden en bepaalde bedrijfskenmerken in de nacht met gesloten ramen
    De internationale locatie van de tuinbouw bij handelsliberalisatie
    Berkum, S. van; Westerman, A.D. ; Wolswinkel, C.J.W. - \ 2002
    Den Haag : LEI - ISBN 9789052427652 - 99
    agrarische economie - tuinbouw - groenteteelt - bloementeelt - internationale handel - locatietheorie - handelspolitiek - europese unie - marktregulaties - liberalisering van de handel - verenigde europese markt - locatie - agricultural economics - horticulture - vegetable growing - floriculture - international trade - location theory - trade policy - european union - market regulations - trade liberalization - single market - location
    Gevolgen van beleidsontwikkelingen voor de locatie van de intensieve veehouderij
    Berkum, S. van; Backus, G.B.C. ; Tongeren, F.W. van - \ 2002
    Den Haag : LEI - ISBN 9789052427409 - 69
    intensieve veehouderij - vestigingsplaats van de productie - dierhouderij - geografische verdeling - overheidsbeleid - verandering - prijzen - voer - landbouwbeleid - liberalisering van de handel - nederland - europese unie - intensive livestock farming - location of production - animal husbandry - geographical distribution - government policy - change - prices - feeds - agricultural policy - trade liberalization - netherlands - european union
    Technical Standards in a Liberalized Agri-Food System : Institutional Implications for Developing Countries
    Kuyvenhoven, A. ; Bigman, D. - \ 2002
    Tijdschrift voor sociaalwetenschappelijk onderzoek van de landbouw 17 (2002)1. - ISSN 0921-481X - p. 51 - 62.
    agro-industriële sector - voedselindustrie - voedselproductie - landbouwindustrie - liberalisering van de handel - ontwikkelingslanden - agroindustrial sector - food industry - food production - agribusiness - trade liberalization - developing countries
    Het proces van liberalisatie op wereldschaal wordt gevolgd, welke gevolgen dit heeft voor de landbouw en handel in ontwikkelingslanden en welke trends hierbij in de nabije toekomst te verwachten zijn
    Liberalisation and smallholder agricultural development : a case study of coffee farms in central Kenya
    Karanja, A.M. - \ 2002
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): A. Kuyvenhoven; H.A.J. Moll. - S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789058086037 - 203
    landbouwontwikkeling - koffie - productie - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - kenya - kleine landbouwbedrijven - liberalisering van de handel - agricultural development - small farms - coffee - production - farm management - trade liberalization - kenya

    Key words, Market reforms, smallholder agricultural development, prices, institutional framework, resource allocation and productivity, efficiency, policy interventions

    Agricultural production and market participation by smallholder farmers in Kenya continues to decline despite the market reforms undertaken in the last one decade. This study examines the factors behind this decline. The objectives of the study are to evaluate agricultural price evolution and volatility, institutional changes, smallholder farmer's resource allocation and productivity as well as their efficiency in the advent of market reforms. The study focuses on smallholder coffee farms in Central Kenya province.

    Four separate but related analytical models are applied in this study. Various time series statistical methods including an ARCH (M) model are applied to analyse the price evolution and volatility for the period 1985 to 1999. Institutional changes are analysed using an exchange configuration framework, which is theoretically founded on new institutional economics. A bivariate probit selectivity model that relates household's credit and land constraints to resource allocation and farm productivity is also applied. Finally, a stochastic translog cost frontier model is applied to measure cost efficiency.

    The study shows that market reforms in Kenya, although of the priciest type, did not create sufficient conditions to arrest the decline in agricultural sector terms of trade and producer prices. The reforms are also associated with higher price volatility with attendant increases in price volatility costs to smallholder farmers. Institutional reforms lagged behind the market reforms, a situation that constrained access to agricultural services, supply of agricultural credit, private sector participation, while increasing transaction costs to agricultural producers. The study also shows that constraints in factor markets, high transaction costs and risks tempered resource allocation towards subsistence production with consequent declines in productivity and market participation. Smallholder farmers in Kenya are shown to have medium to high level of production efficiency that is comparable to efficiency levels in other developing countries. The study consequently concludes that smallholder-based development strategy is still an efficient mode of organising agricultural production. While there is still room for improving smallholder farmer levels of efficiency through better resource allocation and re-allocation, the highest source of growth is likely to come from technology development that shifts the production frontier outward.

    The conclusions points to the need for policy interventions that mainly focuses on creating institutional frameworks necessary for reducing transaction and production costs, price and institutional performance risks, increasing access to production resources, services and markets by smallholder farmers. The study also identifies and recommends specific policies to enhance private sector participation as well as the social capital of smallholder farmers. This study views these as the main challenges to be tackled in the second-generation reform programs for agricultural development, prosperity and poverty alleviation in Kenya and Sub-Saharan Africa in general.

    Multilateral trade liberalisation and developing countries: A North-South perspective on agriculture and processing sectors
    Meijl, J.C.M. van; Tongeren, F.W. van - \ 2001
    The Hague : Agricultural Economics Research Institute (LEI) - ISBN 9789052426679 - 50
    ontwikkelingslanden - internationale handel - liberalisering van de handel - voedselindustrie - landbouwindustrie - developing countries - international trade - trade liberalization - food industry - agribusiness
    Multifunctionality and agricultural trade liberalisation
    Burrell, A. - \ 2001
    Tijdschrift voor sociaalwetenschappelijk onderzoek van de landbouw 16 (2001)2. - ISSN 0921-481X - p. 77 - 95.
    agrarische handel - internationale handel - liberalisering van de handel - wereldhandelsorganisatie - landbouw - meervoudig gebruik - meervoudig landgebruik - functies met meervoudige doelstelling - landbouwbeleid - landbouw als bedrijfstak - agricultural trade - agricultural policy - international trade - trade liberalization - world trade organization - agriculture - multiple use - multiple land use - multiple objective functions - agriculture as branch of economy
    Uitleg volgt omtrent de verschillende manieren, waarop door verschillende landen in de WTO naar de multifunctionaliteit in de landbouw wordt gekeken
    Liberalisering energiemarkt : verkenning champignonteelt
    Wel, A.J. van der; Bakker, R. ; Ravensbergen, P. - \ 2000
    Den Haag : LEI - ISBN 9789052425962 - 68
    energie - paddestoelen - liberalisering van de handel - markten - kosten - prijzen - tuinbouw - nederland - energy - mushrooms - trade liberalization - markets - costs - prices - horticulture - netherlands
    Agricultural Markets Beyond Liberalization
    Tilburg, A. van; Moll, H.A.J. ; Kuyvenhoven, A. - \ 2000
    Boston : Kluwer Academic Publishers - ISBN 9780792378556 - 309
    landbouw - markten - liberalisering van de handel - vrijhandel - landbouwbeleid - landbouwproductie - wereld - afrika - marktstructuur - agriculture - markets - trade liberalization - free trade - agricultural policy - agricultural production - world - africa - market structure
    Liberalisering aardgasmarkt; Verkenning glastuinbouw
    Velden, N.J.A. van der; Verhaegh, A.P. ; Bakker, R. ; Knijff, A. van der - \ 1999
    Den Haag : LEI-DLO - ISBN 9789052425320 - 57
    aardgas - brandstoffen - markten - prijzen - liberalisering van de handel - kassen - energiebehoud - nederland - glastuinbouw - natural gas - fuels - markets - prices - trade liberalization - greenhouses - energy conservation - netherlands - greenhouse horticulture
    Multilateralism and Regionalism in the Post-Uruguay Era : What Role for the EU?
    Memedovic, O. ; Kuyvenhoven, A. ; Molle, W.T.M. - \ 1999
    Dordrecht [etc.] : Kluwer Academic Publishers - ISBN 9780792386216 - 331
    vrijhandel - liberalisering van de handel - internationale handel - handelspolitiek - handelsakkoorden - regionalisme - handelsprotectie - landen van de europese unie - ontwikkelingslanden - globalisering - protectionisme - internationale betrekkingen - free trade - trade liberalization - international trade - trade policy - trade agreements - regionalization - trade protection - european union countries - developing countries - globalization - protectionism - international relations
    CAP - reform and the EC - US GATT compromise : compatible or not?
    Veenendaal, P.J.J. - \ 1993
    Den Haag : LEI-DLO (Publikatie / Landbouw-Economisch Instituut 1.26) - ISBN 9789052422183 - 35
    overheidsbeleid - landbouwbeleid - agrarisch recht - groene revolutie - economie - europa - europese unie - gemeenschappelijke markten - liberalisering van de handel - landbouw - landen van de europese unie - government policy - agricultural policy - agricultural law - green revolution - economics - europe - european union - common markets - trade liberalization - agriculture - european union countries
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