Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Towards competence-based technical-vocational education and training in Ethiopia
    Solomon, Getachew Habtamu - \ 2016
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Martin Mulder, co-promotor(en): Renate Wesselink; Omid Noroozi. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462579002 - 161
    vocational training - competency based education - competences - training - training courses - education - technical training - ethiopia - east africa - beroepsopleiding - vaardigheidsonderwijs - bevoegdheden - opleiding - scholingscursussen - onderwijs - technische opleiding - ethiopië - oost-afrika

    In the human development effort, different countries are underscoring the role of technical-vocational education and training (TVET) in providing relevant knowledge and skills to improve productivity, increase access to employment opportunities and raise the standard of living. It is in recognition of this that, in all Ethiopian educational development endeavors, TVET has been considered to play a key role to tackle the country’s socio-economic underdevelopment through knowledgeable and skillful manpower. Since its introduction in 1941, TVET has been guided by different policies and strategies adopted by successive governments who came to power at different times. This thesis investigates how TVET has reached the current stage of its development in Ethiopia and the challenges encountered in implementing a competence-based system aimed at improving present and future TVET practices. Within this broad aim, the thesis looks into the historical pathways TVET in Ethiopia has passed through time, teachers’ involvement in policy and curriculum development and implementation, the extent to which TVET programs are competence-based (‘competentiveness’) and TVET teachers’ training and professional development. A mix of methods (quantitative and qualitative) was employed and data were collected through questionnaires, interview and documents.Four Polytechnic TVET colleges in Addis Ababa, TVET teachers, students and employed TVET graduates, teacher training teachers and students were involved.

    The research findings showed that TVET development lacked consistent and stable policy direction, greatly influenced by government ideology. Competence-based TVET was implemented under severe challenges which include lack of adequately prepared teachers and resources, frequent curricula changes, lack of employers cooperation, discontent of teachers and administrators, etc. The competence-based approach was implemented without extensive deliberations and understanding by TVET teachers in which teachers participation was minimal. Positive correlation between TVET teachers’ participation in educational reform and perception towards TVET system was observed. Thought teachers, students and graduates observed competence-based education and training (CBET) principles in the Ethiopian TVET system, competence-based TVET is not performing well with regard to the practical dimensions of CBET (mainly the “how” aspect) in accordance with the principles of competence-based education. In a positively perceived work environment, ‘competentiveness’ of a TVET programs and employed TVET graduates’ workplace performance was observed. The TVET teacher training programs lack alignment (coherence) with competence-based TVET curriculum in terms of curriculum design and practices. The delivery is predominantly teacher-centered: more lecture oriented with less opportunity for students self and group reflection; student assessment was norm-referenced, not individual competence assessment. Though teachers believe that teacher professional development (TPD) enhances their professional growth, the practices were not in line with their belief; the personal initiative of TVET teachers to undertake TPD activities was minimal; no systematic professional development plan exists in TVET colleges, more traditional approaches in which TVET teachers’ engagement in research has almost been ignored.

    Inconsistency in educational policymaking (unstable policy direction) hampered a consensus-based, national education system including TVET, structuring of TVET starting from the scratch. TVET is implemented without a strong foundation – administratively and manpower and materials/facilities (lack well-crafted implementation strategy), more a product of political than of collective decisions. From the study it appears that lacking proper alignment with employment capacity of the economy is a systemic problem of the TVET system. Enforcement of TVET strategy on TVET teachers and administrators without understanding the new competence-based education, which affected their perception. TVET teachers regarded as implementers of a decision rather than having a stake in the issue, affecting their actions and training outcome. Competence-based education and training (CBET) is practiced in TVET but the instruction and practical components lack alignment with CBET principles (no strong learning environments). Though it requires further evidence, the positive relationship between ‘competentiveness’ of a TVET program and graduates’ job performance found in this study supports the assertion that CBET bridges the gap between classroom learning and labor market reality. Because TVET teacher training programs are not aligned with TVET curriculum and teachers professional needs, it is difficult to say that TVET teachers are well prepared in terms of CBET requirement. In TVET teacher training programs, competence development focused instructional practices are not well fostered in practice. TVET teachers TPD activities are more conventional, not aligned with CBET and teachers’ needs.

    A number of recommendations are forwarded to improve the implementation of competence-based TVET which have policy implications for future development of TVET and practical interventions to be taken to improve the implementation of competence-based TVET in its different dimensions.

    Supporting Local Seed Businesses : A Training Manual for ISSD Uganda
    Mastenbroek, A. ; Chebet, A. ; Muwanika, C.T. ; Adong, C.J. ; Okot, F. ; Otim, G. ; Birungi, J. ; Kansiime, M. ; Oyee, P. ; Ninsiima, P. - \ 2015
    Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR - 273
    seed production - seed development - seed quality - rural development - farming - markets - businesses - small businesses - regional development - training courses - training - agricultural development - uganda - west africa - africa - zaadproductie - zaadontwikkeling - zaadkwaliteit - plattelandsontwikkeling - landbouw bedrijven - markten - bedrijven - kleine bedrijven - regionale ontwikkeling - scholingscursussen - opleiding - landbouwontwikkeling - uganda - west-afrika - afrika
    The training manual is developed in Uganda to train partner organisations in coaching farmer groups to become sustainable local seed businesses. It introduces the Integrated Seed Sector Development Programme in Uganda and the concept of local seed businesses (LSBs). The manual has 5 modules covering selection, monitoring and sustaining local seed businesses; technically equipping local seed businesses, professionally organising LSBs; orienting LSBs to the market and strategically linking them to service providers.
    Progress Report Open Course Programme Wageningen UR, 2012
    Hijweege, W.L. - \ 2013
    Wageningen : Centre for Development Innovation, Wageningen UR - 16
    scholingscursussen - vakbekwaamheid - vaardigheden - vaardigheidsonderwijs - internationale betrekkingen - overheidsbeleid - innovaties - samenwerking - kennisoverdracht - training courses - professional competence - skills - competency based education - international relations - government policy - innovations - cooperation - knowledge transfer
    Annually, the Wageningen UR open course programme for mid-career professionals provides some six hundred individuals with the opportunity to update their competencies and insights. The Ministry of Economic Affairs co-finances this course programme with the aim to maintain the courses’ close linkages with international policy priorities and to support course innovation and development. This report provides an overview of the outputs over 2012 in relation to the commitment number 140008726. The demand driven programme was highly successful with over seven hundred and fifty participants from 35 courses. In this report we provide an overview over the 2012 developments and implementation results. Individual course developments are indicated, giving specific attention to the new courses and the annex provides the conclusions of a study exploring new course business model with private sector partner organisations. Subsidie rapportage Regeling Praktijkleren en Groene plus. Verplichtingnummer 140008726. Rapportnummer CDI-13-008.
    KennisCoalitie Organics : nieuw samenwerkingsverband in onderwijs
    Janmaat, L. ; Wijnands, F.G. - \ 2013
    Ekoland 33 (2013)1. - ISSN 0926-9142 - p. 25 - 25.
    agrarisch onderwijs - biologische landbouw - samenwerking - scholingscursussen - agricultural education - organic farming - cooperation - training courses
    CAH Dronten, het Louis Bolk Instituut, Wageningen UR, LTO Noord en Bionext bundelen hun kennis en kunde. KennisCoalitie Organics is de naam waaronder deze brede samenwerking praktijkgerichte cursussen en trainingen voor biologische landbouw aanbiedt.
    Vanuit kennis ethische afwegingen leren maken. Cursus dierenwelzijn voor mbo-studenten en vrijwilligers Dierenbescherming
    Ruis, M.A.W. - \ 2012
    Vooruitzine : vooruitblik meerjarenafspraak 2011-2015 (2012). - p. 34 - 35.
    dierenwelzijn - agrarisch onderwijs - scholingscursussen - middelbaar beroepsonderwijs - dierenbescherming - animal welfare - agricultural education - training courses - intermediate vocational training - animal protection
    De groeiende maatschappelijke aandacht voor dierenwelzijn maakt het steeds belangrijker om hier in het groene onderwijs aandacht aan te besteden. Hoewel dierenwelzijn vaak wordt genoemd in mbo-kwalificatiedossiers, is meestal onduidelijk hoe het moet worden behandeld in de lessen en wat de criteria voor goed dierenwelzijn inhouden. Het hangt daardoor vaak van de individuele docent af of en hoe het onderwerp dierenwelzijn wordt aangeboden. Scholen hebben daarom behoefte aan een cursus Dierenwelzijn voor het mbo. Tegelijkertijd is de Dierenbescherming zich de laatste jaren steeds meer aan het richten op professionalisering en diplomering van haar (vrijwillige) medewerkers, ook op het gebied van dierenwelzijn.
    Fisheries products export training Vietnam: On Risk assessment, HACCP auditing and EU legislation & monitoring
    Schelvis, R. ; Poelman, M. - \ 2012
    IJmuiden : IMARES (Report / IMARES Wageningen UR C104/12) - 17
    visserijbeheer - kwaliteitszorg - risicoschatting - haccp - eu regelingen - monitoring - inspectie - scholingscursussen - evaluatie - vietnam - nederland - europese unie - fishery management - quality management - risk assessment - haccp - eu regulations - monitoring - inspection - training courses - evaluation - vietnam - netherlands - european union
    IMARES and RIKILT developed a training program for fisheries inspectors and private sector quality controllers in Vietnam, in close cooperation with the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation (EL&I) and the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs (buza) and the Vietnamese fish inspection NAFIQAD. The training was held in the period 20-24 August 2012 in Nha Trang, Vietnam. The topics discussed in the training were: Risk Assessment, HACCP auditing and EU legislation & monitoring. In total 31 trainees followed the training. The training was positively evaluated by the participants, and characterised as ’very good and valuable’, especially in relation to gaining more knowledge on the topic Risk Assessment. The training will on the longer term benefit to the export of safe seafood products to Europe, and enhance understanding between European and Vietnamese inspection services as well as cooperation in the case of emerging risk situations. This training was financed by the Ministry of EL&I, and was given by Joop van der Roest (RIKILT), Marnix Poelman and Rian Schelvis (IMARES).
    Het nieuwe veehouden
    Eijk, O.N.M. van; Lansbergen, L.M.T.E. - \ 2011
    Lelystad [etc.] : Wageningen UR etc.
    veehouderij - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - ondernemerschap - bijscholing - scholingscursussen - duurzame veehouderij - livestock farming - farm management - entrepreneurship - continuing training - training courses - sustainable animal husbandry
    LTO Nederland, Wageningen UR en Syntens ontwikkelen samen het leertraject "Het nieuwe veehouden". In "Het nieuwe veehouden" gaan veehouders (melkvee-, pluimvee- en varkenshouders) en hun adviseurs in kleine groepen en in relatief korte tijd op zoek naar manieren om op het eigen bedrijf in relatief korte tijd een slag te maken op duurzaamheidsgebied.
    Het nieuwe veehouden
    Eijk, O.N.M. van; Lansbergen, L.M.T.E. - \ 2011
    [Den Haag etc.] : LTO Nederland [etc.]
    veehouderij - bijscholing - scholingscursussen - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - ondernemerschap - duurzame veehouderij - livestock farming - continuing training - training courses - farm management - entrepreneurship - sustainable animal husbandry
    Brochure over het leertraject "Het nieuwe veehouden" voor ondernemers en adviseurs.
    Cursus Dierenwelzijn MBO en Dierenbescherming
    Ruis, M.A.W. - \ 2010
    dierenwelzijn - scholingscursussen - middelbaar beroepsonderwijs - dierenbescherming - animal welfare - training courses - intermediate vocational training - animal protection
    Dit project heeft tot doel het groene MBO (niveau 2 en 3) en de (vrijwillige) medewerkers van de Dierenbescherming beter te scholen op het terrein van dierenwelzijn.
    Quickscan vraag en aanbod scholing voor multifunctionele ondernemers
    Vijn, M.P. ; Leeuwen, M.A.E. van; Hendriks-Goossens, V.J.C. - \ 2009
    Lelystad : Praktijkonderzoek Plant & Omgeving, Akkerbouw, Groene Ruimte en Vollegrondsgroenten - 21
    agrarische bedrijfsvoering - ondernemerschap - professionaliteit - scholingscursussen - overzichten - multifunctionele landbouw - farm management - entrepreneurship - professionalism - training courses - reviews - multifunctional agriculture
    Het doel van het onderzoek is inzicht te verkrijgen in het aanbod en de vraag naar scholing voor de multifunctionele ondernemersnetwerken. Daarnaast is er gekeken of er mogelijkheden zijn in vormen van samenwerking tussen de aanbieders van scholing en de ondernemersnetwerken
    Bijscholing docenten gewasbescherming
    Os, G.J. van - \ 2008
    agrarisch onderwijs - onderzoek - scholingscursussen - lesmaterialen - docenten - onderzoekers - gewasbescherming - kennisoverdracht - agricultural education - research - training courses - teaching materials - teachers - research workers - plant protection - knowledge transfer
    Posterpresentatie over Praktijkonderzoek Plant & Omgeving (PPO) dat jaarlijks scholingsdagen en excursies voor docenten gewasbescherming uit het groen onderwijs (mbo en hbo) organiseert
    The organization of training courses for microscopic detection of animal proteins in feeds
    Raamsdonk, L.W.D. van; Beaten, V. ; Boix, A. ; Jorgenson, J.S. ; Holst, Chr. van - \ 2005
    Wageningen : RIKILT (Report / RIKILT 2005.009)
    microscopie - dierlijke eiwitten - scholingscursussen - microscopy - animal proteins - training courses
    ECS onderzoekt inspirerende leeromgevingen : post-initieel leren van ondernemers
    Gielen, P.M. ; Biemans, H.J.A. ; Elsen, E. van den; Schaafsma, S.C.T. ; Wesselink, R. - \ 2005
    Vakblad Groen Onderwijs 47 (2005)11. - ISSN 1568-8704 - p. 10 - 12.
    agrarisch onderwijs - onderwijsinstellingen - opleidingscentra - hogere agrarische scholen - praktijkonderwijs - vaardigheidsonderwijs - onderzoek - studenten - scholingscursussen - beroepsvaardigheden - ondernemerschap - agricultural education - educational institutions - training centres - agricultural colleges - practical education - competency based education - research - students - training courses - job skills - entrepreneurship
    Onderzoekers van de leerstoelgroep Educatie en Competentie Studies van Wageningen UR gaan aan de slag met de vraag welke leeromgevingen geschikt zijn voor studenten om ondernemersspecifieke competenties te ontwikkelen
    Strategische uitdagingen voor de glastuinbouw
    Lans, T. - \ 2002
    Vakblad Groen Onderwijs 44 (2002)1. - ISSN 1568-8704 - p. 26 - 29.
    onderwijsinstellingen - bedrijven - teelt onder bescherming - personeelsmanagement - opleiding - scholingscursussen - bijscholing - glastuinbouw - educational institutions - businesses - protected cultivation - personnel management - training - training courses - continuing training - greenhouse horticulture
    Bedrijfsopleidingen verzorgd door de aoc's, ipc's en agrarische hogescholen.
    Competentieontwikkeling in organisaties: perspectieven en praktijk
    Mulder, M. - \ 2001
    's-Gravenhage : Elsevier bedrijfsinformatie - ISBN 9789061559924 - 319
    organisaties - vaardigheidsonderwijs - personeel - opleiding - scholingscursussen - personeelsmanagement - menselijke hulpbronnen - vakbekwaamheid - ontwikkeling van leidinggevenden - selectie - bijscholing - bevoegdheden - bedrijfseconomie - organizations - competency based education - professional competence - personnel - training - training courses - personnel management - selection - human resources - management development - competences - continuing training - business management
    Cursussen voor de aardappelverwerkende industrie
    Uitslag, H. - \ 1999
    Aardappelwereld (1999)6. - ISSN 0169-653X - p. 18 - 19.
    aardappelen - zetmeelverwerkende industrie - aardappelzetmeel - productie - bedrijfsvoering - kwaliteitscontroles - productiecontroles - lerarenopleidingen - scholingscursussen - potatoes - starch industry - potato starch - production - management - quality controls - production controls - educational courses - training courses
    De druk op het personeel om binnen korte tijd belangrijke beslissingen te nemen is veelal groot. Om die reden verzorgt ATO-DLO cursussen om een beter inzicht te verkrijgen in de achterliggende oorzaak van bepaalde problemen die men tegenkomt in de praktijk
    Bos als topattractie: introductie studiedag KNBV.
    Dietvorst, A. - \ 1994
    Nederlands Bosbouwtijdschrift 66 (1994)6. - ISSN 0028-2057 - p. 201 - 202.
    bosbouw - recreatie - openluchtrecreatie - lerarenopleidingen - scholingscursussen - nederland - forestry - recreation - outdoor recreation - educational courses - training courses - netherlands
    Beschouwing over bos als topattractie
    Agrarisch cursusonderwijs: achtergronden en deelname
    Bijlmakers, L.A. ; Meijers, J.L. - \ 1989
    Wageningen (Agrarisch Onderwijskundige Reeks ) - ISBN 9789071234118 - 191
    lerarenopleidingen - scholingscursussen - agrarisch onderwijs - onderwijzen - landbouw - nederland - schoolvakken - educational courses - training courses - agricultural education - teaching - agriculture - netherlands - subjects
    Dit eindrapport van het onderzoeksproject "Agrarisch cursusonderwijs" bestaat uit 2 delen: het 1e bevat een overzicht van de organisatorische en uitvoeringsaspecten van het Nederlandse stelsel van agrarisch cursusonderwijs met suggesties voor verbeteringen, en in het 2e deel wordt het onderzoeksresultaat weergegeven naar de wijze, waarop agrariers in Gelderland aan agrarische cursussen en andere leeractiviteiten deelnemen
    Fundamentals of plant breeding
    Parlevliet, J.E. - \ 1976
    Wageningen : International Agricultural Centre - 53
    plantenveredeling - lerarenopleidingen - scholingscursussen - plant breeding - educational courses - training courses
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