Purification and characterization of a chlorite dismutase from Pseudomonas chloritidismutans
Mehboob, F. ; Wolterink, A.F.W.M. ; Vermeulen, A.J. ; Jiang, B. ; Hagedoorn, P.L. ; Stams, A.J.M. ; Kengen, S.W.M. - \ 2009
FEMS Microbiology Letters 293 (2009)1. - ISSN 0378-1097 - p. 115 - 121.
desulfovibrio-vulgaris hildenborough - (per)chlorate-reducing bacteria - strain gr-1 - reductase - catalase
The chlorite dismutase (Cld) of Pseudomonas chloritidismutans was purified from the periplasmic fraction in one step by hydroxyapatite chromatography. The enzyme has a molecular mass of 110 kDa and consists of four 31-kDa subunits. Enzyme catalysis followed Michaelis-Menten kinetics, with Vmax and K(m) values of 443 U mg(-1) and 84 microM, respectively. A pyridine-NaOH-dithionite-reduced Cld revealed a Soret peak at 418 nm, indicative for protoheme IX. The spectral data indicate the presence of 1.5 mol protoheme IX mol(-1) tetrameric enzyme while metal analysis revealed 2.2 mol iron mol(-1) tetrameric enzyme. High concentrations of chlorite resulted in the disappearance of the Soret peak, which coincided with loss in activity. Electron paramagnetic resonance analyses showed an axial high-spin ferric iron signal. Cld was inhibited by cyanide, azide, but not by hydroxylamine or 3-amino-1,2,3-triazole. Remarkably, the activity was drastically enhanced by kosmotropic salts, and chaotropic salts decreased the activity, in accordance with the Hofmeister series. Chlorite conversion in the presence of 18O-labeled water did not result in the formation of oxygen with a mass of 34 (16O-18O) or a mass of 36 ((18)O-(18)O), indicating that water is not a substrate in the reaction and that both oxygen atoms originate from chlorite