Workshop phenotyping, genotyping, breeding, reproduction techniques and evaluating alternative crop species for adaptation to climate change - State-of-art and opportunities for further cooperation, 27-28 October 2016, Wageningen : Final report
Boekhorst, D. te - \ 2016
FACCE-JPI - 15 p.
agriculture - food security - climate change - FACCE JPI - Adaptation to climate change - breeding techniques - FACCE-JPI - Bioeconomy - phenotyping - Genotyping - breeding - Climate change adaptation
The workshop highlighted opportunities, gaps, needs and priorities for novel breeding techniques like phenotyping for resilience under climate change. Starting with four key presentations, the scene was set from the perspectives of policy, end-users and science, accompanied by an overview of phenotyping initiatives. In five presentations several other initiatives were introduced, after which dedicated discussion sessions identified priorities in opportunies, needs and gaps. This resulted in the following ten priorities:
Phenotyping needs multi- and transdisciplinary research, but fundamental research with regard to gene-environment-management interactions is also essential;
High quality open data speeds up research, but policy also needs to deal with the associated risks and legal issues (big data questions);
Regulation of funding needs to be adapted: linkages are needed between (more structural) project funding and infrastructure funding;
Phenotyping needs long-term research;
More focus is needed on breeding for climate change: widening up genetic traits;
More focus is needed on breeding for climate change: crops - also ‘multi-valorization’ and perennial crops;
Climate change research and phenotyping research needs te be connected; this also includes phenotyping research on different management systems;
Phenotyping for whole value chain approach, including aspects related to quality, is needed;
Public-private cooperation could strengthen research and accelerate impact;
Management of expectations and views of the public at large.
Coping with the wicked problem of climate adaptation across scales : The Five R Governance Capabilities
Termeer, C.J.A.M. ; Dewulf, A. ; Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S.I. ; Vink, M. ; Vliet, M. van - \ 2016
Landscape and Urban Planning 154 (2016). - ISSN 0169-2046 - p. 11 - 19.
Adaptation to climate change - Enabling institutions - Governance capabilities - Governance strategies - Social-ecological systems - Wicked problems
Adapting social-ecological systems to the projected effects of climate change is not only a complex technical matter but above all a demanding governance issue. As climate change has all the characteristics of a wicked problem, conventional strategies of governance do not seem to work. However, most conventional governance institutions are poorly equipped to enable, or at least tolerate, innovative strategies. This paper analyses the various strategies used to cope with the wicked problem of climate adaptation across scales, and the institutional conditions that enable or constrain such strategies. For this, it relies on a theoretical framework consisting of five governance capabilities that are considered crucial for coping with wicked problems: reflexivity, resilience, responsiveness, revitalization and rescaling. This framework is used to analyse the governance of adaptation to climate change at three different levels: the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its activities to assist adaptation; the European Union and its climate adaptation strategy; and the Netherlands and its Delta Program. The results show that conventional governance strategies are rather absent and that mixtures of reflexive, resilient, responsive, revitalizing and rescaling strategies were visible at all levels, although not equally well developed and important. In contrast to the literature, we found many examples of enabling institutional conditions. The constraining conditions, which were also present, tend to lead more to postponement than to obstruction of decision-making processes.
Prepared for climate change? A method for the ex-ante assessment of formal responsibilities for climate adaptation in specific sectors
Runhaar, H.A.C. ; Uittenbroek, C.J. ; Rijswick, H.F.M.W. van; Mees, H.L.P. ; Driessen, P.P.J. ; Gilissen, H.K. - \ 2016
Regional Environmental Change (2016). - ISSN 1436-3798 - p. 1389 - 1400.
Adaptation to climate change - Assessment method - Critical infrastructures - Governance - Internet - Responsibilities
Climate change-related risks encompass an intensification of extreme weather events, such as fluvial and pluvial flooding, droughts, storms, and heat stress. A transparent and comprehensive division of responsibilities is a necessary—but not the only—precondition for being prepared for climate change. In this paper, we present, and preliminarily test, a method for the ex-ante assessment of the division of public and private responsibilities for climate adaptation in terms of comprehensiveness, transparency, legitimacy, and effectiveness. This method proofs particularly suited for the assessment of adaptation responsibilities in combination with a sectoral approach. It helps identifying a number of shortcomings in divisions of responsibilities for climate adaptation. We conclude that this method is useful as a diagnostic tool for identifying the expected climate change preparedness level, and recommend to combine this with ex-post analyses of real-life cases of extreme events in order to assess the actual preparedness for climate change. Besides the scientific purpose of providing a generally applicable assessment method, with this method, we also intend to assist policy-makers in developing and implementing adaptation plans at various levels.
The role of leadership in regional climate change adaptation : A comparison of adaptation practices initiated by governmental and non-governmental actors
Meijerink, Sander ; Stiller, Sabina ; Keskitalo, E.C.H. ; Scholten, Peter ; Smits, Robert ; Lamoen, Frank van - \ 2015
Journal of Water and Climate Change 6 (2015)1. - ISSN 2040-2244 - p. 25 - 37.
Adaptation to climate change - Complexity theory - Leadership - Multi-level governance - Water governance - climate adaptation - governance - regional planning - international comparisons - water management - provinces - municipalities - netherlands - germany - uk - klimaatadaptatie - leiderschap - governance - regionale planning - internationale vergelijkingen - waterbeheer - provincies - gemeenten - nederland - duitsland - verenigd koninkrijk
This paper aims to better understand the role of leadership in regional climate change adaptation. We first present a framework, which distinguishes five functions of leadership within inter-organizational networks: the connective, enabling, adaptive, political–administrative and dissemination functions. Next, we compare the role of leadership in two examples of regional adaptation practices which were initiated by governmental actors with two examples which were initiated by non-governmental actors. The case studies are located in the Netherlands, Germany and the UK. Our research question is twofold: to what extent can the five functions of leadership be identified in practices of climate change adaptation, and are there differences in the patterns of leadership between adaptation practices which are initiated by governmental and by non-governmental actors? The study shows that although all leadership functions were fulfilled in all four cases, patterns of leadership were different and the fulfilment of leadership functions posed different challenges to non-governmental actors and governmental actors.