Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Constructing a multinationals' inclusive sourcing indicator for impacting farmer business models : Application in cocoa cases
Sjauw-Koen-Fa, August R. ; Omta, S.W.F. ; Blok, Vincent - \ 2018
International Journal on Food System Dynamics 9 (2018)3. - ISSN 1869-6945 - p. 207 - 225.
Certification - Cocoa - CSR - Food multinationals - Smallholders - Supply chain management - Sustainable sourcing

Cocoa multinationals have committed themselves to source and use close to 100 percent sustainable certified cocoa beans, aiming to improve farmers' livelihoods. As their current sourcing strategy is aimed mainly at environmental sustainability, they need a different one. This study seeks to amend this by providing an inclusive sourcing indicator, representing the integral costs of certified cocoa beans, to leverage values to impact farmers business model in high value-adding supply chains. Because this indicator is explorative indicator the applicability has been explored in four cases in Ghana and the Ivory Coast from the literature. This study's findings call for a review of conventional sourcing models and certification schemes to anticipate the mainstreaming of sustainable sourcing and the improvement of farmers' livelihoods.

Responsible Research and Innovation in industry-challenges, insights and perspectives
Martinuzzi, André ; Blok, Vincent ; Brem, Alexander ; Stahl, Bernd ; Schönherr, Norma - \ 2018
Sustainability 10 (2018)3. - ISSN 2071-1050
Business ethics - Corporate social responsibility - CSR - Industry - R and D management - Responsible innovation - Responsible research and innovation - RRI - Social innovation - Sustainable innovation
The responsibility of industry towards society and the environment is a much discussed topic, both in academia and in business. Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) has recently emerged as a new concept with the potential to advance this discourse in light of two major challenges industry is facing today. The first relates to the accelerating race to innovate in order to stay competitive in a rapidly changing world. The second concerns the need to maintain public trust in industry through innovations that generate social value in addition to economic returns. This Special Issue provides empirical and conceptual contributions that explore corporate motivations to adopt RRI, the state of implementation of concrete RRI practices, the role of stakeholders in responsible innovation processes, as well as drivers and barriers to the further diffusion of RRI in industry. Overall, these contributions highlight the relevance of RRI for firms of different sizes and sectors. They also provide insights and suggestions for managers, policymakers and researchers wishing to engage with responsibility in innovation. This editorial summarizes the most pertinent conclusions across the individual articles published in this Special Issue and concludes by outlining some fruitful avenues for future research in this space.
Responsibility versus profit : The motives of food firms for healthy product innovation
Garst, Jilde ; Blok, Vincent ; Jansen, Léon ; Omta, Onno S.W.F. - \ 2017
Sustainability 9 (2017)12. - ISSN 2071-1050
Corporate social responsibility - CSR - Food industry - Instrumental motives - Moral motives - Motives - Product innovation - Public health - Responsible research and innovation - RRI
Background: In responsible research and innovation (RRI), innovation is seen as a way in which humankind finds solutions for societal issues. However, studies on commercial innovation show that firms respond in a different manner and at a different speed to the same societal issue. This study investigates what role organizational motives play in the product innovation processes of firms when aiming for socially responsible outcomes. Methods: This multiple-case study investigates the motives of food firms for healthier product innovation by interviewing firms about the organizational motives behind product reformulation and innovation. Results: This study highlights the importance of having both instrumental and moral motives in the innovation process when aiming for socially responsible outcomes, and how both these motives interact and contribute to responsible innovation in industry. Furthermore, the study results question the nature of relational motives as a separate category from the other two categories of motives, as suggested by corporate social responsibility (CSR) scholars. Conclusions: If commercial innovation needs to contribute to solutions for societal issues, the importance of moral motives has to be stressed without annihilating the instrumental objectives of firms. Both motives contribute to the success factors of responsible product innovation in industry.
Exploring the applicability of a sustainable smallholder sourcing model in the black soybean case in Java
Sjauw-Koen-Fa, August R. ; Blok, Vincent ; Omta, Onno - \ 2017
International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 20 (2017)5. - ISSN 1096-7508 - p. 709 - 728.
Agribusiness - CSR - Smallholder inclusion - Sustainable sourcing - Value chain

Food and agribusiness multinational enterprises are redesigning their sourcing strategies to tap into the underused food production potential of small-scale farms in a way that improve farmers' livelihood. The problem is that current widely applied sourcing models do not include improvement of livelihood of the producers/farmers. The present article explores the applicability of a sustainable smallholder sourcing model with a list of critical success factors, in which business objectives and corporate social responsibility perspectives are combined. To this end, the black soybean supply chain in Java/Indonesia is studied. It was found that the black soybean case can be conceptualized by the sourcing model. Most of the critical success factors were present, but also some differences were identified. The differences enable to fine-tune some critical success factors. The sustainable sourcing model can help in (re-)designing sourcing strategies to secure sustainable and more equitable supply from small-scale farmers from a business perspective.

Critical success factors for smallholder inclusion in high value-adding supply chains by food & agribusiness multinational enterprises
Sjauw-Koen-Fa, August R. ; Blok, Vincent ; Omta, S.W.F. - \ 2016
International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 19 (2016)1. - ISSN 1096-7508 - p. 83 - 112.
Agribusiness - CSR - Partnership - Smallholder inclusion - Supplier development - Sustainable sourcing - Upgrading
Food and Agribusiness Multinational Enterprises (F&A MNEs) increasingly wish to source from smallholders to secure and stabilize the supply of agricultural commodities in high value-adding supply chains, while contributing positively to smallholder livelihood. In the literature we found that many F&A MNEs have been involved in supporting smallholder farming systems in developing countries for a long time. However, these projects have principally been driven by Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) strategies. Moreover, despite many pilots to include smallholders in high value-adding supply chains, scaling or scaling up successful pilots has so far proven elusive. The aim of the present article is to identify the critical success factors (CSFs) that can help F&A MNEs to design and implement sourcing strategies for sustainable smallholder supply from a business perspective, and to scale up successful pilot projects from a business perspective.
Consumer-Related Food Waste : Role of Food Marketing and Retailers and Potential for Action
Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica ; Hooge, Ilona de; Normann, Anne - \ 2016
Journal of International Food and Agribusiness Marketing 28 (2016)3. - ISSN 0897-4438 - p. 271 - 285.
Consumer - CSR - food waste - retail - sustainability

Food waste has received increasing attention in recent years. As part of their corporate social responsibility strategies, food supply chain actors have started to act towards avoiding and reducing food waste. Based on a literature review, an expert interview study, and example cases, we discuss food marketing and the role and responsibility of retail. Food marketing and retailing contribute to consumer-related food waste via decisions on date labeling, packaging sizes and design elements, and pricing strategies encouraging overpurchase, as well as communication shifting consumer priorities to the disadvantage of food waste avoidance. Potential actions to tackle food waste relate to improved packaging and information, altering pricing strategies, and cooperation with other actors across the supply chain. Three cases highlight the extent to which moral and strategic motives are interlinked and that there are opportunities for competitive advantage through corporate social responsibility and a business case for sustainability in the area of food waste.

Transformation of the dairy industry toward sustainability : The case of the organic dairy industries in the Netherlands and Thailand
Thongplew, Natapol ; Koppen, C.S.A. van; Spaargaren, Gert - \ 2016
Environmental Development (2016). - ISSN 2211-4645 - p. 6 - 20.
CSR - Dairy industry - Organic dairy product - Thailand - The Netherlands

After decades of promoting organic agriculture, organic dairy production and consumption have been widely embraced by industrialized countries and have recently emerged in newly industrialized countries, although they take different shapes in different countries. In this article, the development of organic dairy production and consumption in the Netherlands and Thailand are compared. We describe the different development pathways of the organic dairy sectors in these countries, highlighting the role of corporate social responsibility (CSR) strategies of companies and the influence of economic, policy, and societal networks. It is shown that the Dutch societal network has been particularly influential in advancing organic dairy development, but such a network is almost absent in Thailand. In addition, the breakthrough of organic dairy products in the Netherlands resulted from the collaboration of economic, governmental, and societal actors, whereas such collaboration is not yet well developed in Thailand. The key factors for further development of the organic dairy industry are the expansion of CSR strategies of dairy processors on the one hand, and the linkage between CSR strategies, civil society initiatives, and governmental supports on the other hand.

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