- Elisabet Dueholm Rasch (2)
- Lummina G. Horlings (1)
- Davide Geneletti (1)
- Robert Jan Geerts (2)
- Michiel Kohne (1)
- Michiel Köhne (1)
- Martina Lierop van (1)
- Paolo Picchi (1)
- Diogo Soares da Silva (1)
- Sven Stremke (1)
- Ecosystem Services (1)
- Energy Policy (1)
- Energy Research & Social Science (1)
- Philosophy & Technology (1)
- Relations (1)
The role of local energy initiatives in co-producing sustainable places
Soares da Silva, Diogo ; Horlings, Lummina G. - \ 2019
Sustainability Science (2019). - ISSN 1862-4065 - 15 p.
Citizen initiatives - Co-production - Energy transition - Governance - Local energy initiatives - Sustainable place shaping
During the first two decades of the twenty-first century, the introduction of policies that promote renewable energy in Western European countries facilitated a shift towards the production of cleaner energy and its decentralisation. Subsidies, incentive schemes, and declining installation costs—combined with rapid technology advances—made the investment in small-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) panels and wind turbines more attractive for individuals and small businesses. Simultaneously, we observe the emergence of citizen initiatives which aim to provide public services across various sectors, including renewable energy generation and distribution. These initiatives, started by citizens, often involve the participation of local residents and prioritise social and environmental goals. In some areas, governments and engaged citizens work together to achieve common goals through citizen–government co-production. In this article, we address the question: how can the co-production of government(s) and citizens, through local energy initiatives, contribute to the shaping of more sustainable places? Using the PlaCI model—a conceptual model of citizen initiatives and their role in shaping sustainable places—we conduct an analysis of WindpowerNijmegen, a citizen-led renewable energy cooperative in the Netherlands. We assess who the relevant stakeholders are, what are the enabling conditions for fruitful collaboration, which new arrangements are established, and how they contribute to shaping more sustainable places. The results indicate that local energy initiatives are place based, conditioned by the characteristics of the physical space needed for the production of renewable energy, specific institutional arrangements, place-based assets and people’s capacities characteristic for the place, and past collaboration.
Advancing the relationship between renewable energy and ecosystem services for landscape planning and design : A literature review
Picchi, Paolo ; Lierop, Martina van; Geneletti, Davide ; Stremke, Sven - \ 2019
Ecosystem Services 35 (2019). - ISSN 2212-0416 - p. 241 - 259.
Ecosystem services - Energy transition - Landscape infrastructure - Landscape planning and design - Renewable energy - Renewable energy technologies
The transition to a low carbon future is starting to affect landscapes around the world. In order for this landscape transformation to be sustainable, renewable energy technologies should not cause critical trade-offs between the provision of energy and that of other ecosystem services such as food production. This literature review advances the body of knowledge on sustainable energy transition with special focus on ecosystem services-based approaches and methods. Two key issues emerge from this review: only one sixth of the published applications on the relation between renewable energy and landscape make use of the ecosystem service framework. Secondly, the applications that do address ecosystem services for landscape planning and design lack efficient methods and spatial reference systems that accommodate both cultural and regulating ecosystem services. Future research efforts should be directed to further advancing the spatial reference systems, the use of participatory mapping and landscape visualizations tools for cultural ecosystem services and the elaboration of landscape design principles.
Beyond scarcity perspectives on energy transition
Geerts, Robert Jan - \ 2018
Relations 6 (2018)1. - ISSN 2283-3196 - p. 49 - 68.
Abundance - Energy debates - Energy discourse - Energy ethics - Energy transition - Good life - Prosperity - Quality of life - Scarcity - Simplicity
Two dominant lines of reasoning in the philosophical debate on energy transition can be described as boundless consumerism (we should find ways to keep growing) and eco-frugality (we should reduce our impact as much as possible). This paper problematizes both approaches via their implicit understanding of the good life, and proposes a third alternative: qualitative abundance. Society is not interested in any sustainable energy system, but in one that caters to our needs and enables us to flourish as human beings. Because the dominant lines in the current debate share a concern for scarcity, they fail to raise the question of a "good" energy system, and therefore the possibility of a positive energy ethics. Qualitative abundance initiates discourse around prosperity (with boundless consumerism) and simplicity (with ecofrugality), thus expanding and enriching debates on energy transition.
Towards a Qualitative Assessment of Energy Practices : Illich and Borgmann on Energy in Society
Geerts, Robert Jan - \ 2017
Philosophy & Technology 30 (2017)4. - ISSN 2210-5433 - p. 521 - 540.
Borgmann - Energy practice - Energy transition - Illich - Sustainability
Energy consumption is central to both a number of pressing environmental issues and to people’s attempts to improve their well-being. Although typically understood as essential for people to thrive, this paper sketches a theoretical foundation for the possibility that the form and amount of energy consumption in modern society may inhibit rather than enable human flourishing. It achieves this goal by connecting and critically assessing the writings of Ivan Illich and Albert Borgmann, which offer a number of concepts that enable a qualitative discussion on energy practices. For different reasons, both authors are highly critical of the societal tendency to command ever-increasing amounts of energy. Illich focuses on negative effects of high energy consumption at the societal level, whereas in my particular re-reading of Borgmann, one finds reasons why high energy consumption fails to realize intended positive effects. It is argued that therefore, energy transition should involve a re-appreciation of the function of energy consumption: to support, rather than to be central to life.
Practices and imaginations of energy justice in transition. A case study of the Noordoostpolder, the Netherlands
Rasch, Elisabet Dueholm ; Kohne, Michiel - \ 2017
Energy Policy 107 (2017). - ISSN 0301-4215 - p. 607 - 614.
Energy justice - Energy transition - Environmental justice - Ethnography - Renewable energy - Shale gas
Renewable energy technologies are often idealized as environmentally innocent alternatives to fossil fuels. Fossil fuel extraction is often considered as 'unjust' and renewable energy as the 'just' alternative. At the same time renewable energy projects, such as wind parks, are often resisted because of the uneven impacts of its infrastructure. This paper analyses such ambiguous meanings of energy justice (social justice issues related to energy) along the lines of its three tenets: distributional, procedural and recognition justice, aiming to understand how energy justice is constructed from below. It does so on the basis of a case study in the Noordoostpolder (the Netherlands) where plans for extracting shale gas went together with both large-scale and small-scale renewable energy practices. The paper analyses how energy justice is 'made' by how people resist shale gas and engage in 'renewable energy practices' and as such produce new imaginations and normativities of energy justice. Such an ethnographic approach helps to understand energy justice as a process of co-construction of activists, policy makers and scholars and as such responds to recent calls for a human-centred approach to the study of energy transitions. The paper is based on two and a half years of ethnographic fieldwork in the Noordoostpolder.
Hydraulic fracturing, energy transition and political engagement in the Netherlands : The energetics of citizenship
Rasch, Elisabet Dueholm ; Köhne, Michiel - \ 2016
Energy Research & Social Science 13 (2016). - ISSN 2214-6296 - p. 106 - 115.
Citizenship - Energy transition - Hydraulic fracturing - Resistance
This paper analyses how citizens (re)define their relation to the state in the contestation of hydraulic fracturing in the Noordoostpolder (the Netherlands) in the context of energy transition. It approaches citizenship as the negotiations between governments and citizens about in-and exclusion in decision-making processes and argues that these are also produced at the site of energy transition. It focuses on how residents of the Noordoostpolder construct their citizenship, resisting the advent of fracking in their environment while at the same time negotiating their own inclusion in decision-making processes. Our ethnographic material encompasses almost a year of these negotiations starting shortly after the announcement of the Noordoostpolder as a site for exploratory drilling, when people feel highly disempowered and excluded. We closely follow a process of gradual empowerment in the face of energy transition as inhabitants start to produce their own knowledge base and coalesce into unusual partnerships to negotiate their inclusion. Our main argument is that negotiations about hydraulic fracturing in relation to energy transition goes beyond energy issues. It is also -if not mostly -about who gets to decide on energy and land use.