Solidarity economy as a counterpoint to classical economics : Possibilities of changes
Teixeira Coriolano, Luzianeide Menezes ; Tavares, Jean Max ; Ateljevic, Irena - \ 2016
Tourismos 11 (2016)2. - ISSN 1790-8418 - p. 1 - 21.
Human development - solidarity economy - Tourism - Transmodernsociety
In the current context of social arrhythmia promoted by the culture of excess, consumerism and individualism the purpose of this article is to discuss the need to promote changes in tourism and society towards a more human development, based on the pillars of the solidarity economy. The article extends discussions on the solidarity economy into the context of classical economics, with new offers and demands that are focused not on capital accumulation only, but on the rights and development of human beings. To achieve this goal, we analyse four key foundations of the solidarity economy - solidarity, social equality, cooperation and sharing. The original contribution of the paper is to present cutting-edge ideas that show a counterpoint to capitalism and consumerism; one that is excluded from global tourism's contradictory path by a form of production that values social relations, and quality of life in community experiences and community tourism.
Climate change and indicators of probable shifts in the consumption portfolios of dryland farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa : Implications for policy
Amjath-Babu, T.S. ; Krupnik, Timothy J. ; Aravindakshan, Sreejith ; Arshad, Muhammad ; Kaechele, Harald - \ 2016
Ecological Indicators 67 (2016). - ISSN 1470-160X - p. 830 - 838.
Climate change - Consumption - Human development - Secondary impacts - Uncertainty
Several studies estimate the immediate impact of climate change on agricultural societies in terms of changes in crop yields or farm income, though few studies concentrate on the immediate secondary consequences of climate change. This synthetic analysis uses a set of indicators to assess the repercussions of predicted income reductions resulting from climate change on food consumption, nutrition, health expenditure, education, and recreation in Zimbabwe, Cameroon, South Africa and Ethiopia. We also assess the potential decline in human development potential among smallholder dryland farmers in these sub-Saharan African countries. In contrast to previous efforts, the current study directly integrates the uncertainties in estimations of income changes and secondary consequences through a weighting scheme. The results reveal moderate to high levels of secondary impacts which could lead to increased vulnerability to diseases, susceptibility to nutritional disorders, deprivation of educational opportunities, and ultimately to a reduction in human and societal development potential among the considered nations. The article concludes by proposing a portfolio of policy options for ameliorating the secondary impacts of climate change in these sub-Saharan African countries.