Limitations at the limit? Diminishing of genetic effects in norway spruce provenance trials
Klisz, Marcin ; Buras, Allan ; Sass-Klaassen, Ute ; Puchałka, Radosław ; Koprowski, Marcin ; Ukalska, Joanna - \ 2019
Frontiers in Plant Science 10 (2019). - ISSN 1664-462X
Drought - G × E - Phenotypic plasticity - Picea abies - Radial growth
Provenance trials are used to study the effects of tree origin on climate-growth relationships. Thereby, they potentially identify provenances which appear more resilient to anticipated climate change. However, when studying between provenance variability in growth behavior it becomes important to address potential effects related to site marginality in the context of provenance trials. In our study we focus on provenance-specific climate sensitivity manifested under marginal growth conditions. We hypothesized that the provenance effects are masked if trials are located at marginal environmental conditions of the natural species distribution. Under this framework, we investigate 10 Norway spruce provenances growing at two contrasting locations, i.e., a relatively drought-prone site in western Poland (at the climatic margin of Norway spruce’s natural distribution) and a mild and moist site in north-eastern Poland (within its natural range). Combining principal component analysis with climate-growth relationships, we found distinguishable growth patterns and climate correlations among provenances. That is, at the mild and moist north-eastern site, we observed provenance-specific growth patterns and thus a varying drought susceptibility. In contrast, at the dryer western site, provenance-specific growth patterns were less pronounced and all provenances expressed a common and strong sensitivity to drought. Our results indicate that the genetic specificity of growth reactions diminishes toward the distributional margins of a given species. We conclude that the climate conditions at the margins of a species’ distribution are constraining tree growth independently of tree origin. Because of this, the marginality of a site has to be considered when evaluating climate sensitivity of provenances within trials. As a consequence, the yet different responses of provenances to adverse growing conditions may synchronize under more extreme conditions in course of the anticipated climate change.
FEM growth and yield data monocultures - Norway spruce (revised version)
Jansen, J.J. ; Oosterbaan, A. ; Goudzwaard, L. ; Oldenburger, J.F. ; Boosten, M. ; Mohren, G.M.J. ; Ouden, J. den - \ 2018
Wageningen University & Research
growth and yield - even-aged monoculture forest - tree diameter - tree height - crown class - coordinates stem positions - age - top height - dominant height - monitoring - Norway spruce - Picea abies - dominant diameter
In this revised edition, 28 test plots were added from the former Stichting Industriehout. This database is part of the FEM growth and yield database, a collection of growth and yield data from even-aged monocultures.
FEM growth and yield data monocultures - Norway spruce
Jansen, J.J. ; Oosterbaan, A. ; Goudzwaard, L. ; Oldenburger, J.F. ; Mohren, G.M.J. ; Ouden, J. den - \ 2016
growth and yield - even-aged monoculture forest - tree diameter - tree height - crown class - coordinates stem positions - age - top height - dominant height - dominant diameter - monitoring - Norway spruce - Picea abies
|Verslag van de bijeenkomst van de Sektion Waldernaehrung im Deutschen Verband Forstlicher Forschungsanstalten te Freiburg i. Br. (Baden - Wuerttemberg) 2 t/m 4 oktober 1990 : "Salzduengung oder Kalkung in geschaedigten Waldoekosystemen?"
Burg, J. van den - \ 1990
Wageningen : De Dorschkamp (Rapport / De Dorschkamp Instituut voor Bosbouw en Groenbeheer nr. 628) - 70
bosbouw - bomen - bosschade - bodemeigenschappen - achteruitgang, bossen - levensvatbaarheid - aluminium - atmosfeer - luchtverontreiniging - chemicaliën - calcium - Duitsland - Picea abies - bosopstanden - bemesting - forestry - trees - forest damage - soil properties - forest decline - viability - atmosphere - air pollution - chemicals - Germany - forest stands - fertilizer application