Social engagement and the elderly in rural Indonesia
Utomo, Ariane ; Mcdonald, Peter ; Utomo, Iwu ; Cahyadi, Nur ; Sparrow, Robert - \ 2019
Social Science and Medicine 229 (2019). - ISSN 0277-9536 - p. 22 - 31.
Ageing - Demography - Indonesia - Rural - Social engagement
Rural areas in Indonesia are older relative to urban areas. This paper questions how levels of social engagement vary across among the elderly in rural Indonesia. A sample of 2750 respondents aged 60 and over was drawn from 10 purposely-selected relatively “old” villages. Our three measures of social engagement are: participation in income-generating activities, in communal activities, and in care work. While there are notable village-level differences in patterns of social engagement, the majority of our respondents are actively engaged in productive activities in their old age until they can no longer be so. A negative educational gradient in the likelihood of work participation suggests that needs for income security is a driver of the elderly's work participation. The notion of promoting active ageing, as typically understood in the Western and/or urban contexts, is of secondary importance to health care provision and managing old-age disability in these ageing rural communities.
Transportation where people leave: An introduction
Franklin, Rachel S. ; Leeuwen, Eveline S. van; Paez, Antonio - \ 2018
In: Advances in Transport Policy and Planning / Franklin, Rachel S., Van Leeuwen, Eveline S., Paez, Antonio, Elsevier B.V. (Advances in Transport Policy and Planning ) - ISBN 9780128154540 - p. 1 - 14.
Cities - Demographic aging - Exurbia - Population loss - Rural - Suburbia - Transportation
Transportation means access: to jobs, information, communities, and services. When depopulation occurs a number of questions arise around the central query: what was and will be the role of transportation? This volume engages with several aspects of the depopulation-transportation topic and at multiple geographic scales—from the national and regional to the city- and neighborhood-level. In this chapter, we provide an overview of the challenges associated with population loss and how various aspects of transportation research intersect with these issues. We then summarize the chapters included in this volume, showing how they connect to larger emerging research themes, as well as to each other.