Effects of Digital Learning Materials on nursing students’ mathematics learning, self-efficacy, and task value in vocational education
Zwart, Diana P. ; Noroozi, Omid ; Luit, Johannes E.H. Van; Goei, Sui Lin ; Nieuwenhuis, Arjen - \ 2020
Nurse Education in Practice 44 (2020). - ISSN 1471-5953
Digital learning materials (DLMs) - Nursing mathematics - Self-efficacy - Task value
The use of digital environments in nursing education offers new opportunities for nursing students' medical mathematics learning. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Digital Learning Materials (DLMs) on nursing students' mathematics learning, self-efficacy, and task value. A pre-test/post-test control group design was used. Students were assigned to the DLMs group (experimental condition) or the face-to-face group (control condition). Students in both conditions completed the same assignments and discussed these with their peers and the (online) teacher via the discussion board or in the classroom setting. The results showed that the mathematics learning of students undergoing DLMs training and of those undergoing face-to-face training improved from the pretest to the post-test, but no significant differences were found between the two conditions. A significant interaction effect between condition and self-efficacy was reported, producing a large reduction in the self-efficacy of students in the DLMs condition and a small reduction in the self-efficacy of students in the face-to-face condition. No significant differences were found for students' task value. The study offers new insights for the future design of mathematics training with DLMs, focusing on students’ appreciation of DLMs features, considering students with low and high learning abilities separately.
Promoting parenting strategies to improve tooth brushing in children: Design of a non-randomised cluster-controlled trial
Jong-Lenters, Maddelon De; Hoir, Monique L'; Polak, Erica ; Duijster, Denise - \ 2019
BMC Oral Health 19 (2019)1. - ISSN 1472-6831
Dental caries - Intervention - Parenting - Prevention - Self-efficacy - Tooth brushing
Background: Tooth brushing with fluoride toothpaste is a key recommendation in evidence-based guidelines for caries prevention. Parents generally have sufficient knowledge to practice tooth brushing for their child, yet many experience barriers to actually implement the behaviour. Common barriers are associated with difficult child behaviour, stress, poor family organisation and management of routines. These underlying determinants of tooth brushing behaviour should be addressed in caries-preventive interventions. The 'Uitblinkers' intervention is a semi-structured interview method developed for oral healthcare professionals (OHPs), with the aim to improve the practice of twice daily tooth brushing in children. The interview method focusses on 1) identifying parents' barriers to tooth brushing, and 2) promoting parenting strategies (related to tooth brushing) to tackle the identified barriers. The intervention applies principles from learning theory, including stimulus control, operant conditioning and authoritative parenting. This paper describes a study protocol to evaluate the effect of the intervention. Methods: This non-randomised cluster-controlled trial will be conducted in 40 general dental practices in The Netherlands. Intervention practices will implement the intervention in addition to care as usual, while control practices will only provide care as usual. From each dental practice, a random sample of 3 to 4-year-old children will be recruited. The intervention consists of three sessions between an OHP and parent, in which parenting strategies for identified barriers are discussed. The primary study outcome is children's dental caries experience after 24 months. Secondary outcomes include parents' self-efficacy in brushing their children's teeth, tooth brushing frequency in children and children's dental plaque scores. Differences in outcomes between the intervention and control group will be assessed using logistic and negative binomial regression. The feasibility of the intervention will be assessed through process evaluation. Discussion: Findings of this study will ascertain whether promoting parenting strategies is a successful method to improve tooth brushing in children and to prevent childhood dental caries in a clinical dental setting. Trial registration: This trial is registered with the Netherlands National Trial Register (registration date: 7 September 2018; trial registration number: NTR7469).
Drivers of vegetable consumption in urban Nigeria : Food choice motives, knowledge, and self-efficacy
Raaijmakers, Ireen ; Snoek, Harriette ; Maziya-Dixon, Busie ; Achterbosch, Thom - \ 2018
Sustainability 10 (2018)12. - ISSN 2071-1050
Food choice motives - Food environment - Knowledge - Nigeria - Self-efficacy - Socio-economic classes - Vegetable consumption
Objective: This study aimed to provide insights into vegetable consumption behavior of urban Nigerian consumers across different Socio-Economic Classes (SEC), their main food choice motives, and the associations of these motives and other drivers with vegetable consumption. Methods: An online survey was conducted in which 1220 women from Lagos (N = 808) and Ibadan (N = 412) metropolis from different SEC participated. Results: On average, respondents reported to consume 2.6 portions of vegetables per day. Most vegetables were bought at open and traditional markets, were bought fresh rather than processed, and were consumed cooked. Respondents from the second richest and upper middle SEC consumed most vegetables () and higher SEC consumed a larger variety of vegetables compared to those from lower classes. Respondents who reported to have a higher knowledge of vegetable consumption, had a higher belief in one's own ability to prepare vegetables (self-efficacy), and those that valued the food motive Mood and Health more, reported a higher vegetable intake. Conclusions: Vegetable consumption in the studied cities in Nigeria was below recommendations. Increasing knowledge and self-efficacy might be a way to increase consumption, especially in combination with interventions in the food environment and product design focused on the motives Health and Mood, and considering the importance of differences between SEC.
The effects of practicing registration of organ donation preference on self-efficacy and registration intention : An enactive mastery experience
Reubsaet, Astrid ; Brug, Johannes ; Vet, Emely De; Borne, Bart Van Den - \ 2003
Psychology and Health 18 (2003)5. - ISSN 0887-0446 - p. 585 - 594.
Adolescents - Intention - Organ donation - Registration - Self-efficacy
To evaluate an intervention to increase self-efficacy intentions to register organ donation preference, a Randomized Controlled Trial was conducted among 242 Dutch high-school students aged 15 to 18 years. On the basis of Social Cognitive Theory, practicing with a standard registration form (according to the Dutch system) was expected to increase the intention to register an organ donation preference through increasing self-efficacy. The participants in the experimental group practiced how to complete a registration form while the control group did not receive an intervention. Students in both groups completed a self-administered questionnaire before and after the intervention took place. The results showed that self-efficacy and intentions to register organ donation preferences at post-test were significantly higher in the intervention group.