- Luca Bertolini (1)
- Hendriek Boshuizen (1)
- Kim Carlotta Schönfeld von (1)
- Gerrie Cor Herber (1)
- Wim Douven (1)
- John Grin (1)
- Ellen H.M. Moors (1)
- Gerardo Halsema van (1)
- Jan Hassink (1)
- Vanja Karadzic (1)
- Marc Koopmanschap (1)
- Fons Lucht Van Der (1)
- Johan Polder (1)
- Karin Proper (1)
- Annemarie Ruijsbroek (1)
- Chris Seijger (1)
- Vo Thi Minh Hoang (1)
- Ellen Uiters (1)
- Andrew Wyatt (1)
Single transitions and persistence of unemployment are associated with poor health outcomes
Herber, Gerrie Cor ; Ruijsbroek, Annemarie ; Koopmanschap, Marc ; Proper, Karin ; Lucht, Fons Van Der; Boshuizen, Hendriek ; Polder, Johan ; Uiters, Ellen - \ 2019
BMC Public Health 19 (2019)1. - ISSN 1471-2458
Economic recession - Health - Health related behavior - Longitudinal study - Transitions - Unemployment
Background: Although job loss has been associated with decline in health, the effect of long term unemployment is less clear and under-researched. Furthermore, the impact of an economic recession on this relationship is unclear. We investigated the associations of single transitions and persistence of unemployment with health. We subsequently examined whether these associations are affected by the latest recession, which began in 2008. Methods: In total, 57,911 participants from the Dutch Health Interview Survey who belonged to the labour force between 2004 and 2014 were included. Based on longitudinal tax registration data, single employment transitions between time point 1 (t1) and time point 2 (t2) and persistent unemployment (i.e. number of years individuals were unemployed) between t1 and time point 5 (t5) were defined. General and mental health, smoking and obesity were assessed at respectively time point 3 (t3) and time point 6 (t6). Logistic regression models were performed and interactions with recession indicators (year, annual gross domestic product estimates and regional unemployment rates) were tested. Results: Compared with individuals who stayed employed at t1 and t2, the likelihood of poor mental health at the subsequent year was significantly higher in those who became unemployed at t2. Persistent unemployment was associated with poor mental health, especially for those who were persistently unemployed for 5 years. Similar patterns, although less pronounced for smoking, were found for general health and obesity. Indicators of the economic recession did not modify these associations. Conclusions: Single transitions into unemployment and persistent unemployment are associated with poor mental and general health, obesity, and to a lesser extend smoking. Our study suggests that re-employment might be an important strategy to improve health of unemployed individuals. The relatively extensive Dutch social security system may explain that the economic recession did not modify these associations.
Do strategic delta plans get implemented? The case of the Mekong Delta Plan
Seijger, Chris ; Hoang, Vo Thi Minh ; Halsema, Gerardo van; Douven, Wim ; Wyatt, Andrew - \ 2019
Regional Environmental Change 19 (2019)4. - ISSN 1436-3798 - p. 1131 - 1145.
Governance - Mekong Delta - Social learning - Soft implementation - Strategic planning - Transitions
A strategic delta plan can alter the course of delta management. Implementation of such a plan essentially involves a change of minds about delta management priorities and strategies for sustainable livelihoods. Such a change of minds, or “soft implementation”, must come before material, or “hard”, implementation can take off. To explore the influence of strategic delta plans in bringing about a change of minds among the actors involved, we examined four features of soft implementation: prospects for change, new mental models, consent and decision-making. We then applied these features to analyse implementation of the Mekong Delta Plan (MDP). The MDP envisions agro-industrialisation in the Mekong Delta, with dynamic land use, high-value commodities and enhanced interprovincial collaboration. We found that 3 years after its completion, the MDP has indeed been influential in introducing new ways of thinking about both delta problems and transformative strategies for agribusiness development. Minds have changed at all levels of the planning system, though change at the local level remains most limited. Implementation is fragile, however, as a small though influential group actively promotes and subscribes to the MDP’s precepts. The plan has influenced national policies, provincial project proposals and donor loans. We found the four features to provide a valuable entry point for assessing the influence and effectiveness of the strategic delta plan. They might prove useful to planners, investors and researchers too in designing and evaluating strategic planning processes for more sustainable land and water resources management.
Transformative leadership and contextual change
Grin, John ; Hassink, Jan ; Karadzic, Vanja ; Moors, Ellen H.M. - \ 2018
Sustainability 10 (2018)7. - ISSN 2071-1050
Innovation systems - Leadership - Relational leadership - Transformative leadership - Transitions - Value co-creation
Transitions to deal with the grand challenges of contemporary societies require novel kinds of leadership, which can both stimulate novel organizational practices and changes in practices and structures in the organization's context. This article seeks to understand how (changes in) the external structural context may influence organizational-internal transformative leadership and vice versa, and what kind of work is implied in leadership to transform current business models. It uses notions from literature on relational leadership and transformative leadership as sensitizing concepts. It then explores the leadership work in two case studies, on fishing in Portugal and care farming in the Netherlands. We find a dialectic interplay of the interactions between leaders and others on the one hand, and contextual changes on the other. Using a system-building perspective from innovation system literature, that interaction is driven by the quest to establish legitimacy and market formation and acceptance, knowledge and other resources for innovations.
Urban streets : Epitomes of planning challenges and opportunities at the interface of public space and mobility
Schönfeld, Kim Carlotta von; Bertolini, Luca - \ 2017
Cities 68 (2017). - ISSN 0264-2751 - p. 48 - 55.
Mobility - Public space - Transitions - Urban planning - Urban streets
Today's urban streets are usually planned for purposes of mobility: pedestrians, as well as a variety of vehicles such as cars, trucks, and sometimes bicycles, are usually factored into an urban street plan. However, urban streets are also increasingly recognized as public spaces, accommodating street vending, food trucks, markets, artistic interventions, political expressions, comfortable benches, green spaces. Although these are mostly not new activities to appear on streets, they are now given particular attention in public discourses, urban planning, media and academia, as public space in cities has become a more contested resource among different uses and ownership-constellations. Growing and diversifying urban populations are generating a particular strain on urban streets worldwide. In short, urban streets epitomize the challenges and opportunities that accompany the negotiations of space and uses attributed to mobility and public space in cities. They necessarily unite stationary and mobile functions – though this is not usually given room for in planning. Moreover, these functions are rarely studied from more than one perspective at once, which limits the analytical and creative thinking that inspiration is drawn from. In order to address these limitations, in this article we rely on insights from three theoretical fields - namely planning regulation, transitions and governance - and illustrations from concrete examples, to explore what urban planning might have to focus on to address the tensions in linking stationary and mobile functions in urban streets.