- Cheryl H. Porter (1)
- Sander J.C. Janssen (1)
- Paul Kirshen (1)
- Nora Kooijmans (1)
- John M. Antle (1)
- Ioannis N. Athanasiadis (1)
- Femke Stoverinck (1)
- James W. Jones (1)
- Mark Zandvoort (1)
Designing with pathways : A spatial design approach for adaptive and sustainable landscapes
Zandvoort, Mark ; Kooijmans, Nora ; Kirshen, Paul ; Brink, Adri van den - \ 2019
Sustainability 11 (2019)3. - ISSN 2071-1050
Adaptiveness - Climate adaptation - Decision pathways - Flood risk management - Landscape architecture - Spatial design - Uncertainty - Visualization
Despite rising attention to pathways thinking in multiple domains such as climate adaptation, energy supply planning, and flood risk management, their spatial translation is so far understudied. We set out to study how spatial design based on pathways thinking can help develop more adaptive and sustainable landscapes. Using landscape analysis, field research, and research-through-designing in a case study on climate resilience in Boston (USA), we argue for better understanding of the spatial and design consequences of pathways in general. Our results indicate that pathways can be spatially translated, demanding landscape-informed choices when sequencing different policy actions. We found that spatial designing makes the landscape consequences of pathways transparent and enables policy-makers to replace the input of policy actions with spatial interventions, select pathways according to different underlying design strategies, use the mapped pathways to initiate an iterative research-through-designing process to test and inform different designs, and spatially visualize the pathways and possible sequences of actions. We conclude that policy-makers should be cognizant about the spatial implications of pathways and offer directions to enrich applications of pathways thinking for achieving adaptive and sustainable landscapes.
Communicating Climate Information : Traveling Through the Decision-Making Process
Dubois, Ghislain ; Stoverinck, Femke ; Amelung, Bas - \ 2018
In: Communicating Climate Change Information for Decision-Making / Serrao-Neumann, Silvia, Coudrain, Anne, Coulter, Liese, Springer (Springer Climate ) - ISBN 9783319746685 - p. 119 - 137.
Climate change - Climate services - Communication - Uncertainty - Visualization
Climate change forces society to adapt. Adaptation strategies are preferably based on the best available climate information. Climate projections, however, often inform adaptation strategies after being interpreted once or several times. This process affects the original message put forward by climate scientists when presenting the basic climate projections, in particular regarding uncertainties. The nature of this effect and its implications for decision-making are as yet poorly understood. This chapter explores the nature and consequences of (a) the communication tools used by scientists and experts and (b) changes in the communicated information as it travels through the decision-making process. It does so by analyzing observatories; the interpretative steps taken in a sample of 25 documents, pertaining to the field of public policies for climate change impact assessment and adaptation strategies. Five phases in the provisioning of climate information are distinguished: pre-existing knowledge (i.e., climate models and data), climate change projection, impact assessment, adaptation strategy, and adaptation plan. Between the phases, climate information is summarized and synthesized in order to be passed on. The results show that in the sample, information on uncertainty is underrepresented: e.g., studies focus on only one scenario and/or disregard probability distributions. In addition, visualization tools are often used ineffectively, leading to confusion and unintended interpretations. Several recommendations are presented. While climatologists need better training in communication issues, decision-makers also need training in climatology to adopt more cautious and robust adaptation strategies that account for the uncertainty inherent in climate projections.
Towards a new generation of agricultural system data, models and knowledge products : Information and communication technology
Janssen, Sander J.C. ; Porter, Cheryl H. ; Moore, Andrew D. ; Athanasiadis, Ioannis N. ; Foster, Ian ; Jones, James W. ; Antle, John M. - \ 2017
Agricultural Systems 155 (2017). - ISSN 0308-521X - p. 200 - 212.
Agricultural models - Big data - ICT - Linked data - Open science - Sensing - Visualization
Agricultural modeling has long suffered from fragmentation in model implementation. Many models are developed, there is much redundancy, models are often poorly coupled, model component re-use is rare, and it is frequently difficult to apply models to generate real solutions for the agricultural sector. To improve this situation, we argue that an open, self-sustained, and committed community is required to co-develop agricultural models and associated data and tools as a common resource. Such a community can benefit from recent developments in information and communications technology (ICT). We examine how such developments can be leveraged to design and implement the next generation of data, models, and decision support tools for agricultural production systems. Our objective is to assess relevant technologies for their maturity, expected development, and potential to benefit the agricultural modeling community. The technologies considered encompass methods for collaborative development and for involving stakeholders and users in development in a transdisciplinary manner.Our qualitative evaluation suggests that as an overall research challenge, the interoperability of data sources, modular granular open models, reference data sets for applications and specific user requirements analysis methodologies need to be addressed to allow agricultural modeling to enter in the big data era. This will enable much higher analytical capacities and the integrated use of new data sources + . Overall agricultural systems modeling needs to rapidly adopt and absorb state-of-the-art data and ICT technologies with a focus on the needs of beneficiaries and on facilitating those who develop applications of their models. This adoption requires the widespread uptake of a set of best practices as standard operating procedures.