Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Understanding entrepreneurship at the base of the pyramid in developing countries : insights from small-scale vegetable farmers in Benin
    Yessoufou, Ahoudou Waliou - \ 2017
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): S.W.F. Omta, co-promotor(en): V. Blok. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463438216 - 196
    entrepreneurship - farmers - vegetables - small businesses - farm management - management science - benin - west africa - ondernemerschap - boeren - groenten - kleine bedrijven - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - bedrijfswetenschap - benin - west-afrika

    Local small-scale entrepreneurship has recently become an important field of study and a tool for policymakers. However, there are some practical and theoretical issues regarding the promotion of local entrepreneurship. First, the dynamics of entrepreneurship are considered to be universal, whereas the Base of the Pyramid (BoP) context from Developing and Emerging (D&E) countries is different in terms of resource availability and institutional environment supporting production and transaction activities. Next, the prevailing conceptualization focuses on an individualistic and goal-oriented process which is determined by competencies related to alertness, recognition, and resource mobilization for the exploitation of opportunities, followed by business growth, whereas a multi-layered conceptualisation which transcends individual agent and structural-level analyses of entrepreneurship is required. This thesis brought the model of the entrepreneurial action of small businesses to light and revealed that three subprocesses are driving the development of entrepreneurship in BoP. It inductively examined the behavioural patterns of agropreneurs. The thesis also provided new insights to the entrepreneurial orientation (EO) of small firms operating within the BoP, by showing that three traditional dimensions – innovativeness, proactiveness, and risk taking - are necessary but not sufficient to capture the manifestation of EO. Two new context-specific dimensions - resource-acquisition capability and collaborative orientation - emerged as part of the entrepreneurial orientation strategy. The thesis developped clear measurement of the EO, and a proper measurement model of the construct. Finally, the thesis demonstrated an inverted U-shaped relationship between EO and business performance. The findings suggested that increasing levels of EO appear beneficial up to a point, after which positive returns cease, and business performance begins to decline. Furthermore, increasing EO in tandem with networking promotes the success of BoP entrepreneurial process. These results have important theroretical and practical implications for the growth of small businesses in Benin and other developing countries with similar contextual characteristics.

    Foreign investment, organizational innovation and transformation in food supply chains : evidence from the Ethiopian barley sector
    Tefera, Delelegne Abera - \ 2017
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): S.W.F. Omta, co-promotor(en): W.J.J. Bijman; M.A. Slingerland. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463437165 - 217
    foreign investment - organizations - innovations - management science - food supply - supply chain management - farmers - barley - economic sectors - ethiopia - east africa - buitenlandse investering - organisaties - innovaties - bedrijfswetenschap - voedselvoorziening - ketenmanagement - boeren - gerst - economische sectoren - ethiopië - oost-afrika

    Driven by rapid urbanization, economic growth, and changes in consumption patterns, food chains in emerging and developing economies are experiencing a fundamental transformation process. This transformation is usually characterized by increased vertical coordination, growth of modern distribution channels (e.g. supermarkets), consolidation of retail markets, and an increase in export orientation. The rapid growth in demand of modern food with higher quality and safety attracts multinational enterprises to invest in agriculture and food processing in emerging economies. The appearance of multinationals in the food systems of developing countries has been claimed to have a positive impact on economic development and reduction of poverty. The multinationals have adopted modern supply chain management practices for securing a large volume and consistent supply of high quality products. They introduce new technologies that boost productivity and post-harvest management for product upgrading.

    While so far most research on the modernization of food systems has focused on export chains, there is growing interest in the transformation of domestic and staple food chains. Upgrading domestic food chains is needed for a more efficient supply to fast growing urban markets and to sustain access to affordable food for the rapidly growing urban consumers in sub-Saharan Africa. As domestic food value chains are more inclusive than high-value export chains, upgrading these food chains can contribute more to poverty reduction and food security. However, much remains to be understood about the process of modernization in domestic food chains and its implications for rural development. The overarching aim of this dissertation was to deepen our understanding on how organizational innovations facilitate modernization of domestic food chains using case studies from the Ethiopian barley sector. In particular, the thesis examines the effectiveness and impacts of foreign direct investments (FDI), contract farming arrangements (CFAs), producer organizations (POs), and partnerships on the upgrading of malt barley value chains and welfare of local suppliers. To address this objective, we use a combination of qualitative and quantitative research approaches. Data were analyzed using parametric and non-parametric econometric models.

    The findings from the empirical chapters show that: First, our analysis reveals that the appearance of foreign companies in the malt barley chain has brought important changes in the structure and economics of the barley value chain, resulting in the development of a modern chain next to the conventional chain. It is also shown that participation in modern supply chains is determined by a range of factors that include farmer and farm characteristics. Second, the results show that participation in modern supply chains has a positive and significant impact on commercialization, intensification, quality improvement and farm gate prices, ultimately resulting in increased farmer income and spillovers towards productivity of other food crops. Third, we found that POs perform diverse economic functions to enhance rural development , but tighter coordination in food value chains demands alignment of chain activities among actors which leads to changes in the strategies and functions of POs. Fourth, we showed that POs have a positive impact on farm productivity and smallholder income. However, this positive impact of POs come at the expense of inclusiveness, i.e. POs are less inclusive. Thus, there is a tension between business performance and inclusiveness of POs. Moreover, the results show that the motivation to participate in a PO is determined by demographic and economic factors. Lastly, we found that the determinants of quality improvement at farm level are socioeconomic, technological and institutional factors. Specifically, the identified factors are farmers’ level of education, age (as a proxy for farming experience), entrepreneurial attitude, PO membership, CFA participation, and type of improved seed varieties. The thesis concludes that enhancing the modernization of food value chains involving smallholders requires organizational innovation that facilitate coordination and collaborative activities among chain actors.

    Competence modelling for export performance improvement in Ethiopia
    Birru, W.T. - \ 2016
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Martin Mulder, co-promotor(en): Piety Runhaar; Thomas Lans. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789462578999 - 146
    competency based education - professional competence - organizations - international organizations - international trade - management science - management skills - ethiopia - east africa - vaardigheidsonderwijs - vakbekwaamheid - organisaties - internationale organisaties - internationale handel - bedrijfswetenschap - managementvaardigheden - ethiopië - oost-afrika

    Export is increasingly seen as an important route for entrepreneurial firms to realize their growth potential. Consequently, a better understanding of the determinant factors for export performance of the firm is of great importance for firms’ success and expansion in the export markets. In this context, international business competence (IBC) is an essential intangible strategic resource that engenders export performance of the firm. This thesis studies the relationships between international business competence and export performance in a developing country context. The thesis shows that IBC comprises a number of specific competence domains; hence, in order to strengthen the said competitive advantages and achieve enhanced export performance, firms need to have suitable IBCs to the context in which they are operating. Furthermore, the thesis shows that IBCs influence each other’s effects, and organizational learning orientation strengthens the effects of the various IBCs. The thesis generally argues that firms need to develop the required competencies in their context to increase export performance, but if this would be exclusively based on the direct relationships between the competencies and export performance, results may be suboptimal. Thus, they need to maintain the optimal balance between their competencies on the one hand, and establish and maintain higher levels of organizational learning orientations on the other hand. The thesis implies that studies that ignore the interaction between different competencies and which do not include contextual factors in the examination provide an incomplete and simplistic picture of the relationship between international business competencies and export performance.

    National Agrologistics Program : report 3: Strategy
    Ravensbergen, P. ; Langelaan, H.C. - \ 2015
    Wageningen UR - Food & Biobased Research - 82
    logistics - agroindustrial sector - supply chain management - management science - performance - guidelines - mexico - logistiek - agro-industriële sector - ketenmanagement - bedrijfswetenschap - prestatieniveau - richtlijnen (guidelines) - mexico
    Programa Nacional de Agrologística : informe 3: Estrategia
    Ravensbergen, P. ; Langelaan, H.C. - \ 2015
    Wageningen UR - Food & Biobased Research - 64
    logistics - agroindustrial sector - supply chain management - management science - performance - guidelines - mexico - logistiek - agro-industriële sector - ketenmanagement - bedrijfswetenschap - prestatieniveau - richtlijnen (guidelines) - mexico
    Evolutionary Governance Theory: An Introduction
    Assche, K. van; Beunen, R. ; Duineveld, M. - \ 2014
    Heidelberg New York Dordrecht London : Springer (SpringerBriefs in economics ) - ISBN 9783319009834 - 95
    politieke economie - economisch beleid - economie - bedrijfswetenschap - bestuurskunde - openbare financiën - political economy - economic policy - economics - management science - public administration - public finance
    This short books offers the reader a remarkable new perspective on the way markets, laws and societies evolve together. It can be of use to anyone interested in development, market and public sector reform, public administration, politics & law. Based on a wide variety of case studies on three continents and a variety of conceptual sources, the authors develop a theory that clarifies the nature and functioning of dependencies that mark governance evolutions. This in turn delineates in an entirely new manner the spaces open for policy experiment. As such, it offers a new mapping of the middle ground between libertarianism and social engineering. Theoretically, the approach draws on a wide array of sources: institutional & development economics, systems theories, post-structuralism, actor- network theories, planning theory and legal studies.
    Emergent Results of Artificial Economics
    Osinga, S.A. ; Hofstede, G.J. ; Verwaart, T. - \ 2011
    Heidelberg : Springer Verlag (Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems 652) - ISBN 9783642211072
    economie - bedrijfswetenschap - speltheorie - wiskunde - computertechnieken - sociale wetenschappen - economics - management science - game theory - mathematics - computer techniques - social sciences
    The Future of EU Agricultural Markets by AGMEMOD
    Chantreuil, F. ; Hanrahan, K. ; Leeuwen, M.G.A. van - \ 2011
    Dordrecht : Springer - ISBN 9789400722903 - 143
    economie - bedrijfswetenschap - software-ontwikkeling - operating systems - agrarische economie - economics - management science - software engineering - operating systems - agricultural economics
    New Insights into the Theory of Giffen Goods
    Heijman, W.J.M. ; Mouche, P.H.M. van - \ 2011
    Berlin : Springer (Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems 655) - ISBN 9783642217760 - 171
    economie - bedrijfswetenschap - optimalisatie - micro-economie - economische theorie - economics - management science - optimization - microeconomics - economic theory
    One might expect that after their identification in the 19th century, all aspects of Giffen goods would have been studied by now. This appears not to be the case. This book contains the latest insights into the theory of Giffen goods. In the past, surprisingly few goods could be categorized as "Giffen." This may be because of a lack of understanding of the character of these goods. Therefore, the theories explained in this book may also produce a solid basis for further empirical research in the field. Experts throughout the world have contributed to this book, which predominantly pursues a mathematically rigorous approach. It may be used by researchers in the field of fundamental economics and in graduate-level courses in advanced microeconomics.
    The Disoriented State; Shifts in Governmentality, Territoriality and Governance
    Arts, B.J.M. ; Lagendijk, A. ; Houtum, H. van - \ 2009
    The Netherlands : Springer (Environment & Policy 49) - ISBN 9781402094798 - 256
    economisch beleid - milieubeheer - geografie - sociaal beleid - bedrijfswetenschap - sociale wetenschappen - politicologie - economic policy - environmental management - geography - social policy - management science - social sciences - political science
    Onderwijsvisitatierapport Bedrijfswetenschappen: Faculteit Bedrijf, Bestuur en Technologie, medeauteur QANU (Quality Assurance Netherlands Universities)
    Edelman Bos, J.B.M. ; Dopper, J.G. ; Omta, S.W.F. ; Sluis, H. ; Vandenberghe, R. ; Zwaan, A. - \ 2007
    Utrecht : Quality Assurance Netherlands Universities (QANU) - 79
    onderwijs - onderwijsbeleid - hoger onderwijs - managementonderwijs - bedrijfswetenschap - leerplan - universiteiten - kwaliteitscontroles - lerarenopleidingen - evaluatie - prestatieniveau - monitoring - nederland - education - educational policy - higher education - management education - management science - curriculum - universities - quality controls - educational courses - evaluation - performance - monitoring - netherlands
    Dit rapport is onderdeel van de kwaliteitsbeoordeling van universitaire bachelor- en master-opleidingen in Nederland. Het doel van het rapport is om een betrouwbaar beeld te geven van de resultaten van de voor beoordeling voorgelegde opleidingen, alsmede een terugkoppeling te geven naar de interne kwaliteitszorg van de betrokken organisaties en als basis te dienen voor de accreditatie van de betrokken opleidingen door de Nederlands-Vlaamse Accreditatie Organisatie (NVAO).
    Stakeholderanalyse "Oogsten in Ketens"
    Coppens, L.W.C.A. ; Pegge, S.M. ; Boer, E.P.J. - \ 2006
    Wageningen : Agrotechnology & Food Sciences Group (Rapport / Agrotechnology & Food Sciences Group 752) - ISBN 9789085851349 - 14
    kennis - informatieverspreiding - analyse - belangengroepen - projecten - bedrijfswetenschap - vragenlijsten - kennismanagement - knowledge - diffusion of information - analysis - interest groups - projects - management science - questionnaires - knowledge management
    Uitgegaan wordt voor "Oogsten in Ketens" dat er in co-innovatieprojecten van AKK kennis is ontwikkeld en ervaring is opgedaan. Doel is dan ook deze kennis en ervaring te verzamelen, deze expliciet en algemeen toepasbaar te maken, waardoor deze overdraagbaar wordt naar een bepaalde doelgroep. AFSG heeft een methode voor kenniscirculatie ontwikkeld, genaamd "Wageningen Experience Box" (WEB).
    International agri-food chains and networks. Management and Organization
    Bijman, J. ; Omta, S.W.F. ; Trienekens, J.H. ; Wijnands, J.H.M. ; Wubben, E.F.M. - \ 2006
    Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789076998954 - 407
    bedrijfsvoering - voedselvoorziening - markten - voedselproductie - voedselveiligheid - voedselkwaliteit - voedselproducten - landbouwproducten - bedrijfswetenschap - wereld - ketenmanagement - agro-industriële ketens - management - food supply - markets - food production - food safety - food quality - food products - agricultural products - management science - world - supply chain management - agro-industrial chains
    This book brings together a rich collection of papers on management and organization in agri-food chains and networks. Producers, processors, traders and retailers of agricultural and food products operate in an economic and institutional environment that is increasingly dominated by global developments. Therefore, organizing efficient and effective supply chains as well as managing collaboration among participating firms requires an international perspective. This book presents theoretical and practical insights from many different parts of the world. Topics covered include classical supply chain management issues like logistics, information exchange (e.g. tracking and tracing), quality control, safety assurance, and chain performance. Other timely issues covered are joint innovation, and shared responsibility for sustainability in agri-food supply chains. Special attention is given to issues of governance and organization of chains and networks, for example, by focusing on the role of producer organizations in their effort to combine horizontal and vertical collaboration in the international supply chain. This book is relevant for both academics and managers interested in the latest advances in research on management and organization of international agri-food chains and networks.
    Improving research management: institutionalization of management informations systems in national agricultural research organisations in Sub Saharan Africa
    Webber, H. - \ 2006
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Adrie Beulens; Gert Jan Hofstede; D. Horton. - [S.l. ] : S.n. - ISBN 9789085043898
    bedrijfswetenschap - landbouwkundig onderzoek - onderzoeksinstituten - kennis - zuidelijk afrika - informatiesystemen - bedrijfsinformatiesystemen - kennismanagement - management science - agricultural research - research institutes - information systems - knowledge - southern africa - management information systems - knowledge management
    Agricultural research management in the public sector in Sub Saharan Africa suffers from a lack of relevant, timely and accurate information on which to base decision-making. Developments in Management information systems over the past several years have been dramatic and can offer research managers in developing countries a great deal of help in the orderly capture, processing and presentation of information for decision-making. This thesis describes case study research on institutionalization of a MIS in National Agricultural Research Organizations in Sub Saharan Africa. Full MIS institutionalization is defined as the continuous and integrated use of MIS by NAROs' staff for data collection, and data processing into information and decision-making in NAROs' research management processes.The MIS software package INFORM (Information for Agricultural Research Management) was designed and developed by ISNAR (The International Service for National Agricultural Research) in the early 1990s in collaboration with developing countries' NAROs and implemented in several countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

    The institutionalization of the latest version INFORM-R and INFORM- Light in the annual research management cycle of priority setting, planning, budgeting, monitoring, evaluation and reporting of Sub Saharan African NAROs was found to be inadequate. Issues such as data collection and use, adequacy of the MIS software packages, leadership, information management capacity, organizational structure etc. were initially considered as problem factors. The goal of the study is to get insight into factors affecting positively and negatively institutionalization and the continuous and integrated use and maintenance of the MISin NAROs in Sub Saharan Africa. The objectives are fourfold: to evaluate the extent of institutionalization, to identify factors that promoted (critical success factors) and frustrated (critical failure factors) institutionalization,to evaluate the contribution of MIS to agricultural research management, and to recommend a method of working for institutionalizing MIS.

    Based on the goal and objectives, we attempted to answer three questions: (1) to what extent is MIS institutionalized in Sub Saharan African NAROs? (2) What key factors promoted (critical success factors) and frustrated (critical failure factors) institutionalization of the MIS in Sub Saharan African NAROs? (3) How does institutionalization of MIS improve research management and performance of Sub Saharan African NAROs? Based on our literature review, a causal model for MIS institutionalization was developed and used to design a questionnaire and face-to-face interviews in four countries (NAROs) in Sub Saharan Africa: CSIR Ghana, DRD Tanzania, NARO Uganda and ZARI Zambia. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected from managers and researchers in these NAROs. The quantitative data were analysed by statistical means, frequency, correlation and regression in SPSS, and the qualitative data were analysed using (a self designed) MIS institutionalization database.

    Regarding the question on critical factors of success and failure, we conclude that leadership involvement is the most important critical success factor that strongly and significantly correlates with institutionalization of MIS in Sub Saharan African NAROs. This implies that the more NAROs' leaders (especially the Director General, Permanent Secretary or Minister of Agriculture) get involved in the institutionalization of MIS, the greater the chance of success. Other critical factors such as adoption, adaptation, government support, ICT Infrastructure, organizational structure and culture, and transparency in information sharing also contribute to the success of institutionalization. The major critical failure factors that frustrate institutionalization are lack of funds, user resistance to change and lack of MIS policy/strategy guidelines. Based on these results an impact model for institutionalization has been designed.

    Considering the results of the question on how MIS improved research management, we conclude that MIS enables NAROs to organize their data and generate information for timely decision-making on their annual research management cycle. Annual reports generated from MIS improve NAROs internal performance, in terms of NAROs being able to show accountability, relevance and sense of continuity to their stakeholders and beneficiaries. Website publications generated from MIS improve NAROs external performance, in terms of NAROs being able to show their achievements to the world. With respect to the results of the question on the extents of institutionalization, we conclude that MIS is still not fully institutionalized in Sub Saharan African NAROs. Zambia and Uganda NAROs scored high while Tanzania and Ghana NAROs scored low. We therefore strongly recommend that the Zambian and Ugandan NAROs can serve as benchmarks of good practices to other NAROs in Sub Saharan Africa wishing to introduce MIS in their organizations.

    Based on these conclusions, we recommend that the Director General, or Permanent Secretary or Minister of Agriculture (depending on the organization structure of a NARO) be the continuous champion of MIS in order to ensure full and continuous institutionalization of MIS in Sub Saharan African NAROs.

    The champion should: include MIS in their organizational vision and support MIS policy and strategy development in NARO, allocate special funds for MIS institutionalization, support and spearhead efforts to acquire funds from partners, donors, governments, or clients, participate in the stages of introduction, adoption, implementation, adaptation and institutionalization of MIS and encourage teamwork, support and finance the procurement of ICT infrastructure (especially Local Area Network) and connectivity of NARO headquarters with remote research stations, support MIS training (especially training of institute/station managers and program leaders, reward MIS coordinators and practitioners by promotion or higher degree training, ensure clear link between NAROs and ministries of agriculture and finance so as to enable funds to reach NAROs in a timely fashion.

    Finally, the above-mentioned recommendations for a MIS champion and other useful recommendations for research managers at stations/institutes, governments (ministries of agriculture and finance), donors, MIS coordinators, and researchers, were used to design a flow chart model for planning and managing MIS projects in NAROs.
    Advanced Planning in Fresh Food Industries. Integrating Shelf Life into Production Planning
    Lütke Entrup, M. - \ 2005
    Technical University of Berlin. Promotor(en): Paul van Beek; H.O. Günther. - Berlijn : Springer Verlag - ISBN 9783790815924 - 240
    economie - bedrijfswetenschap - operationeel onderzoek - bedrijfsinformatiesystemen - logistiek - economics - management science - operations research - management information systems - logistics
    Production planning in fresh food industries is a challenging task. Although modern Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS) systems could provide significant support, APS implementation numbers in these industries remain low. Therefore, based on an in-depth analysis of three sample fresh food industries (dairy, fresh and processed meat), the author evaluates what APS systems should offer in order to effectively support production planning and how the leading systems currently handle the most distinguishing characteristic of fresh food industries, the short product shelf life. Starting from the identified weaknesses, customized software solutions for each of the sample industries are proposed that allow to optimize the production of fresh foods with respect to shelf life. The book thereby offers valuable insights not only to researchers but also to software providers of APS systems and professionals from fresh food industries
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