Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Market structure, price rigidity, and performance in the Indonesian food and beverages industry
    Setiawan, M. - \ 2012
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Alfons Oude Lansink, co-promotor(en): Grigorios Emvalomatis. - [S.l.] : s.n. - ISBN 9789461733979 - 137
    voedselproductie - voedselindustrie - voedingsmiddelen - dranken - drankenindustrie - economische ontwikkeling - marktstructuur - voedselprijzen - indonesië - ontwikkelingslanden - zuidoost-azië - food production - food industry - foods - beverages - beverage industry - economic development - market structure - food prices - indonesia - developing countries - south east asia

    Keywords: industrial concentration, price rigidity, technical efficiency, price-cost margin, Structure-Conduct-Performance (SCP), new empirical industrial organization (NEIO), Indonesian food and beverages industry, Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), system of equations

    The Indonesian food and beverages industry contributes significantly to the Indonesian GDP and is an important provider of employment. However, this industry is characterized by high industrial concentration which may affect pricing and performance. The objective of this thesis is to examine market structure, price rigidity, and performance as well as their relationship in the Indonesian food and beverages industry. To investigate the relationship between market structure, price rigidity, and performance, this research uses two main frameworks: Structure-Conduct-Performance (SCP) and new empirical industrial organization (NEIO).

    This thesis uses firm-level (establishment) data of 59 subsectors of the food and beverages industry sourced from the manufacturing survey of the Bureau of Central Statistics (BPS) over the period 1995-2006. Econometric methods and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) are used to address the overall objective.

    Empirical results show that industrial concentration converges to the same value across subsectors in the long run. Seven years after the introduction of the competition law in 1999, industrial concentration and price-cost margin are still high. Industrial concentration has a positive effect on the price-cost margin. Besides stopping the upward trend of the price-cost margin, the introduction of the 1999 competition law reduced the effect of industrial concentration on the price-cost margin. The results also suggest that there is only a one-way relationship between industrial concentration and technical efficiency with industrial concentration affecting technical efficiency negatively. Furthermore, this thesis finds evidence that high industrial concentration increases price flexibility with the speed of price adjustment being higher when costs go up than down in the concentrated subsectors. Finally, the results show that there is a simultaneous relationship between industrial concentration, price rigidity, technical efficiency, and price-cost margin. A bi-directional relationship between industrial concentration and price-cost margin was found.

    Product innovation in the Dutch food and beverage industry : a study on the impact of the innovation process, strategy and network on the product's short- and long-term market performance
    Enzing, C. - \ 2009
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Onno Omta; F.H.A. Janszen. - [S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789085855491 - 166
    voedselindustrie - drankenindustrie - voedselproducten - innovaties - marketing - prestatieniveau - nederland - food industry - beverage industry - food products - innovations - marketing - performance - netherlands
    Bijproducten biobrandstoffen
    Bondt, N. ; Meeusen-van Onna, M.J.G. - \ 2008
    Den Haag : LEI (Rapport / LEI : Domein 3, Natuurlijke hulpbronnen en milieu ) - ISBN 9789086152032 - 43
    residuen - industrieel afval - afval - organisch afval - bijproducten - agrarische afvalstoffen - agro-industriële bijproducten - brandstoffen - vetten - technologie - plantaardige vetten - voedselindustrie - drankenindustrie - nederland - economische haalbaarheid - economische evaluatie - rentabiliteit - biobrandstoffen - bioethanol - biobased economy - residues - industrial wastes - wastes - organic wastes - byproducts - agricultural wastes - agroindustrial byproducts - fuels - fats - technology - plant fats - food industry - beverage industry - netherlands - economic viability - economic evaluation - profitability - biofuels - bioethanol - biobased economy
    Dit rapport beschrijft de markt van reststromen uit de Nederlandse voedings- en genotmiddelenindustrie, en de aantrekkelijkheid van deze reststromen voor de productie van bioethanol en biodiesel. De eerstegeneratietechnologie kan slechts 29% van de 7,5 miljoen ton reststromen goed omzetten in biobrandstoffen. Als bovendien rekening wordt gehouden met niet-technische criteria blijken er voor bio-ethanol niet of nauwelijks reststromen interessant te zijn. Voor biodiesel kan wel gebruik worden gemaakt van de plantaardige en dierlijke vetten. De economische gevolgen voor onder meer de diervoedersector zijn beperkt. This report examines the market for residues from the Dutch food and beverage industry, and the appeal of these residues for the production of bio-ethanol and biodiesel. The firstgeneration technology is readily suited to the conversion of no more than 29% of the 7.5 million tonnes of residues into biofuels. Moreover, when non-technological criteria are also taken into account virtually none of the residues are of interest for conversion into bioethanol, although vegetable and animal fats can be used to produce biodiesel. The economic consequences for sectors such as the animal-feed sector are limited.
    Environmental management in the Dutch Food and Beverage industry. A longitudinal study into the joint impact of business network and firm characteristics on the adoption of environmental management capabilities
    Haverkamp, D.J. ; Omta, S.W.F. - \ 2007
    Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers (Innovation and sustainability vol. 1) - ISBN 9789086860500 - 197
    milieubeheer - milieueffect - drankenindustrie - voedselindustrie - nederland - cradle to cradle - environmental management - environmental impact - beverage industry - food industry - netherlands - cradle to cradle
    Because of the growing societal concerns regarding industrial environmental pollution, it is essential to get a deeper understanding of the factors influencing firms to reduce their environmental impact. This book considers these concerns by evaluating the importance of these factors in reference to environmental management in the Dutch food and beverage industry. It develops an integrated research framework building on the inside-out and outside-in perspectives on environmental management. Empirical data were gathered in 2002 and 2005. This book provides interesting insights into the developments in this period showing that the impact of the business environment has extended from the traditionally important stakeholders, such as government and societal groups, to include commercial chain and network actors as well, including buyers and suppliers, but also bank and insurance firms. Furthermore, the analyses demonstrate that public-private voluntary agreements can be an effective policy instrument. Firms with a proactive business strategy appear to pay more attention to environmentally friendly product (re)design, which is crucial to reduce environmental impact from a cradle-to-cradle perspective. This book is of interest to environmental and general management in firms that want to reach environmental excellence. Policy implications are drawn for environmental policy-makers, environmental agencies and environmental interest groups that aim for stimulating firms to clean up.
    Environmental management in the Dutch food and beverage industry : a longitudinal study into the joint impact of business network and firm characteristics on the adoption of environmental management capabilities
    Haverkamp, D.J. - \ 2007
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Onno Omta, co-promotor(en): Harry Bremmers. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789085047575 - 209
    food industry - beverage industry - firms - enterprises - environmental management - management by objectives - environmental protection - netherlands - business management - cradle to cradle - voedselindustrie - drankenindustrie - firma's - ondernemingen - milieubeheer - doelstellingenmanagement - milieubescherming - nederland - bedrijfsmanagement - cradle to cradle
    The present study aims for a deeper understanding of the internal and external factors, such as firm strategy and pressure from the business network (government, buyers, suppliers, local inhabitants, etc.), that have an impact on the adoption of environmental management capabilities in firms in the Dutch food and beverage industry. A recent investigation by the Arthur D. Little Innovation High Ground Survey among 40 multinationals (Sony, Procter & Gamble, Vodafone, etc.) showed that managers in general expect that sustainability-driven innovation, such as environmentally product (re)design, has a growing potential to deliver value to business. However, only 5% indicated to pay attention to environmental issues in their strategic planning and decision-making. These figures would probably look even worse if small- and medium-sized firms were included. This thesis focuses on the commitment to the environment in terms of the adoption of environmental management capabilities. These comprise different environmental management items, such as an environmental action program, regular environmental auditing to evaluate strategic environmental targets, and an environmental database to keep record of environmental performance. In short, they reflect the capacity of the firm to take care of the environment on a structural basis. The study design integrates the outside-in and the inside-out perspective. According to the outside-in perspective, the firm’s competitiveness depends on industrial forces, such as rivalry among competitors and entrance of new market parties. External factors measured in this study are the different stakeholder influences from the business network, including government and societal groups as well as other chain and network actors, such as buyers, suppliers, consumers and bank and insurance firms. The inside-out perspective states that the firm’s competitiveness depends on acquiring valuable resources, competences, and (dynamic) capabilities to deal with the external influences. Internal factors measured in this study are firm characteristics, including firm strategy and enabling capabilities, such as internal communication on environmental issues. The central research question is formulated as follows: What is the joint impact of the business network (government, buyers, suppliers, customers, etc.) and firm characteristics on the adoption of environmental management capabilities in Dutch food and beverage firms? Semi-structured interviews are held with 13 environmental managers of different firms, while also two large-scale surveys are carried out in 2002 and 2005 in the Dutch food and beverage industry. The interviews are carried out to get more insight into environmental management practices. The aim of the survey questionnaires was to measure the business network influences on the attention for the environment, which formed the longitudinal backbone of the present study. However, the survey of 2002 concentrated on the relationship with government, as well. In total, 492 questionnaires could be used for the analyses, of which 386 originated from micro and small (5-50 employees) and 106 from medium-sized and large firms (50 or more employees). In 2005, special attention was paid to firm strategy and enabling capabilities. The survey included medium-sized and large firms only to get a more homogenous sample. In total, 100 questionnaires could be used. Differences between micro, small, medium-sized and large firms hare analyzed using t-tests. Furthermore, correlation and regression analyses are carried out. A cluster analysis is performed to get more insight in different firm profiles with respect to the joint impact of the business network and firm characteristics. A longitudinal analysis is carried out to get insight in changes with respect to business network impacts on the adoption of environmental management capabilities between 2002 and 2005. An increased impact of the business network is measured from 2002 to 2005. Interestingly, banks and insurance firms appeared to be important as well as chain actors and competitors. This might implicate that the attention for environmental issues in the business networks has extended from government and environmental organizations to include stakeholders that are of primary interest to attain commercial business goals. The perceived impact of environmental organizations was stronger in 2005 compared to 2002, which might reflect growing environmental concerns of society and also increased success of these organizations to get media attention for environmental issues. However, the results demonstrate also that government is (still) a dominant environmental stakeholder. Concerning the public-private relationship, public-private voluntary environmental agreements (or environmental covenants) and the contact intensity with (lower) government appeared to be important. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that firms with an innovative business strategy (i.e. prospector strategy) adopted more cradle-to-cradle environmental management capabilities, including attention for environmentally friendly product (re)design. Regarding the research question, a cluster analysis indicates that four different environmental taxonomies can be distinguished with respect to business network and firm characteristics. In conclusion, the present study shows that for micro and small firms, strong ties with government through frequent contacts with local governmental agencies are essential to stay informed about environmental regulations. Such regular contacts have as a side-effect that the understanding and consequently the appreciation of public environmental policy improves. Governmental agencies are therefore recommended to provide micro and small firms environmental information (e.g. through e-mails or news letters) and, more importantly, maintain frequency of visits even if no direct monitoring or control reasons exist. The micro and small firms typically lack expertise to fundamentally change their environmental behavior. Environmental training and education programs could therefore be organized to increase the expertise to deal with environmental measures. Furthermore, cooperative pilot projects on the implementation of clean technologies can serve as a platform for knowledge exchange. Intermediaries, such as branch-organizations, are important to be involved in these initiatives, since they can take care of the administrative consequences. In the medium-sized and large firms with a defensive environmental strategy, the adoption of environmental management capabilities is most likely provoked by command-and-control regulations, while voluntary public-private environmental initiatives can be used to support proactive firms. Environmental covenants can put a strong focus on innovation addressing environmental targets at the product level (e.g. percentage of recycled components or re-usable parts) and at the chain level (e.g. chain level energy reduction targets). Large firms in particular are able to stimulate their chain partners to be included in environmental initiatives, which is essential for environmentally friendly product (re)design and to achieve chain-oriented environmental targets.
    Kwantificeren mondgevoel geeft betere sturing
    Stieger, M.A. ; Visschers, R. ; Beekmans, F. - \ 2006
    Voedingsmiddelentechnologie 39 (2006)13. - ISSN 0042-7934 - p. 18 - 21.
    voedseltechnologie - smaak - zintuiglijke waarneming - ingrediënten - drankenindustrie - frisdranken - melkproducten - vetarme producten - suikergehalte - tribologie - reologie - food technology - taste - organolepsis - ingredients - beverage industry - soft drinks - milk products - low fat products - sugar content - tribology - rheology
    Dranken met een verlaagd suiker- of vetgehalte verliezen vaak aan mondgevoel, waardoor de consument ze minder graag drinkt. Onderzocht moet worden welke vervangende ingrediënten een mondgevoel creëren dat de consument wél bevalt. Dat kan met sensorisch onderzoek, maar dat is tijdrovend, duur en niet objectief of reproduceerbaar. Instrumentele analyse biedt meer perspectief
    Microben in ons voedsel - Bedreiging en uitdaging.
    Rombouts, F.M. - \ 1987
    Wageningen : Landbouwuniversiteit - 22
    voedselmicrobiologie - drankenindustrie - voedseltechnologie - industriële microbiologie - spreken in het openbaar - food microbiology - beverage industry - food technology - industrial microbiology - public speaking
    Rede Wageningen, 4 juni 1987
    Betanine als kleurstof de levensmiddelentechnologie
    Anonymous, - \ 1976
    Wageningen : [s.n.] (Literatuurlijst / Centrum voor landbouwpublikaties en landbouwdocumentatie no. 3933)
    rode bieten - beta vulgaris - drankenindustrie - bibliografieën - verfplanten - voedseltechnologie - industriële microbiologie - beetroots - beta vulgaris - beverage industry - bibliographies - dye plants - food technology - industrial microbiology
    Literatuur over betanine
    Anonymous, - \ 1976
    Wageningen : [s.n.] (Literatuurlijst / Centrum voor landbouwpublikaties en landbouwdocumentatie no. 3928)
    rode bieten - beta vulgaris - drankenindustrie - bibliografieën - verfplanten - voedseltechnologie - industriële microbiologie - beetroots - beta vulgaris - beverage industry - bibliographies - dye plants - food technology - industrial microbiology
    Bedrijfseconomische mogelijkheden voor grote akkerbouwbedrijven : het Groninger graanbedrijf
    Draisma, M. ; Ploeg, J. van de - \ 1972
    Den Haag : [s.n.] (Bedrijfseconomisch onderzoek landbouw / L.E.I. no. 3.37) - 139
    graansoorten - voedselgewassen - grote landbouwbedrijven - beplantingen - landbouwbedrijven - bedrijfssystemen - veldgewassen - akkerbouw - agrarische bedrijfsvoering - drankenindustrie - voedseltechnologie - industriële microbiologie - rekeningen van landbouwbedrijf - boekhouding van landbouwbedrijf - nederland - groningen - cereals - food crops - large farms - plantations - farms - farming systems - field crops - arable farming - farm management - beverage industry - food technology - industrial microbiology - farm accounts - farm accounting - netherlands - groningen
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