Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Progress and barriers in understanding and preventing indirect land-use change
    Daioglou, Vassilis ; Woltjer, Geert ; Strengers, Bart ; Elbersen, Berien ; Barberena Ibañez, Goizeder ; Sánchez Gonzalez, David ; Gil Barno, Javier ; Vuuren, Detlef P. van - \ 2020
    Biofuels Bioproducts and Biorefining (2020). - ISSN 1932-104X
    agriculture - bioenergy - biofuels - climate change mitigation - indirect land-use change - modeling

    Climate change mitigation pathways have highlighted both the critical role of land-use emissions, and the potential use of biofuels as a low-emission energy carrier. This has led to concerns about the emission mitigation potential of biofuels, particularly related to indirect land-use change (ILUC). This arises when the production of biofuels displaces the production of land-based products elsewhere, either directly or via changes in crop prices, leading to indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. We review a large body of literature that has emerged on ILUC assessment and quantification, highlighting the methodologies employed, the resultant emission factors, modeled dynamics driving ILUC, and the uncertainty therein. Our review reveals that improvements in ILUC assessment methods have failed to reduce uncertainty and increase confidence in ILUC factors, instead making marginal improvements to economic models. Thus, while assessments have highlighted measures that could reduce ILUC, it is impossible to control or determine the actual ILUC resulting from biofuel production. This makes ILUC a poor guiding principle for land-use and climate policy, and does not help with the determination of the GHG performance of biofuels. Instead climate and land-use policy should focus on more integrated protection of terrestrial resources, covering all land-use-related products.

    The contribution of biorefineries to rural development: the case of employment in Hungary
    Heijman, W.J.M. ; Szabo, Zoltan ; Veldhuizen, Esther - \ 2019
    Studies in Agricultural Economics 121 (2019). - ISSN 1418-2106 - 12 p.
    biofuels - biofuel policies - ethanol - rural development - input-output analysis - employment
    Most recent research concerning biofuels focuses on their potential for mitigating climate change, while their rural development dimension is given less prominence. Ongoing policy debates, including EU and US biofuel policies, pay little attention to this feature of the industry. This paper explores the impact of biorefineries on rural development, and employment in particular. It shows that biorefineries can have a considerable economic impact on the regions in which they are located. Embedded in the local social and economic fabric, the paper demonstrates their influence on regional and national labour markets. The case of a bioethanol plant in Hungary and its effect on the rural labour market in two counties of the country is studied by way of an input-output model. The research has found that the operation of a biorefinery stimulates the creation and maintenance of jobs in both farming and service industries. Results suggest that biorefineries are an important driver of rural development and that this aspect of the industry should be given greater weight in formulating biofuel policies.
    A different way to approach the biorefinery process | WURcast
    Nikiforidis, K. - \ 2019
    Wageningen : WURcast
    biomass - biorefinery - biobased economy - biofuels - plant residues
    How can we make the best use of biomass while having only a small to zero impact on our environment? Can we utilize all functional fractions available in the biomass via biorefinery? This video answers these questions and more about the biorefinery process.
    De keerzijde van houtstook in open haarden en kachels
    Hein, L.G. - \ 2018
    Milieu (2018)9. - ISSN 0920-2234 - p. 41 - 45.
    biomass - biobased economy - wood - stoves - heat - bioenergy - biofuels
    Het toenemende gebruik van conventionele open haarden en houtkachels levert geen bijdrage aan de
    vermindering van de opwarming van de aarde. Voor het klimaat is het beter het huis te ver warmen
    met de cv-ketel. Daarentegen leveren pelletkachels wel klimaatwinst ten opzichte van de cv-ketel.
    Verder worden voor alle vormen van houtstook de gezondheidseffecten van fi jnstof uit deze bronnen,
    zeker ook voor de stoker zelf, sterk onderschat. Een eerste, voorlopige inschatting is dat het stoken
    van hout jaarlijks leidt tot 900 à 2700 voortijdige sterfgevallen in Nederland. Tenslotte lijken de emis-
    sies van houtstook in de Nederlandse emissieregistratie sterk onderschat te worden. Aanvullende
    maatregelen voor het tegengaan van het stoken van hout zijn wenselijk vanuit zowel gezondheids- als
    klimaatperspectief.
    Toward Sustainable Biofuels in the European Union? Lessons from a Decade of Hybrid Biofuel Governance
    Stattman, S.L. ; Gupta, A. ; Partzsch, Lena ; Oosterveer, P.J.M. - \ 2018
    Sustainability 10 (2018)11. - ISSN 2071-1050
    biofuels - European Union - Renewable Energy Directive (RED) - hybrid governance - sustainability - certification - multi-stakeholder initiatives
    The European Union (EU) stands at a crossroads regarding its biofuel policies. For more than a decade, the EU sought to create a market for and govern sustainable biofuels for the transport sector, even as debates over sustainability escalated. It did so by devising novel hybrid (public and private) governance arrangements. We took stock of the nature and outcomes of this experiment in hybrid biofuel governance. We relied on qualitative methods of analysis, whereby we reviewed and synthesized the evolution of EU biofuel governance arrangements over time, through detailed document analysis of secondary and primary literature, including EU and related policy documents and private certification scheme websites. Our analysis reveals that, instead of yielding an increasingly stringent sustainability framework, the hybrid EU governance arrangements resulted
    in a proliferation of relatively lax, industry-driven, sustainability standards, even as the notion of “sustainable biofuels” remained contested in public and political debate. These findings contribute to an ongoing debate about the merits of hybrid (public–private) governance arrangements, and whether a hybrid approach helps strengthen or weaken sustainability objectives. We conclude that a more stringent EU meta-standard on sustainability needs to be developed, to underpin future governance arrangements.
    Factsheets SYSTEMIC Demonstration Plant
    Schoumans, O.F. ; Regelink, I.C. ; Ehlert, P.A.I. - \ 2018
    Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research - 25 p.
    EU H2020
    SYSTEMIC Newsletter, issue 1
    Schoumans, O.F. ; Regelink, I.C. ; Ehlert, P.A.I. - \ 2018
    Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research - 3 p.
    EU H2020
    ‘We’ve still got a way to go’
    Thoden van Velzen, E.U. ; Molenveld, K. - \ 2018
    recycling - biobased economy - polymers - residual streams - organic wastes - biofuels - bioenergy - renewable energy
    Er is nog veel te winnen
    Thoden van Velzen, E.U. ; Molenveld, K. ; Hugenholtz, J. - \ 2018
    biobased economy - recycling - biobased materials - biomass - residual streams - agricultural wastes - biofuels - bioenergy

    Willen we ons huishoudelijk afval optimaal benutten, dan moeten we de grondstoffen erin efficiënter scheiden en terugwinnen. 'We zijn nog ver verwijderd van het ideale, circulaire beeld.'

    De toekomst van hout in de biobased economy
    Annevelink, E. ; Harmsen, P.F.H. ; Spijker, J.H. - \ 2018
    Vakblad Natuur Bos Landschap 15 (2018)141. - ISSN 1572-7610 - p. 7 - 11.
    biobased economy - hout - biobrandstoffen - biomassa - hernieuwbare energie - materialen uit biologische grondstoffen - cellulose - lignine - vezels - biobased economy - wood - biofuels - biomass - renewable energy - biobased materials - cellulose - lignin - fibres
    De laatste jaren is de biobased economy sterk gegroeid door allerlei activiteiten, variërend van fundamenteel onderzoek naar nieuwe biobased toepassingen, tot het op commerciële schaal vervaardigen van biobased producten. Welke kansen biedt dit voor hout en houtige biomassa en wat zijn de verwachte effecten op de houtmarkt?
    Plant power : environmental technologist set up a business
    Strik, D.P.B.T.B. - \ 2017
    bioenergy - biofuels - residual streams - agricultural wastes
    Why plants are little solar panels
    Schipper, R. - \ 2017
    Wageningen : WURcast
    biobased economy - plants - miscanthus - bioenergy - fibres - biofuels - breeding methods
    What are plants contributing to a biobased society?
    Overheidsmaatregelen biokerosine : mogelijkheden om de vraag naar biokerosine te stimuleren en de effecten op de luchtvaart en de economie
    Faber, Jasper ; Smeets, E.M.W. - \ 2017
    Delft : CE Delft - 112
    biobrandstoffen - biobased economy - kerosine - overheidsbeleid - stimulatie - subsidies - emissiereductie - luchttransport - biofuels - biobased economy - kerosene - government policy - stimulation - subsidies - emission reduction - air transport
    De maatregel met het grootste potentieel om CO2-emissies van de luchtvaart te verminderen is het gebruik van brandstoffen met lage emissies over de levenscyclus, zoals bijvoorbeeld geavanceerde biobrandstoffen gemaakt van residuen uit de bos- en landbouw. Om de luchtvaart te laten bijdragen aan de afname van de wereldwijde emissies is het dus wenselijk een groter aandeel alternatieve duurzame brandstoffen in de luchtvaart in te zetten. Vanwege het prijsverschil tussen fossiele kerosine en biokerosine is hier overheidsbeleid voor nodig. Het doel van deze studie is het beantwoorden van de volgende twee centrale onderzoeksvragen: 1. Met welke beleidsmaatregelen kan de Nederlandse Rijksoverheid de vraag naar en productie van biokerosine laten toenemen? 2. Wat zijn de directe en indirecte effecten van de beleidsmaatregelen?
    Final report: Environmental assessment of algae-based PUFA production
    Keller, H. ; Reinhardt, G. ; Rettenmaier, N. ; Schorb, A. ; Dittrich, M. ; Wolf, P.L. de; Voort, M.P.J. van der; Spruijt, J. ; Potters, J.I. ; Elissen, H.J.H. - \ 2017
    Heidelberg : PUFAChain - 94
    algae - biofuels - bioenergy - biobased economy - biomass - omega-3 fatty acids - plant oils - biobased chemistry - fermentation
    Socio-economic assessment of Algae-based PUFA production : The value chain from microalgae to PUFA ('PUFACHAIN')
    Voort, M.P.J. van der; Spruijt, J. ; Potters, J.I. ; Elissen, H.J.H. - \ 2017
    Göttingen : PUFAChain - 84
    biobased economy - biomass - bioenergy - biofuels - algae - plant oils - omega-3 fatty acids - economic analysis
    Socio-economic assessment of Algae-based PUFA production
    Voort, Marcel van der; Spruijt, Joanneke ; Potters, Jorieke ; Wolf, Pieter de; Elissen, Hellen - \ 2017
    Göttingen : PUFAChain - 84
    bioenergy - biobased economy - biofuels - biomass - algae - fatty acids - bio-energie - biobased economy - biobrandstoffen - biomassa - algen - vetzuren
    Biobased materialen, circulaire economie en natuurlijk kapitaal
    Overbeek, M.M.M. ; Smeets, E.M.W. ; Verhoog, A.D. - \ 2017
    Wageningen : Wettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu (WOt-technical report 109) - 37
    biomassa - biobased economy - materialen uit biologische grondstoffen - bioplastics - hernieuwbare energie - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - biobrandstoffen - recycling - chemie op basis van biologische grondstoffen - biomass - biobased economy - biobased materials - bioplastics - renewable energy - sustainability - biofuels - recycling - biobased chemistry
    This preliminary study investigates the amount of biomass that would be needed in the Netherlands to replace the fossil raw materials used in the manufacture of plastics and how this transition to biobased plastics can be achieved. It is based on desk research and calculations of the area of agricultural land that would be needed to produce sufficient biobased material to meet Dutch demand for biobased plastics. In addition, interviews were held with experts on the institutional obstacles to such a transition. Far too little agricultural land is available in the Netherlands to produce the required amount of biomass needed to replace fossil plastics. Research with the aim of increasing the contribution made by biobased materials to the circular economy should focus on assessing the options for producing sustainable raw materials and on a comprehensive assessment of the sustainable use of biomass in various applications.
    Circular food chains and cascading of biomass in metropolitan regions : Vision on metropolitan biorefinery concepts in relation to resource-efficient cities
    Annevelink, E. ; Gogh, J.B. ; Groot, J.J. - \ 2017
    Wageningen : Wageningen Food & Biobased Research (Wageningen Food & Biobased Research report 1790) - ISBN 9789463437424 - 18
    biomass - bioenergy - residual streams - refining - biofuels - biobased economy - biogas - biomassa - bio-energie - reststromen - raffineren - biobrandstoffen - biobased economy - biogas
    Expectations are that 80 percent of the global population will reside in urban areas by the year 2050. As urbanisation levels increase so do ecological footprint sizes in these areas, as it is in the cities that income levels are higher, and where higher levels of disposable incomes exist. Whereas the circular economy is gaining ground as a concept for increasing sustainability by the efficient use of available materials and resources, urban areas are often recognised as attractive starting points for making the transition towards a circular economy. The paper “Circular food chains and cascading of biomass in metropolitan regions” contains the description of a vision on how biorefinery concepts in current and future metropoles may contribute to the increased efficiency in the use of resources for biomass production. As such this vision forms the interpretation of the principles of the circular economy within the context of biomass value chains and within the geographic boundaries of a metropolitan region. This is also referred to as the circular metropolitan system. With this paper researchers from Wageningen Food & Biobased Research intend to contribute to a scientific basis for increasing resource use efficiency in metropolitan regions through developing appropriate and sustainable biorefinery concepts.
    Innovatieve technologie in beheer en oogst van houtige biomassa : eindrapportage
    Raa, Rik te; Pfau, S. ; Clerkx, A.P.P.M. ; Massop, Hans ; Hissink, H.J. - \ 2017
    BTG Biomass Technology Group - 57
    bio-energie - biobased economy - biobrandstoffen - hout - biomassa productie - bosbeheer - bioenergy - biobased economy - biofuels - wood - biomass production - forest administration
    Opiniestuk sustainable development goals : transities realiseren met duurzaam bodem - en landgebruik
    Mol, G. ; Cleen, M. de; Molenaar, Co ; Keesstra, S. ; Visser, S. ; Okx, J. - \ 2017
    Wageningen : Wageningen University and Research - 7
    duurzame energie - biobased economy - biobrandstoffen - biogas - overheidsbeleid - klimaat - bio-energie - reststromen - hernieuwbare energie - energiebeleid - sustainable energy - biobased economy - biofuels - biogas - government policy - climate - bioenergy - residual streams - renewable energy - energy policy
    In 2015 hebben de Verenigde Naties de Duurzame Ontwikkelingsdoelen – beter bekend als de Sustainable Development Goals of kortweg SDGs – aangenomen als de weg waarlangs ze de meest urgente problemen op het gebied van armoede, honger, maar ook onderwijs, economie, en milieu en klimaat wil aanpakken. De ambities, geformuleerd in de 17 SDGs, zijn verstrekkend en hoog. In verschillende Nederlandse beleidsdocumenten1234567 wordt daarom aangegeven dat hiervoor serieuze maatschappelijke transities nodig zijn zoals op het gebied van energie en klimaat, voedselvoorziening en circulaire economie, mobiliteit en leefbare steden. Voor veel van deze transities is duurzaam gebruik en beheer van bodem, water en land een essentieel onderdeel. Dit opiniestuk heeft als doel de rol van duurzaam bodem- en landgebruik te benadrukken en de urgentie ervan agenderen voor de maatschappelijke transities waar Nederland voor staat. En laten zien dat de maatschappelijke opgaven te complex zijn voor een sectorale aanpak. Integrale benadering en goede samenwerking tussen alle stakeholders zijn nodig om te komen tot duurzame oplossingen. Het is raadzaam hier voortvarend werk van te maken; de bodem is een traag systeem, dus 2030 – het jaar waarin de SDGs moeten zijn gerealiseerd – is al morgen.
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