Cactus pear and cochineal in Cochabamba: the development of a cross-epistemological management toolkit for interactive design of farm innovation
Tekelenburg, A. - \ 2002
Wageningen University. Promotor(en): N.G. Röling; E.A. Goewie. - S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789058084798 - 191
bedrijfssystemen - innovaties - ontwerp - leren - interacties - cactaceae - opuntia ficus-indica - kleur - kleurstoffen (dyes) - verfsoorten - pigmenten - bolivia - coccidae - insecten - plantenplagen - voorlichting - participatie - boeren - integratie - plattelandsontwikkeling - bedrijfsvoering - landbouw - natuurlijke hulpbronnen - nuttig gebruik - bodemdegradatie - wetenschap - farming systems - innovations - design - learning - rural development - management - extension - participation - farmers - agriculture - natural resources - utilization - soil degradation - interactions - integration - cactaceae - opuntia ficus-indica - coccidae - insects - plant pests - colour - dyes - paints - pigments - bolivia - science
In this book, the local research and development process of the small-farmers (campesino) union of Huancarani (Cochabamba region in Bolivia) is discussed. Research activities were carried out by farmers themselves as well as by facilitators and scientists, but the farmers union kept control on planning, evaluation, decision-making and action. The book refers on the one hand to a technical issue; the development of cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica M.) and cochineal (Dactylopius coccus C.) production. The main question became why the experience was so successful. On the other hand it refers to a social issue (when the relation between farmers and scientists is addressed and applied methodology is analysed). The intellectual challenge for me was to show to a large and diversified public that, from a particular project, lessons can be drawn to improve interactive learning for farm innovation. This challenge has everything to do with the cooperation and communication issue between farmers and scientists. The exercise covers a reconstructed logic of applied research, design and development methodology and is therefore abstract. The final result of this exercise was the production of the management toolkit for the design of interactive learning processes. This toolkit became a practical instrument for managing and facilitating farm innovation processes in other contexts. It is the development of this toolkit, the learning process, based on the mantra learning in practice - learning from practice - learning for practice, that I want to share with other scientists and development workers.