Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    The first wolf found in the Netherlands in 150 years was the victim of a wildlife crime
    Gravendeel, B. ; Groot, G.A. de; Kik, M. ; Beentjes, K. ; Bergman, H. ; Caniglia, R. ; Cremers, H. ; Fabbri, E. ; Groenenberg, D. ; Grone, A. ; Groot Bruinderink, G.W.T.A. ; Font, I. ; Hakhof, J. ; Harms, V. ; Jansman, H.A.H. ; Janssen, R. ; Lammertsma, D.R. ; Laros, I. ; Linnartz, L. ; Marel, D. van der; Mulder, J.L. ; Mije, S. van der; Nieman, A.M. ; Nowak, C. ; Randi, E. ; Rijks, M. ; Speksnijder, A. ; Vonhof, H.B. - \ 2013
    Lutra 56 (2013)2. - ISSN 0024-7634 - p. 93 - 109.
    wolven - fauna - migratie - diergedrag - dna - biochemie - menselijke invloed - centraal-europa - noordoostpolder - wolves - fauna - migration - animal behaviour - dna - biochemistry - human impact - central europe - noordoostpolder
    On July 4th 2013 a dead subadult female wolf-like canid was found by the roadside between Luttelgeest and Marknesse in the Noordoostpolder in the central part of the Netherlands. As the last observations of wild wolves in the Netherlands date back to 1869 the discovery of this animal generated a lot of media attention. European wolf populations have been expanding since the 1950s and the first packs recently established themselves in Germany in geographic proximity of the Dutch border, so natural re-appearance of the species in the Netherlands seemed likely. We investigated the taxonomy of the animal, its geographical origin, and its most recent history. Macroscopic and biochemical analyses of the dead animal convincingly showed that it was a purebred wolf, related to populations from eastern Europe. Bullet impacts and shattered fragments found in the chest and flank, and a discrepancy between the timing of the post mortem and rigor mortis intervals indicated that this wolf was shot prior to illegal transport to the Netherlands. The wolf fed on beaver in either the Carpathian mountains or the Eifel which is too far for the animal to have walked from by itself within the 24 hours needed to digest its last meal. These geographical areas are the only regions where haplotypes and 87Sr/86Sr isotopes retrieved from both the dead wolf and the beaver remains in its stomach co-occur. We therefore conclude that the first Dutch wolf found in the Netherlands in 150 years did not enter the Netherlands by itself but sadly proved to be the victim of wildlife crime. Keywords: Canis lupus, Europe, haplotypes, isotopes, microsatellites, wildlife forensics, wolf.
    Wolven in Polen
    Myslajek, M. ; Nowak, S. ; Grift, E.A. van der - \ 2013
    Vakblad Natuur Bos Landschap (2013)100. - ISSN 1572-7610 - p. 29 - 31.
    wolven - fauna - inventarisaties - polen - centraal-europa - wolves - fauna - inventories - poland - central europe
    Het scheelde niet veel of de wolf was verdwenen uit Polen. Een door de overheid gestarte uitroeiingscampagne had tot gevolg dat er in 1975 nog slechts 250 wolven in het land leefden. Sindsdien is het aantal wolven weer gestaag toegenomen. De huidige populatie wordt geschat op 950-1000 dieren. Wettelijke bescherming lijkt de belangrijkste oorzaak van deze groei. En een toenemend besef onder de bevolking dat de wolf een belangrijke rol speelt in het ecosysteem. ‘Poolse’ wolven bewegen zich ook in Rusland, Litouwen, Wit-Rusland, Oekraïne, Duitsland en Slowakije. Jacht – legaal of illegaal – en sterfte in het verkeer in deze landen hebben een negatief effect op de groei en overleving van de populaties in Polen.
    De Wolf: getolereerd of geschoten?
    Wamelink, G.W.W. ; Lelieveld, G. ; Ottburg, F.G.W.A. ; Bodegom, P.M. van - \ 2013
    Vakblad Natuur Bos Landschap 2013 (2013)10. - ISSN 1572-7610 - p. 19 - 21.
    wolven - habitats - predatie - migratie - inventarisaties - centraal-europa - wolves - habitats - predation - migration - inventories - central europe
    De wolf is in aantocht, zowel vanuit het oosten als vanuit het zuiden. Waarom rukt hij op en is hij ineens zo succesvol? Wat eet hij? Welke invloed heeft hij op andere dieren? Vragen die een licht werpen op hoe we ons moeten voorbereiden. Omdat we dat niet kunnen op basis van eigen ervaring kijken we in dit artikel naar het buitenland en proberen een aantal van de meest prangende vragen over de wolf te beantwoorden op basis van literatuur
    Serbia on the road to EU accession : consequences for agricultural policy and the agri-food chain
    Berkum, S. van; Bogdanov, N. - \ 2012
    Wallingford [etc.] : CABI - ISBN 9781780641454 - 224
    landbouwbeleid - landbouw - voedsel - plattelandsontwikkeling - markteconomieën - europese unie - gemeenschappelijk landbouwbeleid - servië - centraal-europa - agricultural policy - agriculture - food - rural development - market economies - european union - cap - serbia - central europe
    This book aims at providing relevant background information in the event that a decision is made by the EU to begin accession negotiations with Serbia. If this happens, then the full set of Copenhagen criteria will become relevant. The book focuses on one of the Copenhagen criteria: the existence of a functioning market economy, including the existence of institutions required to support such a market economy within the EU. The book focuses on this aspect of the Copenhagen criteria in relation to agriculture, food, rural development and structural policy.
    State of the art on knowledge of PEEN
    Jongman, R.H.G. ; Grift-Simeonova, V.S. van der - \ 2010
    Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 2033)
    habitatverbindingszones - ecologie - centraal-europa - habitat corridors - ecology - central europe
    Oost-Europa in ontwikkeling : in vier quotumjaren ruim een derde minder melkveebedrijven in het grootste Oost-Europese melkland Polen
    Kuipers, A. - \ 2010
    Veeteelt 27 (2010)15. - ISSN 0168-7565 - p. 10 - 12.
    melkveehouderij - melkproductie - quota's - marktconcurrentie - centraal-europa - landen van de europese unie - dairy farming - milk production - quotas - market competition - central europe - european union countries
    Sinds 1 mei 2004 maken tien nieuwe, vooral Oost-Europese lidstaten deel uit van de Europese Unie. De vrees bestond dat de concurrentie op de zuivelmarkt zou stijgen door de intrede van zoveel tegen lage kosten producerende boeren. Hoe vergaat het de Oost-Europese collega-melkveehouders sinds de intrede in de EU?
    Implementation of ecological networks in different socio-economic contexts : guiding principles based on experiences in Central and Eastern Europe
    Simeonova, V. ; Bos, E.J. ; Jongman, R.H.G. ; Zingstra, H.L. - \ 2009
    Wageningen : Alterra (Alterra-rapport 1896) - 117
    projectimplementatie - landgebruiksplanning - sociale economie - taxatie - integratie - beleid - besluitvorming - centraal-europa - kroatië - ecologische hoofdstructuur - project implementation - land use planning - socioeconomics - valuation - integration - policy - decision making - central europe - croatia - ecological network
    Deliverable 2 (SustainAQ)
    Schneider, O. ; Julian, B. ; Bosman, R. ; Eding, E. - \ 2009
    Yerseke : IMARES (Report / Wageningen IMARES no. C054/09) - 100
    aquacultuur - viskwekerijen - visproductie - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - teeltsystemen - kennisoverdracht - centraal-europa - duurzame ontwikkeling - omloop - hergebruik van water - afvalwater - aquaculture - fish farms - fish production - sustainability - cropping systems - knowledge transfer - central europe - sustainable development - circulation - water reuse - waste water
    The European Project SustainAQ (Framework 6) aims to identify the limiting factors for the sustainable production of aquatic origin food in Eastern Europe. It focuses on the possible use of Recirculation Aquaculture Systems (RAS) as sustainable method for the production of aquatic animals as mentioned in the communication of the European Commission on Aquaculture in 2009. RASs already exist mainly in western countries and proved economically feasible. RASs allow controlling the production process including effluents, biosecurity and escapes. Eastern European countries are facing challenges related to their excessive water use waste emission, and others. Therefore, these countries are potential beneficiaries of improved sustainability through RAS use. This project intends to assess the benefits of introducing and applying RAS for Eastern European aquaculture. This project involves three Western European countries (Norway, the Netherlands and France) and six East European countries (Croatia, Turkey, Romania, Hungary, Czech Republic and Poland). Ten research institutions collaborate in different tasks (coordination, data collection, data analysis, etc.), and nine small-medium enterprises (SME) participate in data mining (Table 1). The present data is therefore based on the situation in those countries during 2006 till 2008 before the report got finally compiled in 2008/2009.
    The cattle sector in Central and Eastern Europe : developments and opportunities in a time of transition
    Peters, K.J. ; Kuipers, A. ; Keane, M.G. ; Dimitriadou, A. - \ 2009
    Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers (EAAP technical series no. 10) - ISBN 9789086861040 - 179
    rundvee - economische sectoren - vleesvee - vlees - rundvlees - melkvee - melkveehouderij - economische ontwikkeling - markten - centraal-europa - melkveehouderijsystemen - ketenmanagement - cattle - economic sectors - beef cattle - meat - beef - dairy cattle - dairy farming - economic development - markets - central europe - dairy farming systems - supply chain management
    Countries in Eastern-Europe are in a lengthy period of rapid changes. Ten Central and Eastern European countries entered the European Union in 2004 and two more entered in 2007. Surrounding countries to the east are in a similar process of change following the disintegration of the former Soviet Union. The transition processes were studied in a recent workshop resulting in this book. It is comprised of 13 contributions: four overview articles, one on the topic of animal welfare and eight country reports. The country reports come from a wide variety of countries in Eastern Europe and Asia: Slovakia, Poland, Baltic States, Russian Federation, Belarus, Ukraine, Caucasian countries and Central Asian countries. The country reports describe the transitions taking place in these countries. Both developments in the beef cattle sector and in the dairy chain are described with emphasis on the dairy chain situation. The authors are from a range of academic and professional backgrounds including universities, research and developmental institutions, farmers' organisations, agribusiness and a marketing board. Some analyses are made and several critical points in development are signalled. Thus, barriers as well as opportunities for further development are mentioned and described in this book.
    Herintroductie van echinococcose via runderimport in Nederland
    Aalten, M. ; Zuchner, L. ; Bruinier, E. ; Holzhauer, M. ; Wouda, W. ; Borgsteede, F.H.M. ; Spong, H. ; Giessen, J. van der - \ 2008
    Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde 133 (2008)21. - ISSN 0040-7453 - p. 898 - 902.
    rundvee - slachtdieren - dierenhandel - echinococcus - rundveeziekten - import - zoönosen - nederland - centraal-europa - cattle - meat animals - trade in animals - echinococcus - cattle diseases - imports - zoonoses - netherlands - central europe - echinococcus-granulosus - romania
    Since East European countries joined the EU, the import of both dairy and beef cows from these countries increased considerably. Based on the identification and registration system it turned out that in the period from May until December 2007 about 200 cows per month were imported from Romania. These animals were either slaughtered immediately or in autumn. In autumn, cysts were noticed both in slaughtered cows during meat inspection and in deceased animals (originated from Romania) during postmortem investigation performed by the Animal Health Service. Because cysts were strongly reminiscent of Echinococcus granulosus hydatid cysts, samples were sent to the authorized laboratory (National Reference Laboratory of Parasitology), where the reintroduction of this potentially zoonotic parasitic infection has been confirmed. The risks of reintroduction of E. granulosus in the Netherlands are described.
    Institutions, reform policies and productivity growth in agriculture: evidence from former communist countries
    Rizov, M.I. - \ 2008
    NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 55 (2008)4. - ISSN 1573-5214 - p. 307 - 323.
    overgangslandbouw - verandering - centraal-europa - collectieve landbouwbedrijven - staatslandbouwbedrijven - particuliere landbouwbedrijven - transitional farming - change - central europe - collective farms - state farms - private farms - initial conditions - eastern-europe - land-reform - panel-data - transition economies - common heritage - soviet-union - performance - divergence - efficiency
    There are important differences among former communist countries in performance of their agricultural sectors that are commonly attributed to variation in inherent institutions and reform policy choices. In this paper the link between institutions, reforms and (labour) productivity growth in agriculture is analysed within an augmented neo-classical growth model framework derived from a production function. For the empirical analysis panel data over the transition period (1990-2001) were used that cover 15 former communist countries, applying a GMM-IV estimator. Estimation results strongly support the view that the shift to individual land use, measuring farm restructuring, as well as the overall economic reforms, supported by democratic institutions, have positively contributed to the (labour) productivity growth in former communist countries¿ agriculture.
    Melken in Oost- of West-Europa
    Zijlstra, J. ; Rijpma, P.J. ; Ettema, F. - \ 2008
    V-focus 4 (2008)6. - ISSN 1574-1575 - p. 32 - 34.
    melkveehouderij - melkveebedrijven - melkprijzen - economische situatie - rendement - bedrijfsresultaten in de landbouw - centraal-europa - noord-europa - dairy farming - dairy farms - milk prices - economic situation - returns - farm results - central europe - northern europe
    In juni 2007 hield de European Dairy Farmers (EDF) haar jaarlijkse congres in Slowakije, ditmaal over de concurrentiekracht van de melkveehouderij. Naar aanleiding hiervan is een studie gedaan naar deze concurrentiekracht in de nieuwe EU-lidstaten
    Investeringsmogelijkheden in de Oost-Europese varkenskolom
    Hoste, R. - \ 2007
    Agri-monitor 14 (2007)1. - ISSN 1383-6455 - p. 7 - 8.
    agrarische economie - varkenshouderij - bedrijfsontwikkeling in de landbouw - agrarische bedrijfsplanning - investering - risicoschatting - centraal-europa - investeringsbeslissingen - agricultural economics - pig farming - farm development - farm planning - investment - risk assessment - central europe - investment decisions
    De Nederlandse varkenskolom lijkt voor alle schakels in de keten goede investeringsmogelijkheden te hebben in landen als Hongarije, Roemenie, Oekraïne en Rusland. Zakendoen in deze landen heeft echter ook een bepaald risico. Kennis van de locale infrastructuur en de politieke en maatschappelijke omstandigheden is voor alle landen belangrijk om dit risico goed in te schatten
    Headquarters-subsidiary relationship governance in emerging markets of Central Eastern Europe : a study in Poland
    Gusc, J.S. - \ 2007
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Onno Omta, co-promotor(en): Harry Bremmers. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789085047582 - 215
    management - multinational corporations - investment - trade relations - transition economies - investment policy - entrepreneurship - businesses - administration - poland - central europe - corporate governance - bedrijfsvoering - multinationale corporaties - investering - handelsrelaties - overgangseconomieën - investeringsbeleid - ondernemerschap - bedrijven - bestuur - polen - centraal-europa - deugdelijk ondernemingsbestuur
    Multinational enterprises often seem to be on a ‘roller coaster’ when managing their operations in transition economies, especially because of the volatile business and political environment. The study analyses the subtle equilibrium between formal control and day-to-day coordination in the Headquarters-Subsidiary (HQ-S) relationship of more than 70 subsidiaries of large multinational companies in Poland, taking the cultural differences between the headquarters and subsidiary country into account. It is concluded that in the best performing multinationals, strategic and operational control mechanisms are tightly organised, building a platform on which intensive coordination and attuning occurs to deal with the day-to-day management challenges. Interestingly, also for entering new markets, a prospector strategy focusing on innovation shows better results than copying of competitors. However, it also reveals that there is no simple and uniform recipe for managing subsidiaries. The road from governance to performance is not a one-way street, creating flexibility and learning capabilities at the subsidiary level clearly contribute to the success of international operations.
    Agriculture and dairy in Eastern Europe after transition focused on Poland and Hungary
    Tonini, A. - \ 2007
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Arie Oskam, co-promotor(en): Roel Jongeneel. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789085045908 - 206
    overgangslandbouw - overgangseconomieën - melkveehouderij - centraal-europa - hongarije - polen - landbouw - productiviteit - efficiëntie - micro-economie - economische theorie - melkproductie - prestatieniveau - modellen - transitional farming - transition economies - dairy farming - central europe - hungary - poland - agriculture - productivity - efficiency - performance - microeconomics - economic theory - models - milk production

    Keywords: CEECs, Hungary, Poland, dairy, micro economic theory, efficiency, productivity, allocative efficiency, stochastic frontier, profit function, Markov chain, and maximum entropy econometrics.

    This thesis analyzes the transition of an economic sector, from a socialist system to a market economy. By using microeconomic theory, available data and elaborated econometric methods, the thesis shows that this joint effort leads to sensible results. The first part deals with sectoral economic analysis for Central Eastern European Countries (CEECs) that signed agreement for the European Union (EU) accession in 1998. The second part is focused on two countries (Poland and Hungary) and the dairy sector. Analytical methods used are: stochastic frontier, distance function, profit function, and Markov chain. The data were sourced from Eurostat, FAO, OECD and national statistical offices. The observations related to the former socialist regime were discarded removing the possibility of relying on traditional estimation techniques. Easier applicability was exchanged for more relevance. Maximum Entropy, which is a non-conventional estimation technique suitable for dealing with "ill-posed", and/or "ill-conditioned" problems, was largely used. By reconciling sample information and non-sample information in a rigorous and transparent manner this thesis sought to make the best estimates possible from the available information. Results of the first part indicate that despite the decrease in output, total factor productivity growth rates were positive across all CEECs analysed during the post socialist period. Countries which during the socialist regime were characterised by large-scale operators were more technologically efficient compared with the other countries analysed. This supports the view that large-scale farming performs better than small-scale farming in the period following transition when there were missing markets and uncertain economic conditions. The agricultural output mix was largely influenced by transition. Results indicate that it is going to be difficult to increase chicken meat getting rid of the other agricultural products. Adjustment costs were greater and increasing over time for Hungary as compared to Poland. The mode! detected overspecialization for sugar beet production. In the second half of the 1990s the degree of complementarity and substitutability is increased.

    Second the thesis analyzed the primary dairy production of Hungary and Poland modelling their dairy and beef supplies as well as their dairy farm structures. The developed supply model showed an original and empirically based way for satisfying theoretical consistency as well as plausibility. Final supply elasticities estimates were not so different from those found for EU-15 countries in the pre-quota period. This confirms that dairy operations rely on a similar production technology and that the calibrated elasticities used in the literature are not far from reality. The dairy farm size projections showed that the number of dairy farms will continue to decline in the coming decade, although with an increase in the number of farms of medium and large size. The exit from the sector of the subsistence dairy farms is predicted to proceed more slowly in Poland than in Hungary. The findings suggest a convergence to a dairy farm structure similar to the one encountered in the former EU-15 members with a predominance of medium size farms. The degree of convergence will largely depend on the mediating role of a we!l-defmed and functioning land market.

    Comparative analysis of EU Rural Development Policy in Central and Eastern European Countries and the Netherlands
    Terluin, I.J. ; Roza, P. ; Berkhout, P. ; Godeschalk, F.E. ; Betgen, M.G. - \ 2006
    Den Haag : LEI (Report / LEI : Domein 6, Policy ) - ISBN 9789086150847 - 83
    landbouwbeleid - plattelandsontwikkeling - analyse - vergelijkingen - europese unie - gemeenschappelijk landbouwbeleid - centraal-europa - nederland - agricultural policy - rural development - analysis - comparisons - european union - cap - central europe - netherlands
    In this study a comparative analysis of the implementation of EU Rural Development Policy (second pillar of the CAP) in the Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) and the Netherlands is made. The aim is to identify themes where cooperation between the Netherlands and CEECs could be established. As a first step, the rural development situation in the countries is analysed and compared, mainly by means of data analysis and literature study. Then, the Rural Development Plans are compared, and finally the study touches upon the supervision and implementation of rural development policy. Cooperation between the Netherlands and the CEECs in the field of EU Rural Development Policy seems to be most likely in the field of agri-environmental measures
    Biologische groenteteelt in Centraal Europa : Kansen en bedreigingen
    Putter, H. de; Sukkel, W. - \ 2005
    Ekoland 2005 (2005)4. - ISSN 0926-9142 - p. 22 - 23.
    biologische landbouw - groenteteelt - centraal-europa - polen - tsjechië - slowakije - bulgarije - landen van de europese unie - lidmaatschap - organic farming - vegetable growing - central europe - poland - czech republic - slovakia - bulgaria - european union countries - membership
    De biologische groenteteelt heeft grote kansen om te groeien in Centraal Europa. Omschakelen is vrij eenvoudig. Maar de kansen die er liggen worden nog niet verzilverd door gebrek aan kennis, infrastructuur en inzicht in marktperspectieven
    Biologische landbouw nieuwe EU-landen geen bedreiging voor Nederland
    Bont, C.J.A.M. de; Meeusen, M.J.G. - \ 2004
    Agri-monitor 2004 (2004)augustus. - ISSN 1383-6455 - 2
    biologische landbouw - biologische voedingsmiddelen - centraal-europa - marktconcurrentie - landen van de europese unie - lidmaatschap - organic farming - organic foods - central europe - market competition - european union countries - membership
    Door de toetreding van tien landen dit jaar en over enkele jaren nog Bulgarije en Roemenië verandert er weinig voor de Nederlandse biologische landbouw. De concurrentiekracht van de biologische sector in de Midden- en Oost-Europese landen is nog zwak en het duurt nog geruime tijd voor die voldoende sterk zal zijn, zo is vastgesteld.
    Land fragmentation in Central Europe: how and whether to use Western experience
    Dijk, T. van - \ 2004
    In: Methodologies, Models and Instruments for Rural and Urban Land Management / Deaken, M., Dixon-Gough, R., Mansberger, R., Aldershot : Ashgate (International Land Management Series ) - ISBN 9780754634157 - p. 37 - 48.
    ruilverkaveling - landgebruiksplanning - centraal-europa - land consolidation - land use planning - central europe
    Impression of land use gragmentation midway the 1990s for: Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Czech Republic and Slovakia
    Scenarios on forest management in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Ukraine
    Schelhaas, M.J. ; Cerny, M. ; Buksha, I. ; Cienciala, E. ; Csoka, P. ; Galinski, W. ; Karjalainen, T. ; Kolozs, L. ; Nabuurs, G.J. ; Pasternak, V. ; Pussinen, A. ; Sódor, M. ; Wawrzoniak, J. - \ 2004
    Leiden / Boston : Brill (European Forest Institute research report 17) - ISBN 9789004137271 - 107
    bosbedrijfsvoering - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - klimaatverandering - hout - centraal-europa - forest management - sustainability - climatic change - wood - central europe
    This research report gives insight into possible future development directions of the forests of CEC and NIS countries in order to contribute to current discussions about sustainability, the future biological potential, management options and impacts of environmental changes. With a large scale scenario model (EFISCEN), a quantitative assessment of future wood production in Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary and Ukraine, its degree of sustainability under various scenarios of forest growth and timber harvest, and the overall consequences of forest decline and climate change on future wood supply was made.
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