Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Format bedrijfsspecifiek hitteprotocol varkenshouderij
    Hoofs, A.I.J. ; Aarnink, A.J.A. - \ 2020
    Wageningen : Wageningen Livestock Research - 11 p.
    animal welfare - animal production - pigs - animal housing - climate - animal health
    Met behulp van dit format kun je als varkenshouder een bedrijfseigenhitteprotocol maken. Advies is om dit samen met je voorlichter(s), dierenarts en personeel(mits van toepassing) op te stellen. Advies is om dit samen met eventueel medewerkers, voorlichter(s) en dierenarts te doen.
    Tips om hittestress te beperken bij hoge buitentemperaturen
    Hoofs, A.I.J. ; Aarnink, A.J.A. - \ 2020
    Wageningen : Wageningen Livestock Research - 10 p.
    animal welfare - animal production - pigs - climate - animal housing - heat - animal health
    ThinkForest: Science insights to the European Green Deal and forests
    Palahí, M. ; Potočnik, J. ; Nabuurs, G.J. ; Bauhus, J. ; Hetemäki, Lauri - \ 2020
    Wageningen University & Research
    biobased economy - renewable energy - forestry - wood - climate - Europe
    Our May ThinkForest webinar focused on:
    - What are the main objectives of the Green Deal and how do these relate to the forest-based sector?
    - How is the forest-based sector in general viewed in the Green Deal?
    - What are the strengths and weaknesses of the Green Deal proposal from ecological, economic and social sustainability perspectives?

    Speakers included:
    Marc Palahí, European Forest Institute (5:34)
    Janez Potočnik, ThinkForest president (12:52)
    Gert-Jan Nabuurs, Wageningen University, IPCC Lead Author (24:47)
    Jürgen Bauhus, University of Freiburg (45:30)
    Lauri Hetemäki, European Forest Institute (1:05:18)
    De transitie naar een natuurinclusieve stad : Breng de vastgoedsector in beweging
    Dijkshoorn-Dekker, M.W.C. ; Kortstee, H.J.M. ; Mattijssen, T.J.M. ; Haaster-de Winter, M.A. van; Polman, N.B.P. ; Rooij, S.A.M. van; Steingröver, E.G. - \ 2020
    Wageningen University & Research - 19 p.
    green infrastructure - towns - house building - nature - public space - climate
    Tail biting and tail docking : Thematic factsheet (version 1.0)
    Ruis, M.A.W. - \ 2020
    EURCAW-Pigs - 4 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - animal husbandry - docking - tail biting - climate - space - meat animals - finishing - piglets
    Review of climate control and space allowance during transport of pigs (version 1.0)
    Bracke, M.B.M. ; Herskin, M.S. ; Marahrens, M.A. ; Gerritzen, M.A. ; Spoolder, H.A.M. - \ 2020
    EURCAW-Pigs - 34 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - transport of animals - climate - space - meat animals - finishing - animal production - animal health - transport - animal behaviour - occupation
    Fouling: indicator to assess the risks for tail biting in pigs, indicator factsheet
    Patt, A.G. ; Ruis, M.A.W. ; Schubbert, A. - \ 2020
    Wageningen : EURCAW-Pigs - 2 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - animal husbandry - docking - tail biting - piglets - meat animals - finishing - indicators - climate - space
    Implications of Allee effects for fisheries management in a changing climate: evidence from Atlantic cod
    Winter, Anna Marie ; Richter, Andries ; Eikeset, Anne Maria - \ 2020
    Ecological Applications 30 (2020)1. - ISSN 1051-0761
    Allee effect - Atlantic cod - climate - collapse - fisheries management - hysteresis - marginal effect - proactive management - recovery - regime shift - resilience - tipping points

    There are concerns that increasing anthropogenic stressors can cause catastrophic transitions in ecosystems. Such shifts have large social, economic, and ecological consequences and therefore have important management implications. A potential mechanism behind these regime shifts is the Allee effect, which describes the decline in realized per capita growth rate at small population density. With an age-structured population model for Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, we illustrate how interactions between human-induced stressors, such as fishing and climate change, can worsen the impact of an Allee effect on populations by promoting hysteresis. Therefore, the risk of population collapse and recovery failure is exacerbated and the success of preventing and reverting collapse depends on the climate regime. We find that, in presence of the Allee effect, a fishing moratorium is only sufficient for recovery when sea surface temperature rise remains within 2°C and fishing is restricted within 10 yrs. If sea surface temperature rises beyond 2°C, even immediate banning of fishing is not sufficient to guarantee recovery. If fishing is not fully banned and a residual fishing pressure remains, the probability of recovery is further decreased, also in the absence of an Allee effect. The results underscore the decisive role of Allee effects for the management of depleted populations in an increasingly human-dominated world. Once the population collapses and its growth rate is suppressed, rebuilding measures will be squandered and collapse will very likely be irreversible. We therefore emphasize the need for proactive management involving precautionary, adaptive measures and reference points. Our studies shows that climate change has the potential to strengthen Allee effects, which could increasingly challenge fisheries management.

    Bossen in de berm: geschikt als biomassa en bouwmateriaal?
    Copini, P. - \ 2019
    In: TO2 Impactrapportage 2019 TO2 Federatie - p. 6 - 6.
    biobased economy - forests - trees - roads - roadsides - Netherlands - biobased economy - forestry - netherlands - biomass - building materials - climate
    Experiences and Drivers of Food Insecurity in Guatemala's Dry Corridor: Insights From the Integration of Ethnographic and Household Survey Data
    Beveridge, Louise ; Whitfield, Stephen ; Fraval, Simon ; Wijk, Mark van; Etten, Jacob van; Mercado, Leida ; Hammond, James ; Davila Cortez, Luz ; Gabriel Suchini, Jose ; Challinor, Andrew - \ 2019
    Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems 3 (2019). - ISSN 2571-581X
    agriculture - Central America - climate - ethnography - food security - household survey - participatory - underlying drivers

    Eradicating hunger is a complex and multifaceted challenge, requiring evidence bases that can inform wide scale action, but that are also participatory and grounded to have local relevance and effectiveness. The Rural Household Multi-Indicator Surveys (RHoMIS) provides a broad assessment of household capabilities and food security outcomes, while ethnographic approaches evidence how individuals' perceptions, experiences and local socio-political context shape food security experiences and intervention outcomes. However, integrating these research approaches presents methodological and ontological challenges. We combine a quantitative approach with life history interviews to understand the drivers, experiences and outcomes of food insecurity in Guatemala's dry corridor region. We also reflect on the effectiveness and challenges of integrating the two methods for purposes of selective sampling, triangulating evidence, and producing a cohesive analyses of food insecurity in the region. Variables with a statistically significant association with severe food insecurity in the region are: coffee cultivation (when market participation is low), dependence on agricultural labor income, and poverty level. Drivers of food insecurity experiences most commonly identified by participants are: consecutive drought; ill health and displacement of income for medicine; social marginalization; high start-up costs in production; absence or separation of a household head; and a lack of income and education opportunity. Ethnographic approaches identify a broader range of drivers contributing to food insecurity experiences, and add explanatory power to a statistical model of severe food insecurity. This integrated analysis provides a holistic picture of food insecurity in Guatemala's dry corridor region.

    Hittegolf kost naast melk ook voeropname en vruchtbaarheid
    Dijkstra, Jan - \ 2019
    animal welfare - animal production - dairy cattle - cattle - animal health - climate - animal housing
    Groen en Wonen : De meerwaarde van groen in de stedelijke omgeving
    Hiemstra, J.A. ; Spijker, J.H. ; Vries, S. de - \ 2019
    Wageningen : Wageningen Environmental Research - 6 p.
    residential areas - housing - plantations - public green areas - gardens - domestic gardens - health indicators - cultural values - landscape gardeners - green roofs - green walls - temperature - tree orientation - climate - heat stress - well-being
    Groen en Werken : De meerwaarde van groen in de stedelijke omgeving
    Hiemstra, J.A. ; Vries, S. de; Spijker, J.H. - \ 2019
    Wageningen : Wageningen Environmental Research - 6 p.
    labour - work - work stress - offices - plantations - gardens - well-being - climate - health
    Kennisagenda klimaat en gezondheid
    Huynen, Maud ; Vliet, A.J.H. van; Staatsen, Brigit ; Zwartkruis, Joyce ; Kruize, Hanneke ; Betgen, C.D. ; Verboom, J. ; Martens, Pim - \ 2019
    Den Haag : ZonMw - 106 p.
    health - climate - care - behaviour
    Greenery and Work : The positive effects of greenery in urban environments
    Hiemstra, J.A. ; Vries, S. de; Spijker, J.H. - \ 2019
    Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research - 6 p.
    offices - work - climate - health - well-being - stress - stress tolerance - labour - kantoren - werk - klimaat - gezondheid - welzijn - stress - stresstolerantie - arbeid (werk)
    Greenery in and around offices and other working environments is good for both the indoor and outdoor climate, and has a positive effect on the health and general well-being of employees and visitors. It aids concentration, helps reduce stress and increases staff productivity. This document provides information on the benefits of greenery in relation to work and well-being, including references to scientific literature. It concludes with some tips on how to ensure the successful and beneficial inclusion of greenery.
    Greenery and residential : The positive effects of greenery in urban environments
    Hiemstra, J.A. ; Vries, S. de; Spijker, J.H. - \ 2019
    Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research - 7 p.
    residential areas - housing - plantations - public green areas - gardens - domestic gardens - health indicators - green roofs - green walls - temperature - climate - heat stress - health - woonwijken - huisvesting - beplantingen - openbaar groen - tuinen - tuinen bij het huis - gezondheidsindicatoren - groene daken - groene gevels - temperatuur - klimaat - warmtestress - gezondheid
    Greenery in and around houses and apartments is good for the (living) environment in and around the buildings. It has a positive effect on the health and general well-being of residents and visitors. This document provides information on how homes and well-being can benefit from greenery, including references to scientific literature. It concludes with some tips on how to ensure the successful and beneficial inclusion of greenery.
    Greenery and Education : The positive effects of greenery in urban environments
    Hiemstra, J.A. ; Vries, S. de; Spijker, J.H. - \ 2019
    Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research - 7 p.
    learning - children - universities - climate - educational institutions - education - social welfare - well-being - health - pupils - students - schools - leren - kinderen - universiteiten - klimaat - onderwijsinstellingen - onderwijs - sociaal welzijn - welzijn - gezondheid - leerlingen - studenten - scholen
    Greenery in and around schools and nurseries and on campuses enhances the ambience of educational institutions, both inside and out. It has a positive effect on the health and general well-being of students and staff alike, improving student’s performance and their ability to concentrate, as well as enhancing the social climate. This document provides insights into the benefits of greenery for learning and well-being, including references to scientific literature. It concludes with some tips on how to ensure the successful and beneficial inclusion of greenery.
    Homoeostatic maintenance of nonstructural carbohydrates during the 2015–2016 El Niño drought across a tropical forest precipitation gradient
    Dickman, Lee Turin ; McDowell, Nate G. ; Grossiord, Charlotte ; Collins, Adam D. ; Wolfe, Brett T. ; Detto, Matteo ; Wright, S.J. ; Medina-Vega, José A. ; Goodsman, Devin ; Rogers, Alistair ; Serbin, Shawn P. ; Wu, Jin ; Ely, Kim S. ; Michaletz, Sean T. ; Xu, Chonggang ; Kueppers, Lara ; Chambers, Jeffrey Q. - \ 2019
    Plant, Cell & Environment 42 (2019)5. - ISSN 0140-7791 - p. 1705 - 1714.
    climate - ENSO - NSC - Panama - storage - sugars - tropics - vegetation

    Nonstructural carbohydrates (NSCs) are essential for maintenance of plant metabolism and may be sensitive to short- and long-term climatic variation. NSC variation in moist tropical forests has rarely been studied, so regulation of NSCs in these systems is poorly understood. We measured foliar and branch NSC content in 23 tree species at three sites located across a large precipitation gradient in Panama during the 2015–2016 El Niño to examine how short- and long-term climatic variation impact carbohydrate dynamics. There was no significant difference in total NSCs as the drought progressed (leaf P = 0.32, branch P = 0.30) nor across the rainfall gradient (leaf P = 0.91, branch P = 0.96). Foliar soluble sugars decreased while starch increased over the duration of the dry period, suggesting greater partitioning of NSCs to storage than metabolism or transport as drought progressed. There was a large variation across species at all sites, but total foliar NSCs were positively correlated with leaf mass per area, whereas branch sugars were positively related to leaf temperature and negatively correlated with daily photosynthesis and wood density. The NSC homoeostasis across a wide range of conditions suggests that NSCs are an allocation priority in moist tropical forests.

    Forty Years of Climate and Land-Cover Change and its Effects on Tourism Resources in Kilimanjaro National Park
    Kilungu, Halima ; Leemans, Rik ; Munishi, Pantaleo K.T. ; Nicholls, Sarah ; Amelung, Bas - \ 2019
    Tourism Planning and Development 16 (2019). - ISSN 2156-8316 - p. 235 - 253.
    attractions - climate - Kilimanjaro - land-cover - last chance tourism - tourism

    This study explores the effects of observed changes in rainfall, temperature and land cover on the physical and sightseeing aspects of trekking in Kilimanjaro National Park. The impact analysis is organised around hazard-activity pairs approach, combinations of environmental change aspects (such as higher temperatures) and tourism activities (such as trekking and sightseeing). The results suggest that higher temperatures and reduced rainfall have lowered the risks of landslides, rock fall and mountain sickness, improving physical trekking conditions. Changes in land cover have affected sightseeing: there now are more flowers and groundsels to admire and less wildlife, waterfalls and snow. In the short term, the disappearing snow may give rise to “last chance tourism”, increasing visitation, but eventually, the loss of snow and forest cover will likely decrease the number of tourists. The paper concludes that effective management of the attractions in the expanding heathlands is the most promising option to limit the losses.

    Work Programme for EURCAW-Pigs : European Reference Centre for Animal Welfare – Pigs: 2019-2020
    Spoolder, H.A.M. - \ 2018
    WUR Livestock Research - 21 p.
    pigs - animal welfare - animal husbandry - transport of animals - slaughter - docking - tail biting - group housing - mixing - farrowing houses - farrowing - killing of animals - climate - space - fitness - handling - stunning - sows - boars - piglets - meat animals - finishing
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