Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Social media en social entrepeneurship : information govenance
    Onwezen, M.C. - \ 2014
    Wageningen UR
    sociale netwerken - sociale verandering - sociale participatie - hedendaagse samenleving - communicatie - netwerken (activiteit) - innovaties - internet - social networks - social change - social participation - contemporary society - communication - networking - innovations
    This project aims to explore how social media enables social innovation. It is part of a larger project which aims to explore the role of social media in social innovation.
    Sociale media: nieuwe wegen naar sociale innovatie
    Salverda, I.E. ; Jagt, P.D. van der; Willemse, R. ; Onwezen, M.C. ; Top, J.L. - \ 2013
    [S.l.] : S.n. (Zo doen wij dat hier! 4)
    sociale netwerken - sociale verandering - hedendaagse samenleving - communicatie - netwerken (activiteit) - innovaties - internet - social networks - social change - contemporary society - communication - networking - innovations
    Hoewel de rol en impact van internet en de sociale media in de samenleving algemeen worden aangenomen, is het nog niet duidelijk of en hoe het communiceren en delen van informatie via internet en de sociale media bijdragen aan het ontstaan van sociale innovatie. Hoofdvragen van deze verkenning zijn daarom: Bieden de sociale media nieuwe wegen waarlangs groepen mensen komen tot uitwisseling en samenwerking voor maatschappelijke vernieuwing? Op welke wijze ontstaan er via de sociale media sociale interacties, uitwisseling en samenwerking zodat sociale innovatie kan ontstaan? En hoe beïnvloeden deze online uitwisseling en samenwerking de rol en organisatie van de gevestigde orde? Het ontbreekt hierover aan een overzicht van (wetenschappelijke) literatuur, maar ook aan inzicht over wat er in de praktijk op het sociale web plaatsvindt. Vandaar dat we aan de hand van literatuur en praktijkvoorbeelden onderzoeken welke rol communicatie en interactie via de sociale media spelen of kunnen spelen bij vernieuwingen vanuit de maatschappij. Met deze verkenning zetten we hierin een eerste stap.
    Living together in multi-ethnic neighbourhoods; The meaning of public spaces for issues of social integration.
    Peters, K.B.M. - \ 2011
    Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers - ISBN 9789086867462 - 251
    sociology - neighbourhoods - netherlands - social integration - social problems - contemporary society - ethnic groups - immigration - immigrants - acculturation - sociologie - buurten - nederland - sociale integratie - sociale problemen - hedendaagse samenleving - etnische groepen - immigratie - immigranten - acculturatie
    In Western societies, such as the Netherlands, people with different ethnic backgrounds live together in urban areas. This book examines daily life in multi-ethnic neighbourhoods and the meaning of public spaces for social integration. Through observations and interviews in two Dutch cities (Nijmegen and Utrecht) insight is gained into the use and perception of public spaces. Positive experiences in public spaces contribute to feeling at home in a multi-ethnic neighbourhood. Not only intense and lasting contacts, but also fleeting interactions contribute to feeling at home. Experience with diversity contributes to a realistic view of multiculturalism, a view that is based on everyday experiences, with all its positive and negative implications. This, however, does not mean that residents do not use stereotypes or categorizations. However, there is a major difference between the public discourse - which focuses on differences and problems - and everyday encounters, which are perceived as a way to experience and enjoy diversity. Recommendations are that politicians should look at the everyday realities in multi-ethnic neighbourhoods when discussing issues related to multi-ethnic societies. Repeatedly stressing the dichotomy between native and non-native Dutch citizens and focusing on problems, has a negative effect on the everyday lives of people because it produces and reproduces stereotyped images. Integration is not only about non-native Dutch residents adapting themselves to Dutch society: it is also about the extent to which people from various backgrounds live together and feel at home in their neighbourhood.
    De rode draad in het thema “Schaarste en Verdeling”
    Beek, C.L. - \ 2010
    Nieuwsbrief mondiaal 6 (2010)9. - p. 4 - 4.
    landbouwministeries - overheidsbeleid - voedselveiligheid - klimaatverandering - hedendaagse samenleving - sociale verandering - kennisoverdracht - ministries of agriculture - government policy - food safety - climatic change - contemporary society - social change - knowledge transfer
    Nieuwsbrief waarin wereldwijde ontwikkelingen die het ministerie van LNV raken worden gemeld.
    Brede dialoog bleef beperkt
    Werkman, R.A. - \ 2010
    Kennis Online 7 (2010)april. - p. 8 - 8.
    gemeenschappelijk landbouwbeleid - landbouwsector - maatschappelijke betrokkenheid - hedendaagse samenleving - nederland - europese unie - maatschappelijk draagvlak - cap - agricultural sector - community involvement - contemporary society - netherlands - european union - public support
    Als je van burgers wilt weten waar het met het Europese landbouwbeleid naar toe moet, kun je ze het beste uitnodigen om te komen praten over het landschap of over de vraag waar hun voedsel vandaan komt. Het is een van de aanbevelingen uit de evaluatie van de maatschappelijke dialoog die LNV voerde over het GLB. Nu schoven er vooral vergaderboeren aan.
    De maatschappelijke dialoog rondom de Houtskoolschets en de vermaatschappelijking van de landbouw
    Werkman, R.A. ; Bruinsma, A.S. ; Termeer, C.J.A.M. - \ 2009
    Wageningen : Wageningen Universiteit, Leerstoelgroep Bestuurskunde - ISBN 9789085854852 - 61
    gemeenschappelijk landbouwbeleid - landbouwbeleid - landbouwsector - hedendaagse samenleving - nederland - europese unie - toekomst - cap - agricultural policy - agricultural sector - contemporary society - netherlands - european union - future
    In dit rapport zijn de resultaten beschreven van een studie naar de maatschappelijke dialoog die het ministerie van LNV eind 2008 heeft georganiseerd over de 'Houtskoolschets Europees Landbouwbeleid 2020' en de vermaatschappelijking van de landbouw. De studie betrof het ontwikkelen van een dialoogmonitor en het middels deze monitor volgen van het procesmatige en inhoudelijke verloop van de dialoogreeks. Het doel van de studie was om middels de monitor bij te dragen aan inhoudelijke verdieping en verbreding naar nieuwe spelers in de dialoog, valkuilen te signaleren in het proces en daarop te adviseren
    Partners in peace : discourses and practices of civil-society peacebuilding
    Leeuwen, M. van - \ 2008
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Thea Hilhorst. - S.l. : S.n. - ISBN 9789085049562 - 252
    oorlog - conflict - sociale onrust - preventie - internationale samenwerking - ontwikkelingsbeleid - hedendaagse samenleving - sudan - rwanda - burundi - democratische republiek kongo - guatemala - peace building - vrede - maatschappelijk middenveld - internationale conflicten - politieke conflicten - sociaal conflict - conflictmanagement - war - conflict - social unrest - prevention - international cooperation - development policy - contemporary society - sudan - rwanda - burundi - congo democratic republic - guatemala - peacebuilding - peace - civil society - international conflicts - political conflicts - social conflict - conflict management
    This study looks into images, and assumptions, of civil-society peacebuilding and its support by international development organizations, and how this relates to politics and practices of peacebuilding on the ground. It is built principally on a series of case studies of peacebuilding interventions and organizations working in southern Sudan, Burundi and the African Great Lakes Region, and Guatemala. This study underscores the importance of implicit assumptions in contemporary peacebuilding work. International support to civil-society peacebuilding is often guided by simplified notions on conflict and the potential roles of civil society in bringing about peace. To arrive at better peacebuilding practices, it is necessary to know more about what civil society is, how it works, and how the assumptions motivating its support work out in practice. This requires exploring the everyday peacebuilding practices of civil-society organizations. In particular, attention needs be given to the organizing practices of peacebuilding organizations, how they operate and develop, to the different meanings attributed to peacebuilding by the diverse parties involved, and to how understanding peacebuilding is part of organizational politics.
    In fieldwork and analysis, I applied an actor-oriented approach. Such an approach helps to clarify how policies and interventions of organizations result from the everyday practices of organizations and the people and authorities of the communities where they implement their programs. A core notion in this study is discourse, referring to collective practices of ordering or ‘framing’ in the minds of actors, who make sense of their experiences through coherent schemes. Discourses are often seen as implying power: as dominant traditions of looking at the world which eliminate alternative visions, or as affecting social relations through diverse ways. Organizations may use discourses strategically, for example, to legitimize interventions. Discourse can be highly political, promoting particular agendas for development.
    While acknowledging the power of discourse, this study focuses on discourse as a cognitive process. To be able to operate and to respond to the complexity of conflict and peacebuilding, development organizations simplify reality. But simplifying reality always implies that parts of reality are lost or remain underexposed. In the case studies, I reflect on the consequences of simplification, and explore how development organizations can better take account of the necessary simplifications they make. In practice, it is often difficult to separate the cognitive exercise of ordering from the politics of ordering - the two often interact or go closely together. Simplification always implies political choices by prioritizing certain problems and interpreting particular interventions as the most appropriate. The study argues that to understand ordering requires giving equal attention to the several attributes of discourse. This research approach is elaborated upon in chapter 1.
    Chapter 1 also reflects on my experiences with an interactive research approach. Through such an interactive approach, I aimed to develop a sense of ownership over questions and recommendations by the civil-society organizations involved in the research and so enhance their peacebuilding work. In my experience, an interactive approach enhances the depth of ethnography and analysis of findings. Carrying out research with (instead of only on) organizations facilitates relations of trust and witnessing organizing practices from within organizations, and enables discussing findings with research partners. It stands out in this study that rather than a research methodology, the interactive character of research should be seen as an intention. The extent to which research becomes interactive cannot be planned, nor assured by the adoption of particular interactive methodologies. Rather, the interactive character of research develops with the advancement of collaboration. Crucial to this process is mutual commitment, which depends on the flexibility of the research and research partners, the expected benefits for the participants, the extent to which expectations are satisfied along the way, and the enthusiasm of individual participants. The interactive character of research is also affected by organizational changes and changing interests. Practically, this means that a researcher needs to ensure that space for participation and non-participation is maintained throughout the process.
    The subsequent two chapters analyse international discourses and policies of peacebuilding, and look at a general level at how organizations make sense of conflict. Chapter 2 analyzes how over the 1990s, peacebuilding discourses developed that attributed a major role to civil society in realizing peace. Though seeming consensus on peacebuilding evaporated with the anti-terrorist policies after 9/11, and peacebuilding roles taken on by international NGOs and local civil-society organizations were reclaimed by donor governments and multi-lateral agencies, many international and local organizations continued to be involved in peacebuilding. Nonetheless, consensus on what peacebuilding should look like remains absent. Development actors differ considerably in prioritizing particular domains, and do not agree on the sequencing and interdependence of particular interventions. Moreover, practices of civil-society peacebuilding implicitly build on strong assumptions about the roles civil society, the state and international actors should play in peacebuilding and governance.
    Chapter 3 analyses how those policy trends and emerging discourses regarding peacebuilding and civil society are reflected in the work of particular international development organizations. The chapter demonstrates that peacebuilding is not just an opportunistically applied policy label but has acquired different meanings in practice. Definitions of peacebuilding in policy strategies reflect the different backgrounds of organizations. At the same time, local conditions set limits and pose specific opportunities for peacebuilding. The chapter illustrates that rather than that international development organizations change their practices when new discourses come into fashion and replace previous ones, practices of organizations follow slower. Newer and older discourses continue to be relevant in the practices of organizations. This provides room for manoeuvre to organizations who find in this multiple grounds to legitimize a large range of intervention strategies. Policies are an ongoing process, and are shaped along the way by diverse participants, a theme that is elaborated upon also in the next chapters.
    The remainder of the study discusses case studies of the everyday practices of civil-society peacebuilding in a variety of countries. Chapter 4 analyses the organizing practices of a local women’s peace organization in southern Sudan. The case underscores how the practice of policy making and implementation is more related to the internal dynamics of an organization than to the planned objectives of the intervention. The chapter highlights that to better understand civil-society peacebuilding we need qualitative approaches that give central attention to dynamics of peace organizations. These include the history of an organization and the context in which it develops, the way conflict is experienced in the every day life of local people, the way how actors in and around organizations give meaning to the organization and its practices, and the politics of organizations. The chapter outlines such an approach, presenting five properties of local peace organizations that need be taken into account when supporting local peacebuilding.
    The next two case studies look in particular at how the framing of conflict situations works through in interventions. Chapter 5 analyses how conflict and peacebuilding in the Great Lakes Region are increasingly framed in regional terms. In practice, however, local and international organizations have difficulty in analysing the regional character of conflict and arriving at collaborative regional strategies. Moreover, local civil-society organizations are deeply embedded in the politics of regional conflict. Consequently, the shift to regional peacebuilding approaches remains more theoretical than practical. A regional framing of conflict helps to understand conflict, but fails to inform intervention practice.
    Chapter 6 discusses the consequences of understanding land disputes in Burundi as short term problem, resulting from the massive return of refugees and displaced to their home communities. This particular framing of land disputes urged international and local organizations to initiate programmes for strengthening the capacities of local conflict resolving institutions. The case material shows that though the return of refugees was a factor in disputes about land, there is a lot of continuity between conflict-related and regular land disputes in Burundi. Many land disputes require first and foremost solutions at the political level, rather than at the local level. Moreover, the question was whether the strengthening of local dispute resolving mechanisms would enhance their legitimacy and accessibility, and could guarantee the protection of vulnerable people. While a framing of local land disputes in terms of an emergency helped to define interventions, this framing neglected the long-term, structural character of many land disputes.
    Chapter 7 tackles the question of what the official ending of violence implies for the roles, policies and practices of civil-society organizations. It discusses how Guatemalan civil-society organizations deal with agrarian conflict, ten years after the 1996 peace agreements. The case study shows how international organizations tend to assume that the peace agreements implied a switch to a peaceful situation, in which state institutions function, and civil society can effectively participate in the democratic process. This imagining makes them to assume that civil society now has to switch from protest to proposal, and to neglect the slow process of societal transformation in a post-conflict setting. The chapter argues that the pace and extent of societal transformation has a strong influence on how organizations can develop. It also illustrates that framing conflict and intervention is a continuous process, in which organizational politics play an important role. Finally, the chapter raises some questions on the overall roles of the international community in realizing peace. It argues that the increasing global influence on national governance processes effectively diminishes the power of local citizens to demand accountability from their governments for the processes of change initiated.
    Chapter 8, the conclusion of the study, argues the importance of looking at the everyday practices of peacebuilding. It points out how international discourses on civil-society peacebuilding have resonated in the policies of international development organizations. Over the last fifteen years many organizations have come to reflect on how their programmes contribute to peaceful societies. What emerged was not a circumscribed and shared peacebuilding agenda, but a shared preoccupation with the impacts of diverse interventions on peace and conflict. The precise reasons why organizations apply the term, what peacebuilding does and how it works cannot be read from mandates and policy documents. It requires one to look at the everyday politics and practices of organizations. The meaning of peacebuilding results from everyday negotiations of staff-members and stakeholders at different levels in the aid-chain, each with their own interests and perspectives. To understand peacebuilding, one needs to understand the history of organizations and individual staff members, and the multiple identities and realities organizations represent to the people participating in them, and explore the roles of both organizational politics and conflict politics in defining interventions.
    The conclusion also poses pertinent questions on the assumptions underlying contemporary peacebuilding work, in particular on the roles of civil society and governance. The particular roles civil-society organizations may play in peacebuilding and their most effective contributions to governance strongly depend on local conditions, and on how those influence organizations. International development organizations tend to have particular images of what civil society should do and look like and are eager to support only those organizations fitting their image. International support to local civil society needs to take more account of prevailing forms of governance and the history and development of civil society in a particular context.
    Finally, the conclusion lines out different processes through which organizations arrive at particular framings of the reality in which they operate. Such framings simplify reality in ways that create possibilities for intervention or restrict them. Framing involves cognitive processes of ordering and creating routine, as much as organizational politics. Organizations tend to separate emergency from normality, to focus on techniques of intervention, and to interpret contexts and peacebuilding interventions according to their own frames of reference and particular expertise. At the same time, organizational politics –intentionally or unintentionally– play a strong role in ordering. Organizations promote particular representations of reality that are in line with their possibilities for intervention, and that legitimize them to intervene, and that present their interventions in a-political terms.
    The chapter underscores the high expectations international organizations often have of their intervention. The study points to the need to observe modesty and connect to local agendas. Rather than to work on grand schemes of peacebuilding and taking the lead in societal transformation, they need to be partners in peace.


    Kunst als schroevendraaier : is kunst bruikbaar gereedschap in maatschappelijke veranderingen?
    Jagt, P.D. van der; Donders, J.L.M. ; Brinkhuijsen, M. - \ 2008
    Wageningen : Alterra - ISBN 9789032703608 - 39
    kunst - sociale participatie - culturele interactie - culturele verandering - hedendaagse samenleving - perceptie - sociale gevolgen - ontwikkelingsprogramma's - ruimtelijke ordening - voorwerpen - omgevingspsychologie - arts - social participation - cultural interaction - cultural change - contemporary society - perception - social impact - development programmes - physical planning - objects - environmental psychology
    In Kunst als schroevendraaier, wordt een analyse gemaakt van een aantal kunstprojecten die instrumenteel worden ingezet en hun maatschappelijke effecten. Kunst kan de maatschappij in beweging zetten. Maar hoe doe je dat? Zijn er gebruiksaanwijzingen? Het voorbeeld van El HEMA laat zien dat kunst in beweging is. Publiek reageert op kunst en dat wordt ook van hen verwacht
    Greening sanitary systems: and end-user perspectives
    Hegger, D.L.T. - \ 2007
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Arthur Mol; Gert Spaargaren, co-promotor(en): Bas van Vliet. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789085047117 - 266
    afvalbeheer - afvalwaterbehandeling - milieubeleid - innovaties - duurzaamheid (sustainability) - nieuwe sanitatie - modernisering - hedendaagse samenleving - verzamelen - urine - stedelijk afvalwater - waste management - waste water treatment - environmental policy - innovations - sustainability - new sanitation - modernization - contemporary society - collection - urine - municipal wastewater
    The central aim of the thesis is to contribute to a transition towards sustainable sanitation and wastewater systems and practices in Western society by developing a social science perspective on sanitation and wastewater management. The empirical core of this study comprises a comparative case study analysis of Dutch, German and Swedish pilot projects in which wastewater management technologies are experimented with in a domestic setting. Desk research, participatory observation and interviews with consumers and providers have been used to analyze these projects in detail
    Governing Environmental Flows : Global Challenges to Social Theory
    Spaargaren, G. ; Mol, A.P.J. ; Buttel, F.H. - \ 2006
    Cambridge, Massachusetts : The MIT Press - ISBN 9780262195454 - 377
    milieubeleid - sociologie - hedendaagse samenleving - overheidsbeleid - globalisering - biodiversiteit - natuurbescherming - environmental policy - sociology - contemporary society - government policy - globalization - biodiversity - nature conservation
    Globalization and the changing role of the nation-state call for new approaches to environmental governance and new ways to conceptualize it. Recent developments in sociology--seen in the work of John Urry, Manuel Castells, and others--show how social theory can be made less static, more fluid, and more directed toward flow and networks in order to encompass today's reality. Governing Environmental Flows explores what such a reformulation means for the environmental social sciences. Taking the term environmental flows--in both its traditional scientific sense and in a newer social dimension--as its key unit of analysis, the book focuses on the interrelationships of globalization, the environment, and the state. The consensus of the contributors is that the conventional nation-state-based approach to environmental policy is in need of revision; the goal of the book is to lay the foundations for a set of concepts capable of analyzing environmental governance in global modernity.The first part of the book takes a theoretical perspective on how to interpret and conceptualize problems of governance and material flows. Case studies follow, examining biodiversity policies, transnational governance of climate-change-related water risks, globalized food production and consumption, "green" urban office buildings owned by global corporations, and transport flows in everyday life. Using the flow and network conceptual framework, these case studies illuminate the new dynamics of environmental policymaking in the twenty-first century.
    Op weg naar een nieuw natuurverhaal
    Bakker, E. de; Dagevos, H. - \ 2006
    Den Haag : LEI (Rapport / LEI : Domein 7, Gamma, instituties, mens en beleving ) - ISBN 9789086150663 - 46
    natuurbescherming - cultuur - economie - ecologie - waarden - hedendaagse samenleving - ethiek - nederland - omgevingspsychologie - nature conservation - culture - economics - ecology - values - contemporary society - ethics - netherlands - environmental psychology
    Dit essay geeft een verdere aanzet tot een natuurverhaal dat kan zorgen voor meer draagvlak voor het natuurbeleid. Er worden drie spanningsbogen behandeld die voor de ontwikkeling van een nieuw natuurverhaal onmiskenbaar zijn: de spanning tussen beleid en cultuur, tussen economie en ecologie en tussen collectieve en particuliere waarden. Op basis hiervan worden contouren en uitgangspunten geschetst waarbinnen een natuurverhaal kan worden ontwikkeld dat beter past bij de hedendaagse belevenismaatschappij en de diverse behoeften en motivaties van burgers-consumenten. Om te vermijden dat het natuurverhaal abstract en wetenschappelijk wordt, is gekozen voor een benadering waarin zogenoemde belevingspoorten van mensen als vertrekpunt zijn genomen. Anders dan wanneer de Ecologische Hoofdstructuur als centraal uitgangspunt geldt, wordt een breed en meer (ver)beeldend natuurverhaal rond duurzaamheid en biodiversiteit bepleit waarin ook morele, esthetische en andere culturele oriëntaties gewicht krijgen.
    Globalisering, voedsel en regulering
    Oosterveer, P.J.M. - \ 2006
    Voeding Nu 8 (2006)1. - ISSN 1389-7608 - p. 21 - 23.
    milieubeleid - overheidsbeleid - voedselveiligheid - voedingsmiddelen - voedselkwaliteit - voedselproducten - hedendaagse samenleving - globalisering - milieueffect - gevaren - genetische modificatie - consumenten - environmental policy - government policy - food safety - foods - food quality - food products - contemporary society - globalization - environmental impact - hazards - genetic engineering - consumers
    Steeds meer producten komen uit andere landen van de wereld. Het proces van globalisering brengt ook nieuwe voedselrisico¿s met zich mee. De mogelijkheden om de risico¿s te beheersen lijken af te nemen.
    Bio-ethanol: nu en in de toekomst
    Bakker, Rob - \ 2005
    contemporary society - fuels - lignocellulose - biofuels - bioethanol - future - biobased economy
    The arabesque of local knowledge : Potatoes, farmers and technicians in highland Tiraque, Cochabamba, Bolivia
    Uzeda, A. - \ 2005
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): N.E. Long, co-promotor(en): Alberto Arce. - Wageningen : - ISBN 9789085041405 - 351
    bedrijfssystemen - inheemse kennis - aardappelen - ontwikkelingsstudies - rurale sociologie - hedendaagse samenleving - boeren - technici - verandering - landbouw bedrijven in het klein - plattelandsgemeenschappen - bolivia - andes - development studies - rural sociology - contemporary society - farmers - technicians - change - peasant farming - rural communities - farming systems - indigenous knowledge - potatoes - bolivia - andes
    The aim of this work has to do with knowledge and, particularly, with the encounter between different traditions of knowledge, which - through potato cropping - take place between farmers and experts.

    In this way the present research makes problematic the fact that knowledge is something that is socially constructed or de-constructed through encounters or intersections between different forms of knowledge, and more specifically through processes of institutional intervention in development. The initial questions that guided this research made reference to the dynamics and results of a long intervention process of technological innovation in the cultivation of potatoes, both at the mezzo and micro levels. At the mezzo level the analysis has focused on the entities and the networks fostering innovation or technological transfer at a regional level ( Cochabamba), networks which are also considered to be regional systems of knowledge, or frameworks of agricultural knowledge. At the micro level, the analysis has focused on the two communities of potato growers chosen for fieldwork (Qoari and Boqueron). On the other hand the research questions also referred to the modes of persistence of local knowledge of potato cultivation and to the reconfigurations of this local knowledge in its encounters with techno-scientific knowledge. This research has attempted to attain the following goals:

    • To establish the role of knowledge, in terms of its diversity, dynamics and intersections, in the implementation of international development programs in Cochabamba.
    • To analyse and conceptualise how knowledge is configured and managed within an institutional and cultural context focused on technological innovation, and
    • To determine the implications of this innovation, both in the knowledge and practice of local agricultural producers.
    The theoretical perspective upon which this research widely draws is the Actor Oriented Approach. The thesis has put forward the notion that the relationship between knowledge and rural development is not simply a bipolar one (between knowledge and development) but multipolar or multiplex; between development and other forms which are linked to knowledge namely, "memory", "forgetfulness" and "ignorance".

    I assumed in this research that it could be interesting to contrast the traditional forms of knowledge with the scientific spirit and rationale, at least regarding its central aspects. For instance, with the problem of methodological doubt, which steers to the problem of truth, a problem I have tried to avoid but which remained as a shadow, above all in the footnotes. Closing the circle, I outlined its historical background and subsequently I have summarised the Actor Oriented Approach contributions to knowledge and rural development.

    To have a better grasp of the problem of technology I have drawn on work done in the fields of social anthropology (Long, Arce, Fisher, Villarreal, Olivier de Sardan, Geertz, Latour, Callon and others), philosophy (Heidegger, Negri and Rella) and sociology (Habermas, Bourdieu and Giddens). One aim of the study was to analyse how knowledge si configured and managed within the set of organisations working in technological innovation in Cochabamba. Here I have tried to respond to such questions as who are those who take on the mission of bringing about technological innovations for potato production in the region, ultimately, in what way do they structure institutional frameworks at the mezzo level for organising the unfolding of their intervention strategies. As I have showed in this study, the history of the planned intervention, particularly in the province of Tiraque, for improving potato cropping displays a lot of unexpected events, contradictory facets and even revealing anecdotes.

    The communities studied demonstrate that the long experience of technology introduction in both communities become interesting for research. It is described the extent and variants of the innovation process that took place in these communities, since each follows a different path as far as technical innovation is concerned, and at the same time each displays a different history concerning its relationship with the organisations that promote technical change. The characterisation of this change is done on the basis of a statistical method of multiplecorrelation, which allows for the elaboration of farmer typologies and variable correspondences. Beyond of the technicalities of the method, what is interesting is that it has led me toward an extensive interpretation of the innovation process, establishing the main differences between producer groups, as well as between communities. This interpretation or assessment of the extent of the technical change constitutes the basis for the in-depth analysis of the local knowledge on potatoes and its reconfigurations in both communities.

    Finally the study deals with the intersections or interfaces between farmers and technicians, and therefore with the reconfigurations that take place in farmers' knowledge a much as in their agricultural practices (regarding soils, diseases, pest control and so on). The issue of loss or gain of biodiversity is also mentioned together with issues of culinary practices and market flaws and the introduction of new varieties. After summarising these changes in other domains of local knowledge and taking into account that encounters between farmers and experts, the study concludes that discontinuity and "rebounding" of knowledge are part of an analysis of what I call the "other reconfiguration". This means the development, partial and fragmentary, of farmers' local knowledge, which is equivalent to the technicians' "local knowledge".
    Global Food Governance
    Oosterveer, P.J.M. - \ 2005
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): Arthur Mol; Gert Spaargaren. - [S.l.] : S.n. - ISBN 9789085042044 - 223
    milieubeleid - overheidsbeleid - voedsel - voedselconsumptie - voedselproductie - hedendaagse samenleving - globalisering - milieueffect - voedselveiligheid - risico - politiek - genetische modificatie - bovine spongiforme encefalopatie - environmental policy - government policy - food - food consumption - food production - contemporary society - globalization - environmental impact - food safety - risk - politics - genetic engineering - bovine spongiform encephalopathy
    Globalisation in food production and consumption is fundamentally transforming a wide variety of social practices at different levels in society. Simply adding another level of governance will therefore not solve the problems related to food production and consumption in global modernity. Different layers in the social reality of global modernity are mutually connected and, besides their internal dynamics, interaction between them also takes place. This study has clarified the usefulness of the concepts of global flows and networks to understand these interactions regarding food.
    Een kip in een ferrari. Maatschappelijke ideaalbeelden van pluimveehouderij
    Bos, A.P. ; Kroon, S.M.A. van der - \ 2004
    De Pluimveehouderij 34 (2004)6. - ISSN 0166-8250 - p. 8 - 10.
    pluimveehouderij - veehouderijbedrijven - systemen - hedendaagse samenleving - houding van consumenten - consumentenvoorkeuren - differentiatie - projecten - dierlijke producten - marktverkenningen - perceptie - dierenwelzijn - dierverzorging - agrarische productiesystemen - poultry farming - livestock enterprises - systems - contemporary society - consumer attitudes - consumer preferences - differentiation - projects - animal products - market surveys - perception - animal welfare - care of animals - agricultural production systems
    Het afstemmen van productiewijze(n) en het product op de waarden en gevoelens die bij de burger leven. De resultaten van de sessies laten zien dat er verrassend veel affiniteit is met pluimvee(houderij), ondanks alle negatieve verhalen die er over de sector bestaan. Het is nodig om meer te denken in marktsegmenten en daarbij passende producten te maken
    Belevingslandbouw. Maatschappelijke kaders "de Smaak van Morgen". Eindrapport
    Spruijt, J. ; Wees, N.S. van; Wenneker, M. - \ 2004
    Lelystad : PPO Akkerbouw, Groene Ruimte en Vollegrondsgroenten - 59
    landbouw in voorsteden - alternatieve landbouw - sociale ontwikkeling - hedendaagse samenleving - landbouwproducten - landbouwproductie - biodiversiteit - openbare mening - stadslandbouw - suburban agriculture - alternative farming - social development - contemporary society - agricultural products - biodiversity - soil management - public opinion - urban agriculture
    Voor belevingslandbouw in een stedelijke omgeving worden in dit onderzoek op basis van een desk-studie, interviews en een workshop maatschappelijke kaders geschetst. Het uitgangspunt van dit PPO project is: het realiseren van een pesticidearme landbouw in een stedelijke en in een landelijke context. Via biologische en geïntegreerde belevingslandbouw (stedelijk gebied) en productielandbouw (landelijk gebied)
    De positie van landbouw en boer in de moderne maatschappij
    Maris, A. - \ 1970
    Den Haag : L.E.I. (Mededelingen en overdrukken / Landbouw-Economisch Instituut no. 44) - 18
    landbouw - samenleving - hedendaagse samenleving - boeren - nederland - agriculture - society - contemporary society - farmers - netherlands
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