Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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    Duurzame samenwerking in kringlooplandbouw in Nederland
    Baltussen, W.H.M. ; Galen, M.A. van - \ 2020
    Wageningen Economic Research (VEB katern: Duurzame smenwerking in kringlooplandbouw in Nederland ) - 7 p.
    circular agriculture - agro-industrial chains - cooperation - sustainability - food chains - animal welfare - animal production
    Predator defense is shaped by risk, brood value and social group benefits in a cooperative breeder
    Teunissen, Niki ; Kingma, Sjouke A. ; Peters, Anne - \ 2020
    Behavioral Ecology 31 (2020)3. - ISSN 1045-2249 - p. 761 - 771.
    altruism - antipredator behavior - cooperation - helping - nest defense - predation

    Predation is a major cause of mortality and nest failure in birds. Cooperative predator defense can enhance nest success and adult survival but, because it is inherently risky, dynamic risk assessment theory predicts that individuals modify defense behavior according to the risk posed by the predator. Parental investment theory, on the other hand, predicts that reproductive payoffs (brood value) determine investment in nest defense. We propose that, in cooperative breeders, fitness benefits deriving from the survival of other group members may additionally influence defense behavior (social group benefits theory). We tested predictions of these theories in the cooperatively breeding purple-crowned fairy-wren, Malurus coronatus, where brood value is higher for breeders, but social group benefits more important for helpers. We recorded experimentally induced individual defense behaviors in response to predator models presented near nests, representing differing levels of threat to nests and adults. As predicted, 1) individuals engaged in less risky defenses when encountering a more dangerous predator (dynamic risk assessment theory); 2) individuals defended older broods more often, and breeders defended more than helpers (parental investment theory); and 3) helpers were more likely to respond to a predator of adults (social group benefits theory). Our findings highlight that predator defense in cooperative breeders is complex, shaped by the combination of immediate risk and multiple benefits.

    'Natuurinclusief gaat werken'
    Bakker, Martha - \ 2020
    nature-inclusive agriculture - agriculture - cooperation - landscape management - circular agriculture
    Alternation of nest visits varies with experimentally manipulated workload in brood-provisioning great tits
    Baldan, Davide ; Curk, Teja ; Hinde, Camilla A. ; Lessells, Catherine M. - \ 2019
    Animal Behaviour 156 (2019). - ISSN 0003-3472 - p. 139 - 146.
    cooperation - negotiation - parental care - Parus major - sexual conflict - turn taking

    In species with biparental care, the amount of care devoted to offspring is affected by the negotiation rules that the parents adopt. Recently, turn taking in provisioning visits has been proposed as a negotiation rule by which parents respond to their partner's behaviour, which results in a perfect alternation of the nest visits by the parents. Empirical evidence suggests that parents do not strictly alternate their visits, and, so far, this imperfect alternation has received no experimental investigation. In this study, we tested whether alternation of nest visits might be subject to time constraints affecting the ability of parents to strictly take turns. We manipulated the workload of 15 great tit, Parus major, pairs using a short-term brood size manipulation. Parental nest visits alternated more in reduced than control and enlarged broods. To understand whether this variability could be caused by changes in turn taking, we explored the rate and regularity of the parents' intervisit intervals. Treatment differences in alternation were still present when controlling for the rate and regularity of the visits by each of the two parents, suggesting that workload also affected alternation via the temporal sequence of the intervals (e.g. via turn taking). Our results show that alternation of nest visits varies in response to workload and is not merely a by-product of variation in visit rate or regularity.

    Analyzing the coexistence of conflict and cooperation in a regional delta management system: Tidal River Management (TRM) in the Bangladesh delta
    Mutahara, Mahmuda ; Warner, Jeroen ; Shah Alam Khan, M. - \ 2019
    Environmental Policy and Governance 29 (2019)5. - ISSN 1756-932X - p. 326 - 343.
    coexistence - conflict - cooperation - intensity - multistakeholder processes - participation - water governance

    This article analyzes the history and dynamics of conflict and cooperation in a local and regional delta management system focusing on tidal river management (TRM). TRM was formally implemented through a participatory approach since early 2000 to address waterlogging problems in the southwest delta of Bangladesh. There have been, and still are, serious difficulties in achieving the full potential of TRM because multistakeholder processes (MSPs) are not effectively sustained. One major cause of ineffective MSPs is incompetent dealing with conflict and cooperation among stakeholders. Our research was a participatory assessment of water management events focusing on the causes, intensity, and trend of conflict and cooperation in TRM practices over the last 30 years. The results show that the history of TRM appeared more conflictive than cooperative, and also the cooperations between major stakeholders were rarely sustained in TRM practices. To that effect, we applied an adapted “Transboundary Water Interaction Nexus (TWINs)” model to this local water management context, which explores the interrelatedness of conflict and cooperation for learning to deal with MSPs in local delta water management. The research findings should be helpful for improving participation policy in water management in Bangladesh and also facilitate MSPs in delta water governance elsewhere.

    Kringlooplandbouw: Regionale samenwerking tussen akkerbouwers en veetelers
    Wolf, P.L. de - \ 2018
    circular agriculture - cooperation - livestock farming - arable farming
    Factsheet Betekenis van zorgboerderijen voor verschillende doelgroepen
    Hassink, J. ; Bruin, Simone de; Verbeek, Hilde ; Buist, Yvette - \ 2018
    Wageningen : Wageningen University & Research - 7 p.
    well-being - care - greening - urban areas - health - education - cooperation - social care farms
    Collaborative governance arrangements to deliver spatially coordinated agri-environmental management
    Westerink, J. ; Jongeneel, R.A. ; Polman, N.B.P. ; Prager, K. ; Franks, Jeremy ; Dupraz, Pierre ; Mettepenningen, Evy - \ 2017
    Land Use Policy 69 (2017). - ISSN 0264-8377 - p. 176 - 192.
    agri-environment schemes - landscape approach - farmer groups - cooperation - adaptive governance
    Several studies show that agri-environment schemes (AES) are likely to be more effective if they are designed at the landscape scale. However, this requires spatial coordination of environmental management across multiple farm holdings and collaboration among governmental and other actors, including, possibly, groups of farmers. In this study we analyse alternative approaches to spatial coordination and collaboration. Through case studies from five EU member states in North West Europe we analysed collaborative governance arrangements, from the perspective of the distribution of governance tasks among collaborating actors and changes to these over time. Of these governance tasks, spatial coordination had our particular interest. The collaborative governance arrangements were shaped in various ways. In four out of five case studies a group of farmers had become involved in the performance of more governance tasks over time. In all cases a professional(ized) organisation (governmental organisation or a group of farmers) was responsible for spatial coordination, possibly due to the complexities inherent to a landscape approach. In relation to the change of schemes over time, we argue that adaptive collaborative governance, incorporating learning, monitoring and evaluation in the governance arrangements, is key to effective agri- environmental management.
    Green deals : van ruimte maken naar richting geven
    Ganzevles, Jurgen ; Oorschot, Mark van; Potting, J.M.B. ; Henkens, R.J.H.G. - \ 2017
    Tijdschrift Milieu : Vereniging van milieuprofessionals (2017)juni. - p. 35 - 39.
    overheidsbeleid - milieubeleid - overeenkomsten - emissiereductie - samenwerking - evaluatie - duurzame ontwikkeling - government policy - environmental policy - agreements - emission reduction - cooperation - evaluation - sustainable development
    Green Deals zijn vrijwillige afspraken tussen de Rijksoverheid en maatschappelijke partijen om innovatie en verduurzaming te bevorderen. Met deze aanpak geeft de overheid ruimte aan vernieuwing vanuit de maatschappij. Maar wat leveren Green Deals nu eigenlijk op? Partijen blijken warm te lopen voor samenwerking en vernieuwing. Maar wat mist is het vooraf goed doordenken van de ver wachte milieuwinst en het moni- toren er van tijdens de uitvoering van deals. Door meer richting te geven, zowel aan het begin als aan het einde van individuele deals, kan de Rijksoverheid bevorderen dat de Green Deals verder bijdragen aan maatschappelijke doelen.
    Aligning business processes and IT of multiple collaborating organisations
    Kassahun, Ayalew - \ 2017
    Wageningen University. Promotor(en): A.J.M. Beulens; B. Tekinerdogan. - Wageningen : Wageningen University - ISBN 9789463432108 - 172
    information technology - businesses - business management - cooperation - organizations - informatietechnologie - bedrijven - bedrijfsmanagement - samenwerking - organisaties

    When multiple organisations want to collaborate with one another they have to integrate their business processes. This requires aligning the collaborative business processes and the underlying IT (Information Technology). Realizing the required alignment is, however, not trivial and is the subject of this thesis.

    We approached the issue of alignment in three steps. First, we explored business-IT alignment problems in detail in a real-life business case. This is done in order to clarify what alignment of business processes and IT systems across a collaboration network entails. Second, we provided a business-IT alignment framework called BITA* (pronounce bita-star). The framework provides modelling abstractions for alignment. Third, we applied the framework in two real-life case studies, including the real-life business case used in step one. By applying the framework in practice we showed that the framework can, in fact, help to address the business-IT alignment problems that we identified in the first step.

    The work presented in this thesis is conducted over a number of years in the context of four large EU sponsored research projects. The projects focused on alignment problems in two very distinct application areas. Two projects were about realizing transparency systems for meat supply chains and constitute the first case study. The other two projects were about realizing multidisciplinary modelling collaboration systems and constitute the second case study. Although the projects were conducted sequentially the research questions were addressed iteratively over the years. The research methodology that shows how the framework is designed and how the case studies are applied is discussed in detail in chapter 2.

    In chapter 3 we present BITA*, a Business-IT Alignment framework for multiple collaborating organisations. The main challenges in designing BITA* have been what models to consider for alignment and how to compare them in order to make explicit statements about alignment. We addressed this problem by introducing allocation and alignment modelling constructs to help the alignment process, and the concept of business collaboration model to represent the models that have to be aligned. We identified three groups of stakeholders for whom we designed explicit design viewpoints and associated allocation and alignment models. The Business Process to Business Process (BP2BP) alignment viewpoint is designed for business analysts who have to align diverse business collaboration process models. The IT to IT (IT2IT) alignment viewpoint is designed for software architects to align the distribution of data and IT systems across a collaboration network. The Business Process to IT (BP2IT) alignment viewpoint is designed for an interdisciplinary team of business analysts and software architects who have to align the different ways of supporting business collaboration processes with distributed IT system.

    An essential element of this thesis has been elaborating how business-IT alignment problems occur in the context of multi-organisational collaboration. The case studies were used to demonstrate business-IT alignment concerns. Particularly, the details of the first case study presented in chapters 4 and 5 were used in chapter 3 to help derive the alignment framework. The case study presented an ideal problem scenario since realizing transparency across supply chains is intrinsically a collaborative effort. The second case study was used to enhance the validity of our approach. The results of the second case study are presented in chapter 6.

    The alignment framework was designed during the iterative process we followed when realizing a generic transparency system for meat supply chains. To realize the required generic transparency system we needed a reference architecture. To derive the reference architecture we adapted an already existing and broadly-accepted generic reference architecture. We have to adapt the generic reference architecture in order to address specific requirements of the meat sector that were not considered in the generic reference architecture. The adaptation process made it clear that we needed models for representing business collaborations. We, therefore, introduced the notion of business collaboration model, which we used both to model reference architectures and to adapt them. Adaptation required aligning the generic reference architecture with the diverse business collaboration models adopted by the organisations that have to collaborate. The alignment framework is thus used for adapting a generic reference architecture in order to create a reference architecture that the collaborating organisations can, and are willing to, adopt.

    We identified three types of business collaboration models: business collaboration process model, business collaboration IT model, and a model for representing the relationship between these two. A business collaboration process model is a business process model that spans a collaboration network. A business collaboration IT model is a model of the distribution of the IT across the collaboration network. A business collaboration process-IT model is a model of the relationships between the elements of the business collaboration processes and the elements of the distributed IT.

    Each organisation is considered to adopt its own business collaboration models. For instance, different actors in meat supply chains have different views on how chain-wide transparency should be realized. Which business processes and IT systems each organisation has to deploy and use depends on the business collaboration models each food operator adopts. If two different food operators adopt the same set of business collaboration models, they are aligned; otherwise they are misaligned. Hence, alignment entails comparing the different business collaboration models adopted by the participating organisations. The results of the alignment process are explicit statements about how convergent or divergent the organisations are from the chosen generic reference architecture. The explicit statements of alignment guide how best the generic and the corresponding organisational business collaboration models can be adapted to create a better state of alignment.

    To further enhance the validity of the overall approach the second case study was conducted. The second case study was a retrospective investigation of two past research projects focusing on aligning environmental modelling processes and IT systems. A retrospective case study was chosen because launching a new business-IT alignment project involving multiple collaborating organisations was not feasible. The projects were undertaken to support the European Water Framework Directive, which mandated, among other things, participatory, multidisciplinary, river-basin wide and model-based studies to manage the water resources of Europe. The directive particularly required a collaborative approach to building environmental decision support systems and to deriving methodologies for applying existing decision support systems. We applied BITA* to aligning environmental modelling processes and IT systems in order to evaluate the suitability of the framework to addressing alignment problems in other application areas.

    The contributions of the thesis are summarized in chapter 7. The contributions include a number of design artefacts, which can be grouped into four categories: constructs, models, methods, and instantiations. The contribution in the first category includes the conceptualization of allocation and alignment. The contributions in the second category include allocation and alignment models, and reference architectures. Allocation models are representations of business collaboration models in a form that can be compared and are the basis for alignment modelling. The main contribution in the third category is the BITA* systematic approach to alignment modelling. The contributions in the fourth category are the software systems developed with the help of the reference architectures.

    Kavelruil draagt flink bij aan grondmobiliteit
    Kuiper, Paul Peter ; Silvis, H.J. ; Voskuilen, M.J. - \ 2017
    Wageningen University & Research (Notitie Wageningen Economic Research 2017-063) - 7
    cooperation - livestock farming - arable farming - circular agriculture
    De vrijwillige kavelruil heeft na een sterke terugval in 2000 -2003 een comeback gemaakt. In de laatste vijf jaar is gemiddeld 7.100 ha landbouwgrond per jaar via dit instrument overgedragen. Na de piek in 2014 van meer dan 8.000 ha, is de omvang echter gedaald tot 5.500 ha in 2016. Relatief wordt veel landbouwgrond in het noorden en oosten van het land via vrijwillige kavelruil overgedragen; in het zuiden gebeurt dat veel minder. Dit blijkt uit een verkenning van Kadaster en Wageningen Economic Research in opdracht van a.s.r. vastgoed vermogensbeheer.
    Mission report Tanzania : scoping mission marine fisheries Tanzania
    Hoof, Luc van; Kraan, Marloes - \ 2017
    IJmuiden : Wageningen Marine Research (Wageningen Marine Research rapport C004/17) - 66
    zeevisserij - visserij - voedselzekerheid - zeewieren - samenwerking - handel - tanzania - marine fisheries - fisheries - food security - seaweeds - cooperation - trade - tanzania
    PLATFORM policy brief No. 3. The role of the ERA-NET instrument in fostering inclusiveness
    Turk, K. ; Greimel, M. ; Bunthof, C.J. ; Kuzniar-van der Zee, B. - \ 2017
    H2020 Platform of bioeconomy ERA-NET Actions (PLATFORM) - 4 p.
    platform - policy brief - policy - ERA-NET instrument - ERA-NET - inclusiveness - PLATFORM - policy brief - Policy - ERA-NET instrument - ERA-NET - inclusiveness
    It takes three to tango : biobased innovaties: een samenwerking tussen overheid, onderwijs en ondernemers
    Monteiro da Fonseca, Wendy ; Otterloo, Laura van; Simons, Ralph ; Ankersmit, Elis ; Vilsteren, Gerlinde van - \ 2017
    Netherlands : CoE BBE - 47
    samenwerking - publiek-private samenwerking - innovaties - biobased economy - kennisoverdracht - colleges - onderzoek - nederland - beroepsopleiding (hoger) - cooperation - public-private cooperation - innovations - biobased economy - knowledge transfer - colleges - research - netherlands - professional education
    De transitie naar een Biobased Economy (BBE) is al jaren een 'hot item' in Nederland, zowel binnen de Nationaal Wetenschapsagenda als binnen de topsectoren. De MKB-erst, elk in eigen niches, spelen hierbij een bepalende rol. Hiernaast hebben de hogescholen op dit domein de ambitie om een belangrijke rol voor het MKB als kennisleverancier te spelen (onderwijs en onderzoek). In dit rapport probeert helderheid te creëren over hoe dit proces verloopt.
    Grasklaverteelt motor voor samenwerking en klimaatadaptatie : 'climatecafe' evalueert samenwerking akkerbouw- en veeteeltbedrijven
    Wit, Jan de; Adelhart Toorop, R.L. de - \ 2016
    Ekoland (2016)12. - ISSN 0926-9142 - p. 20 - 21.
    klimaatadaptatie - klimaatverandering - samenwerking - grasklaver - teelt - biologische landbouw - gewassen - gewasbescherming - akkerbouw - veehouderij - climate adaptation - climatic change - cooperation - grass-clover swards - cultivation - organic farming - crops - plant protection - arable farming - livestock farming
    Het wordt natter en warmer in Nederland voorspelt het KNMI. Is de biologische boer bezig met deze verandering? Dat valt wel mee. Er wordt gewerkt aan een goede bodemkwaliteit en structuur. Dat draagt bij aan het aanpassingsvermogen aan een veranderend klimaat (‘adaptatie’). Grasklaver als rustgewas helpt de akkerbouwer daarbij, zo blijkt ook uit modelberekeningen.
    PLATFORM Policy Brief No. 2. Co-creation of a Global Bioeconomy
    Kwant, K. ; Lampel, S. ; Bunthof, C.J. ; Kuzniar-van der Zee, B. - \ 2016
    H2020 Platform of bioeconomy ERA-NET Actions (PLATFORM) - 4 p.
    platform - policy brief - policy - co-creation - global - bioeconomy - PLATFORM - ERA-NET - Bioeconomy - global bioeconomy - policy - policy brief
    Bouwen van duurzame, biologische systemen vereist lef en energie
    Meijer, Rob - \ 2016
    greenhouse horticulture - organic farming - sustainable agriculture - agricultural research - vegetable growing - europe - cooperation
    Factbook: de staat en ontwikkeling van het praktijkgericht onderzoek en infrastructuur van de Nederlandse Biobased Economy
    Os, Pieter van; Starre, Bas van der; Toren, Jan Peter van den; Broens, Douwe-Frits ; Duijghuisen, Ruud - \ 2016
    Centre for Biobased economy - 46
    biobased economy - materialen uit biologische grondstoffen - toegepast onderzoek - samenwerking - wetenschappelijke samenwerking - kennismanagement - publiek-private samenwerking - biobased economy - biobased materials - applied research - cooperation - scientific cooperation - knowledge management - public-private cooperation
    Nationaal en internationaal zijn er belangrijke vraagstukken die om oplossingen vragen. Een groot deel daarvan zijn geformuleerd binnen de Nationale Wetenschapsagenda. Daarnaast zijn de topsectoren een belangrijks illustratie van dat waar Nederland goed in is. Een domein waarop meerdere maatschappelijke vraagstukken en meerdere topsectoren bij elkaar komen is dat van de biobased economy: het meer dan nu benutten van groene grondstoffen als alternatief voor de fossiele economie. Hogescholen kunnen met hun praktijkgericht onderzoek een relevante bijdrage leveren aan het onderzoek en aan innovaties op dit domein. Om een goede positie in kennisinfrastructuur te krijgen is het noodzakelijk de krachten te bundelen: lectoren, docenten en onderzoekers in samenwerking met bedrijven en organisaties. Voorwaarde voor deze krachtenbundeling is dat er een overzicht is van al het onderzoek dat wordt uitgevoerd (het ‘landschap’) en de trends daarin, van de ontwikkelingen in de biobased economy en van de beschikbare infrastructuur en netwerken. Dit Factbook biedt dat overzicht en is daarmee één van de bouwstenen voor het inrichten van verdergaande onderzoekssamenwerking.
    Aardappelwereld (Journal)
    Lammerts van Bueren, Edith - \ 2016
    Aardappelwereld (2016). - ISSN 0169-653X
    potatoes - growers - plant breeding - arable farming - varieties - cooperation - organic farming
    Kweekspecial 2016 - Deze productie is een uitgave van BioImpuls i.s.m. met Aardappelwereld BV.
    The early evolution of cooperation in humans : On cheating, group identity and group size
    Czárán, T. ; Aanen, Duur K. - \ 2016
    Behaviour 153 (2016)9-11. - ISSN 0005-7959 - p. 1247 - 1266.
    allorecognition - Altruism - cooperation - cultural inheritance - human evolution - kin selection - levels of selection - reciprocal altruism

    The evolution of cooperation is difficult to understand, because cheaters-individuals who profit without cooperating themselves-have a benefit in interaction with cooperators. Cooperation among humans is even more difficult to understand, because cooperation occurs in large groups, making cheating a bigger threat. Restricting cooperation to members of one's own group based on some tag-based recognition of non-group members (allorecognition) has been shown to stabilise cooperation. We address how spatial structure and group size affect the opportunities for cheating such tag-based cooperation in a spatially explicit simulation. We show that increased group diversity, under conditions of limited dispersal, reduces the selective opportunities for cheaters. A small number can already be sufficient to keep cheating at a low frequency. We discuss how marginal additional benefits of increased group size, above the benefits of local cooperation, can provide the selective pressure to reduce the number of group identities and discuss possible examples.

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