Molecular characterization of the glucose isomerase from the thermophilic bacterium Fervidobacterium gondwanense
Kluskens, L.D. ; Zeilstra, J.B. ; Geerling, A.C.M. ; Vos, W.M. de; Oost, J. van der - \ 2010
Environmental Technology 31 (2010)10. - ISSN 0959-3330 - p. 1083 - 1090.
d-xylose isomerase - biochemical-characterization - thermotoga-neapolitana - thermus-thermophilus - escherichia-coli - thermostability - cloning - purification - expression - fructose
The gene coding for xylose isomerase from the thermophilic bacterium Fervidobacterium gondwanense was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The produced xylose isomerase (XylA), which closely resembles counterparts from Thermotoga maritima and T. neapolitana, was purified and characterized. It is optimally active at 70 degrees C, pH 7.3, with a specific activity of 15.0 U/mg for the interconversion of glucose to fructose. When compared with T. maritima XylA at 85 degrees C, a higher catalytic efficiency was observed. Divalent metal ions Co2+ and Mg2+ were found to enhance the thermostability